Location: Salzburg, Festungsberg mountain Map
Tel (0662) 842430-11
Open: Jan-Apr & Oct-Dec: 9:30am- 5pm
Easter & Advent weekend: 9am-6pm
May- Sep: 9am- 7pm
Castle Hohensalzburg was initially constructed in the 11th century on top of the Festungsberg mountain overlooking Salzburg. In fact the name of the fortress Hohensalzburg is translated as "High Salzburg Castle". Hohensalzburg Fortress is one of the best preserved castles in Europe. Unlike other citadels of its kind Hohensalzburg preserved its medieval walls and more recent additions were built next or on top of older structures. So today you can see various portions of Hohensalzburg fortress stand side by side.
Hohensalzburg Fortress was founded in 1077 on the orders of the city mayor. The original military fortifications of Castle Hohensalzburg consisted of a tower with a curtain wall. Over time, however, archbishops increased Hohensalzburg to better suit improvements in military technology.
Hohensalzburg Fortress offered refuge for Salzburg's archbishop during wars between Papacy and Holy Roman Empire. Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach in the 16th century undertook a massive renovation that gave Hohensalzburg its present look. World's first cable car was added to deliver food, tools, weapons and other necessary items from Festoon at the base of the mountain to the castle gates.
In the 19th century the citadel of Hohensalzburg was transferred into military barracks. Fortunately for us during heavy bombing of World War II castle walls and towers largely escaped without significant damage. Today Hohensalzburg is open to the public. It is commonly holding various exhibitions and concerts regularly. Give it a whole day to explore medieval military compound. After all it covers a total area of 30,000 square meters with eight main towers, church, cisterns, prison and other buildings.