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Pompeii or Pompei


Pompeii is an ancient archeological site situated South- East of modern day Naples, Campania region in Italy. It is one of most famous Roman cities largely due to its destruction then volcano Vesuvius erupted and buried it under 20 meters (70 feet) of ash and pumice thus preserving as it existed on August 24th 79 AD. Unlike many other ancient cities it was not resettled or covered over by later structures and most of the city escaped looting after its accidental discovery in 1748.      

Travel Tips

You might want to take sunscreen, water and some food as you go and explore the city. It is large and deserves a whole day to explore. Keep in mind that the weather in summer months in Italy are very hot. Keep well hydrated and cover your head if you can. The only way to travel around this extensive site is my foot or my getting a bike. Either way its can be challenging at times to cover an archaeological site that covers over 163 acres of land.



Location: Pompeii, Campania   Map


Destroyed: August 24th, 79 AD (LXXIX AD)


Open: 8:30am- 7:30pm Apr- Oct

8:30am- 5pm Nov- March


Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25


Tel. 081 857 5347


Entrance Fee: €11 adult; €5.50 EU citizens


History of Pompeii

Traditional Pompeii House Layout

Christianity in Pompeii

Most Haunted Places in the World




Pompeii Italy Travel Destinations

Pompeii by regions (regio)

Early archeologists divided Pompeii archeological site into regions or regio in Italian. These groups of buildings are divided by the largest streets of Pompeii. Each part of the city has its own unique set of buildings. It is hard to visit the whole site in one day so it can be handy to plan your visit by visiting regions of the city.


Pompeii Forum (Regio VII)


The Forum of Pompeii was originally the central open space in the settlement. The city spread and grew in size. By the time of the eruption it was located in the South- West corner of the settlement. It measured 157 meters by 38 meters. It was lined by commercial, public and religious buildings important in the daily lives of common Roman citizens. The central plaza was lined by two rows of colonnade. The bottom row consisted of Doric columns, while the top row was lined by Ionic columns. Additionally there were several statues that graced this important part of the city. Unfortunately many of them were destroyed by an earlier earthquake of 62 AD and were never rebuild. The only thing that reminds of their former existence are pedestals that were left abandoned. Two main entrances were located at the north of the plaza with two triumphal arches. The bigger eastern arch was dedicated to Germanicus, step son of emperor Tiberius who made his name by defeating Germanic tribes in 12AD just few years after these tribes under leadership of Arminius dealt a humiliating blow to the Roman Empire by exterminating three Roman legions under leadership of Publius Quinctilius Varus in Teutoburg Forest.


More On Ancient Pompeii Forum




Regio I (Pompeii)

Garden of Fugitives (Insula 21)


Bakery of Sotericus (Insula 12)


House of Paquius Proculus

Laundry of Stephanus (Insula 6)


The House of the Citharist (Insula 4)


House of Menander (Insula 10)


Other buildings in this part of Pompeii include:

Insula 6: House of the Cryptoporticus, H. of the Ceii and the H. of the Lararium.

Insula 7: H. of the Ephebus, H. of the Priest Amandus, H. of the Fabius Amandus

Insula 8: H. of the Four Styles, Thermopolium of Vetutius Placidus

Insula 9: H. of Ceres, H. of the Beautiful Impluvium, H. of the Orchard

Insula 10: H. of the Lovers, H. of the Cabinet Maker

Insula 11: H. of Venus in a Bikini, H. of the First Floor

Insula 12: Garum Workshop

Insula 15: H. of the Ship Europa




Regio II (Pompeii)

Amphitheater of Pompeii (Insula 6)

The Amphitheatre of Pompeii is situated South of the Via dell' Abbondanza in an Eastern corner of the city near the Sarno Gate entrance. It measures 104 by 135 meters in width and length and was completed around 80 BC. Construction of this site was commissioned by two city magistrates M. Porcius and C. Quintus Valgus. The site was chosen since this part of the town had no structures and no older blocks had to be torn down to make way for a new construction. The arena was dug 6 metres (20 feet) below earth level and earthworks supported the thousands of seats for spectators. After Pompeii was struck by an earthquake in 62 AD it was reconstruction using money of Caius Cuspius Panse and his son Caius Cuspius Panse. Their statues once stood here.


More Information on Pompeii Amphitheater


House of Julia Felix (Insula 4)

Palaestra of Pompeii (Insula 7)

House of Octavius Quartio (Insula 2)

House of Venus in the Shell (Insula 3)

The House of the Garden Hercules (Insula 8)




Regio III (Pompeii)

House of the Moralist (Insula 4)


House of the Trebius Valens (Insula 2)



Regio V (Pompeii)


Gladiator Barracks or House of the Gladiators (Insula 5)




Other buildings in this part of Pompeii include:

Insula 1: House of the Bronze Bull, H. of L. Caecilius Jucundus, H. of the Epigrams

Insula 2: H. of the Silver Wedding, H. of Queen Margherita

Insula 4: H. of M. Lucretius Fronto



Regio VI (Pompeii)


House of the Surgeon (Insula 1)



House of Pansa (Insula 6)

H. of Pansa is occasionally known as the House of Gnaeus Aleius Nigidius Maius, a former owner of this rich residence that takes a whole block of the city. Parts of the house were destroyed during World War II Allied bombing.

House of the Ship (Insula 10)

House of the Faun (Insula 12)



House of the Vettii (Insula 15)


House of the Golden Bracelet (Insula 17)



Other buildings in this part of Pompeii include:

Insula 1: H. of the Vestals

Insula 2: H. of Sallust

Insula 7: H. of Adonis, H. of Apollo

Insula 9: H. of Meleager, H. of the Dioscuri

Insula 11: H. of the Labyrinth

Insula 15: H. of the Prince of Naples

Insula 16: H. of the Golden Cupids, H. of the Ara Maxima

Insula 17: H. of the Library



Regio VII (Pompeii)


Stabian Baths of Pompeii




Forum Baths of Pompeii

House of T. Terentius Neo (Insula II)

H. of T. Terentius Neo was named after a probable owner of the residence. Private house also contains a small bakery adjusted to the living quarters. It is possible that the landlord also owned the business.

Lupanare or Brothel


House of the Bear (Insula 2)



Other buildings in this part of Pompeii include:

Insula 1: Shop of Sestius Proculus, Public toilets, Modestus Bakery, Thermopolium, House of Mars and Venus, Hospitium Sitti, H. of Siricus

Insula 2: H. of Gavius Rufus, H. of C. Vibius, H. and Bakery of Popidius Priscus, Casa delle Quadrighe, Cella Meretricia, H. of Mercurio, Shop of Magonius, Taberno Hedones, H. of D. Caprasius Primus, H. of Suetti, Potitus and Elainus

Insula 4: H. of the Coloured Capitals, H. of the Wild Boar, H. of the Figured Capitals, Temple of Fortuna August, Private residence of Marcus Tullius, H. of Bacchus, H. of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, H. of the Black Wall, House of the Terracotta Shapes

Insula 16: H. of M. Fabius Rufus, H. of Aemilius Crescens



Regio VIII (Pompeii)


Suburban Baths (Pompeii)

Suburban Baths were built outside of Pompeii just 100 meters from the Sea Gate (Porta Marina). It shows how little interest did ancient Romans of the time period gave to safety of their cities. They had no fear of invasion and in case of Suburban Baths aesthetics reasons trampled practicality.


Theatre of Pompeii


Temple of Isis



Other buildings in this part of Pompeii include:

Insula 1: House of the Geometric Mosaics, H. of Championnet, Hall of the Aediles, Hall of the Duoviri, Sarno Baths, H. of Verbinus, H. of Severus, H. of the Doves, H. of Caecilius Phoebus, H. of Emperor Joseph II

Insula 4: H. of Holconius Rufus, H. of Cornelius Rufus, H. of T. Mescini Gelonis, Bakery, H. of Omfale



Regio IX (Pompeii)


House of the Chaste Lovers (Insula 12)



House of the Citarista

House of Jason


Other buildings in this part of Pompeii include:

Insula 1: House of the Diadumeni, H. of Epidius Sabinus, H. of Paccius Alexander, H. of Sodom and Gomorrah

Insula 3: H. of Marcus Lucretius, H. of Philocalus, Bakery of T. Terentius Proculus

Insula 5: H.  of the Restaurant, H. of the Skeleton, H. of the Pygmies


Pompeii Gates and Streets

Stabia Gate


Stabia Gates are located in the South part of Pompeii. The ruins of the former city gate were re- discovered in 1851. An Oscan inscription in a Stabia gate stated: "The Aediles Publius Sittius, son of Marcus, and Numerius Pontius, son of Publius, laid down the limits of this street, and fixed the terminus of it 10 feet beyond the Stabia Gate". So current name of the gates were actually given by the ancient Romans. The name since stuck with the structure. Archeologists discovered over 160 graves outside of the Stabia Gate. They were dated by 4th- 2nd centuries BC.


Necropolis of the Nuceria Gate


Necropolis of Pompeii is an ancient cemetery. The word "necropolis" is literally translated as "the city of the dead" in Greek. People of the city buried some of the most influential residents of Pompeii.

Porta Marina (Marina Gate or Sea Gate)


Porta Marina or Marina Gate was constructed in the second century BC. It was the last city gate constructed for Pompeii from the stone delivered here from Sarno. A smaller portico was intended for the pedestrians while larger entrance was designed for the carriages. You still can see signs of tracks left on the pavement.



Public buildings of Pompeii



The Tavern of Pompeii



People and animals of Pompeii


Pompeii Archeological site is one of the most unique places in human history. It offers a rear snapshot of lives that people lived, their clothes as well as various items of everyday life. Many bodies were destroyed in the process of chaotic eruptions, however they left empty niches and fragments of the skeletons. Archaeologists poured plaster inside those spaces to get a shape of a person that was killed by the volcano. There have been found over 1000 bodies in the city of Pompeii. Many more are awaiting their discovery in the regions of the city that are yet to be uncovered. They tell about appearance of the people, their last seconds and in some case reveal interesting details of their personal lives.


One of the curious discoveries that were made in Pompeii are bodies of a couple that tried to leave a small hotel that became known as the Inn at Moregine. One body belonged to a man, while another was that of a young woman. A golden bracelet was found on the arm of the girl. It had a shape of a snake with two diamonds for eyes and weighted a pound. It stated: "Dominus ancillae suae", which implied that a master or dominus gave this jewelry to his former slave girl. It was a common practice for owners to keep a whole harem of slaves or freed slaves for their personal pleasure. Apparently these two enjoyed a rendezvous in the privacy of a hotel, when disaster struck their town. Neither of them made it to the entrance and were killed by collapsing roof.


Another way to find out about status of the victims were clothes or items that were discovered next to an unfortunate victim. Luckily for us many of the clothes attributes were preserved despite heat and time. For example the body of a man pictured below was obviously that of a slave. We can tell that by the broad belt that was probably made of animal skin. Inscriptions of a slave's owner, his status or address could be etched on the belt.


More on Pompeii victims



Tourism in Pompeii

Travel to Pompeii

By bus

One of the easiest ways to get to Pompeii is by hopping SITA bus from Naples, Italy. It costs from €1.80 to €3.20 to hitch a ride here.



You can travel to Pompeii by taking a train via Circumvesuviana Napoli-Sorrento line from Naples or Sorrento, Italy. The ride is fairly short. It takes about 30 to 40 minutes to get here. Its price ranges from €1.80 to €3.20. Get familiar yourself with a map of the train route to make sure you don't miss "Pompei Scavi" stop station, where you need to get off to reach Pompeii Archaeological Site. You can also leave your bags here for a low price of €1.5. As you get off station you can visit Tourist Information Center (50 meters away from station) to get more information about the site. Taking a map might be helpful if you don't want to get lost in this large settlement.


You can also travel to Pompeii from the Italian capital of Rome, Italy. You need to take a train from Termini to Naples. From there you need to changed trains by taking the escalator to the Circumvesuviana Napoli-Sorrento line. It costs €10.50 to get from Rome to Naples in one direction and another €1.80 to get from Naples to Pompeii itself.



If you travel to Italy on a cruise you can take boat to the shore and then get a bus shuttle to Pompeii. Most of tourists who travel here by boat usually include visit to the ancient site as part of the travel arrangements.



  • Weather in Italy can be difficult to bear in summer months. It can easily reach 40C on hottest day. Keep this in mind and make sure you take plenty of water. Additionally you can cover your head and take sun tan to avoid sun burn.

  • The closest ATM to the site of Pompeii is that near Pompei Scavi train station. There is no way to get cash once you enter the site so take as much cash as you might need while you travel to the site.

  • Pompeii is a large site. You might want to take a map of the ancient city to get to the destinations as soon as possible. You can spend days here and still find new corners of the excavated city.

Food and Restaurants near Pompeii, Italy

Al Gamberone

Location: Via Piave 36

Tel. 081 850 6814

Open: Wed- Mon



Location: Via di Mercurio


Location: Piazza Schettini 12

Open: Tue- Sun

Closed: Mondays and late Sundays Nov- March, 2 weeks in Jan


Ristorante Lucullus

Location: Via Plinio 129

Tel. 081 061 3055

Open: 10:30am- 10pm June- Sept

10:30am- 4pm Tue- Sun, Oct- May








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