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Church of Prince Dmitry (Dmitri) "On the Blood"
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Description of Church of Prince Dmitry "on the Blood"
Church of Prince Dmitry "on the Blood" is the most
famous temple in Uglich. It stands on the banks of confluence of the
Volga River and Stone Creek. Church of Prince Dmitry "on the Blood" was constructed on a site of
unexpected death of prince Dmitry on May 15, 1591. Death
of son of Ivan the Terrible is still unexplained. The official story
was that he was playing with his friends when epileptic seizure
cause his fall. Prince Dmitry fell on the ground and severed his
artery that lead to quick death. Other people claimed that he was
murdered by two assassins who were sent by Boris Godunov, close
associate of Ivan the Terrible who took Russian throne after the
death of Dmitry, the last in the male line of Rurik dynasty. What
ever might the true cause of his death is still unknown, but
legitimacy of Boris Godunov was immediately questions by the public.
It lead to a turmoil of Civil War. Polish and Lithuanians quickly
seized the chance to conquer Russia. They failed, but Russia lost
thousands of lives in the decade that became known as the Troubled
Times in Russian History.
Soon after death of Dmitry a small wooden chapel was
erected on this tragic place, but it was burned down by the invading
Polish (Roman Catholic) soldiers. After new dynasty of Romanoff
established peace in the country a new wooden church was built on
this site in 1630 to honor memory of a dead prince. Later a winter
church of Archangel Michael was added. Russian tsar Alexey (Alexei)
Mikhailovich visited the Church of Prince Dmitry in 1633 and entered
the altar where tomb of prince was located.
In 1692 stone version of the church was constructed.
The upper church was dedicated to Prince Dmitry who was recognized
as a saint by Russian Orthodox Church, while the lower part was
dedicated to Archangel Michael. Iconostasis of the main church was
added in 1866. Today the church is mostly a museum. Services are
held occasionally, but they are rare. The remains of Prince Dmitry
were removed and transported to Moscow.