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Description of Yelets
Yelets is located in the Lipetsk region. It is the
second most populous city in the area and one of the oldest cities
in the Chernozem region (literally Black Earth and hence very
productive soil). It is located 65 km
west of the regional center on the river Bistraya Sosna (Fast Pine).
Yelets is located 70 km from the regional center, at the
intersection of the Lipetsk-Orel railway, Moscow-Donbass. Yelets is
a large railway junction that passes trains in 5 directions. The
city is crossed by major highways: Moscow-Rostov,
Orel-Lipetsk-Tambov. Through the city passes the highway
History of Yelets
Yelets is the oldest center of the Central Black Earth Region. It
was mentioned in historical documents as early as 1146, when it
belonged to the Princes of Ryazan. The town's position at the very
south of Russian lands made it an easy prey for Turkic conquerors.
The Mongols burned it in 1239, Uzbeg Khan ravaged it in 1316, Timur
sacked it in 1395, and the Tatars devastated it in 1414.
1483, the Principality of Yelets was absorbed by the Grand Duchy of
Moscow, while the local Rurikid rulers (last heard of in the 19th
century) entered the service of Ivan III. In 1591, Boris Godunov
revived the largely deserted town by establishing a fortress there.
In 1618, the fortress was captured "by subterfuge" by 20,000
Cossacks under Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny, allied with Władysław
IV of Poland. They dismantled a large part of town fortifications.
In the 19th century, Yelets became the largest trade center of
the region. Handmade lace has been a notable product of the city
since then; other important industries are grain milling and the
manufacture of machinery. The town's chief landmark is the vast
Ascension Cathedral, built over the years 1845–1889 to a
Neo-Muscovite design by Konstantin Thon. The town was occupied by
the German Army from December 4 to 9, 1941 and damaged during the
brief occupation and Soviet offensive in the region.
How to get here
To Yelets by train
Yelets has a railway station of the South-Eastern
Railway. Transit through the city follows trains to Moscow, St.
Petersburg, Lipetsk, Voronezh, Novorossiysk, Rostov-on-Don, Adler
and other settlements in the south of Russia and abroad. From
Moscow, from the Paveletsky railway station, it is also possible
from the Kursk and Belorussky railway stations on transit trains.
Travel time is less than 8 hours (night).
To Yelets by car
federal highway M4 "Don" passed through Yelets, which now goes near
the city. Distance from Moscow is less than 400 km, to Voronezh -
To Yelets by bus
There are two bus stations in Yelets. The
first is located near the railway station. It serves mainly local
flights. With it you can go to Lipetsk, Voronezh, Zadonsk. The
second bus station is located on the old bypass road. From there
buses go to Lipetsk, Tula, Voronezh, Moscow, Orel, etc.