Ermak Travel Guide

 

Ufa

Ufa

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Ufa

Ufa is a city in the Russian Federation, the capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the administrative center of the Ufa district, which is not included. The city of republican significance, forms the municipal formation of the city of Ufa with the status of the urban district. Ufa is one of the largest economic, cultural and scientific centers of the Russian Federation.

 

Today it is a large, interesting and rapidly developing city. Ufa is extremely interesting for travelers, the city combines several styles at once, and develops under the influence of several cultures and religions. The city is located at the junction of Europe and Asia, which determined its multi-ethnic and multi-religious nature.

In Ufa, you will see the contact of major highways and quiet streets, rich nightlife and the richness of cultural life. Ufa can be interesting with its cultural and sports life, the city regularly hosts major international competitions and events.

 

 

 

 

History of Ufa

Early history of the surrounding area of Ufa dates back to Paleolithic times. Presumably, from the 5th to the 16th century there was a medieval city on the site of Ufa. On the Pizzigano brothers' map (1367) and on the Catalan Atlas (1375) a town approximately on the Belaya River was designated Pascherti (Bashkort), and Gerardus Mercator's map (1554) also marked the settlement with the Pascherti name. French orientalist Henri Cordier associates the position of Pascherti with the current location of Ufa.

Ibn Khaldun called the town, among the largest cities of the Golden Horde, Bashkort.

Russian historian of the 18th century Peter Rychkov wrote that there was a great city on the territory of Ufa before the arrival of the Russians.

The official of the Orenburg Governorate government Vasily Rebelensky wrote that Ufa was founded by the Bashkirs.

By order of Ivan the Terrible a fortress was built on the site of modern Ufa in 1574, and originally bore the name of the hill it stood on, Tura-Tau. 1574 is now considered to be the official date of Ufa's foundation. Town status was granted to it in 1586.

Before becoming the seat of a separate Ufa Governorate in 1781, the city, along with the rest of the Bashkir lands, was under the jurisdiction of the Orenburg governors. And even though the 1796 reform reunited Orenburg and Ufa again, in 1802 the city of Ufa became a new center of the entire Orenburg Governorate that included large territories of modern-day Republic of Bashkortostan, Orenburg Oblast, and Chelyabinsk Oblast. During the 1800-1810s, Scottish Russian architect William Heste developed a general city plan for Ufa as a regional capital shaping the modern outline of its historical center.

The Belaya River Waterway (1870) and the Samara-Zlatoust Railroad (1890) connected the city to the European part of the Russian Empire and stimulated development of the city's light industry. As a result, by 1913 the population of Ufa grew to 100,000. During World War II, following eastward Soviet retreat in 1941, a number of industrial enterprises of the western parts of the Soviet Union were evacuated to Ufa. The city also became the wartime seat of the Soviet Ukrainian government.

During 9—10 July 2015 Ufa hosted summits of the BRICS group and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips