Castle Hohensalzburg was initially constructed in the 11th
century on top of the Festungsberg mountain overlooking Salzburg. In fact
the name of the fortress Hohensalzburg is translated as "High
Salzburg Castle". Hohensalzburg Fortress is one of the best
preserved castles in Europe. Unlike other citadels of its kind Hohensalzburg
preserved its medieval walls and more recent additions were
built next or on top of older structures. So today you can see
various portions of Hohensalzburg fortress stand side by side.
Hohensalzburg Fortress was founded in 1077 on the
orders of the city mayor. The original military fortifications of
Castle Hohensalzburg consisted
of a tower with a curtain wall. Over time, however, archbishops
increased Hohensalzburg to better suit improvements in military
Hohensalzburg Fortress offered refuge for Salzburg's archbishop during wars between
Papacy and Holy Roman Empire. Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach in the 16th
century undertook a massive renovation that gave Hohensalzburg its present look.
World's first cable car was added to deliver food, tools, weapons
and other necessary items from Festoon at the base of the mountain
to the castle gates.
In the 19th century the citadel of Hohensalzburg was transferred into military barracks.
Fortunately for us during heavy bombing of World War II castle walls
and towers largely escaped without significant damage. Today Hohensalzburg is open to the public.
It is commonly holding various exhibitions and concerts regularly. Give it a whole day to explore
medieval military compound. After all it covers a total area of
30,000 square meters with eight main towers, church, cisterns,
prison and other buildings.