Ermak Travel Guide

 

Saransk

Saransk

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Saransk

Saransk (Moksh. Saransk Osh, Saransk, Ers. Saran Osh, Ers. Saransk) is a city in Russia, capital of the Republic of Mordovia. Forms the urban district of Saransk. Founded in 1641. The city was named after the river, which flowed through its area and was called Saranka. Since the beginning of 1934 is the capital of the Republic of Mordovia. Saransk is located in the central part of the East European Plain on the Volga Upland on both banks of the Insar River. Saransk occupies 64th place in Russia in terms of population, which as of January 1, 2018 is 318,841 people.

In the summer of 2018, Saransk hosted matches of the World Cup.

 

 

 

 

History of Saransk

The Russian fortress Atemar, founded in 1641, took its name from a nearby Mordvin village; at the time the fortress stood on the southeastern frontier of the Tsardom of Russia. The current name, "Saransk", refers to the city's situation on the Saranka river. Soon after its founding, the city became an important trade centre for nearby Erzya villagers. After 1708 Saransk was assigned to Azov Province, and later to the Kazan Governorate. In 1780 the settlement was granted town status and was again transferred, this time to the Penza Governorate, which was previously called the Penza Namestnichestvo, but was renamed to Penza Governorate by Paul I in 1796. On 11 October 1797, the Penza Governorate was divided into several governorates, one of which was the Simbirsk Governorate, which was composed of the Saransk and Insar uezds. By the ukaz of Alexander I, the Penza Governorate was re-established and now was divided into 10 uezds.

In 1928 Saransk was the administrative centre of the newly-established Mordvin National Okrug, which became the Mordovian Autonomous Oblast in 1930. Soviet planners reconstructed the old city centre in the 1960s and 1970s, adding wide streets and planning the construction of massive residential areas.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips