Ermak Travel Guide











Hotels, motels and where to sleep

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Description of Ryazan

Ryazan (until 1778 - Pereyaslavl-Ryazansky) is a city in Russia, the administrative center of the Ryazan region and the Ryazan municipal district. It is included in the thirty largest cities in Russia. Population - 538 962 people. (2018). It occupies an area of ​​224 km² at an altitude of 130 m above sea level, while part of its territory is an enclave, surrounded by the territory of the Ryazan region. The city of regional importance, forms the municipal formation of the urban district of the city of Ryazan.

Ryazan is located on the high right bank of the Oka River at the confluence of the Trubezh River, in the center of the East European Plain, 180 km from Moscow. It is large scientific, military and industrial center. The city serves two airfields, two railway and bus stations, two river ports with access to the seas of the Atlantic and Arctic oceans and the Caspian Sea. Just 50 km downstream of the Oka River there is the Historical Landscape Museum-Reserve Old Ryazan - the ancient capital of the Great Ryazan Principality, in honor of which in 1778 the modern city was renamed.


With its 525 thousand population Ryazan is the 3rd largest city in Central Russia after Moscow and Yaroslavl. Neither the size nor the proximity to Moscow (200 km) helps to upgrade the city's image: Ryazan is totally provincial.

As an industrial center and a transport hub, Ryazan is not a major tourist destination. But its history and several attractions make the city a good weekend escape from Moscow.

The city was founded in 1095 AD, but its initial site was completely destroyed by Mongols in 1237 - Ryazan was the first obstacle on their way to conquering Russia. Years after the new Ryazan was built few dozen kilometers away from the destroyed site.




Travel Destinations in Ryazan

Kremlin of Ryazan. The city's major architectural attraction with a number of old churches and a very beautiful cathedral. Kremlin is located at a high river bank, and you can enjoy an amazing view from it. The city center here changes into the rural floodplain of the Oka river. There are several museums and exhibitions inside the kremlin, you can also buy local souvenirs there. free access to the territory, charge 50-100 RUR for the entrance to museum exhibitions.
Ivan Pavlov's Museum. The museum of a famous Russian physiologist, Nobel-prize winner.
Art Museum. Good collection in an old beautiful building. A lot of good paintings, not typical for regional museums in Russia.
Drama Theater - beautiful old building
Puppet Theater - prize winning director Valeriy Shadskiy



History of Ryazan

The area of Ryazan was settled by Slavic tribes around 6th century. It is argued that the Ryazan kremlin was founded in 800, by Slavic settlers, as a part of their drive into territory previously populated by Finnic peoples. Initially it was built of wood, gradually replaced by masonry. The oldest preserved part of the Kremlin dates back to the 12th century.

However, the first written mention of the city, under the name of Pereslavl, dates to 1095. At that time, the city was part of the independent Principality of Ryazan, which had existed since 1078 and which was centered on the old city of Ryazan. The first ruler of Ryazan was supposedly Yaroslav Sviatoslavich, Prince of Ryazan and Murom (cities of Kievan Rus').

The lands of Ryazan, situated on the border of forest and steppe, suffered numerous invasions from the south as well as from the north, carried out by a variety of military forces including Cumans, but particularly the Principality was in a conflict with Vladimir-Suzdal. By the end of the 12th century, the capital of Duchy was burnt several times by the armies of Suzdal. Ryazan was the first Russian city to be sacked by the Mongol horde of Batu Khan. On December 21, 1237, it was thoroughly devastated and never fully recovered. As result of the sack, the seat of the principality was moved about 55 kilometers (34 mi) to the town of Pereslavl-Ryazansky, which subsequently took the name of the destroyed capital. The site of the old capital now carries the name of Staraya Ryazan (Old Ryazan), close to Spassk-Ryazansky.

In 1380, during the Battle of Kulikovo, the Grand Prince of Ryazan Oleg and his men came under a coalition of Mamai, a strongman of the Tatar Golden Horde, and the Grand Duke of Lithuania, against the armies under the command of the Grand Prince of Vladimir, Dmitry Donskoy.

Late in the 13th century, the Princes of Ryazan moved their capital to Pereslavl, which is known as Ryazan from the 16th century (officially renamed in 1778). The principality was finally incorporated into that of Moscow in 1521.

Soviet period
Ryazan was bombed by Germany in World War II and had an Extermenent Camp of Jews and Poles.

Ryazan after 1945
Immediately after World War II, rapid development of the city began. Ryazan became a major industrial, scientific, and military center of the European part of Russia. Massive factories were constructed in the city, occupying the entire urban areas. Such establishments included the largest refinery in Europe, the Soviet Union's only producer of potato-harvesting equipment - Ryazselmash Plant, accounting machines, a machine-tool plant, heavy forging equipment, foundry Centrolit, chemical fiber company, instrument factory and others. Leading areas of industry are heavy and non-ferrous metallurgy, oil refining and machine-tool industry, mechanical engineering and food industries. More than half of the plants produce for export.

The military potential of the city has also developed: Ryazan became the main training center of the Airborne Forces of the Soviet Union - a city surrounded by numerous training centers and military training-grounds. Several positioned MANPADS protect the urban sky. Besides the Airborne School, Ryazan hosts the Automobile School and Institute of Communications, a regiment of railway troops, airbase strategic bombers, and a training center in Diaghilev.

Ryazan developed particularly rapidly while Nadezhda Nikolaevna Chumakova served as Chair of the Council of People's Deputies of Ryazan and Ryazan mayor. Under Chumakova, the city's population increased more than seven times: from 72 to 520 thousand people. Chumakova oversaw the construction of social and cultural amenities, more than 20 urban areas, and hundreds of kilometers of trolleybus, tram and bus routes. Landscaping became a fundamental strategy for the development of the city at that time. A "green" ring of forests, parks, and garden associations surrounded Ryazan, with large parks located in each area of the city, and compositions of flowers and vertical gardening became customary, not only for the main streets, but also for industrial zones and factory buildings. Ryazan repeatedly won recognition among the cities of the Soviet Union for its landscaping. During her 26 years in office, Nadezhda Chumakova often accepted awards of the Red Banner of the USSR on behalf of Ryazan.

Post-Soviet period
In September 1999, Ryazan became one of the cities involved in the Russian apartment bombings episode, though it did not actually experience a successful bomb attack.






By plane
Ryazan's local small airport Turlatovo doesn't operate regular flights and is being used for small aircraft and training. So, the closest air terminals are Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo and Vnukovo of Moscow. From those airports Ryazan can be accessed by train, by bus, or by car/taxi.

Of Moscow's major airports, the closest to Ryazan is Domodedovo. A direct bus between Ryazan and Domodedovo runs several times a day. As of summer 2016, the travel time is 3-3.5 hours; the fare, 600 RUR. The schedule (in Russian) can be found at the Domodedovo Airport web site.

The new Ramenskoye (a.k.a. Zhukovsky) airport, SE of Moscow, which is being opened in 2016, will also be fairly convenient for Ryazan travelers, as it is near the Moscow-Ryazan railway.

By train
Ryazan is an important transit rail hub. There are 2 train terminals in the city (Ryazan-1 and Ryazan-2). Most trains proceed to the east and arrive at the larger Ryazan-1 terminal, while those going to the south stop at Ryazan-2.

An ordinary ride by elektrichka from Moscow's Kazansky Rail Terminal (Казанский вокзал) takes almost 4 hours and costs 320 RUR (one way).

A faster and more comfortable option is to take an express train from the same terminal. The ride takes a little less than 3 hours, the cost depends on the class of the car. There are 3 express trains daily, going in the early morning, midday and evening.

Except Moscow, elektrichka commuter trains from Ryazan proceed to the city of Kolomna in Moscow Oblast and to Michurinsk (the 2nd-largest city of Tambov Oblast).

Ryazan is also a major stop for many long-distance trains going from Moscow to the Southern Russia and Volga Region. A few trains proceed to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Key destinations are:



By bus
From Moscow buses to Ryazan departure from Vykhino (Выхино) metro station. The buses leave 1-2 times per hour starting from 6-30 AM to 7-30 PM. The price is comparable with elektrichka, or even cheaper. Other destinations accessible by bus from Ryazan include:

Gus-Khrustalny (Fri, Sat, Sun, Mon - 1 daily)
Ivanovo (1 daily)
Kasimov (6-10 daily)
Kolomna (9 daily)
Lipetsk (2 daily)
Murom (1 daily)
Oryol (1 daily)
Vladimir (1 daily)

The Central bus terminal of Ryazan is outside the city center, so you will probably need to get around by local bus, trolleybus, or a taxi. There is also the second and less important Prioksky terminal, serving bus routes to suburbs, e.g. Solotcha.

By car / taxi
Ryazan is about 200 km from Moscow by M5 federal road. As elsewhere in Russia, the road conditions differ greatly from a 4-lines highway to narrow bottle-necks with usual traffic-jams. Depending on traffic situation the way from Moscow may take from 2 to 6 hours (beware Friday evenings and Saturday mornings in the summer).

Being unhurried, you may visit on your way to Ryazan the historical cities of Bronnitsy and Kolomna located on M5 road within Moscow Oblast.

Hiring a taxi from Moscow to Ryazan expect to pay 3,000 - 4,000 RUR for one-way journey and use only certified providers.

Get around the city
You can get around the city by taking a minibus, a taxi or a bus. The public transport system is represented by ancient trolleybuses which are pretty slow.


Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Lovech Hotel, Dimitrov square, 4 (Next to the train-station Ryazan-2.), ☎ +7 4912 93-69-00, fax: +7 (4912) 92-70-07, e-mail: The largest hotel in the city, but a bit out of the center. Next door to Ryazan-2 train station. Renovated in 2005. wi-fi. Staff may be expected to speak some English. 110-200$.
Priokskaya. Cosy small hotel right next to the Kremlin on a quiet street in the center. Bar and billiards on the 1st floor. Staff may be expected to speak English.
"New Russian" hotel 50-180$.


Restaurant, taverns and where to eat



Cultural (and not so cultural) events



Interesting information and useful tips