Ufa is a city in the Russian Federation, the
capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the administrative center
of the Ufa district, which is not included. The city of republican
significance, forms the municipal formation of the city of Ufa with
the status of the urban district. Ufa is one of the largest
economic, cultural and scientific centers of the Russian Federation.
Today it is a large, interesting and rapidly
developing city. Ufa is extremely interesting for travelers, the
city combines several styles at once, and develops under the
influence of several cultures and religions. The city is located at
the junction of Europe and Asia, which determined its multi-ethnic
and multi-religious nature.
In Ufa, you will see the contact
of major highways and quiet streets, rich nightlife and the richness
of cultural life. Ufa can be interesting with its cultural and
sports life, the city regularly hosts major international
competitions and events.
History of Ufa
Early history of the surrounding area of Ufa dates back to
Paleolithic times. Presumably, from the 5th to the 16th century
there was a medieval city on the site of Ufa. On the Pizzigano
brothers' map (1367) and on the Catalan Atlas (1375) a town
approximately on the Belaya River was designated Pascherti
(Bashkort), and Gerardus Mercator's map (1554) also marked the
settlement with the Pascherti name. French orientalist Henri Cordier
associates the position of Pascherti with the current location of
Ibn Khaldun called the town, among the largest cities of
the Golden Horde, Bashkort.
Russian historian of the 18th
century Peter Rychkov wrote that there was a great city on the
territory of Ufa before the arrival of the Russians.
official of the Orenburg Governorate government Vasily Rebelensky
wrote that Ufa was founded by the Bashkirs.
By order of Ivan
the Terrible a fortress was built on the site of modern Ufa in 1574,
and originally bore the name of the hill it stood on, Tura-Tau. 1574
is now considered to be the official date of Ufa's foundation. Town
status was granted to it in 1586.
Before becoming the seat of
a separate Ufa Governorate in 1781, the city, along with the rest of
the Bashkir lands, was under the jurisdiction of the Orenburg
governors. And even though the 1796 reform reunited Orenburg and Ufa
again, in 1802 the city of Ufa became a new center of the entire
Orenburg Governorate that included large territories of modern-day
Republic of Bashkortostan, Orenburg Oblast, and Chelyabinsk Oblast.
During the 1800-1810s, Scottish Russian architect William Heste
developed a general city plan for Ufa as a regional capital shaping
the modern outline of its historical center.
The Belaya River
Waterway (1870) and the Samara-Zlatoust Railroad (1890) connected
the city to the European part of the Russian Empire and stimulated
development of the city's light industry. As a result, by 1913 the
population of Ufa grew to 100,000. During World War II, following
eastward Soviet retreat in 1941, a number of industrial enterprises
of the western parts of the Soviet Union were evacuated to Ufa. The
city also became the wartime seat of the Soviet Ukrainian
During 9—10 July 2015 Ufa hosted summits of the
BRICS group and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.