Ermak Travel Guide

 

Yelets

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Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Yelets

Yelets is located in the Lipetsk region. It is the second most populous city in the area and one of the oldest cities in the Chernozem region (literally Black Earth and hence very productive soil). It is located 65 km west of the regional center on the river Bistraya Sosna (Fast Pine). Yelets is located 70 km from the regional center, at the intersection of the Lipetsk-Orel railway, Moscow-Donbass. Yelets is a large railway junction that passes trains in 5 directions. The city is crossed by major highways: Moscow-Rostov, Orel-Lipetsk-Tambov. Through the city passes the highway Moscow-Voronezh-Rostov-on-Don.

 

 

 

History of Yelets

Yelets is the oldest center of the Central Black Earth Region. It was mentioned in historical documents as early as 1146, when it belonged to the Princes of Ryazan. The town's position at the very south of Russian lands made it an easy prey for Turkic conquerors. The Mongols burned it in 1239, Uzbeg Khan ravaged it in 1316, Timur sacked it in 1395, and the Tatars devastated it in 1414.

In 1483, the Principality of Yelets was absorbed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow, while the local Rurikid rulers (last heard of in the 19th century) entered the service of Ivan III. In 1591, Boris Godunov revived the largely deserted town by establishing a fortress there. In 1618, the fortress was captured "by subterfuge" by 20,000 Cossacks under Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny, allied with Władysław IV of Poland. They dismantled a large part of town fortifications.

In the 19th century, Yelets became the largest trade center of the region. Handmade lace has been a notable product of the city since then; other important industries are grain milling and the manufacture of machinery. The town's chief landmark is the vast Ascension Cathedral, built over the years 1845–1889 to a Neo-Muscovite design by Konstantin Thon. The town was occupied by the German Army from December 4 to 9, 1941 and damaged during the brief occupation and Soviet offensive in the region.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

How to get here

To Yelets by train
Yelets has a railway station of the South-Eastern Railway. Transit through the city follows trains to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Lipetsk, Voronezh, Novorossiysk, Rostov-on-Don, Adler and other settlements in the south of Russia and abroad. From Moscow, from the Paveletsky railway station, it is also possible from the Kursk and Belorussky railway stations on transit trains. Travel time is less than 8 hours (night).

To Yelets by car
The federal highway M4 "Don" passed through Yelets, which now goes near the city. Distance from Moscow is less than 400 km, to Voronezh - 120 km.

To Yelets by bus
There are two bus stations in Yelets. The first is located near the railway station. It serves mainly local flights. With it you can go to Lipetsk, Voronezh, Zadonsk. The second bus station is located on the old bypass road. From there buses go to Lipetsk, Tula, Voronezh, Moscow, Orel, etc.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips