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Pantheon (Paris)

Pantheon (Paris)

 

 

 

Place du Pantheon

Tel. 01-44 32 18 00

Subway: Maubert-Mutualite, Cardinal-Lemoine

Open: daily

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Nov 11, Dec 25

 

 

 

 

Description of Pantheon

Pantheon in Paris (in French, le Panthéon) is a magnificent monument those construction was inspired by another Pantheon in Rome. Portico of the building is supported by 22 Corinthian columns.  The dome was inspired by Saint Peter Cathedral in London. Originally Pantheon was erected between 1764 and 1790 as a Roman Catholic Church dedicated to Saint Genevieve, patron saint of Paris. After the French Revolution Church of Saint Genevieve was transformed into beautiful mausoleum, a resting place for the most notable citizens of France. This included philosophers like Voltaire Rousseau, writer Victor Hugo, as well as scientists Pierre and Marie Curie.

 

 

 

The Pantheon of Paris is a neoclassical monument located in the V district of Paris. Erected in the heart of the Latin Quarter, on the Santa Genoveva mountain, it is in the center of the Pantheon square and surrounded by the V district town hall, the Saint Étienne du Mont church, the Santa Genoveva library, the University of Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and the University of Paris II (Panthéon-Assas). Soufflot street draws you a perspective to the Luxembourg garden.

The name of the monument, Pantheon, comes from Pantethion (in Greek, πάνθειον), which means "of all gods." Initially planned in the eighteenth century to be a church that would house the reliquary of Saint Genevieve, this monument is intended to honor the great characters that have marked the history of France except for the military heroes normally honored in the Military Pantheon of the Invalides. Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Sadi Carnot, Emile Zola, are buried in it along with Jean Jaurès, Jean Moulin, Jean Monnet, Pierre and Marie Curie, André Malraux and Alexandre Dumas. Germaine Tillion, Geneviève de Gaulle-Anthonioz, Jean Zay and Pierre Brossolette are the last four to be buried on May 27, 2015.

The architecture also copies the facade of the Pantheon of Rome, built in the first century BC, topped by a dome inspired by the tempietto of the church of San Pietro in Montorio. The different designs of its construction, its decoration, the inscriptions and the symbols that appear in it allow to cross the construction - slow and contrasted - of the French nation. This monument is open to the public and is managed by the National Monuments Center.

 

 

 

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