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Onuphrius' or Onofrio's Fountain (Dubrovnik)
Description of the Onuphrius or Onofrio's
Onuphrius or Onofrio's Fountain stands on a small
square in front of Saint Savior Church. Dubrovnik is situated on a coast of a
sea, but it always had issues with fresh water. Instead residents of
the city relied on collecting rain water for their needs. Onofrio
managed to find sources of fresh water situated 12 km from the city.
He constructed adequate water supply via a system of aqueducts and
water pipes that brought water to residents in adequate amount.
The fountain was built by the Naples architect
Onofrio della Cava in 1438, as part of the Dubrovnik waterworks. The
fountain also bears its name. Water flows from 16 stone maskers. It
wa constructed in front of the monastery near the Pila Gate. Onofrio's Fountains is round, faceted structure with ornaments.
Most of original ornaments were destroyed by an earthquake of 1667.
These were not restored by subsequent generations. Water flows
through 16 openings around its circumference, while the nozzles are
decorated by stone mascarons.