Talaya Resort, Russia


The Talaya resort is located in the Magadan region and is located on the northwestern slope of the Kolyma Range in the Talaya River basin, at an altitude of about 720 meters above sea level.

The resort is connected with the regional center Magadan by the main Kolyma highway, which runs 32 kilometers west of the resort. Regular car traffic also connects the resort with other districts of the region. The resort operates all year round.

The climatic conditions of Taloi, despite their general severity, compare favorably with the surrounding areas and are used for medicinal purposes. The beautiful surroundings of the resort, silence, cleanliness and transparency of the air have a beneficial effect on a person, have a calming effect on the nervous system.

People come here with diseases of the musculoskeletal system (joints, bones, muscles), gastrointestinal tract and liver (gastritis, hepatitis), diseases of the peripheral nervous system (radiculitis, neuritis of various etiologies) and the female genital area, with residual effects after injuries , skin diseases and a number of others associated with the underlying disease.

For the treatment of these diseases, various methods are used, the basis of which is the balneological factor of the resort. In balneo-mud treatment, as a rule, mineral baths are prescribed every other day, and mud therapy on free days.


Geography and climate

Located in the valley of the Taloy River, 276 km from Magadan.

The climate in the village is cold, with a significant amount of precipitation, even in the dry months. According to the Köppen climate classification, it is a subarctic climate (Dfc index) with constant moisture throughout the year, short cool summers and cold winters.



The history of the resort originates from the old legend of the Orochs or Evens, the essence of which is as follows. Once upon a time, maybe a hundred, maybe two hundred years ago, reindeer herders roamed along the valley of the Taloy River. And hills, and valleys, and thickets of dwarfs - everything was covered with snow. The frost was breathtaking. But in the midst of this white silence there was a patch of thawed earth, over which fog was always creeping. Superstitious fear made people go far around this place. But one day an old man remained in the taiga. Sick and weak, he could no longer go with his fellow tribesmen, who were driving a herd of deer. The fear of death forced him to approach the forbidden place, and he saw a hot spring spouting from the ground. The old man drank the water of the spring and warmed himself by bathing in it. And when the tribesmen came back, they found the old man completely healthy.

Other legends, possibly older, tell of sick deer. often disappeared from the herd, and when they returned after a while, they were healthy and strong. People began to follow the animals and found their way to the hot spring.

Orochs, Evens, Yakuts began to come to the hot spring. Water revived people, restoring their health. The popularity of the hot spring grew, the news about it spread throughout the taiga. The first written references to the Talsky source are found in the documents of the church archive of the Yamsk settlement for 1905-1906. They say that the Talsky spring was discovered in 1868 by the merchant Afanasy Bushuev. The enterprising merchant who found the source, according to local residents, froze Tal water and sold it to the population as a healing agent.

In 1904, a hut was built near the spring with two wooden bathtubs dug into the ground and filled with mineral water through trays. After the October Revolution, Soviet people came to the taiga, and the systematic development of the natural resources of the Far North of our country began.

In 1931, a deer-breeding state farm was founded near the hot spring. In 1939, exploration work began to study the Talsky spring, its balneological properties.

The beginning of the wide use of the Talsky hot springs was laid in 1940, when the sanatorium "Goryachiye Klyuchi" was opened in the village of Talaya. One and a half kilometers from the source, two dormitories for 155 people were built, and directly at the source - a bathroom building for 4 baths. At the end of the forties, next to the sleeping buildings, a new hydropathic facility for 10 cabins and 6 mud couches appeared.

In 1949-1950, complex expeditions of the All-Union Institute of Balneology, after conducting a comprehensive study of the Talaya resort area, gave a detailed description of the geological structure of the area, its micro- and macroclimate, determined the conditions for the release and composition of mineral water, its balneological composition, as well as mud resources. .

In December 1952, by order of the USSR Ministry of Health, the Talaya resort was included in the category of specialized sanatoriums in the Soviet Union. At the end of the fifties, in accordance with the developed master plan for the reconstruction of the resort, the construction of a new sanatorium complex began.



The main attraction is a silicon thermal mineral spring, which allows balneological treatment of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, metabolism. Water from this source is bottled, carbonated and sold in the city of Magadan as medicinal.

Lake Nalimnoe is a source of healing mud, with the help of which diseases of the musculoskeletal system and skin diseases are treated. The Hill of Love is a relatively small hill located in the immediate vicinity of the village, notable for the fact that a terrenkur route is marked on it, which allows, under the supervision of a doctor, to dose loads for training the cardiovascular system. There are several lakes near the village, including the deep-water lake Galitur. Many tourist routes passing through the Magadan region begin in the village of Talaya.