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Location: Zadar County   Map




Description of Zadar

Zadar or Zara (in Latin: Iadera, in Hungarian: Zára) is a city of the Dalmatian region in modern Croatia. Capital of the county of Zadar, in the center of the country and in front of the islands Ugljan and Pašman, of which it is separated by the Strait of Zadar. It has 85,000 inhabitants. This ancient city was first mentioned in the 4th century BC. The location of this strategic harbour allowed the city grow and thrive over centuries. This city is also a seat of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zadar. The city has a mild Mediterranean climate with mild winters and very warm, dry summers. The best time to visit the city is from May till September. July and August are particularly hot and dry. Ironically this also concise with large tourist crowds that come in these months of the year.


Travel Destinations in Zadar

Church of Saint Donatus (Zadar)

Church of Saint Anastasia (Zadar)





History of Zadar

Zadar was populated around 900 B. C. by the Liburians, an Illyrian tribe. It happened to the Roman Empire with Iliria, becoming municipality in 59 B. C. and a Roman colony in 48 B. C. It was the capital of the district of Liburnia in Iliria. The year 381 became the seat of a bishopric. Under the Byzantine Empire it carried the name of Diodora, and paid a tribute of one hundred and ten pieces of gold. After the destruction of Salona by the Avar and Slavic barbarians in the seventh century, it was the capital of the province of Dalmatia, beginning to be called "Zara".

During the barbarian invasions the coastal cities of Dalmatia (among them Zara) were the refuge of the autochthonous romanized Illyrians, who developed the Dalmatian language, a neo-Latin language that became extinct in the 19th century.

At the beginning of the ninth century or shortly before, the Carolingians established the protectorate in the region as it follows from the existence of Frank architectural examples. Bishop Donat de Zara visited Charlemagne in Dietenhofen. In 812, by the peace treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, it was recognized in the Byzantine Empire, which conserved it until the reign of Basil II the Macedonian.





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