Magadan Oblast, Russia

The Magadan region is located in the Far East. In relation to the region, the toponym Kolyma is also used, after the upper reaches of the gold-bearing river located here.



The Magadan Region includes one city of regional significance (Magadan) and 8 districts, within the boundaries of which 9 urban districts are formed. In fact, there is Magadan with its surroundings and the rest of the region, where life is concentrated along the highways.



Magadansky Nature Reserve

Talaya Resort


How to get there

By plane
Magadan International Airport "Sokol" (IATA:GDX) is the largest in northeast Russia. The airport serves regular flights from Moscow, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Yakutsk, Khabarovsk and Vladivostok. Communication within the northeastern region is carried out to Anadyr, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, as well as to several other settlements.

By car
The federal highway M56 “Kolyma” passes through the region, which connects the Magadan region with Yakutia. It's mostly a two-lane road. The track in the vicinity of Magadan is paved, but outside it is a good grader. The road is mainly laid through valleys with access to hills, and even mountain serpentines along passes. The road is steep, unfenced and looks quite dangerous. Particular attention and preparation should be given to driving in winter, including periods of extremely low temperatures. Local cars even have a second windshield to prevent freezing.

Due to the nature of supply, gasoline in the region is quite expensive. If in Magadan the cost of A-92 can be about 45 rubles per liter (2017), then in the periphery it rises to 60 rubles. Diesel fuel may cost more than gasoline. Another feature is the complete absence of gasolines above A-92, which is why even new foreign cars are downgraded at local official car services. Throughout the region, gas stations are rare and are mainly associated with large settlements by local standards. There are no branded gas stations from well-known companies.

By train
There is no railway connection with the region.


Things to do

In recent years, the Magadan region has attracted extreme tourists. There is also organized hunting, however, this pleasure is not cheap.


Precautionary measures

Along the Kolyma highway, and just in the taiga, there are a lot of bears, and there are cases of attacks on people. It is not recommended to spend the night outside of populated areas, at least if you do not have a weapon, and even just to walk into the forest on your own. At the same time, the cold climate completely eliminates the tick threat.

Along the road 44 OP MZ 44N-4, better known as the “Tenkinskaya highway”, there are beautiful landscapes. However, there, in the area of Butugychag, during the Soviet years there were 5 camp points, a mining and processing plant was operating and there were a bunch of abandoned adits. The hands of prisoners mined tin and then uranium. In the area of the ruins of the camp sites, drinking water from streams is not recommended due to the increased radiation background (signs are hanging), and in general it is better not to stay in the ruins of a factory for a long time - the background is much higher than normal (up to one and a half thousand microroentgen/hour, while the natural background is not exceeds 25).



The coat of arms and flag were approved by the Law of the Magadan Region of December 28, 2001 N 219-OZ “On the Flag and Coat of Arms of the Magadan Region”.



It was formed by separating it from the Khabarovsk Territory on December 3, 1953. Until June 1992, the Chukotka National District was part of the Magadan Region. In this regard, the Magadan region was the only one of all the regions of the USSR washed by the waters of two oceans: the Pacific and the Arctic.

In 1967, the Magadan region was awarded the Order of Lenin.


Physiographic characteristics


Located in the northeastern part of Russia. The southern borders of the region run along the shores of the Sea of Okhotsk. The territory, with an area of 462,000 square kilometers, stretches 930 kilometers from north to south and 960 kilometers from west to east.

The territory is roughly comparable to Papua New Guinea and Cameroon, Uzbekistan and Sweden. Slightly smaller than the Kamchatka Territory bordering it.

The Magadan region is located in the MSC+8 time zone. The applied time offset relative to UTC is +11:00.


Extreme points

The extreme points, except for the southern one - Cape Alevin on the Koni Peninsula, are not clearly defined. The northern point is located in the upper reaches of the Mostakh River in the Srednekansky region. The western extreme point is located in the Susumansky district in the upper reaches of the Khinike River, and the eastern extreme point is in the North-Evensky district in the upper reaches of one of the tributaries of the Kegali River.

The highest point is an unnamed peak in the Ohandya ridge in the north of the Susuman urban district (2337 meters).



In the west it borders with the Khabarovsk Territory. In the northwest and north, the border passes with the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). At the sources of the Moustakh River the border with the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug begins, and at the sources of the Molongda River - with the Kamchatka Territory.



In the relief of the Magadan region, the main place is occupied by mountain ranges, and only on the coasts of the Sea of Okhotsk, in the lower reaches of the rivers, are small plains located.

The region lies within the Chersky and Okhotsk-Anadyr seismic belts. The strength of earthquakes can reach up to 8 points on the Chersky ridge, and up to 7 points along the coast.

The leading place in the region's relief belongs to medium-altitude highlands. Most of the region is located within the Yana-Kolyma fold system. In the west of the region, the chains of the Chersky ridge stretch for more than 1,500 kilometers.



The territory of the Magadan region is covered with a dense and branched river network. The Arctic Ocean basin includes the Kolyma River and its tributaries - Detrin, Tenka, Bakhapcha, Buyunda, Balygychan, Sugoi, Korkodon, Omolon, Taskan, Debin, Seymchan and others. The Pacific Ocean basin includes rivers that are significantly inferior in length to the tributaries of the Kolyma: Tauy, Yana, Arman, Ola, Yama, Gizhiga and others.

The main sources of river nutrition are snow, rain and groundwater. Naledi is a characteristic phenomenon for the Magadan region. They form in places where the riverbed becomes clogged with slush and freezes to the bottom.

The largest river in the region is the Kolyma. The entire territory of the Magadan region belongs to the regions of the Far North.



In the region, permafrost is widespread; Its power and temperature vary greatly. The permafrost reaches its greatest thickness in the mountains of the northern and northwestern parts of the region; in the southern coastal regions its thickness is much less, and sometimes it is completely absent.




Deposits of gold, silver, tin, and tungsten have been discovered in the region. There are also deposits of copper, molybdenum, coal, oil and gas condensate.

In 2015, gold mining in the region was carried out by 183 companies, of which 130 specialized in placer gold mining. In 2015, Magadan subsoil users produced 24.5 tons of gold and 1,128 tons of silver.



A special feature of the energy sector of the Magadan Region is its isolation from the Unified Energy System of Russia. As of 2019, 4 large power plants were operating in the Magadan region - two hydroelectric power plants and two thermal power plants, as well as several small diesel power plants, with a total capacity of 1549.4 MW. In 2018, they produced 2,546 million kWh of electricity (excluding the production of diesel power plants).



Fisheries are the second most important industry in the region. Its products are exported. The share of the fishing industry in the region's production volume is 18%.



In 2020, agricultural products amounted to 3,150.2 million rubles, of which crop production — 1,854.4 million rubles, livestock — 1,295.8 million rubles. The agricultural production index is 103.5%, including crop production - 107.1%.



As of January 1, 2021, on farms of all categories there were 3,920 heads of cattle, of which 1,680 heads were cows, 2,760 pigs, 106 thousand poultry, 601 sheep and goats, 176 horses and 6,933 reindeer.


Reindeer husbandry

In 1990, the region (excluding the Chukotka District) had a huge reindeer herd of 128 thousand heads, but in 2000 there were only 24 thousand deer in the region, and in 2010 - 19 thousand deer.


Crop production

In 2020, gross yields of main agricultural crops in farms of all categories:
potatoes - 7777 tons,
vegetables - 4393 tons, of which: cucumbers - 834 tons, tomatoes - 401 tons, cabbage - 2107 tons, carrots - 256 tons, beets - 185 tons, onions - 3 tons.

In 2015, the Magadan region provided itself with potatoes by 90%, vegetables - more than 40%, and chicken eggs - by 70%. In 2015, about 10 thousand tons of potatoes, 1.7 thousand tons of cabbage, as well as 100 tons of carrots and beets were harvested.


The international cooperation

On November 13, 2023, a cooperation agreement was signed in Moscow between the Magadan and Gomel regions.



According to Dmitry Anuchin in 1912, “In the summer of 1911, successful flights from Vladivostok to the mouth of the river began. Kolyma, and what is meant (which was already started by the late Admiral Makarov) is to use icebreakers to navigate the Arctic Ocean.”

The main transport gateway of the region is the Magadan sea trade port.

The only specialized river transport enterprise in the Kolyma River basin is the Kolyma Shipping Company, officially founded in 1992.

The main air port is Magadan International Airport named after V.S. Vysotsky (Sokol Airport).

The length of paved roads is 2,323 kilometers. Including with an improved coating, that is, with asphalt concrete and cement concrete pavement, crushed stone and gravel treated with binders, 330 kilometers.

There are no railways in the Magadan region. There are plans to extend the Amur-Yakutsk railway to Magadan.



Magadan regional hospital - regional hospital of the Magadan region. On October 20, 1955, by order of the Ministry of Health of the RSFSR, the Magadan city hospital was reorganized into a regional hospital while simultaneously performing the functions of a city hospital, and it acquired regional status in January 1956.


Education and science

As of 2021, the only higher education institution operating in the Magadan region is the North-Eastern State University.