Pavlovsky Posad, Russia

Pavlovsky Posad is located in the eastern part of the Moscow region. Administrative center of Pavlovo-Posad district. The city is located 70 kilometers east of Moscow near the confluence of the Vokhna and Klyazma rivers.

A famous light industry center in Russia. Since the 19th century, several weaving factories operated in the city, around which civil development was formed. Much of this architecture is the city's main asset, but some of the factory buildings were demolished in the 2010s, so don't put off your visit. The city center was not greatly damaged by the development of the 1970s, but consists mainly of rich pre-revolutionary wooden houses.



Temple architecture

1  Bell tower of the Resurrection Cathedral, Mira street, 1.
2  Pokrovsko-Vasilievsky Monastery.
3  Church of the Ascension of Christ on Gorodok.


Factory architecture

4  Gorodkovskaya factory, Gorodkovskaya street (Stop “Gorodkovskaya factory”, or walk from the city center across the pedestrian bridge). Free access to the territory
5  Paris Manufactory, Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street, 33 (At the crossing). Entrance to the territory is free
6  Factory, Kornevskaya street, 1. The best-preserved architectural complex, you can feel yourself in the 1980s.
7  Scarf manufactory.


Civil architecture, residential buildings

8  4-storey brick apartment building of the early 1920s, Vystavkina Street, Kirova Street. Transitional between pre-revolutionary and Soviet architecture.
9  Multi-storey buildings of the 1920s on Ordzhonikidze Street, Ordzhonikidze Street, 11, Ordzhonikidze Street, 13, Ordzhonikidze Street, 15. Multi-storey buildings from the very beginning of Soviet power. They are in poor condition and are of interest to those who love the aesthetics of decay. The upper part is made in half-timbered structures, which are uncharacteristic for Russia.
10  Barracks of the “Paris” factory, Pokrovskaya street. 3 large, pre-revolutionary, red-brick workers' barracks. There are no intercoms, you can go inside and walk along the corridors. Pay attention to the poor condition and size. The buildings are scheduled for demolition.



Monument to the hero of the Patriotic War of 1812 Gerasim Kurin.
Bust of cosmonaut V.F. Bykovsky (near the Alyonushka building). V. F. Bykovsky was born in the city, the monument was erected on June 14, 1983.
Monument-bust to the founder of the Cheka F. E. Dzerzhinsky (opposite the police department building).
Monument "In memory of those killed during the counter-revolutionary uprising in 1918."
Monument to the founding of Pavlovsky Posad, sq. Revolutions (in the northern part of the square). The sculptural composition consists of 5 figures, each of which symbolizes one locality and a specific industry.
Monument to Defenders of the Fatherland (opposite the military registration and enlistment office). The T-64 tank was installed on a pedestal in 2004. The inscription on the pedestal: “Dedicated to the feat of the defenders of the fatherland”


Things to do

1  Historical and Art Museum.
2  Museum of the history of the Russian scarf and shawl (in the Pavlovo-Pokrovsky Palace of Culture). The beginning of the museum’s collection was laid by V.F. Shishenin more than 20 years ago with the acquisition from an antique dealer of a Novgorod dark blue silk scarf embroidered with gold from the mid-19th century. In addition to the collection of scarves and shawls, the museum has a “Trading Shop” hall, where utensils and packaging of goods of the 19th-20th centuries are exhibited. The museum hosts master classes on hand-printed fabrics.
3  Exhibition hall (Shirokov House).
4  House-Museum of V.V. Tikhonov, st. Tikhonova, 66. ☎ +7 (916) 462-98-80.


How to get there

By train
From Moscow from the Kursky station by train in the Gorky direction, travel time is about 1.5 hours.

By car
From Moscow along Gorkovsky (M7 Volga highway) or Nosovikhinskoye highway from the Moscow Ring Road for about 50 kilometers, after which turn to Pavlovsky Posad (2 km from Nosovikhinskoye highway to the north, 8 km from Gorkovsky to the south).

By bus
Bus station, Privokzalnaya Street, 18.



Pavlovo Posad shawl (Pavlovo Posad Shawls brand store), Herzen Lane, 1. 9:00–19:00. Pavlovo Posad printed woolen and half-woolen shawls are a folk craft whose industrial production has been established in the city since the mid-19th century. The scarves are decorated with traditional colorful printed designs. Currently produced by Pavlovo Posad Shawl Manufactory OJSC.



Average cost
1  Delicious, period, Bolshaya Pokrovskaya street, 14.



The following nightclubs operate in the city:
Malina Bar



Landline telephones of Pavlovsky Posad have five-digit numbers of the form +7 (49643) X-XX-XX. In Pavlovsky Posad there is coverage of all Big Three operators.



It was first mentioned in 1339 as the village of Pavlovo or Vokhna in the spiritual charter of Ivan Kalita. It was the patrimony of Prince Dmitry Donskoy.


In the 19th century

During the Patriotic War of 1812, the Vokhonsky volost was one of the centers of the partisan movement against Napoleonic troops: in the area of ​​present-day Pavlovsky Posad, a battle took place between French units and local peasants under the leadership of the peasant G. M. Kurin, volost elder E. S. Stulov and Sotsky I. Ya. Chushkina. In memory of those events, the Military Historical Patriotic Club “Vokhon Warrior” has been conducting a large-scale historical reconstruction of the “Battle of Vokhon” since 2002.

According to the highest order of June 2, 1844, the settlement was formed from five villages. The corresponding decree to the Governing Senate, signed by Tsar Nicholas I, contained the following text: “Having considered it useful, according to the proposal of the Minister of Internal Affairs, considered in the State Council, to teach the residents of the village of Vokhny and four adjacent villages: Zakharov, Melenki, Usov and Dubrova, which are part of the Moscow province in Bogorodsky district, new conveniences for the spread of trade and manufacturing industry, WE COMMAND: the said villages be renamed into a settlement under the general name of Pavlovsk, allowing the residents of these villages to join, whoever they wish, in the rank of petty bourgeois or to declare merchant capital.”

In May 1845, the grand opening of Pavlovsky Posad took place. Subsequently, the villages of Gorodok, Kornevo, Prokunino, Filimonovo, Stepurino became part of the settlement. A major role in obtaining the status of a posad by these villages was played by the large Bogorodsk manufacturer of silk and paper fabrics in the village of Vokhna, hereditary honorary citizen D.I. Shirokov and the head of public self-government of Bogorodsk I.S. Labzin. The governor of the Moscow province I.V. Kapnist personally came to Pavlovo to participate in the opening ceremony of the settlement and signed the corresponding act.

Since the 1860s, Pavlovsky Posad was part of the Ignatievskaya volost, formed after the zemstvo reform of Alexander II as part of the 2nd camp of the Bogorodsky district; in 1890 it included 2 villages, 36 hamlets, 3 churchyards and a factory. The volost existed until 1929. Its center was first the village of Ignatyevo, and since 1921 - the city of Pavlovsky Posad. According to the 1926 census, the Pavlovo-Posad volost included 94 settlements and 35,394 residents.


In the 20th century

In 1908, the Society for the Propagation of Education was opened in Pavlovsky Posad. Its chairman was Fyodor Grigorievich Krasnov (1874-1941), owner of a silkworm factory and merchant of the Second Guild. On the initiative of F. G. Krasnov and priest A. G. Voskresensky, the construction of the Real School began in 1910, which opened on September 1, 1911. The work was supervised by the architect Salambek and the engineer Palenbach. Only boys were trained. People who glorified the city studied here - Ivan Nikolaevich Rusinov, Vyacheslav Vasilyevich Tikhonov and many others. Currently, Lyceum No. 2 is named after People's Artist V.V. Tikhonov.

During the Great Patriotic War, the city was located in the rear. The names of Heroes of the Soviet Union L. A. Berdichevsky, F. A. Poletaev, P. D. Dmitriev, E. A. Lobanov, V. V. Markov, M. I. Stepanov, I. P. Shitikov were associated with Pavlovsky Posad , K. M. Kudryashova, I. M. Fedorova, A. I. Shatokhina, A. S. Potapova, F. A. Torgovtseva, I. F. Peskova, M. M. Yuryev, full holders of the Order of Glory V. M. Goryacheva, F. F. Solomatina, N. A. Guseva, G. M. Khaeva.

Pavlovo Posad land can rightfully be considered the birthplace of space explorers. The first deputy chief designer S.P. Korolev V.P. Mishin, deputy chief designer L.A. Voskresensky and cosmonaut No. 5 V.F. Bykovsky were born in the city and region.

For the anniversary of the city in 1984, the poet A. Poperechny and composer P. Aedonitsky wrote the song “Pavlovsky Posad”, which was performed by Pavel Babakov. It has become, in some way, the anthem of this locality.

From 1935 to 1955, the Pavlovo Posad Artificial Millstone Plant operated in the city. The enterprise was under the jurisdiction of Rosglavmukomol of the Ministry of Food Industry. The main type of production is millstones.


In the 21st century

From 2005 to 2017 As part of the Pavlov-Posad municipal district, the city formed the municipal formation of the urban settlement of Pavlovsky Posad (with an area of 4,320 hectares).

By January 9, 2017, the urban settlement of Pavlovsky Posad was abolished along with the transformation of the municipal district into an urban district.