Ermak Travel Guide

 

Yoshkar-Ola

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Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

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Description of Yoshkar-Ola

Yoshkar-Ola (Yoshkar - red, ola - city - Red City) is a city in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Mari El. It is the administrative center of the urban district "City of Yoshkar-Ola". Until 1919, it was called Tsarevokoksha, in the period from 1919 to 1928 - Krasnokokshaisk. In 1984 he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. It is one of the centers of culture of the Finno-Ugric peoples.

 

Yoshkar-Ola (Yoshka among the local people) owes its appearance to the Mari uprisings that often happened after the conquest of the Kazan Khanate by Ivan the Terrible. For their suppression, the royal troops needed fortified bases in the depths of the Mari forests, and it was for this purpose that in 1584 the “Tsaryov city on Kokshag” was built, or simply Tsaryokvokkshaysk. For a while, city performed this function with varying success, but when the uprisings stopped, the city was out of work: there was practically no industry in it, and its population in the middle of the 19th century was only a couple of thousand people, including the exiles - for example Poles.

A new flourishing city experienced only in the 1920s, having received the status of the capital of the Mari autonomy and the appropriate national name, which in Russian means “Red City” and is, in fact, the local version of the name approved in 1919 by the name Krasnokokshaisk, which the young Soviet The authorities tried to hide the monarchical overtones. Until the end of the 20th century, Yoshkar-Ola remained a city, no more fascinating than Maykop, Saransk and other capitals of weakly expressed national autonomies, but in the early 2000s, the Mari capital quite unexpectedly began to gain popularity among travelers for an outsider. Under the leadership of the eccentric governor Leonid Markelov, the city center was almost completely rebuilt, and although the new style of Yoshkar-Ola echoes slightly the neighboring republican cities, the scale and boldness of the Yoshkar-Ola transformations are unparalleled. Now the architecture of the capital resembles a dozen great cities in Europe, albeit with a peculiar shtetl accent. It is not difficult to imagine that in half a century the future mayor’s office of Yoshkar-Ola will take the post-Soviet city, unique to Russia, under state protection.

 

 

 

 

History of Yoshkar-Ola

Yoshkar-Ola was established as a military fortress in 1584, following the Russian conquest of the Mari region.

During the Soviet era, especially after World War II, the city was a regional industrial and transport center and grew to its current size. The collapse of the Soviet Union removed support for state enterprises, and led to the shutdown of most manufacturing activity in the area. Much of the city's economic activity was supported by shuttle traders who would transport (often counterfeit) goods from the bustling markets of Moscow to Yoshkar-Ola's bazaars. The sharp decline in living standards led to the emigration of specialized professionals to larger cities in Russia.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips