Hotels, motels and where to sleep
Restaurant, taverns and where to eat
Cultural (and not so cultural) events
Interesting information and useful tips
Description of Ryazan
Ryazan (until 1778 - Pereyaslavl-Ryazansky) is a
city in Russia, the administrative center of the Ryazan region and
the Ryazan municipal district. It is included in the thirty largest
cities in Russia. Population - 538 962 people. (2018). It
occupies an area of 224 km² at an altitude of 130 m above sea
level, while part of its territory is an enclave, surrounded by the
territory of the Ryazan region. The city of regional importance,
forms the municipal formation of the urban district of the city of
Ryazan is located on the high right bank of the Oka River at the
confluence of the Trubezh River, in the center of the East European
Plain, 180 km from Moscow. It is large scientific, military and
industrial center. The city serves two airfields, two railway and
bus stations, two river ports with access to the seas of the
Atlantic and Arctic oceans and the Caspian Sea. Just 50 km
downstream of the Oka River there is the Historical Landscape
Museum-Reserve Old Ryazan - the ancient capital of the Great Ryazan
Principality, in honor of which in 1778 the modern city was renamed.
With its 525 thousand population Ryazan is the 3rd
largest city in Central Russia after Moscow and Yaroslavl. Neither
the size nor the proximity to Moscow (200 km) helps to upgrade the
city's image: Ryazan is totally provincial.
As an industrial
center and a transport hub, Ryazan is not a major tourist
destination. But its history and several attractions make the city a
good weekend escape from Moscow.
The city was founded in 1095
AD, but its initial site was completely destroyed by Mongols in 1237
- Ryazan was the first obstacle on their way to conquering Russia.
Years after the new Ryazan was built few dozen kilometers away from
the destroyed site.
Travel Destinations in Ryazan
Kremlin of Ryazan. The city's major architectural attraction with
a number of old churches and a very beautiful cathedral. Kremlin is
located at a high river bank, and you can enjoy an amazing view from
it. The city center here changes into the rural floodplain of the
Oka river. There are several museums and exhibitions inside the
kremlin, you can also buy local souvenirs there. free access to the
territory, charge 50-100 RUR for the entrance to museum exhibitions.
Ivan Pavlov's Museum. The museum of a famous Russian physiologist,
Art Museum. Good collection in an old
beautiful building. A lot of good paintings, not typical for
regional museums in Russia.
Drama Theater - beautiful old
Puppet Theater - prize winning director Valeriy Shadskiy
History of Ryazan
The area of Ryazan was settled by Slavic tribes around 6th
century. It is argued that the Ryazan kremlin was founded in 800, by
Slavic settlers, as a part of their drive into territory previously
populated by Finnic peoples. Initially it was built of wood,
gradually replaced by masonry. The oldest preserved part of the
Kremlin dates back to the 12th century.
However, the first
written mention of the city, under the name of Pereslavl, dates to
1095. At that time, the city was part of the independent
Principality of Ryazan, which had existed since 1078 and which was
centered on the old city of Ryazan. The first ruler of Ryazan was
supposedly Yaroslav Sviatoslavich, Prince of Ryazan and Murom
(cities of Kievan Rus').
The lands of Ryazan, situated on the
border of forest and steppe, suffered numerous invasions from the
south as well as from the north, carried out by a variety of
military forces including Cumans, but particularly the Principality
was in a conflict with Vladimir-Suzdal. By the end of the 12th
century, the capital of Duchy was burnt several times by the armies
of Suzdal. Ryazan was the first Russian city to be sacked by the
Mongol horde of Batu Khan. On December 21, 1237, it was thoroughly
devastated and never fully recovered. As result of the sack, the
seat of the principality was moved about 55 kilometers (34 mi) to
the town of Pereslavl-Ryazansky, which subsequently took the name of
the destroyed capital. The site of the old capital now carries the
name of Staraya Ryazan (Old Ryazan), close to Spassk-Ryazansky.
In 1380, during the Battle of Kulikovo, the Grand Prince of
Ryazan Oleg and his men came under a coalition of Mamai, a strongman
of the Tatar Golden Horde, and the Grand Duke of Lithuania, against
the armies under the command of the Grand Prince of Vladimir, Dmitry
Late in the 13th century, the Princes of Ryazan
moved their capital to Pereslavl, which is known as Ryazan from the
16th century (officially renamed in 1778). The principality was
finally incorporated into that of Moscow in 1521.
Ryazan was bombed by Germany in World War II and had an
Extermenent Camp of Jews and Poles.
Ryazan after 1945
Immediately after World War II, rapid development of the city began.
Ryazan became a major industrial, scientific, and military center of
the European part of Russia. Massive factories were constructed in
the city, occupying the entire urban areas. Such establishments
included the largest refinery in Europe, the Soviet Union's only
producer of potato-harvesting equipment - Ryazselmash Plant,
accounting machines, a machine-tool plant, heavy forging equipment,
foundry Centrolit, chemical fiber company, instrument factory and
others. Leading areas of industry are heavy and non-ferrous
metallurgy, oil refining and machine-tool industry, mechanical
engineering and food industries. More than half of the plants
produce for export.
The military potential of the city has
also developed: Ryazan became the main training center of the
Airborne Forces of the Soviet Union - a city surrounded by numerous
training centers and military training-grounds. Several positioned
MANPADS protect the urban sky. Besides the Airborne School, Ryazan
hosts the Automobile School and Institute of Communications, a
regiment of railway troops, airbase strategic bombers, and a
training center in Diaghilev.
Ryazan developed particularly
rapidly while Nadezhda Nikolaevna Chumakova served as Chair of the
Council of People's Deputies of Ryazan and Ryazan mayor. Under
Chumakova, the city's population increased more than seven times:
from 72 to 520 thousand people. Chumakova oversaw the construction
of social and cultural amenities, more than 20 urban areas, and
hundreds of kilometers of trolleybus, tram and bus routes.
Landscaping became a fundamental strategy for the development of the
city at that time. A "green" ring of forests, parks, and garden
associations surrounded Ryazan, with large parks located in each
area of the city, and compositions of flowers and vertical gardening
became customary, not only for the main streets, but also for
industrial zones and factory buildings. Ryazan repeatedly won
recognition among the cities of the Soviet Union for its
landscaping. During her 26 years in office, Nadezhda Chumakova often
accepted awards of the Red Banner of the USSR on behalf of Ryazan.
In September 1999, Ryazan became one of
the cities involved in the Russian apartment bombings episode,
though it did not actually experience a successful bomb attack.
Ryazan's local small airport Turlatovo doesn't
operate regular flights and is being used for small aircraft and
training. So, the closest air terminals are Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo
and Vnukovo of Moscow. From those airports Ryazan can be accessed by
train, by bus, or by car/taxi.
Of Moscow's major airports,
the closest to Ryazan is Domodedovo. A direct bus between Ryazan and
Domodedovo runs several times a day. As of summer 2016, the travel
time is 3-3.5 hours; the fare, 600 RUR. The schedule (in Russian)
can be found at the Domodedovo Airport web site.
Ramenskoye (a.k.a. Zhukovsky) airport, SE of Moscow, which is being
opened in 2016, will also be fairly convenient for Ryazan travelers,
as it is near the Moscow-Ryazan railway.
is an important transit rail hub. There are 2 train terminals in the
city (Ryazan-1 and Ryazan-2). Most trains proceed to the east and
arrive at the larger Ryazan-1 terminal, while those going to the
south stop at Ryazan-2.
An ordinary ride by elektrichka from
Moscow's Kazansky Rail Terminal (Казанский вокзал) takes almost 4
hours and costs 320 RUR (one way).
A faster and more
comfortable option is to take an express train from the same
terminal. The ride takes a little less than 3 hours, the cost
depends on the class of the car. There are 3 express trains daily,
going in the early morning, midday and evening.
Moscow, elektrichka commuter trains from Ryazan proceed to the city
of Kolomna in Moscow Oblast and to Michurinsk (the 2nd-largest city
of Tambov Oblast).
Ryazan is also a major stop for many
long-distance trains going from Moscow to the Southern Russia and
Volga Region. A few trains proceed to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and
Uzbekistan. Key destinations are:
From Moscow buses to Ryazan
departure from Vykhino (Выхино) metro station. The buses leave 1-2
times per hour starting from 6-30 AM to 7-30 PM. The price is
comparable with elektrichka, or even cheaper. Other destinations
accessible by bus from Ryazan include:
Sat, Sun, Mon - 1 daily)
Ivanovo (1 daily)
Kolomna (9 daily)
Lipetsk (2 daily)
Murom (1 daily)
Oryol (1 daily)
Vladimir (1 daily)
The Central bus
terminal of Ryazan is outside the city center, so you will probably
need to get around by local bus, trolleybus, or a taxi. There is
also the second and less important Prioksky terminal, serving bus
routes to suburbs, e.g. Solotcha.
By car / taxi
about 200 km from Moscow by M5 federal road. As elsewhere in Russia,
the road conditions differ greatly from a 4-lines highway to narrow
bottle-necks with usual traffic-jams. Depending on traffic situation
the way from Moscow may take from 2 to 6 hours (beware Friday
evenings and Saturday mornings in the summer).
unhurried, you may visit on your way to Ryazan the historical cities
of Bronnitsy and Kolomna located on M5 road within Moscow Oblast.
Hiring a taxi from Moscow to Ryazan expect to pay 3,000 - 4,000
RUR for one-way journey and use only certified providers.
around the city
You can get around the city by taking a minibus,
a taxi or a bus. The public transport system is represented by
ancient trolleybuses which are pretty slow.
Lovech Hotel, Dimitrov square, 4 (Next to the train-station
Ryazan-2.), ☎ +7 4912 93-69-00, fax: +7 (4912) 92-70-07, e-mail:
firstname.lastname@example.org. The largest hotel in the city, but a bit out of
the center. Next door to Ryazan-2 train station. Renovated in 2005.
wi-fi. Staff may be expected to speak some English. 110-200$.
Priokskaya. Cosy small hotel right next to the Kremlin on a quiet
street in the center. Bar and billiards on the 1st floor. Staff may
be expected to speak English.
"New Russian" hotel