Republic of Mordovia, Russia

Mordovia, or the Republic of Mordovia (Moksh. Mordovia Respubliki, Erz. Mordovia Respublika), is a subject of the Russian Federation, a republic within it. It is part of the Volga Federal District and is part of the Volga-Vyatka economic region.

Area 26,128 km². The population is 771,373 people. The capital is the city of Saransk.

Official languages: Russian and Mordovian (Erzya and Moksha) languages.

Time zone MSK, offset relative to UTC is +3:00. Divided into 22 municipal districts and 1 urban district. Head of the Republic of Mordovia Artyom Alekseevich Zdunov, Chairman of the Government Dmitry Aleksandrovich Pozdnyakov, Chairman of the State Assembly of the Republic Vladimir Vasilyevich Chibirkin (since 2011).

Formed on July 16, 1928 as the Mordovian Okrug. On January 10, 1930, the district was transformed into the Mordovian Autonomous Region. Republic since 1934.






Other destinations

Reserve "Mordovsky"
Smolny National Park



Along with Russian, the official languages of Mordovia are two Finno-Ugric languages - Erzya and Moksha. Ethnic Mordvins are highly assimilated, and you will be very lucky if you hear Mordovian speech on the street. Street signs are one of the few examples of the use of Mordovian languages in public space.


How to get there

By plane
Saransk Airport (IATA:SKX) receives Mordovia Airlines flights five times a week from Moscow (Domodedovo).

By train
From Moscow from the Kazansky station on the company train No. 042Y “Mordovia”.

By car
From Moscow along the M5 Ural federal highway.


Physiographic characteristics


The republic is located on the eastern part of the East European Plain, approximately halfway between Moscow and the Volga, and geographically its territory can be divided into two parts: the western part is located on the Oka-Don Plain, the central and eastern parts - on the Volga Upland. The highest place in Mordovia is 324 m.

In the north it borders with the Nizhny Novgorod region, in the northeast - with Chuvashia, in the east - with the Ulyanovsk region, in the south - with the Penza region, in the west - with the Ryazan region.

The Republic of Mordovia is the closest Russian republic to Moscow: the distance by road from the Moscow Ring Road to the western border of Mordovia is 398 km, and in a straight line - 330 km. However, administratively Mordovia belongs not to the Central, but to the Volga Federal District.


Climate. Hydrography

The climate on the territory of the republic is moderate continental (according to Alisov), moderate continental humid with warm summers, Dfb according to Koeppen]. The average January temperature is −9... -12°C, absolute minimums reach -42... -45°C. The average July temperature is +19... +21°C, absolute maximums +39... +40°C. Due to the absence of relief obstacles, the territory of Mordovia is open to both northern and southern air masses. The average annual precipitation is 400-500 mm.

Hydrographically, the territory of Mordovia is also divided into two parts: the western (53% of the republic’s area) belongs to the Moksha basin, the eastern (47%) to the Sura basin. The total number of rivers flowing through the territory of the republic (including very small rivers) is 1525, of which only 10 rivers have a length of more than 100 km: these are the Sura and its tributaries Alatyr, Insar, Piana, as well as Moksha with the tributaries Sivin, Issa, Vad, Partsa (tributary of the Vad) and Vysha (tributary of the Tsna).

There are several thousand lakes, ponds and reservoirs in Mordovia. The total water area is 21,000 hectares, with 14,500 hectares of territory under swamps. Most lakes are located in river valleys and are of water-erosive origin (oxbow lakes). The largest of them are Vyachkishevo (near Temnikov) and Inerka. There are few karst lakes, the largest of which are Piyavskoye and Endovishche.


Flora and fauna

The western part of Mordovia is located in the zone of coniferous-deciduous and broad-leaved forests; in the central and eastern regions, shrub and meadow steppes predominate. The flora includes more than 1,230 species of vascular plants from 495 genera and 109 families. Of these, 4 are species of clubmosses, 8 are horsetails, 18 are ferns, 3 are gymnosperms, and the rest are flowering plants. Herbaceous plants predominate; the number of tree and shrub species is small. The main forest-forming species: pine, spruce, larch, English oak, ash, sycamore maple, elm, warty and downy birch, alder, small-leaved linden, black poplar.

In Mordovia, 63 species of mammals (of which 35 are rare), 267 species of birds (70 rare), and 44 species of fish live in the reservoirs of the republic. The world of insects is very rich (more than 1000 species), but the diversity of reptiles and amphibians is small. The fauna consists of representatives of the forest fauna (elk, wild boar, lynx, marten, white hare, wood grouse, hazel grouse, woodpeckers, blackbirds, tits) and, to a lesser extent, steppe fauna (speckled gopher, steppe mole rat, common mole rat, great jerboa ).

Two specially protected natural areas of federal significance have been created on the territory of the republic: the Mordovian State Reserve named after P. G. Smidovich and the Smolny National Park. There are also nature reserves and natural monuments of regional significance.



The Republic of Mordovia is located in a time zone designated by international standard as the Moscow Time Zone (MSK). The offset relative to UTC is +3:00. Time in the republic corresponds to geographic zone time.



The Mordovian people had their own statehood until the second half of the 17th century. The works of Western European historians of the 13th century speak of two Mordovian princes. Russian chronicles contain references to the “Mordva Purgasova”, or “Purgasova volost”, in the area between the Teshi and Marsha rivers, as lands inhabited possibly by Finno-Ugric tribes of the Mordvinians.

In the 1920s, after the end of the Civil War, the issue of forming national autonomies of peoples who supported the new government and took an active part in the civil war on the side of the Bolsheviks began to be resolved, as a tribute for services rendered in the suppression of opponents of Bolshevism. At this time, the problem of allocating a territory with a predominant Mordovian population arose. By 1920, the Mordovians lived on the territory of 25 provinces. From 1925 to 1928, more than 30 Mordovian volosts were formed on the territory of Penza, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov and Ulyanovsk provinces.

The next stage in the formation of Mordovian statehood is associated with the division of the Middle Volga region into districts and the formation in 1928 of the Mordovian district (with its center in Saransk) as part of the Middle Volga region. The district included counties and volosts with a Mordovian population, which were previously part of the provinces of Nizhny Novgorod, Tambov, Penza and Simbirsk.

In 1930, the Mordovian Okrug was transformed into the Mordovian Autonomous Region. To increase the number of Mordovians in it, some administrative units with a Russian population from the former Mordovian district were transferred to neighboring territories and, conversely, the southern territories of the Nizhny Novgorod Territory, densely populated by Mordovians, were transferred to the Mordovian Autonomous Region. It is interesting that initially they wanted to make the oldest city of the republic, Temnikov, the capital of Mordovia, but due to the lack of a railway there, the choice finally fell on Saransk.

On December 20, 1934, the Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was created by a resolution of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee. Also in 1934, four national districts were created as part of the Middle Volga region. In 1936, the Mordovian ASSR was separated from the Middle Volga Territory and included in the RSFSR as an autonomous republic.

In Soviet times, the region was repeatedly awarded: twice - the Order of Lenin (December 11, 1965 and July 10, 1985, for the successes achieved by the workers of the MASSR in economic and cultural construction, and in connection with the 500th anniversary of the entry of the Mordovian people into the Russian state ), the Order of the October Revolution (January 9, 1980) and the Order of Friendship of Peoples (December 29, 1972).

In 1990, the Supreme Council of the Mordovian ASSR adopted the Declaration on the state status of the Mordovian Republic, according to which the Mordovian ASSR was transformed into the Mordovian Soviet Socialist Republic. On December 25, 1993, in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the MSSR became known as the Republic of Mordovia.

On March 30, 1995, the State Assembly (Parliament) of Mordovia approved the new coat of arms and flag of the republic. On September 21, 1995, the Constitutional Assembly of the Republic of Mordovia adopted the current constitution.



The very first museum in Mordovia was opened in the city of Temnikov with the support of local nobles (among the patrons were the descendants of Admiral Ushakov, the grandparents of the writer Kuprin, the descendants of the metallurgists Demidovs, etc.) The museum collections included more than 3 thousand exhibits. In 1956, the museum was closed (around the same time, all but one of the Temnikov churches were destroyed), the exhibits were transferred to the Republican Museum of Local Lore.

Modern largest museums: Mordovian Republican United Museum of Local Lore with 9 branches in the regions of the republic, Mordovian Republican Museum of Fine Arts named after S. D. Erzya with 3 branches, Temnikovsky Museum of History and Local Lore named after Admiral F. F. Ushakov, Museum of Military and Labor Feat c branch - the museum of A. I. Polezhaev. In addition to state ones, the republic has more than a hundred small museums on a voluntary basis, including those created at educational institutions and some enterprises.

The largest library in the republic is the Pushkin National Library. As part of the Federal State Budgetary Institution of Higher Professional Education "Mordovian State University named after. N.P. Ogarev" there is also the largest Scientific Library named after. M. M. Bakhtin. M. M. Bakhtin is the most prominent Russian philosopher and thinker, theorist of European culture and art. Lived and worked in Saransk.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the sculptor Stepan Dmitrievich Erzya, who took his pseudonym from the name of the Mordovian people “Erzya”, gained world fame. The significance of his work is widely promoted in the republic, since in his works he paid significant attention to Mordovian culture.

Composer Leonid Ivanovich Voinov became famous in Mordovia. Streets in Saransk and Temnikov, music schools in Saransk and Temnikov, and an orchestra of Russian folk instruments are named after him.

The State Puppet Theater of the Republic of Mordovia is famous in Russia. The main repertoire of the theater is folk tales.

National Erzya and Moksha culture is represented by several popular performers performing modern songs in the Moksha and Erzya languages, as well as several groups performing traditional music. Among them, the Torama group, founded in 1990 by Vladimir Romashkin, stands out. Performers of Moksha and Erzya songs present their repertoire in the republic, as well as at events dedicated to Finno-Ugric culture in Russia and abroad.

Funds are not provided for the creation of a film studio in the urban district of Saransk.


Center of the Finno-Ugric World

The Republic of Mordovia is one of the recognized centers of the Finno-Ugric world. Since July 2002, the central office of the Association of Finno-Ugric Peoples of Russia has been located in Saransk.

In 2006, on behalf of the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin and with the participation of the Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation, the Volga Region Center for the Cultures of Finno-Ugric Peoples was created in Mordovia. Its structural unit is the Interregional Scientific Center for Finno-Ugric Studies of Mordovian State University named after N. P. Ogarev, which operates the cultural sector on the basis of the Institute of National Culture of Moscow State University named after N. P. Ogarev. The scientific journal “Finno-Ugric World” and “Finno-Ugric Newspaper” are published in Saransk, which are circulated both in Russia and abroad.

In July 2007, the international festival “Shumbrat, Finno-Ugria!” was held in Saransk, in which about 3,000 representatives of Finno-Ugric peoples from all over Russia and foreign countries took part. In 2009, the Republic hosted the IV Congress of Finno-Ugric Peoples of the Russian Federation.

In August 2012, the Republic of Mordovia celebrated the Millennium of the unity of the Mordovian people with the peoples of the Russian state - an event of national significance.



In the republic, since the 1960s, the number of schools teaching Mordovian languages has gradually decreased: in the 1960/61 academic year there were 550, by 1988/89 there were 319 left. In the 1990s, there was a sharp increase in the number of students studying the Erzya language as a subject in state and municipal schools of the republic: in 1990 there were 5802, and in 2000 there were already 7640. On the contrary, the number of children studying Moksha decreased: from 10774 to 7495. In 2010, out of 419 schools, 161st were taught in their native language ( non-Russian) language: in 137 schools - in one of the Mordovian languages, in 24 - in Tatar. In other schools, Mordovian languages were taught in primary grades in 2010. There are 9 higher educational institutions in the Republic of Mordovia.

Mordovian State University named after Nikolai Platonovich Ogarev. Founded on October 1, 1931 as a Pedagogical Institute, on October 2, 1957 it was transformed into a university. Currently there are 10 faculties and 7 institutes. In total, about 25,000 students study at Moscow State University. It is the largest classical university in the Volga region. It ranks 42nd in the ranking of classical universities and 13th in the ranking of universities that train the country's personnel for the highest echelons of power. In 2010, it received the category “National Research University”.
March 2, 2014 at the Information and Situational Center of Moscow State University. N.P. Ogarev held a round table, the result of the work was the opening in Mordovia of a regional branch of the All-Russian Interethnic Union of Youth.

Mordovian State Pedagogical Institute named after Makar Evsevievich Evseviev. Founded June 30, 1962. Currently there are 9 faculties. About 6,000 students study. In the 2004 rating of the Russian Educational Institution, the institute took 36th place among 78 pedagogical universities.
Saransk Cooperative Institute of the Russian University of Cooperation. Founded on September 23, 1976. About 7,000 students study at SKI RUK. The Saransk Cooperative Institute provides three-stage training: lyceum - technical school - university. The cooperative technical school trains mid-level specialists in 5 specialties, higher education is conducted in 4 specialties. In 2005, the university became a diploma winner of the “Best Goods of Mordovia” competition in the “Services” category.
Mordovian Humanitarian Institute. The Institute began its work on November 19, 1993 as a branch of the Moscow External Humanitarian University. Since 1994 it has been functioning as an independent institution of higher professional education. Currently, about 2000 people are studying at the university. Training of specialists is carried out in 3 specialties in 9 departments. In April 2004, the institute was awarded the international award of the Global Resources Management Association “Gold Ingot” as the most sustainable enterprise in Russia and Eastern Europe.
Ruzaevsky Institute of Mechanical Engineering (branch) of Mordovia State University. N. P. Ogareva.
Saransk branch of the Modern Humanitarian Academy.
Middle Volga (Saransk) branch of the Russian Legal Academy of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation.
Branch of the Volgo-Vyatka Academy of Public Administration in Saransk.
Branch of the Samara State Transport University in Ruzaevka.
Saransk Theological Seminary.
Mordovia is one of 15 regions in which, from September 1, 2006, the subject of Fundamentals of Orthodox Culture was introduced as a regional component of education.



The main world religions are represented on the territory of Mordovia: Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Judaism, etc. Most residents of the republic profess Orthodoxy. The region is represented by 3 dioceses: Saransk, Krasnoslobodsk and Ardatovsk. The ruling bishop is Metropolitan Zinovy of Saransk and Mordovia. The central cathedral of Saransk is the Cathedral of the holy righteous warrior Theodore Ushakov.

On the territory of the republic there are ancient monasteries that have become places of pilgrimage for thousands of people from all over the country. Monasteries of the republic: Sanaksarsky monastery (Temnikov), St. John the Theologian (Makarovka village), Holy Trinity (B. Chufarovo village), Alexander Nevsky (Kimlyai village); female: Paraskeva-Voznesensky (Paigarm village), Svyato-Tikhvinsky (Kurilovo village), Svyato-Olginsky (Insar). There are 3 spiritual administrations of Muslims in Mordovia - the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of the Republic of Mordovia, the Regional Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Mordovia and the Central Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Mordovia.

In close cooperation between traditional religious organizations and republican ministries and departments, various events are regularly held to help preserve and strengthen public harmony, interethnic and interfaith peace in the republic.



In May 2010, a cooperation agreement was signed between the Republic of Mordovia and the Ministry of Sports, Tourism and Youth Policy of the Russian Federation, which provides for cooperation in the development of 22 sports in the region. Mordovia has been identified as the base center for the development of 7 summer and 3 winter “core” Olympic sports. In 2013, it is planned to increase their number to 22. At a meeting of the Council on Physical Education and Sports under the President of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Mordovia was named among the four best regions in the country for the development of mass physical education movement.

The list of Mordovian athletes-candidates for Russian national sports teams includes 112 people. Mordovia trained 150 athletes in various sports for the London Olympics. Per 100,000 inhabitants, Mordovia exhibits more than 18 national athletes. The symbolic Mordovian team includes a large number of winners and prize-winners of the most prestigious competitions. It includes 3 Champions and 3 Olympic medalists, 27 World Champions, 20 European Champions, 21 World and European Cup winners, 19 European and World Championship winners. Among the best are Olympic champions Alexei Mishin, Olga Kaniskina, Valery Borchin, and Olympic medalist Denis Nizhegorodov. At the youth and adult levels, the Mordovian sports school has victories of Stanislav Emelyanov, Tatyana Shemyakina, Alexey Bartsaykin, Vyacheslav Pakhomov, Alexey Yufkin and many others.

Among the athletes who moved to Mordovia from other regions of the country are discus thrower Daria Pishchalnikova, track and field athlete Yuri Borzakovsky, and shot putter Anna Avdeeva. Since August 2011, the leading Perm figure skating coach, Lyudmila Kalinina, has been working in Mordovia. Some of her students moved with her. Among them are European Championship medalists and Olympic Games participants Vera Bazarova and Yuri Larionov.

Athletes of Mordovia at the 2012 Olympics
At the 2012 Olympics in London, representatives of Mordovia won five awards. In race walking, medals were won by students of the Mordovian race walking school under the leadership of the Honored Coach of Russia Viktor Chegin. “Gold” was won by Elena Lashmanova at a distance of 20 km and Sergey Kirdyapkin at a distance of 50 km. “Silver” goes to Olga Kaniskina. Two medals were won by the athletes of the school of highest sportsmanship. Discus thrower Daria Pishchalnikova opened the scoring for Mordovia with her “silver”, and runner Ekaterina Poistogova finished it with “bronze”.

At the 2012 Paralympic Games in London, Mordovian athlete Evgeny Shvetsov became a three-time champion in the 100, 400 and 800 meters. At the same time, he set new world records at all three distances.


Mass media

The first newspaper on the territory of Mordovia was published in 1906, when the newspaper “Muzhik” began publishing in Saransk. Today, about 100 print media outlets are registered in Mordovia; Branches of major Russian newspapers operate.

The republic publishes 1 daily newspaper - “Izvestia of Mordovia” (published on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays) and the weekly newspapers “ProGorod”, “Stolitsa S”, “Evening Saransk”, “Mordovia”, “Young Republic”, “Selskaya Gazeta”, “TV Week”, “Telesem”, “Mokshen Pravda”, “Erzyan Pravda”, “Yuldash-Sputnik”. 22 regional newspapers are also published.


Printed publications

"Evening Saransk";
“Voice of Mordovian University”;
"From hand to hand";
"Izvestia of Mordovia";
“Moksha truth” - in Moksha language;
"Young Republic";
"Capital C";
"Number six";
“Erzyan Mastor” - in Erzyan language;
“Erzyan truth” - in Erzyan language;
"Rural newspaper"
“Yuldash” (“Sputnik”) - in the Tatar language;
"Informagro" - industry newspaper;
"ZIL - Earth and People"



"Business world";
"Integration of Education";



There are three regional TV channels in the republic - the VGTRK Rossiya branch, the private TV Network of Mordovia (channel 10) and the People's Television of Mordovia (NTM). There are also 12 TVK “Saransk Television”, which is a city channel.

In addition, in Saransk at the Mordovian State University. N.P. Ogarev, there is Ogarev-TV, which broadcasts within the university, as well as in the format of Internet television.

Internet publications
There are 3 regional news agencies in the republic: “Vestnik of Mordovia” (, “MordovMedia” ( and “Info-RM” ( The Internet portal Website of government bodies of the Republic of Mordovia ( also operates in the format of an information agency. Among the independent online publications in the region, we can highlight the portal “City Ratings” ( and the online newspaper “Zakonovest” (



The basic law is the Constitution of the Republic of Mordovia.

In 1991, the post of president was established in Mordovia, like some other former autonomous republics of the RSFSR (in the “wave” of sovereignization).

In the popular elections that same year, Vasily Guslyannikov, a physicist by training and a senior researcher at the Institute of Power Electronics, who at that time headed the republican branch of the Democratic Russia political movement, was elected president.

In 1993, the Supreme Council of Mordovia abolished the post of president, on the basis of which V. Guslyannikov was removed from this post. Guslyannikov appealed the actions of the highest legislative body of the republic to the Constitutional Court of Russia, but the Constitutional Court recognized them as consistent with the Constitution of Russia.

In September 1995, Nikolai Merkushkin, who had held the post of Chairman of the State Assembly of Mordovia since January 1995, was elected Head of the Republic of Mordovia. N. Merkushkin won the elections of the head of the republic also in 1998 and 2003. Despite the fact that Merkushkin’s third term was expiring in 2008, he raised the issue of trust with the Russian President, which was resolved in favor of the current head of Mordovia and he remained for a fourth term.

On May 10, 2012, N.I. Merkushkin left the post of Head of the Republic of Mordovia in connection with his resignation and one-time appointment as acting governor of the Samara region. Vladimir Volkov was appointed temporary acting Head of the Republic of Mordovia. On May 14, 2012, the State Assembly of the Republic of Mordovia approved Vladimir Volkov as Head of the Republic of Mordovia. On November 18, 2020, Artyom Alekseevich Zdunov was appointed acting head of the Republic of Mordovia.

The Chairman of the Government of the Republic of Mordovia from 2012 to 2021 was Vladimir Sushkov. At the 53rd session of the State Assembly of the Republic of Moldova, held on February 26, 2021, the resignation of the government of the Republic of Mordovia was announced.

In the Republic of Mordovia there are regional representations of the main political parties: “United Russia”, Communist Party of the Russian Federation, LDPR, “A Just Russia”, “Yabloko”, “Right Cause”. The parliament of the republic - the State Assembly of the Republic of Moldova - includes deputies from United Russia and the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. However, other political forces have the opportunity to work publicly, for example, in the Public Chamber of Mordovia.



In 2016, positive dynamics were noted in all sectors of the economy, including industry, agriculture, and construction. Investments in fixed assets have increased, and interest in the republic from foreign investors is increasing. The farmers of Mordovia achieved impressive results - production growth in the industry amounted to 112 percent. For the first time, processing industry enterprises have equaled the production volumes of large-scale industry.

The volume of work in the construction industry of the republic increased by 15 percent and exceeded 27 billion rubles. This was largely facilitated by the unprecedented program of preferential mortgages launched in Mordovia at 5 percent per annum. The program has proven its effectiveness, 2 thousand people have already taken advantage of the unique conditions, thereby an additional 4 billion rubles have been invested in the construction industry of the republic.

In 2016, the average salary in the republic increased by 7 percent, and inflation was 5.5%.

Due to the active modernization of existing and the creation of new modern production facilities, the republic has achieved results in innovative development. Mordovia has become one of the leading regions in the country in terms of the share of innovative products in the total volume of industrial production, which today exceeds 28%. This is almost twice the national average.

Positive dynamics are also observed in the social sphere. From 2013 to 2016, the republic recorded a migration increase in population. In 2016 it amounted to about 3 thousand people.

Transport routes connecting Moscow with the Volga region, the Urals and Siberia pass through the republic. The capital of Mordovia, the city of Saransk, became one of the cities that hosted matches of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

They grow grains (59.3% of the sown area), feed crops (32.4%), potatoes and vegetables (4.4%), and industrial crops (4%). There is meat and dairy cattle breeding and poultry farming; They also raise pigs, sheep and goats.

At the end of 2011, Saransk was recognized as the winner for the title of “The Most Comfortable Urban (Rural) Settlement in Russia” among Category I cities. The competition commission assessed municipalities according to 60 criteria, the main ones being improvement and infrastructure development. Saransk has participated in the competition since 2004, winning a II degree diploma 4 times and a III degree diploma 2 times.

In 2012, Saransk took second place in the World Bank's Doing Business in Russia ranking. The results of the subnational study by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) were presented on June 21, 2012. The Doing business (investment attractiveness) rating is one of the main ones used by investors when making decisions about investing in the economy of a country or region. The results of the study, containing a comparative analysis of the regulation of business activities in 30 cities of Russia, showed that it is easier to register a company, obtain construction permits, connect to power grids and register ownership in the capital of Mordovia.



Alekseevskoe deposit of cement raw materials - used at the plants of Mordovcement OJSC in the Chamza region.
Deposit of phosphorites, oil shale and minor iron ores.
Atemar limestone deposit



The main industries of Mordovia are mechanical engineering and metalworking. Also developed are iron foundries, chemical and petrochemical industries, light and food industries. Energy is based on the use of thermal power plants. According to 2016 data, the share of innovative products in the total volume of shipped products amounted to up to 30 percent. Leading industrial enterprises of Mordovia are among the best enterprises in the Volga Federal District and Russia; they work closely with foreign partners. There is a Saransk branch of the brewing corporation "SAN InBev", a branch of the Danone-Unimilk group of companies "Saransky Dairy Plant"

Enterprise "Lisma";
Saransk plant "Rezinotekhnika";
Ruzaevsky glass factory;
Ruzaevsky Chemical Engineering Plant;
Saransk dump truck plant of the GAZ group;
Saransk Car Repair Plant;
Enterprise "Mordovcement";
Enterprise "Magma";
Enterprise "Lato";
Saranskkabel plant;
Enterprise "Electrovypryamitel";
Carriage Manufacturing Company of Mordovia;
Saransk Instrument-Making Plant;



As of the beginning of 2020, 13 thermal power plants with a total capacity of 433.5 MW were operating in Mordovia. In 2019, they produced 1,761.4 million kWh of electricity.

As of January 1, 2020, the rural population was 285,663 people, about 36% of the population of the Republic of Mordovia.

According to natural and climatic conditions, Mordovia belongs to the Middle Volga (7) region, along with the Penza, Samara, Ulyanovsk regions and Tatarstan. Agriculture is one of the main sectors of material production in the republic.

In terms of production of eggs, milk and cattle meat per capita, the region ranks first in Russia.

In January-December 2021 farms of all categories produced 390.9 thousand tons of livestock and poultry for slaughter (in live weight), milk - 484.2 thousand tons, eggs - 1555.3 million pieces. Milk yield per cow in agricultural organizations in 2021. amounted to 7610 kilograms (in 2020 - 7397 kilograms), the egg production of one laying hen was 294 eggs (in 2020 - 303 pieces).

As of July 1, 2021, the number of cattle in farms of all categories amounted to 194 thousand heads (2.3% less compared to the same date of the previous year), of which 72.2 were cows (0.1% less) , number of pigs – 702.7 (33.2% more), sheep and goats – 36.8 (5.3% less).

In 2020, 473.1 thousand tons of milk were produced (+4.4%).

In 2019, the average milk yield per cow was 7108 kg (+404 kg), the average egg production of laying hens was 313 pcs. 233.7 thousand tons of meat in live weight were produced (+5.2 thousand tons), eggs 1520.4 million pieces (+62.3 million) (Mordoviastat)

CJSC "AgroArdatov" ("Talina");
Agrosoyuz LLC;
OJSC Poultry Farm Atemarskaya;
OJSC "Atyashevsky Butter Plant";
LLC Meat Processing Complex Atyashevsky (Talina);
LLC "Vector";
JSC "Yolochka";
OJSC "Cheese-making plant "Ichalkovsky"";
Municipal Unitary Enterprise "Krasnoslobodsky Butter Factory";
JSC "Lamzur";
OJSC "Moloko";
LLC "Moloko";
LLC Agrofirm Mordovzernoresurs;
JSC "Dream";
CJSC "Mordovian Bacon" ("Talina");
“Mordovian bacon-Kovylkino” (“Talina”);
OJSC "Mordovian Bread Products Plant" ("Talina");
OJSC "Mordovian Agro-Industrial Association";
JSC "Mordovspirt";
JSC "Nadezhda";
OJSC “Agrofirm “Norov””;
State Unitary Enterprise RM “Meat processing plant “Obrochensky””;
OJSC "Agrofirm "Oktyabrskaya""
Romodanovosugar LLC;
OJSC "Sun Inbev";
OJSC Saransk Pasta Factory;
OJSC Saransk Bread Factory;
OJSC "Saransky Cannery";
CJSC Meat Processing Complex Saransky (Talina);
OJSC Saransky Dairy Plant (branch of Danone-Unimilk);
Agro-industrial holding "Talina";
LLC "Agrofirma Temnikovskaya";
CJSC "Tengushevskoye";
State Unitary Enterprise RM “Teplichnoe”;
CJSC Meat Processing Complex Torbeevsky (Talina);
OJSC "Bread Factory";
OJSC APO "Elecom";
LLC "Bakhet";
LLC "Agrofirm "Yubileinaya"";
LLC "Cheese plant "Sarmich"";
JSC "Ruzovo"


Crop production

In 2020, in farms of all categories, the gross grain harvest (in weight after processing) amounted to 1621.8 thousand tons, which is 32.2% more than in 2019. The gross harvest of open and protected ground vegetables increased by 2.0%, potatoes decreased by 15.3%. In the composition of grain and leguminous crops in farms of all categories in 2020. compared to 2019 There is a decrease in the gross harvest of barley with an increase in the production of wheat, rye, triticale, oats, corn for grain and leguminous crops.



As of the beginning of 2020, 13 thermal power plants (including the largest in the region Saranskaya CHPP-2 with 280 MW) and one small hydroelectric power station with a total capacity of 433.8 MW were operating in Mordovia. In 2019, they produced 1,761.4 million kWh of electricity.



“Historical” direction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, large locomotive depot and wagon depot Ruzaevka, wagon depot Saransk, wagon depot Red Knot
Double-track electrified direct current line Red Knot - Saransk - Ruzaevka - Penza

Ruzaevka station is a major junction of the Kuibyshev Railway, receiving trains in the eastern direction. In fact, today Ruzaevka is becoming part of a single agglomeration with Saransk. The journey from Ruzaevka railway station to the center of Saransk takes 15-20 minutes.

Single-track non-electrified lines Red Knot - Kanash, Red Knot - Arzamas and Kustarevka - Vernadovka
Saransk Airport
A section of the M5 Ural federal highway with access to the city of Saransk.
Federal highways P178 Saransk - Surskoye - Ulyanovsk, P158 Nizhny Novgorod - Arzamas - Saransk - Issa - Penza - Saratov
Oil product pipeline Penza - Saransk
A network of main gas pipelines, including the largest Urengoy - Pomary - Uzhgorod, compressor stations in the villages of Barashevo and Yavas, and the town of Torbeevo
Sections of the long-haul power transmission line Moscow - Zhigulevskaya HPP and the main Penza - Arzamas
Regional and intermunicipal roads.