Oksky or Oka Nature Reserve
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Description of Oksky or Oka Nature Reserve
Oksky or Oka Nature Reserve is a biosphere reserve
in Russia. The reserve is located in Spassky, Klepikovsky and
Kasimovsky districts of the Ryazan region in the southeastern part
of the Meshchersky lowland. The main part of the reserve is located
on the left bank of the river Pra. The reserve also includes the
rivers Lamsha and Black. The site of the widest floodplain of the
Oka abounding in floodplain lakes, included in the protected zone of
the reserve. The central manor of the reserve is located in the
village of Brykin Bor.
Borders of the Oka Reserve with the
allocation of zones
The reserve area is 56 027 ha, including:
forest - 50 461.5 ha,
marshes - 2,539.5 ha,
open and dry lands -
lakes and rivers - 637.6 ha.
Around the reserve
there is a security zone of 23,669 hectares.
13, 1994, the “Floodplain sections of the Pra and the Oka rivers” of
the reserve have the status of wetlands of international importance.
06/24/1986. The Oka Reserve is recognized by the World Network of
UNESCO "Man and the Biosphere" (MAB) to meet the requirements for
biosphere reserves. In 2000, the reserve is classified as a key
ornithological territory of international importance.
reserve is characterized by a temperate continental climate. The
average annual air temperature is 4.2 °. The average annual rainfall
is 534 mm.
As a strict nature reserve, the Oka Reserve is mostly closed to
the general public, although scientists and those with
'environmental education' purposes can make arrangements with park
management for visits. Tourists are welcome in Birkin forest buffer
area. There are also a number of 'ecotourist' routes open to the
public; these require permits to be obtained in advance. The local
office is in the village of Birkin Bor.