Uryupinsk, Russia


Uryupinsk is a city in Russia, the administrative center of the Uryupinsky district of the Volgograd region (not part of the district). The most western city of the region, located 340 km northwest of Volgograd, on the left bank of the Khopra. The city has a terminal railway station (dead-end) Uryupino. Population - 36 704 people (2020).

Uryupinsk is often called the “Capital of the Russian province” in the press and literature.

Uryupinsk is called “the warm capital of Russia”, “the warmest city in the country” thanks to the original folk craft - artistic knitting of scarves, socks and other products made of goat down.



Uryupinsk is the ancient center of the Khopyor Cossacks, with whom the Brodniks and Bradases, who probably previously inhabited these areas, are associated - Chervlyoniy Yar. The Commission List of the 1st Novgorod Chronicle (XIV century) mentions the city of Uryupesk, “to the top of the Don”. I meant the city of Uryupinsk (stanitsa Uryupinskaya) on Khopr. The town named Uryupesk is also listed in the chronicle "List of Russian cities far and near" as a border fortress of the Great Ryazan principality, which for some time was part of the so-called Golden Horde. In the middle of the XIV century, a dispute arose between the Sarai and Ryazan bishops about who, in the church-administrative relation, the Christians of Chervlyoniy Yar were subordinate. The author of the "List of Russian Cities Far and Near" ranked "Uryupesk" among the Ryazan cities.

Perhaps Uryupinsk was destroyed by someone (during the Time of Troubles or even earlier) and re-founded in 1618 (there is no documentary evidence of this date). Since the 18th century - the village of Uryupinskaya. The village of Uryupinskaya was the center of the Khopyorsky district of the Don Cossack region. According to the 1897 census, the population was 11,286 people, of which: nobles - 569 people, Cossacks and nonresidents - 3928 people, foreign subjects - 1 person.

According to the alphabetical list of the inhabited places of the Don Cossack region in 1915, 5782 men and 6316 women lived in the village, the land allotment of the village was 25354 dessiatines of land, the district chieftain's office, the district zemstvo council, the district leader of the nobility, the postal and telegraph office, the real school a gymnasium, a city school, a four-grade women's school, two two-grade schools, two parish schools, a military school, a district hospital, a committee of the Russian Red Cross Society, a fire brigade, a commercial and industrial society of mutual credit, Ust-Medveditsky District Court, investigators three precincts, a notary, a prison and other officials and institutions.

In 1921, the village was included in the Tsaritsyn province. Since 1928 it has been the administrative center of the Uryupinsky district of the Khopyorsky district (abolished in 1930) of the Lower Volga region. By the resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee dated January 7, 1929 Protocol No. 90, the village of Uryupinskaya was transformed into the city of Uryupinsk.

During the Great Patriotic War, there was no hostilities either in the city or in the vicinity, but the city was subjected to air raids. Many natives of the city were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and / or became prominent military leaders. The city is the birthplace (birthplace) of Stalin's grandson, Yevgeny Yakovlevich Dzhugashvili, as well as oil geologist Dmitry Golubyatnikov.

In 1954-1957 Uryupinsk was part of the Balashov region. Since 1954 it has been a city of regional subordination.


City name

There are many popular versions of the origin of the name of this city. For example, the name is associated with the Tatar prince Uryup, who, allegedly, during a duel with Ermak, got stuck in a swamp in these places and was captured. This version is anachronistic. According to another version, the name is associated with the surname Uryupin or with the word Uryupa, which means in Dahl's dictionary "slob, slob", which in this context may refer not to a person, but to a wild, swampy area. The name is also associated with the rub: “at the ruba”, which means “at a steep cliff (river)”.

In modern Russian usage, the oikonym Uryupinsk is actively used in the metonymic function when there is an unwillingness or impossibility to designate the name of a real, usually deeply provincial Russian city. The name is quite often used as an exemplifier in the meaning of "hinterland", a small town with simple-minded inhabitants. This use of the word became widespread thanks to the film "The Fate of a Man" based on the story of Sholokhov, which takes place in this city. In 2005, a monument to the heroes of this book was opened in the city, which is located near the former "Tea" in Dzerzhinsky Lane.