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Description of Monino
Monino is an urban-type settlement in the
Schelkovsky district of the Moscow region of Russia. It is the
largest settlement of the municipality "City settlement Monino".
Population - 20,909 people. (2018) Monino is located 23 km east of
Moscow along the Gorky Highway.
Monino was formed by the name of the area
"Muninskaya wasteland" (land-sheet from August 23, 1792). According
to another version, the history of the settlement can be traced from
a small farm owned by Monin.
According to the materials of
the All-Union Population Census of 1926, the Monino Oseevsky village
council crossing of the Schelkovo volost of the Moscow district 4.5
km from Vladimirsky highway and near the Monino station of the
Northern railway, 28 inhabitants (22 men, 6 women) lived in 3 farms
In 1926, an airfield for heavy
aircraft began to be built here, and the first heavy bomber brigade
began to be equipped. The further history of the village is
inextricably linked with aviation. The status of the urban-type
settlement - since 1946. In 1939, 38 Spaniards were brought to the
Monino rest house (out of 180 cadet pilots who arrived in the USSR
from Spain to study and because of the defeat of the Republicans in
the Spanish Civil War, they remained in the USSR). In 1940, 8 of
them were repressed and spent a total of 8 years in labor camps in
the USSR. The rest of the cadets adapted to life in the USSR, they
were provided with work and housing.
Until 1965, Monino was
part of the Noginsk District.