Severomorsk (literally North Sea) - a city in the
Murmansk region of Russia, the center of the same name of the city
district-CATU. The city is located on the Kola Peninsula, 25 km
north-east of Murmansk. It is an important seaport on the east coast
of the non-freezing Kola Bay of the Barents Sea. It is connected to
the Murmansk railway line and the motorway. Severomorsk is the main
naval base of the Northern Fleet of Russia. It is the sixth largest
city in the northern Arctic Circle. Population - 52,255 people.
Geographical position Severomorsk is located on the Kola
Peninsula beyond the Arctic Circle, in the zone of permafrost, on
the rocky eastern coast of the Kola Bay of the Barents Sea, on the
shores of the Varlamov and Vaenga rivers.
climate is moderately cold, sea, with a relatively mild winter and
cool summer. The average January temperature is -8 ° C, July-12 ° C.
Precipitations are about - 800 mm per year.
History The first settlement arose on the site of the present
city in 1896-1897. The settlers were engaged in hunting, fishing and
cattle breeding. In 1917 only 13 people lived in the settlement. The
settlement was named after the river - Vaenga. This name, in turn,
originated from the Sami word "waiongg" - the female deer, vazhenka.