Mytishchi, Russia

Mytishchi is one of the cities in the Moscow region, directly adjacent to Moscow from the northeast. Despite the lack of a historical urban environment, Mytishchi has some noteworthy objects, and in the surrounding area there are quite significant centers of folk crafts, estates and other noteworthy places.



Mytishchi is part of the agglomeration along the Yaroslavl direction. There is no clear center with a square and a central street in Mytishchi. The city is formed by rectangular blocks of Brezhnevkas, built on the site of villages and workers' settlements; in some places older houses have been preserved in them. All that remains from the pre-revolutionary buildings is one factory and 3-4 brick houses.

To the east of the city is the Losiny Ostrov National Park, the largest forest park in the vicinity of Moscow, and to the east is the cascade of reservoirs on the Klyazma, a popular summer vacation spot for Muscovites. Also in the Mytishchi district are the famous centers of folk crafts Zhostovo and Fedoskino and a number of estates, including Marfino in the pseudo-Gothic style.



1  Church of the Annunciation, Taininskoye (route taxi 12 from the Perlovskaya, Taininskaya, Mytishchi railway stations). A church built in 1675-1677 by order of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich at the Travel Palace located here (on the road to Sergiev Posad). It has completely preserved its historical forms and is a five-domed temple with kokoshniks. The porch of the church, which consists of two symmetrical staircases with a common beginning and end, topped with tents, resembles a wooden tower and has no analogues in stone among Old Russian architecture. Next to the church there are landscaped lawns where the Monument to Nicholas II is located, the second one on this site (the first was blown up by a certain Revolutionary Military Council in the late 90s). In the background of the church, depending on your location, there will be either a wall of new buildings in Mytishchi or the cooling tower of the Northern Thermal Power Plant, but this only adds to the charm of this place.
✦  Surviving examples of the development of dacha settlements (Perlovsky, Taininsky).
2  Monument to the Mytishchi water supply system, intersection of the street. Yubileinaya and st. Mira. Quite a futuristic monument, opened in 2004. It consists of three blue pipes sticking out of the ground, 20 meters high, with multi-colored valves, located in the center of the roundabout. Nowadays it is one of the main calling cards of the city; after it, monuments to the airplane, samovar and tulips, not inferior to it in monumentality, appeared in the city.

The Mytishchi water supply system itself, one of the first water pipelines in Russia, was built in 1779-1804 and supplied Moscow with water for about 150 years. The Rostokinsky aqueduct located in the north-east of Moscow has been preserved from it.
3  Vladimir Church, Yaroslavskoye Highway. It was built in 1713 in the Moscow Baroque style and was located on the Trinity Road leading to the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. In 1817, a high bell tower was added, lost during the Great Patriotic War and restored in 2000. The church is located on the highway, so most often it is seen from the window of a passing (and sometimes standing, traffic jam in that place) car.
4  Federal War Memorial Cemetery, Borodino village (Ostashkovskoe highway). The necropolis opened in 2013 for persons with special services to the state. There are no free visits, but excursions are sometimes offered.
5  Metrovagonmash , st. Kolontsova, 4 (a whole block east of the railway from the Taininskaya platform to Mytishchi station). You can see the wall of a pre-revolutionary workshop, a non-standard monument to a subway car at checkpoint No. 1, and a combat vehicle on a pedestal. Nothing else is visible from the street.
The plant, whose main product, metro cars, is known far beyond the city. Its history dates back to 1897; some buildings of the plant have been preserved from that time and are an excellent example of the factory architecture of that time. There is no free access to the plant territory. Jun 2018 edit

6  Courthouse, Abramova Street, 1. Brick building in a style reminiscent of steamline, circa 1930


Things to do


1  Mytishchi Historical and Art Museum, st. Mira, 4. ✉ ☎ +7 (495) 586-52-98. Mon – Tue and last Friday of the month: closed; Wed, Fri – Sat: 10:00 – 18:00; Thu: 12:00 – 20:00. Adults – 110 rubles; students, schoolchildren - 70 rubles; pensioners – 90 rub. Museum of Local Lore.
2  Museum of Nature Conservation, Novomytishchisky Prospekt, 19. ☎ +7 (495) 586-75-14. Mon: closed; Tue – Thu: 09:00 – 18:00; Fri: 09:00 – 17:00; Sat: 09:00 – 15:00. Free admission. Exhibits about flora and fauna, a large number of stuffed animals.
3  Mytishchi District Art Gallery, Novomytishchi Prospect, 36/7 (in the administration building). ✉ ☎ +7 (498) 720-54-40. Mon – Tue: closed; Wed: 11:00 – 19:00; Thu: 12:00 – 20:00; Fri – Sat: 11:00 – 19:00; Sun: 10:00 – 17:00. Ticket sales stop 30 minutes before closing. Adults – 60 rub; students, schoolchildren, pensioners – 30 rubles; children under 7 years old – free.



4  Drama and Comedy Theater “FEST”  , st. Shcherbakova, 6A (Mira Square). ✉ ☎ +7 (495) 582-81-81.
5  Puppet theater “Ognivo”   , Sharapovskaya st., 4k1. ✉ ☎ administration +7 (495) 586-85-01, box office +7 (495) 583-36-70. The theater building is stylized as a fairy-tale castle.



  Water park “Kva-kva-park”   , Kommunisticheskaya st., 1 (TC XL). ✉ ☎ +7 (495) 789-69-18. 10:00-22:00.
7  Arena Mytishchi, st. Letnaya, 17. ✉ ☎ +7 (495) 223-98-80. Ice arena built for the 2007 World Hockey Championship. Now there is no big hockey in Mytishchi, but the arena hosts concerts and ice shows. In addition, there is a year-round ice skating rink.
8  Moscow Brewing Company, Volkovskoe sh., 12. ✉ ☎ +7 (495) 788-54-33. For free. Excursion with tasting, usually on weekends. Sign up on the website.


How to get there

By plane
See the “By plane” section of the Moscow article. The closest airport to Mytishchi is Sheremetyevo, but there is no direct public transport there; you can get there through Lobnya or Moscow. From Vnukovo and Domodedovo the shortest route is also through Moscow.

By train
The section of the railway from Moscow to Mytishchi is the busiest in Russia in terms of the number of passenger trains, and the vast majority of them are commuter trains. All long-distance trains pass here without stopping, but commuter trains, including express trains, have a stop at least at Mytishchi station. From the Yaroslavl station to it, express trains take 18 minutes, regular trains take about half an hour. The other four platforms in the city allow all express trains and some electric trains (mainly during rush hours), and they also have a two-hour lunch break on weekdays. In addition, Stroitel and Chelyuskinskaya are located after the branch to Bolshevo, and therefore a noticeably smaller number of trains go there. From Moscow to Mytishchi the night break is from 00:56 to 04:50, in the opposite direction - from 23:46 to 04:47.

During rush hour the route is extremely busy; in Mytishchi it will be difficult to board a passing train in the morning on weekdays. Even on express trains you will almost certainly have to stand. The freer ones are usually the trains running along the main route, and of these, those with the final or starting station closer to Moscow. Quite free on weekends and outside peak hours.

All trains have a starting or ending point at Yaroslavsky Station (there are no other metro transfers within Moscow). In the other direction, by train you can get to Korolev, Pushkino, Shchelkovo, Fryazino, Sofrino, Monino, Abramtsevo, Krasnoarmeysk, Sergiev Posad, Alexandrov.

1  Perlovskaya platform. Please note that the platforms from and to Moscow are quite far apart.
2  Taininskaya platform.
3  Mytishchi station. A number of station buildings from the 19th century have survived, including the old station. The new canopy-concourse over the tracks is quite famous and has become the hallmark of the city.
4  Platform Builder.
5  Chelyuskinskaya platform.

By car
You can get to Mytishchi from Moscow along the Ostashkovskoye or Yaroslavskoye highways, as well as along the Moscow Ring Road, from each of these highways there are exits into the city. Transit traffic around the city is quite difficult, so it is better to choose the most convenient exit into the city. It is most convenient to get to western Perlovka from the Moscow Ring Road, to the city center from Ostashkovskoye Highway, and to the Mytishchi station area and to all areas east of the railway from Yaroslavskoye.

By bus
Numerous buses from the metro stations Medvedkovo, Babushkinskaya, Rostokino and VDNKh. Routes from Moscow cover the entire city; there is no one “universal” route to get there. To get to Taininskoye, you can use intra-city Moscow buses. 136 (VDNKh - Lianozovo sq.) and  ed. 735 (Medvedkovo - Shchelkovskaya).


Transport around the city

Travel by car between some parts of the city is quite difficult (within the city there is only one bridge over the Yauza and the railway). In addition, traffic jams are likely on the streets, especially during rush hour.



Magnets, postcards, and books about the city are sold in the foyer of the historical and art museum. In the foyer of the art gallery there are artistic products of city masters (from, in fact, paintings to boxes, Christmas tree balls, tablet holders and umbrellas). For handicraft products, you should go to factories or Moscow. Magnets/plates/mugs are common in newsstands.

As in other places adjacent to the Moscow Ring Road, Mytishchi has several giant shopping centers (Red Whale, June, Leroy Merlin, Auchan), where you can buy almost anything. There are many shops in the city and outside the shopping center.



1  Food court in the shopping center “Red Whale”. Panoramic window towards the railway. There are often few free places.
2  Food court in the Perlovsky shopping center.
3  Food court in the June shopping center.
4  KFC.

Average cost
A number of medium-cost chain establishments are also located in shopping centers.

5  Exprompto, Novomytishchisky Prospekt, 34/2 (intersection with Mira Street, Mira Square). ☎ +7 (495) 583-15-13. 10:00–24:00. Pizzeria (“trattoria”) on the main square with a cozy interior.
6  Grand Maran, st. Vera Voloshina, 52a. ☎ +7 (495) 581-95-39 open from 12:00. lunch from 700 rub. A single traveler is unlikely to need such a serious restaurant, which is designed, rather, for banquet service. But if you come across it right along the road, then it can be used for a simple lunch. The menu includes dishes of Georgian and Armenian cuisine, as well as signature dishes. The menu, however, is clearly incomplete: a conversation with the waiter will reveal a lot of interesting things. A bit pricey for the mid-price category, but the quality of food and service are up to par.



There are several hotels in Mytishchi, but if you need more choice, then Moscow and the surrounding cities of Korolev, Shchelkovo, Ivanteevka can provide it.

Average cost
There are mini-hotels in the city: Hotel “Gerda”, Hotel “Caliber”, Hotel “Zhar”

Hotel Lecco, yacht clubs in the suburbs.


Security questions

The city is divided into parts by railway, Yaroslavskoe highway and Volkovskoe highway. Pedestrian crossings have been built across the highway and railway. The railway is fenced, however, traffic rules must be observed in the city. Pedestrian crossings across the streets are very long, some with intervals of about 200 seconds. There are no benches on the streets.



Mobile operators Beeline, Megafon, MTS, Tele-2.

Free Wi-Fi is available in the central park and many establishments; wired Internet (for a fee) is available in libraries.



The immediate predecessor of the city of Mytishchi was the village of Bolshie Mytishchi, which grew on the site of the village of Yauzskoe Mytishche, known in the 15th century.

The name comes from the so-called myt duty (or “myt”), which was levied on traders traveling by portage from Yauza to Klyazma. When at the beginning of the 14th century the city of Kolomna passed from the Ryazan princes into the possession of the Moscow princes, it became possible to use a more convenient and shorter (about a kilometer) portage from the Nerskaya River to the Ushna River. In this regard, navigation along the Yauza stopped, the collection of myt was transferred to Moscow, and the place where they were once collected began to be called Yauza Mytishche. The word “mytishche” does not mean a big wash. It is formed by analogy with other similar words. So, for example, a conflagration is a place where there was a fire, ashes and a stove - where there was a residential building with a stove and a hearth, a settlement - where there was a city. Thus, “Mytishche” is the place where the person was washed.

In the 18th century, Bolshie Mytishchi was a transit point for Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. She rested in it on her way to a pilgrimage to the Trinity-Sergius Lavra.

This area has long been famous for good drinking water and a large number of wells. It is known that thanks to the tasty and clean water, the famous tea parties of pilgrims took place here, as well as the feasting of people who specially came here from Moscow to relax. One of these tea parties is depicted in the painting by artist Vasily Perov “Tea Party in Mytishchi.”

By the end of the 18th century, Moscow's need for drinking water increased so much that Empress Catherine II was forced to give instructions to find sufficiently rich sources of drinking water near the city. Survey work began in 1778, and already in 1780 the Mytishchi springs provided Moscow with 330 thousand buckets of water annually through three aqueducts - Mytishchi, Ichkovsky and Rostokinsky. Since 1804, the Mytishchi water supply system began to operate. In Moscow, at the Krestovskaya outpost, where the water towers stood and the pipes of the Mytishchi water supply system ran, in the 19th century streets were built, called the 1-3rd Mytishchi, as well as Mytishchi passage.

In the middle of the 19th century, the first enterprises were organized in Mytishchi; in 1861, a railway came through Mytishchi, and in 1896, S.I. Mamontov’s carriage building plant began operating; Since 1908, the first artificial silk factory in Russia, Viscose, began operating. In the second half of the 19th - early 20th centuries, Mytishchi and surrounding villages became popular summer cottage destinations.

Mytishchi has had city status since August 17, 1925.

In 1929, the second electrified section in the USSR “Moscow - Mytishchi” at a direct current of 1.5 kV was put into operation.

In 1932, the territory of the city was significantly expanded: according to the resolution of the Presidium of the Moscow Regional Executive Committee No. 8 (Minutes No. 56) dated October 4, 1932 and the approving resolution of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee dated November 20, 1932, the villages of Bolshie Mytishchi, Rupasovo, Sharapovo, Zarechnaya Sloboda were included in it , Leonidovka, Perlovka, Taininsky settlements, Druzhba and Taininka.

In 2015, it received the status of a city of regional subordination.




The city of Mytishchi is located on the southern slope of the Klinsko-Dmitrovskaya Upland, on a slightly undulating and flat low plain with a general slope to the east.



The rivers Yauza, Sukromka, Borisovka (a tributary of Sukromka), Rabotnya, Ichka (in the Losiny Ostrov NP) flow through the city, and there are also several ponds (Rupasovskie Ponds, a pond near the intersection of Sukromka and Letnaya streets in Alekseevsky Square, a pond in near the intersection of Olimpiysky Prospekt and 4350th passage, Komissarovsky Pond near the intersection of Club and Naberezhnaya streets).



Moscow and the Moscow region belong to the temperate climate zone. Average annual temperature +4.8 °C; absolute minimum −43 °С, absolute maximum +38 °С. The average estimated temperature of the coldest month is −8.8 °C. The average maximum temperature of the hottest month is +23.8 °C. The average long-term temperature of the upper soil layers (at a depth of 0.2 m) reaches +18.9 °C in July, and −6.2 °C in January-February.

The appearance of snow cover is observed (on average) from November 3, the formation of stable cover - from November 26. The destruction of the cover begins on average on April 6, snow melts on April 11. Snow cover persists for approximately 140 days. Its height during the winter period increases from 2-5 cm in November to 30-40 cm in the second or third ten days of February.

In the Losiny Ostrov NP zone, up to 677 mm of precipitation falls annually. The number of days with precipitation is 182-183. The average number of days with different types of glaciation per year is 24.

The average monthly wind speed ranges from 1.7 to 4.0 m/s, the average for the year in the VDNKh area is 2.2 m/s, in Losiny Ostrov - 3.5 m/s. The highest wind speeds are observed in winter. The predominant winds in the annual course are southern, southwestern and western directions; in the period from June to October, westerly winds clearly predominate.


Green areas

Directly on the territory of the city are located:
Central Park of Culture and Recreation of the City of Mytishchi (CPKiO Mytishchi),
Emperor Nicholas II Park,
Square named after G. M. Strekalova,
Veterans Boulevard,
Alley of Veterans,
Keshina Alley (in memory of Innokenty Samokhvalov),
Leonidovka Park,
alley on the street Academician Kargin,
square on Trudovy Lane,
dendrological park MSUL,
green area in the Rupasovsky Ponds area,
Perlovsky Park,
Yauza Park
floodplains of the Yauza, Sukromka, Borisovka rivers.

The city is adjacent to the Pirogovsky Forest Park and the Mytishchi Forest Park on the northern side, and the Losiny Ostrov National Park on the eastern side.

Until recently, Mytishchi also had the Summer Garden of the Carriage Plant, landscaped in the 1930s on the site of the former Chelnokovsky Park. Now almost its entire territory is covered by the Fregat shopping and entertainment center and Olympic Avenue; only a few old linden trees have survived.