Ruzayevka, Russia

Ruzayevka (Moksh. Orozai, Erz. Orazai Osh) is a city (since 1937) in the Republic of Mordovia of the Russian Federation. The administrative center of the Ruzayevsky district, forms the eponymous municipality in the status of the urban settlement Ruzayevka as the only settlement in its composition.

This is the second largest city in the republic after Saransk, in fact it is its satellite city, forming a single agglomeration with it.



Holy Trinity Cathedral. Consecrated in 2012;
Steam locomotive-monument M-202 Cuckoo;
Ruzaevsky Museum of Local Lore.
The railway station building is a cultural heritage site
Locomotive Depot Museum
DK im. Ukhtomsky



The city is located in the central part of Mordovia on the Insar river (the Volga basin) at the confluence of the Pishli, 25 km from Saransk.



A temperate continental climate prevails. July is the warmest month of the year, with an average temperature of 19.6 ° C, while the coldest month is January, with an average temperature of -11.6 ° C.

The average annual rainfall is 550 mm.



It was first mentioned in 1631, when the district was granted to the Kasimov Murza Urozay Tonkachev, on whose behalf the village of Urazaevka, or Ruzaevka, was named. From 1725 to 1757, the village belonged to a shipbuilder, Lieutenant of the Preobrazhensky Life Guards Regiment, T.I. Lukin.

In the second half of the 18th century, Ruzaevka belonged to the landowner N. Ye. Struisky, who was fond of the fine arts and composed verses. The Trinity Church and the manor house were built for Struysky by the serf master Andrei Zyablov, who studied with the master's friend, the artist Rokotov.

After the construction of the first church in 1783, the village of Ruzayevka began to be considered a village. In 1792, Struisky opened one of the first and best private printing houses in Russia in Ruzayevka. One of the visitors to the Struisky estate described it as follows:

“Ruzayevka has a beautiful garden, wide roads, everything is clean and tidy. The house is huge, three floors, built of old bricks, but according to the latest drawings. There are two churches in the village, one is ancient, in it all the icon painting in the Italian taste. Another church is built with excellent splendor: all walls are clad in artificial marble. The temple is vast, majestic, academicians painted the entire iconostasis. I have seen few such temples in cities ... I think that there is no such thing in all of Russia. Everything else corresponds to the beauty of architecture: the richest utensils, the magnificent sacristy, everywhere gold is scattered mercilessly.

The manor buildings were demolished before the revolution. With the beginning of the industrial revolution, Ruzayevka became a junction station of the Moscow-Kazan railway. During the first Russian revolution, from December 10 to December 21, 1905, the so-called. Ruzaevskaya republic.



There are 8 libraries in the city, the Orion Palace of Culture, the Central Committee named after. Ukhtomsky, Ruzaevsky branch of the Mordovian Republican Museum of Local Lore. Voronin, institutions of additional education for children.

The Ice Palace has been operating since 2009, the Dolphin swimming pool has been operating since 2010, and the Neptune swimming pool was built in 1992, which is still in operation.



There are 2 higher educational institutions in the city (Ruzaevsky Institute of Mechanical Engineering, a structural unit of the Mordovian State University named after N.P. Ogarev and a branch of the federal state educational institution of higher professional education "Samara State Transport University" in Ruzaevka), 15 preschool, 9 general education schools that operate in an innovative mode with in-depth study of various subjects.



Nodal hospital at Ruzaevka station
Central District Hospital




Ruzaevka is the second largest industrial center of Mordovia. The city's industry is represented by the following enterprises:

The Ruzkhimmash enterprise is a supplier of equipment for the chemical, oil and gas industries, a manufacturer of freight cars, railway tanks for transporting gas, oil products and acids;
Enterprise "Bismuth" - production of plastic strips, tubes and profiles (inactive);
"Ruztex" - production of clothing from textile materials and clothing accessories;
Ruzaevskaya sewing factory - production of workwear;
Ruzaevsky ceramics factory;
Enterprise "Ruzaevsky Brick" - brick production (inactive);
The NeftekhGazMash enterprise is the production of parts for railway rolling stock, the production of metal tanks, reservoirs and other containers, the production of various types of metal structures, the production of automotive and agricultural equipment (tractor and automobile semi-trailers, balers, mowers, special firefighting tankers).
Enterprise "Ruzaevsky Polymer" - production of plastic products (inactive);
The RuzOvo enterprise is an egg processing enterprise;
Enterprise "Moloko" - processing of milk and vegetable raw materials, production of fermented milk products and animal oil substitutes.
SK Razvitie LLC is an enterprise producing glass containers for the food industry.



Ruzaevka station is a large railway junction: the station of the same name and a large locomotive depot on the “historical” direction of the Trans-Siberian Railway are located here. At Ruzaevka station, trains travel in four directions: to Ryazan and Samara (the main route), Saransk - Krasny Uzel and Penza - Rtishchevo.

From the city bus station, buses depart to Saransk, Saratov, Kovylkino, Kadoshkino, Volzhsky, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Yoshkar-Ola, Voronezh, Nizhny Novgorod.


Coat of arms and flag of the city

Heraldic description:
“In a scarlet field there is a golden railway lantern with green glass, on top of the ring (handle) of which there are four golden arrows with silver tips, folded into an oblique cross with the tips facing outwards.”

The coat of arms of the urban settlement of Ruzaevka, in accordance with the Methodological Recommendations for the development and use of official symbols of municipalities (Section 2, Chapter VIII, paragraphs 45-46), approved by the Heraldic Council under the President of the Russian Federation on June 28, 2006, can be reproduced with the status crown of the established pattern.

Rationale for symbolism:
The coat of arms of the urban settlement of Ruzaevka reflects the historical, cultural and economic features of the city. Initially, in the middle of the 17th century, Ruzaevka was founded as a guard settlement of the Russian state and named after the owner of the land, the Tatar Khan Uraza - Urazaevo, this is evidenced by the trophies of that time - four arrows. The concept of "arrow" is used in railway transport. Thanks to the railway, the construction and development of which began in the 19th century, Ruzaevka today is a major railway junction in Mordovia. Four arrows symbolize four railway directions: Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara and Penza.

The fact that Ruzaevka is a city of railway workers is also indicated by the image of a golden lantern. The lantern emits green light, bringing openness and knowledge, indicating the benevolent nature of the Ruzaevites. Green color is a Tatar origin (a characteristic color among Muslims). The word "lantern" has its own heraldic meaning. According to him, the letter “F” is a symmetrically inverted letter “P” (the first letter of the name of the city of Ruzaevka). The railway lantern is a witness to the time when Ruzaevka became a city. The red color speaks of the heroic past of the city - the historical event of 1905 - the “Ruzaevskaya Republic”, and also indicates the Soviet period of the state, when Ruzaevka became a city and the Ruzaevsky district was formed.

Symbolism of the coat of arms of the urban settlement of Ruzaevka:

A lantern is a symbol of light, hope and warmth, friendliness and hospitality, calling for movement forward.

Arrows - (solar symbolism - rays) - determination, confidence, focus.

Red (scarlet) - courage, love for your homeland and its history, work, beauty and celebration.

Green (green) - hope, life path, eternity.

Gold - wealth, wisdom, respect.

Silver - goodness, peace, purity of thoughts.

Glass is a symbol of purity.

Author group (2017):

Author of the coat of arms of the urban settlement of Ruzaevka: Viktor Aleksandrovich Kiselev (Ruzaevka).

Vector and raster rendering: Alexander Mikhailovich Tsiligin (Ruzaevka)

Raster rendering: Sergey Vladimirovich Sokolov (Ruzaevka).


People associated with the city

Polezhaev, Alexander Ivanovich (August 30 September] 1804, village of Ruzaevka, Penza province - January 16, 1838, Lefortovo military hospital, Moscow) - Russian poet.
Dmitry Yuryevich Struisky (pseudonym Trilunny, 1806-1856) - Russian poet, translator, music critic, composer.
Emelin, Sergey Aleksandrovich (born June 16, 1995, Ruzaevka, Republic of Mordovia) - Russian classical wrestler, bronze medalist of the Olympic Games in Tokyo, 2018 world champion, two-time European champion, champion and medalist of the Russian junior championships, bronze medalist of the world championship among juniors 2014. World Junior Champion 2015. Member of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic team.
Aleskarov, Valery Vladimirovich (August 19, 1971, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) - Russian football player, goalkeeper; trainer.
Antonov, Oleg Lvovich (September 26, 1971, Ruzaevka) - Soviet and Russian football player.
Gritsenko, Sergei Anatolyevich (February 1, 1972, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) - Soviet and Russian football player, goalkeeper. He made his professional debut in the USSR Second League in 1989 for FC Torpedo Volzhsky. He played for the following clubs: Torpedo Volzhsky, Rotor (Volgograd), Lada (Dimitrovgrad), Lada-Grad (Dimitrovgrad), Baltika (Kaliningrad), Tyumen, Olimpia (Volgograd). He played 20 matches in the Russian championships. In 2004-2005, he played mini-football for the Argon team (Volgograd).
Dikarev, Sergei Petrovich (June 29, 1963, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) - Russian football player, defender, candidate master of sports.
Melekhin, Gennady Mikhailovich (1936-2018) - Soviet and Russian actor, People's Artist of the RSFSR (1982).
Vyacheslav Ivanovich Zarubin is a Soviet economic, statesman and political figure.
Kosolapov, Eduard Viktorovich (March 27, 1976, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic - April 18, 2014, Ruzaevka, Republic of Mordovia) - Russian football player, forward.
Lyoskin, Anton Fedorovich - (1899 - July 11, 1950) driver of the Kuibyshev Railway. The first Hero of Socialist Labor in the Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
Magnusov, Valery Sergeevich (December 25, 1924 - January 7, 2015) - engineer in the field of theory, research and development of on-board navigation instruments, systems and complexes for manned aircraft.
Milyaev, Alexander Pavlovich (nickname - “Sasha Rezany”, December 6, 1899-1957) - Soviet billiard player, organizer and coach of billiard sections.
Alexey Vladimirovich Mishin (born February 8, 1979, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) is a Russian Greco-Roman wrestler. Olympic champion 2004, world champion 2007, six-time European champion (2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2013), major.
Denis Vladimirovich Mishin (born March 12, 1984, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) is a Russian and Azerbaijani Greco-Roman wrestler, participant in the World Championships and European Championships. Younger brother of Olympic champion Alexei Mishin.
Gleb Vitalievich Nosov (born May 18, 2000, Ruzaevka, Republic of Mordovia) is a Russian ice hockey player and goalkeeper. Currently he is a player of the Kurgan club “Zauralye”, playing in the VHL
Gennady Vasilievich Osipov (born June 27, 1929, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR) is a Soviet and Russian sociologist, philosopher, Doctor of Philosophy, professor, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1991).
Nina Alekseevna Rodionova (1924-2011) - Soviet theater and film actress. Laureate of the Stalin Prize, second degree (1947).
Igor Pavlovich Ruban (June 12, 1912, Ruzaevka, Penza province - 1996, Moscow) - painter, graphic artist, Honored Worker of Culture of the RSFSR, Honored Artist of the RSFSR, Honorary Polar Explorer of the USSR, member of the Union of Journalists of the USSR.
Marina Petrovna Saenko, nee Dikareva (May 1, 1975, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) is a Soviet and Russian football player who played as a defender. She is known for her performances for the Energia team from Voronezh.
Nikita Vyacheslavovich Sergeev (born October 17, 1999, Ruzaevka, Republic of Mordovia) is a Russian football player and forward.
Alexey Nikolaevich Spirin (January 4, 1952, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, RSFSR, USSR) - international football referee, chairman of the RFU inspection committee.
Boris Petrovich Starukhin (May 14, 1950, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) - Soviet football player, defender.
Yuri Dmitrievich Yutlandov (January 19, 1934, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Region - June 11, 2010, Saransk) - Soviet organizer and manager of industrial production in the electrical industry. General Director of the Elektrovypryamitel production association of the Ministry of Electrical Industry and Instrument Making in Saransk.
Balakin, Dmitry Nikolaevich (born February 24, 1985, Ruzaevka, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) is a Russian serial killer who committed 3 murders and 3 attempts on young girls from September 1, 2005 to June 26, 2006 for the purpose of rape and theft of their property.