Neryungri, Russia

Neryungri (Evenk. Nyirungra, Yakut. Nүөrүҥgүrү) is a city, the center of the Neryungri region of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) of the Russian Federation, forms an urban settlement, the city of Neryungri. The second largest city in Yakutia.



The name comes from the Evenk Nyirungra, which translates as "Grayling River" or "River of a Thousand Graylings".


Geographical location, nature, relief

It is located in the Far Eastern Federal District at the same latitude as Moscow, on the right bank of the Chulman River, 70 km from its confluence with the Timpton River, 820 km along the Lena highway from Yakutsk. Railway station of the Far Eastern Railway.

Located on the northern spurs of the Stanovoy Range, with absolute heights of 800-850 m.

Neryungri is surrounded by the South Yakutsk mid-mountain taiga. The relief of city streets is extremely rugged - the city is built on the slopes and flat tops of the mountains of the spurs of the Stanovoy Range. However, some of its parts are in the lowlands. For example, the Neryungri-passenger railway station is located in the valley of the Ammunakta river, the old city (industrial area) - in the valleys of the Chulman, Upper and Lower Neryungri, and Maly Berkakit rivers. However, the main, central part of the city is located on the hills.



Average annual temperature - -6.9 C °
Average annual wind speed - 2.6 m / s
Average annual air humidity - 73%



Neryungri originally represented a settlement of tents, beams and panel dormitories, which gradually grew into a modern city with blocks of multi-storey buildings with the entire social and cultural complex.

The history of the emergence of Neryungri is associated with the development of the wealth of South Yakutia. The first information about this territory was obtained by Russian explorers Vasily Poyarkov (1643) and Erofei Khabarov (1667). They went from Yakutsk, located on the Lena, along the southern Yakut rivers to the Amur and the Far East. Since the beginning of the 19th century, this region has been actively explored by expeditions organized by the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Geographical Society and the Ministry of Railways. The industrial development of the area began in 1891-1892. Then, in the upper reaches of the Timpton, Sutam rivers and their tributaries, there were up to 80 mines, and up to 3.5 thousand prospectors lived there seasonally. Local residents - Evenki - worked as guides, were engaged in the transportation of goods. The name Neryungri is deciphered by means of the Evenk language as “river of grayling”.

In the 1940s, it was the site of a geological exploration party. In 1952, the Neryungri exploration party was created, tents appeared at the mouth of the Neryungri River, the first housing of the future village of Neryungra. In September 1963, the first stripping was carried out on the eastern section of the Powerful seam, and by the end of 1967 the first coal ladle was raised. The beginning of the construction of the northern branch of the BAM (BAM Tynda-Berkakit line) and the formation of the South Yakutsk territorial-production complex in 1975 opened a new page in the history of Neryungri. On November 5, 1975 it was transformed into a city.

Neryungri was designed according to generally accepted standards in the USSR and, nevertheless, has a bright personality. The mountainous landscape made construction difficult, but it also suggested original spatial solutions that distinguish the city from many northern cities, and the facades of houses, balconies and loggias painted in bright colors, and small architectural forms give a special flavor. According to the results of the All-Russian competition for the best landscaping in 1997, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2005, the city of Neryungri was awarded diplomas. The commissioning of residential buildings in the city began in 1976 and over 30 years 1.3 million square meters were commissioned. m., as of January 1, 2005, there were 12 secondary schools, 17 kindergartens.

Neryungri was included in the list of five Russian cities to receive an early loan from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development for the introduction of new technologies in public utilities.

In November 2007, the townspeople wrote a "Letter of Love", which is declared in the Russian Book of Records.


Уrban settlement

The status and boundaries of an urban settlement are established by the Law of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) dated November 30, 2004 N 173-З N 353-III "On the establishment of boundaries and on granting the status of urban and rural settlements to municipalities of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)".



The first coat of arms of the city was approved in 1984: a coal seam, a dump truck, a trolley, hitching posts and a gear above them are depicted on the heraldic shield; on the plate of the coat of arms is the inscription Neryungri.

There were several projects of the emblem of the city in the icon version. On one of them: A four-part shield. The first part depicts a BelAZ dump truck, the second part shows a spruce, the third part shows a deer, and the fourth part shows a trolley. On the plate of the draft coat of arms there is an inscription "Neryungri".

The second draft of the Neryungri coat of arms (according to the badge of the so-called "Yakut series") had the following description: in an azure field with a black tip against the background of four green mountains, two silver hitching posts, accompanied at the top by a silver gear open from below, on the right - a black trolley, on the left - silver dump truck. In the azure head there is a silver running reindeer, accompanied on the sides by the same snowflakes.



Neryungri district has a sustainable potential for further socio-economic growth. The federal highway "Lena", the railroad Berkakit - Tommot - Yakutsk pass through the territory of the district. The largest investment project "Integrated Development of South Yakutia" is being implemented on the principles of public-private partnership. In the future, the Neryungri district may become the center of economic activity of the East Siberian region, specializing in coal mining and, in the medium term, manufacturing, as the corresponding capacities develop. The former head of Yakutia, Yegor Borisov, noted that on the territory of the Neryungri district there will be a TOP - a territory of advanced development. New industries will be created here, which means there will be new jobs. South Yakutia rightfully deserves to become the first advanced development area (TDA) in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).



Most of the city's population is employed in the main and auxiliary industries of the territorial production complex for the extraction of coking coal. However, the city belongs to the category of multifunctional.

The city has a coal mine, the Neryungrinskaya processing plant for the production of coking coal concentrate, the Inaglinsky and Denisovsky GOKs, Kolmar-OGR, a plant for the repair of mining equipment and road equipment (RMZ), the Neryungrinskaya poultry farm, the Neryungri State District Power Plant, and two printing houses. The house-building plant and the dairy were closed at the beginning of perestroika.



Transportation near Neryungri is quite good. The city stands on the Amur-Yakutsk railway line, and the Amur-Yakutsk highway also passes through it. Railway stations - "Neryungri-Passenger", "Neryungri-cargo" and "Coal". The city's airport is located near the village of Chulman, 35 km from Neryungri.

Neryungri is included in the country's railway network. Station Neryungri-passenger is the terminal station of the Far Eastern Railway (Tynda branch). To the north along the AYAM, Neryungri is connected by rail with the cities of Aldan and Tommot. From Neryungri station run:

Train No. 325 Neryungri - Khabarovsk, passenger, daily;
Train No. 77/78 Neryungri - Novosibirsk, fast, every other day; additionally VBS to Barnaul and Biysk;
Train No. 657/658 Neryungri - Tynda, working, daily;
Train No. 324/323 Neryungri - Tommot, local, daily;
Train number 75/76 Neryungri - Moscow, fast, every other day;
Several direct cars to train No. 97/98 Tynda - Kislovodsk, fast, twice a week;
Direct carriage to train No. 81/82 Tynda - Blagoveshchensk (runs from Tommot), fast, every other day;
Train 324Y Neryungri - Nizhny Bestyakh, passenger, every other day.
From Neryungri air flights are carried out in the following directions: Neryungri - Moscow, Neryungri - Irkutsk, Neryungri - Krasnoyarsk, Neryungri - Novosibirsk, Neryungri - Khabarovsk, Neryungri - Yakutsk.

Suburban bus service: Iyengra, Berkakit, Khatimi, Chulman, Serebryany Bor, etc. Previously, there was intercity bus service with Aldan and even Yakutsk.


Education, medicine, culture, sports

In Neryungri there are branches of the Novosibirsk Institute "Sibgiproshakht", the Institute of Professional Innovations and the Technical Institute (branch) of the North-Eastern Federal University[34]. There are vocational schools, a gymnasium, general education, sports (DYUSSH martial arts "Erel"), music and art schools.

Healthcare institutions - hospitals, clinics, republican rehabilitation centers that work according to the methods of IVAG and the Institute of Conductive Pedagogy named after A.I. Pete (Budapest).

There is the A. S. Pushkin Center for Culture and Spirituality, the House of Pioneers, the Museum of the History of the Construction of the South Yakut Territorial Production Complex, the Neryungri City Library, and Orthodox churches.

In Neryungri there is the only Actor and Puppet Theater in the region of Eastern Siberia and the Far East. There is a children's musical choir school "Solovushka" - a laureate of international, regional and republican competitions and festivals, an ensemble "Severyanochka" - a laureate of festivals in Greece, Brazil, Portugal and Spain.

On the territory of the city there is one of the largest indoor stadium "Gornyak" in the Far East, sports complexes "Shakhter" and "Bogatyr", there is an indoor skating rink, a ski base. The climate and snow in the city attracts many athletes. In total, there are 143 sports facilities in the Neryungri district: gyms and swimming pools, a ski base and an indoor skating rink, a ski slope and tennis courts, which allow holding top-level competitions in various sports.