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Description of Salekhard
Salekhard (from Nene. Salya ”hard“ settlement on a
cape ”, until 1933 - Obdorsk) is a city in Russia, the
administrative center of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, one
of the few Russian administrative centers of the Federation’s
industrial potential of other cities in the region, the third (after
Novy Urengoy and Noyabrsk) in size the city of the district. City
Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of September.
Salekhard is a city located on the right bank of
the Poluy River near its confluence with the Ob, the administrative
center of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District. It is the only city
in the world located on the latitude of the Arctic Circle.
History of Salekhard
The settlement of Obdorsk (Обдорск) was founded in 1595, in the
place of a Khanty settlement called Polnovat-Vozh (Полноват-вож), by
Russian settlers after the conquest of Siberia. It
was situated on the Ob River, and its name supposedly derives from
that. The land around Obdorsk was referred to as Obdorsky krai, or
The town was often used as a place of exile during
the Tsarist and Soviet periods. Among notable people who spent time
here was the Doukhobor spiritual leader Pyotr Verigin and Leon
Trotsky. The town and nearby area contained three Soviet camps where
approximately 6,500 prisoners were held, arrested for their belief
in God. At the port of Salekhard, approximately 1,500 prisoners
loaded and unloaded goods at the dock, or mined metal ores. About
5,000 prisoners in two camps near Salekhard were assigned to polish
diamonds mined from Mir mine.
On December 10, 1930, Obdorsk
became the administrative center of the new Yamal (Nenets) National
Okrug. It was renamed Salekhard in 1933, and granted town status in
The nearest railway is at Labytnangi on the opposite
side of the river Ob. From 1949 to 1953, the Salekhard-Igarka
Railway project made an unsuccessful attempt to extend the line to
Igarka, claiming the lives of thousands of Gulag prisoners. The
section of railway from Salekhard to Nadym was completed and
remained in use for some time in the Soviet era, although it was
later abandoned. It is currently being rebuilt, along with a
long-awaited bridge across the Ob between Labytnangi and Salekhard.
In April 2014, Rostelecom, a Russian Internet service provider,
completed the final stretch of the Nadym-Salekhard optical internet
line. That same line stretches for almost 3,500km (2175 mi).
In summer 2016 after temperatures as high as 95 °F (35 °C) thawed
anthrax infected corpses frozen since 1941 near Salekhard anthrax
spores infected reindeer herds and herders.