Ruza, Russia

Ruza has been known since the 14th century. This is a former fortress in the west of the Moscow region, and although only earthen ramparts remain of the old defensive structures here, the city has not lost its charm, retaining fragments of historical buildings and several pre-revolutionary churches. Ruza is that rare regional center near Moscow where there is no railway or multi-storey buildings. The outskirts of the city are especially interesting, one of the most secluded corners of the Moscow region with picturesque reservoirs and ancient estates.



1  Gorodok Park (Ruzsky Kremlin). The park is located on the site of an ancient settlement - a high hill at the confluence of the Gorodyanka and Ruza rivers. Once upon a time there stood a powerful fortress (Kremlin), consisting of 8 towers and a wooden wall. The fortress withstood serious siege more than once, the last time at the beginning of the 17th century, but now only earthen ramparts, which have since gone through several stages of improvement, remind of this. In 1905, it was decided to lay out a park on the site of the fortress, then trees were planted along the ramparts and paths were laid, so now it is also a botanical garden. Then, already in the 21st century, wooden gazebo towers were erected, from which picturesque views of the river and the city open. The highest shaft is the western one (also known as the alley of acquaintances), from which you can see the Intercession and Dmitrovsky churches. In the middle part of the park there are attractions and other tourist infrastructure facilities.
2  Partisan Square. The main square of the city in the 16th-19th centuries. was called Bazarnaya, later it was renamed in honor of the partisans. Many historical buildings have been preserved here. On the eastern side you can see snow-white two-story merchant houses from 1820-1822. (Nos. 15-16), connected at the end of the 19th century by a brick passage. Merchants stored goods in the basements, shops were located on the first floor, and tea rooms and hotel rooms were located on the second floor. In the neighboring house 14 there is a local history museum, and at the northern end of the square you will see the Eternal Flame with a war memorial.
3  Resurrection Cathedral, pl. Partizan, 21. ☎ +7 (496) 272-49-44. 9:00–17:00. The cathedral of the early 18th century was completely rebuilt in 1859 and acquired features of the Russian-Byzantine style; around the same time, a refectory and a bell tower were added, which were destroyed in Soviet times. Now the cathedral is in the stage of sluggish restoration; the forests around the temple have long become familiar. It is all the more surprising that one of the 19th century frescoes has been preserved inside, although most of the interior is already modern.
4  Solntseva Street. One of the central streets with preserved old buildings. Named in honor of the commander of the local partisan detachment, to whom a memorial was erected at the very beginning of the street, on Partizan Square.
✦  Socialist street. One of the longest streets in Ruza and also better preserved than others. Its most interesting section runs from the Intercession Church to the Boris and Gleb Church; there are many old wooden houses. Pay attention to house 13 - Leontyev's mansion 5, built by Finnish carpenters in Vyborg in the wooden Art Nouveau style and transported to Ruza in 1908. Now the House of Children's Creativity (formerly the House of Pioneers) is located here. Of the stone buildings, the most interesting is the two-story house 23 in the Stalinist Empire style at the intersection with the street. Solntseva. In 1959, a children's music school 6 was opened here, which is still operating today. Before that, the building housed the District Committee of the CPSU, as evidenced by the monument to Lenin still standing in front of the building.
7  Pokrovskaya Church , st. Socialist, 2A. ☎ +7 (925) 042-76-03. 8:30–14:00. This church successfully combines the features of Baroque and Classicism; it was built in 1781-1788. and in the 1840s a refectory was added. The temple survived the years of Soviet power without major losses. It was restored back in the 1980s as a local history museum, but was soon given to believers. The interior is entirely modern.
8  Church of Demetrius of Thessaloniki , st. Dmitrovskaya, 12A. 8:00–15:00. The most interesting of the Ruza churches is sometimes attributed to the authorship of Matvey Kazakov, although in fact it turns out that even the date of construction here is not really known: the church was erected in 1792, but was later completed. The result is an original variation on the Baroque theme with a very expressive geometric decoration of the external walls, which for some reason is diluted by the awkwardly high chimney of the refectory. Walk around the church to see it from different angles - it's worth it. The interior is modern.
9  Monument to Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. The most famous Soviet partisan intelligence officer acted closer to Vereya, but was immortalized, among other things, in Ruza. A bronze monument by Zurab Tsereteli was installed in 2013 next to the local House of Culture. Nearby is St. George's Pond, a popular vacation spot.
10  Boris and Gleb Church, st. Socialist, 62. Church 1788-1801. buildings in Soviet times was beheaded and relegated to the level of the first floor. Now it is essentially being built anew.
11  Monument to Mishka Karas. Mishka Karas is a street child from the popular 2007 TV series “Liquidation”; In the film, the boy claims that he was born in Ruza. The monument was erected in November 2016 in a new pedestrian zone (“Ruzsky Arbat”) and is successfully integrated into the urban landscape: a bronze Teddy Bear sits on the balustrade under the clock, which is made in the style of the Stalin era and makes the small sculpture more noticeable. In addition to the street watch, there is also a second watch - on the hand of a street child: in the film, he stole it from Marshal Zhukov, and, returning it, received it back as a gift. According to the city administration, the sculpture is dedicated to the generation of Ruza residents, whose childhood included harsh war years, and who then participated in the post-war restoration of Ruza. In winter, local residents, according to tradition, put socks or a scarf on the barefoot boy.


Things to do

1  Museum of Local Lore , pl. Partizan, 14. ☎ +7 (496) 272-34-83. Tue–Sat 10:00–17:00, Sun 10:00–16:30 closed. 50 rub. The museum is located in a merchant's house built in 1820 and is one of the oldest in the Moscow region - it was first opened in 1906 as the Museum of the History of the Ruza Region. The collection was formed through the efforts of patrons and local lovers of antiquities, although commissars later played an equally important role, bringing here objects from plundered noble estates, in particular, Volynshchino-Poluektovo. In 1941, German troops plundered the museum itself; it was restored only in 1967. Now the exhibition is dedicated to the history, nature and life of the Ruza region.
2  Museum of the History of the Ruza Police, st. Solntseva, 16. ☎ +7 (926) 157-50-40. Created in 2008 by retired Russian police officers, they also conduct excursions. It is located in a green wooden mansion of the 19th century that survived the war - for a long time there was a temporary detention center here, and the police are still located in the neighboring building. The museum collection contains historical documents, personal belongings of employees, weapons, including a 16th-century gun found in Ruza, allegedly created according to the design of Leonardo da Vinci. The exhibits tell about the history of the Ministry of Internal Affairs from the times of Peter the Great to the present day. A visit must be arranged in advance by telephone; excursions are conducted for groups of ten people or more. In the courtyard of the museum there is a memorial with a worship cross in memory of employees who died in the line of duty.


How to get there

By train
Ruza is one of the few cities in the Moscow region that is not located on the railway. The nearest railway station is Tuchkovo, Belorussian direction. From here to the city it is a little more than 20 km - you can travel by bus or minibus No. 21, which runs every 10 minutes. At peak times, the number of people exceeds the capacity of the minibuses, so you have to wait for the next one. Travel time is 30-40 minutes, fare (2022) is 44 rubles. using a contactless bank card, you can also use Strelka or Troika transport cards. Cash is not accepted in vehicles, as in the entire Moscow region. Bus number 22 also runs to Ruza from Dorokhovo station, but it takes longer and less often, and the station itself is located further from Moscow.

1  Tuchkovo station, Tuchkovo village, pl. Privokzalnaya, 9. Quite a large station where trains and express trains stop in the direction of Mozhaisk. In the station building there are commuter ticket offices, a small waiting room and a toilet. Near the station there is a Lenta supermarket and a small market.
2  Dorokhovo station. Trains and express trains stop from the Belorussky station towards Mozhaisk. From Moscow the drive is 10 minutes longer than to Tuchkovo.

By bus
From Moscow, bus No. 455 runs every hour and a half from the Tushinskaya metro station. It walks for about two hours, passing along the road through Zvenigorod and Tuchkovo station, but does not enter the center of Ruza.

To get to the Riga direction, use buses No. 36 and 37 to Novopetrovskaya or a bus to Ostashevo, from where you can go further to Volokolamsk.

3  Bus station, st. Federativnaya, 17. 5:00–22:00. Soviet building with platforms and ticket offices. From here buses depart to Moscow, Tuchkovo and Dorokhovo railway stations, as well as more rare routes to Mozhaisk and populated areas of the Ruza urban district. Sudden bus cancellations and schedule disruptions often occur.

By car
Along Minsk or Novorizhskoe highway. The distance is approximately the same (110-120 km), road congestion is unpredictable. Ruza itself is located on the A108 highway (“Big Concrete Road”), through which it communicates with radial routes.


Transport around the city

The city is small, the role of local transport in it is performed by commuter buses and minibuses, including those going to Tuchkovo and Dorokhovo stations. A bank or transport card must be presented both at the entrance and at the exit so that the maximum fare for travel on a suburban route is not debited. The most convenient way to get off the minibus is at the “KBO” stop (Solntseva Street), from where you can walk to all local attractions.



1  Trading house “Ruza”, st. Solntseva, 20 (opposite the administration). ☎ +7 (496) 272-32-83. 8:00–19:00. The oldest shopping center in the city, a former department store. On the facade, do not miss the interesting drawing made in honor of the 650th anniversary of Ruza. The first floor is occupied by the usual “Pyaterochka”, and on the second there is a genuine department store: small shops with clothes, toys, cosmetics and other goods. Here you can buy souvenirs for every taste.
2  Ruza Khutor, st. Federativnaya, 7A. ☎ +7 (499) 519-01-18. 9:00–24:00. Four-story business center with shops and offices. There is a pharmacy, professional cosmetics, clothing, accessories, children's goods, DNS electronics, and jewelry stores. On the ground floor there is a farmer's market with natural products. In “Ruza Khutor” you can go to the “Fish There” restaurant or use cosmetic and legal services. Located on a pedestrian street next to the monument to Mishka Karas, but you can drive up by car from Uritsky Lane, there is underground parking.
3  Central Ruzsky Department Store, st. Federativnaya, 25 (next to the bus station). ☎ +7 (916) 272-46-57. 8:00–22:00. A small shopping center with a Verny supermarket, a pharmacy, clothing stores and a Myata cafe.
In addition to shopping centers, the city has many chain grocery stores: Dixie, Magnit, Pyaterochka, and Da.

Ruza is famous for its dairy products and bread. Ruza bread is not sold in chain stores; you can only buy it in “Fresh Bread” kiosks next to the “Magnit” or “Dixie” supermarkets (for example, on Sotsialisticheskaya Street). Dairy products (milk, kefir, yogurt, cheese, etc.) are sold in the Ruzskoe Milk brand stores:

4  Ruzskoye Moloko, Volokolamskoye Highway, 13A (next to the dairy plant). ☎ +7 (925) 258-18-37. 9:00–20:00.
5  Ruzskoe milk, st. Federativnaya, 20A, building 2 (behind the bus station). ☎ +7 (925) 258-05-89. 9:00–21:00.
For those who did not have time to buy milk in Ruza itself, there is another company store near the Tuchkovo railway station.



1  Cafe “Cafe”, pl. Partizan, 3. ☎ +7 (917) 517-66-90. Mon–Sat 09:30–22:00, Sun 10:00–22:00. Hot from 300 rub. Popular cafe on the central square. The hall is small; You can drink coffee with dessert or order a full lunch, there are business lunches.
2  Restaurant “Theater”  , pl. Partizan, 6. ☎ +7 (925) 925-99-97. 12:00–24:00. Hot: from 400 rub. Restaurant in a historic 19th-century mansion in the very center of the city. A wide range of dishes of European and Japanese cuisine, a bar counter, sushi and pizza with delivery throughout the city.



1  Bar “Night Coyote”, pl. Partizan, 1. ☎ +7 (496) 272-09-11. Fri–Sun 18:00–23:50. Sports bar in an old cellar with DJ music, billiards, karaoke, live broadcasts of sporting events. Good burgers and cocktails.
2  Bar “13 Rules”, st. Federativnaya, 7A. ☎ +7 (985) 537-41-69. 12:00–23:00. Chain craft beer bar with burgers and other snacks.



1  Hotel “Central”, lane. International, 7. ☎ +7 (496) 272-38-75. From 1800 rub. for a standard room. A small hotel in the very center of the city. The rooms are small, without air conditioning, and only liquid soap is available for hygiene items. There is a shared kitchen with a refrigerator and microwave, and private parking.
2  Hotel “Ruza”, st. Krasnaya, 86. ☎ +7 (800) 100-70-09. Economy from 2000 rub. A hotel on the southern outskirts of the city with spacious rooms equipped with the necessary equipment, air conditioning, refrigerator, microwave. There is a green area nearby. Stable Wi-Fi, but poor sound insulation.


Security questions

In general, the city is safe, but Partizan Square is a favorite place for local drunken groups: in the morning experienced alcoholics get drunk here, during the day you can meet teenage schoolchildren drinking here, and in the evening - both of them.



All federal cellular operators operate in Ruza; the speed of mobile Internet in the city is 4G. Almost all hotels and cafes have free Wi-Fi.

1  Post office No. 143100, pl. Partizan, 7. ☎ +7 (800) 100-00-00. Mon–Sat 9:00–18:00. Central post office of the city.



The city is named after the Ruza River, whose name is comparable to Lithuania. ruseti - “to flow, leak”, rusnoti - “to flow slowly”, Latvian. ruosa - “a stream with a narrow meadow floodplain, located between fields and forests.”



Located on the Ruza River, 80 km west of the Moscow Ring Road, 60 km southwest of the Zelenograd Autonomous District and 40 km northwest of the Troitsky Autonomous District of the city of Moscow (“New Moscow”).



The Ruza River is one of the left tributaries of the Moscow River. The first written mention of the city dates back to 1328, at that time the spheres of influence of several appanage principalities intersected here. The Ruza lands, which belonged to Moscow, were in contact with the appanages of Veliky Novgorod, Tver and Smolensk, so a wooden fortress with high earthen ramparts was immediately built in Ruza. The defensive fortifications of Ruza were more powerful than neighboring Mozhaisk, Zvenigorod and Volokolamsk and more than once withstood enemy attacks. In memory of numerous battles, the coat of arms of Ruza depicts four crossed swords. The name “Ruza” itself comes either from the Baltic word for “safe” or from the Tatar word for “castle”.

In 1618, at the very end of the Time of Troubles, the Ruza fortress successfully withstood the offensive of Polish troops, but the territory of the settlement around it was plundered: out of 22 churches, only 4 survived. The city was rebuilt and was exempt from taxes for four years. After this, there were no more wars here, Ruza lost its defensive significance, the wooden fortress gradually collapsed, and fairs began to be held on the territory of the ancient Kremlin. In 1782, Ruza became a district town of the Moscow province. By that time, only earthen ramparts remained of the powerful fortress, which now became the Gorodok park. Since 1784, Ruza has been built up according to a regular plan with rectangular blocks that have survived to this day, even if the historical buildings themselves no longer exist in some places. After the abolition of serfdom, the first industrial manufactories for the production of bricks and textiles appeared in Ruza, and a zemstvo school and hospital were opened.

After the revolution, the city did not become another center of industrialization and, together with neighboring Zvenigorod, was included in the zone of health resorts. In the early 1930s, the House of Writers' Creativity and the House of Composers' Creativity were opened near Ruza for the recreation of the Moscow intelligentsia; sanatoriums and pioneer camps were built here. In the first months of the Great Patriotic War, the city was occupied by German troops. Not far from Ruza, in the village of Petrishchevo, the famous intelligence officer Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya was executed. Ruza suffered greatly during the liberation from the Germans; there are practically no buildings older than the 19th century left in the city. All temples in the city were closed and used for economic and cultural purposes. After the war, the construction of sanatoriums continued in the vicinity of Ruza, and several food enterprises were opened in the city itself.



Now Ruza is one of the smallest regional centers in the Moscow region. The city was affected by the improvement characteristic of the Moscow region, but at the same time it was bypassed by railways and large industry. In terms of its attractions, it can hardly compete with Volokolamsk or Mozhaisk, but there is a lot of interesting things in the surrounding area, and you will at least visit Ruza itself while passing through if you are exploring the western part of the Far Moscow Region. Ruza and the Ruza district are considered one of the most environmentally friendly places in the vicinity of Moscow.


Around the city

1  Estate “Volynshchina-Poluektovo”. Most of the time, the estate belonged to the noble family of the Dolgorukovs. The main house was built in the 1770s in the classicist style, the authorship is attributed to Bazhenov and Kazakov. It is located on the shore of the Ozerninskoye reservoir, which swallowed up part of the estate park. The estate is located in a closed area; you can get here only with a tour from the local history museum.
2  Ruzskoe reservoir. A large artificial reservoir 10 km northwest of the city, created in the 1960s to supply water to Moscow. Now it is a popular place for fishing; recreation centers and sanatoriums are located along the banks. Nearby there is another one, the Ozerninskoye reservoir, where, unlike Ruzsky, there are fewer fishermen, but there are significantly more beach areas.
3  Church of the Sign in Annino. The tent church was built in 1690 on the estate of the Miloslavsky boyars, known for their adherence to old traditions and, among other things, their love for tents, which by that time had long gone out of fashion. Now the church has been restored and is functioning.