Ermak Travel Guide

 

Yakutsk

Yakutsk

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Yakutsk

Yakutsk (Yakut. Dyokuskay) is a city in the Russian Federation, the capital of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). It forms the urban district of the city of Yakutsk. It is the third city of the Far Eastern Federal District in terms of population (after Vladivostok and Khabarovsk). Yakutsk is the largest of the cities located in the permafrost zone.

 

 

 

Yakutsk was founded by the Yenisei centurion Peter Beketov on September 25, 1632. A detachment of Cossacks under his leadership laid the Lensky burg, only in 1647, renamed Yakutsk, 70 km north of the modern location of the city, on the right bank of the Lena River. One of the most important outposts of Russia in Eastern Siberia, Yakutsk became the trade and administrative center of the region, the base for numerous reconnaissance and, later, scientific expeditions of researchers from the Far East and the Far North. In 1822, Yakutsk acquired the status of a regional city, in 1851 it became the center of the Yakutsk independent region with the rights of a province. Since then, Yakutsk has been the permanent capital of the Yakutsk region, since April 27, 1922, the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, and since April 27, 1992, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Today, Yakutsk is a major administrative, industrial, cultural and scientific center, one of the most dynamically developing cities in the Far East.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

Get in

By plane

Yakutsk Airport (Yakut: Дьокуускай Аэропорт (IATA: YKS, ICAO: UEEE) is an airport in Yakutsk, Russia. It has one runway (an older runway serves as a parking area for disused aircraft) and has a capacity of 700 passengers per hour. The airport is the hub for five regional airlines, including Yakutia Airlines and Polar Airlines. Construction of the airport started in 1931 and was used as a stopover on the ALSIB Alaska-Siberia air route for American planes flying to Europe during World War II. The present international terminal was built in 1996. The airport serves as a diversion airport on Polar route 4. Yakutsk has another, smaller airport at Magan, used by Boeing to test cold weather starting of its aircraft.

 

 

By car

Yakutsk is a destination of the Lena Highway. The city's connection to that highway is only usable by ferry in the summer, or in the dead of winter, by driving directly over the frozen Lena River, since Yakutsk lies entirely on its western bank, and there is no bridge anywhere in the Sakha Republic that crosses the Lena. The river is impassable for long periods of the year when it contains loose ice, when the ice cover is not thick enough to support traffic, or when the water level is too high and the river is turbulent with spring flooding. The highway ends on the eastern bank of Lena in Nizhny Bestyakh (Нижний Бестях), an urban-type settlement of some four thousand people. Yakutsk is connected with Magadan by the Kolyma Highway.

 

By train
A highway bridge over the Lena in the Okrug had been scheduled to be built by the year 2020. However, as of 2018, no decision to actually build the bridge has been taken. The bridge had originally been planned to be a dual-use railroad and highway bridge so the Amur Yakutsk Mainline, the North–South railroad being extended from the south, could connect the city with the East–West Baikal Amur Mainline. The railroad reached the settlement of Nizhny Bestyakh, on the opposite bank of the Lena from Yakutsk, in November 2011.

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips