Monino, Russia

Description of Monino

Monino is an urban-type settlement in the Schelkovsky district of the Moscow region of Russia. It is the largest settlement of the municipality "City settlement Monino". Population - 20,909 people. (2018) Monino is located 23 km east of Moscow along the Gorky Highway.



On the territory of the garrison there is the Central Museum of the Air Force of the Russian Federation and the airfield, where air shows were periodically held. In addition, the museum of the military food service, as well as the church of St. George the Victorious and the church of St. Prince Alexander Nevsky are among the attractions of the village.

Monuments, monuments, busts:
Glory to military pilots;
Glory to the conquerors of space (another name: "Into space");
Fallen soldiers;
S. A. Krasovsky;
P. I. Baranov;
Ya. I. Alksnis;
F. Ya. Falaleev;
K. V. Maslov - the first head of the Moninsky garrison;
Yu. A. Gagarin.
At the memorial cemetery of the village of Monino are buried:

Hero of the Soviet Union medal.pngHero of the Soviet Union medal.png Twice Hero of the Soviet Union Smushkevich, Yakov Vladimirovich.
Hero of the Soviet Union medal.png Heroes of the Soviet Union: Dolnikov Grigory Ustinovich, Vasyutin, Vladimir Vladimirovich; Dolgarev, Pavel Mikhailovich; Dolnikov, Grigory Ustinovich; Dubenok, Gennady Sergeevich; Dudakov, Alexander Vasilievich; Gapeyonok, Nikolai Ivanovich, Geleta, Vasily Arkhipovich; Girich, Andrei Ivanovich; Gunbin, Nikolai Alexandrovich, Yeldyshev, Anatoly Petrovich, Eletskikh, Gavriil Nikiforovich; Ivanov, Viktor Alekseevich; Kovachevich, Arkady Fedorovich; Kononenko, Vasily Ivanovich; Krivonos, Alexey Leontievich, Krupin, Andrey Petrovich; Kuvshinov, Leonid Mikhailovich; Kumskov, Victor Alexandrovich; Novikov, Boris Alekseevich; Mirovich, Anatoly Ivanovich; Platonov, Nikolai Evgenievich; Plokhov Alexey Alexandrovich; Proskurov, Ivan Iosifovich; Sidorenkov, Vasily Kuzmich; Slyusarev, Sidor Vasilievich; Tishchenko, Alexander Trofimovich; Fomin, Nikolai Ivanovich; Khokhlachev, Vasily Fedorovich; Chernetsov, Grigory Ustinovich, Yuferov, Nikolai Petrovich.



It is located 23 km east of Moscow along the Gorky Highway.



Monino was formed by the name of the area Muninskaya wasteland (survey sheet dated August 23, 1792). According to another version, the history of the settlement can be traced back to a small farm, owned by a certain Monin.

Based on the materials of the All-Union census of 1926 - the Monino junction of the Oseevsky village council of the Shchelkovo volost of the Moscow district, 4.5 km from the Vladimir highway and next to the Monino station of the Northern Railway, 28 residents (22 men, 6 women) lived in 3 farms, with him there was wool weaving factory.

In 1926, an airfield for heavy aircraft began to be built here, and the first heavy bomber brigade began to equip itself. The further history of the village is inextricably linked with aviation. The status of an urban-type settlement since 1946.

In 1939, 38 Spaniards from 180 pilot cadets were brought to the Monino rest house, who arrived in the Soviet Union from Spain for training and, due to the defeat of the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War, remained on the territory of the USSR. In 1940, 8 of them were repressed and spent a total of 8 years in Soviet labor camps. The rest of the cadets adapted to life in the Soviet Union, they were provided with work and housing.

Until 1965, Monino was part of the Noginsk district. Until January 9, 2019, it was the center of the urban settlement of Monino as part of the Shchelkovsky district.



The coat of arms of the village was approved on March 27, 1986 by decision No. 49/5 of the executive committee of the Moninsky village council of people's deputies of the Shchelkovsky district. In 1992, external frames were added to the composition of the coat of arms - a wreath and a crown.



Monino consists of two parts: a military camp (by order of the Government of the Russian Federation dated March 17, 2010 No. 349-r, it was excluded from the list of closed military camps, de facto opened on May 12, 2011, the access system was canceled), where the Air Force Academy named after. Gagarin, and a working town (open area) with a railway station.



The Air Force Academy named after Yu. A. Gagarin was located in Monino (until August 1, 2012). Currently, in its place is the Moscow Regional General Education Boarding School with initial flight training named after the three times Hero of the Soviet Union A. I. Pokryshkin, as well as municipal autonomous educational institutions "Secondary General Education Schools" (MAOU SOSH) No. F. Ya. Falaleeva, No. 2 im. S. I. Rudenko and No. 3 im. S. A. Krasovsky. In February 2020, in connection with the entry of the village into the urban district of Shchelkovo, the numbers of secondary schools were changed to No. 22, 23 and 24. And the boarding school with initial flight training was transferred to Fryazino in 2021. There is also a children's music school in Monino.



Internet access services are provided in the village by Internet providers Infolink and Beeline.



In the village there is a Monino railway station on the Mytishchi-Fryazevo connecting branch of the Yaroslavl direction.

There is a bus service with the cities: Moscow (362, 587), Noginsk (34, 41), Shchelkovo (26), Staraya Kupavnaya (33), Losino-Petrovsky (26, 30, 32, 38). There are no intracity routes.

A railway line runs through the territory of the military camp, which is connected to the Mytishchi-Fryazevo railway line. In Soviet times, numerous military facilities were supplied through it. The thread is now completely abandoned. In the spring of 2016, during the repair of the heating main near Maslova Street, part of the railway line was dismantled, and where it passed, hot water pipes were laid underground; in June 2021, the branch was completely dismantled.



Rugby club VVA-Podmoskovye is based in the village - a nine-time champion of the USSR and an eight-time champion of Russia in rugby.