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Bayreuth

Bayreuth

Bayreuth is a large municipality in the North part of Bavaria region of Germany. It is a administrative center of the district of Upper Franconia, Bavaria.

 

 

 

Location: Bavaria  Map

 

 

 

 

Description of Bayreuth

Bayreuth is a medieval town that was constructed in the 12th century on the banks of the Red Main River. It was initially inhabited by the Slavic people. The first mention of the village of Bayerrute date back to the 1194 in the certificate issued by Bishop Otto II of Bamberg. In 1231 it was mentioned as a city as the settlement received city rights. In 1421 name Baroyt first appeared on the map. In February 1430 Bayreuth was devastated by the armies of the Hussites. City town hall as well as the main church were burnt to the ground. Later citizens of Bayreuth endured through an epidemic of plague, the great fire and the devastating Thirty Years War (1618- 48) that swept through the Central Europe.

 

However after centuries of destruction Bayreuth experienced a cultural Renaissance in the 17th and 18th century. It was about this time when many beautiful buildings were constructed including the Academy that later became the city University.

 

It is particularly famous for a Bayreuth Festival that is held in the city annually. It is devoted to the classic music of Richard Wagner, a 19th century composer who spend a large portion of his life living in the city. He lived here since 1872 till his death in 1883 on his Villa Wahnfried what was constructed by the orders of the Bavarian King Ludwig II of Bavaria.

 

Another historical figure and a famous composer, whose memory is perpetuated in Bayreuth is that of Franz Liszt. The house, which has become the last refuge of a famous composed was later turned into a museum along with personal items and manuscripts of Liszt, numerous pictures and even so- called "silent pianos".

 

In the end of World War II on April 5, 8 and 11th of 1945 Bayreuth was bombed by a series of Allied attacks. Many valuable architectural monuments were either destroyed by bombs or badly damaged. The old castle of Bayreuth was badly damaged during the raids and later burned in the fire arranged by the National Socialists or Nazis. Citizens had to blow up two adjacent historical buildings to prevent the spread of fire.

Travel Destinations in Bayreuth

 Bayreuth Festspielhaus (Bayreuth)

Villa Wahnfried (Bayreuth)

Markgräfliches Opernhaus (Bayreuth)

Museum of Natural History (Bayreuth)

Historical Museum (Bayreuth)

Jean-Paul Museum (Bayreuth)

New Castle (Neues Schloss) (Bayreuth)

Archaeological Museum (Bayreuth)

Eremitage or The Old Palace (Bayreuth)

Museum of Art (Bayreuth)

Stadtkirche (Bayreuth)

Franz- Liszt- Museum (Bayreuth)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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