Bayreuth

Bayreuth

 

Location: Bavaria Map

 

Description of Bayreuth

Bayreuth is a medieval town that was constructed in the 12th century on the banks of the Red Main River. It was initially inhabited by the Slavic people. The first mention of the village of Bayerrute date back to the 1194 in the certificate issued by Bishop Otto II of Bamberg. In 1231 it was mentioned as a city as the settlement received city rights. In 1421 name Baroyt first appeared on the map. In February 1430 Bayreuth was devastated by the armies of the Hussites. City town hall as well as the main church were burnt to the ground. Later citizens of Bayreuth endured through an epidemic of plague, the great fire and the devastating Thirty Years War (1618- 48) that swept through the Central Europe.

 

However after centuries of destruction Bayreuth experienced a cultural Renaissance in the 17th and 18th century. It was about this time when many beautiful buildings were constructed including the Academy that later became the city University.

 

It is particularly famous for a Bayreuth Festival that is held in the city annually. It is devoted to the classic music of Richard Wagner, a 19th century composer who spend a large portion of his life living in the city. He lived here since 1872 till his death in 1883 on his Villa Wahnfried what was constructed by the orders of the Bavarian King Ludwig II of Bavaria.

 

Another historical figure and a famous composer, whose memory is perpetuated in Bayreuth is that of Franz Liszt. The house, which has become the last refuge of a famous composed was later turned into a museum along with personal items and manuscripts of Liszt, numerous pictures and even so- called "silent pianos".

 

In the end of World War II on April 5, 8 and 11th of 1945 Bayreuth was bombed by a series of Allied attacks. Many valuable architectural monuments were either destroyed by bombs or badly damaged. The old castle of Bayreuth was badly damaged during the raids and later burned in the fire arranged by the National Socialists or Nazis. Citizens had to blow up two adjacent historical buildings to prevent the spread of fire.

Travel Destinations in Bayreuth

Bayreuth Festspielhaus (Bayreuth)

Wahnfried (Bayreuth)

Markgräfliches Opernhaus (Bayreuth)

Museum of Natural History (Bayreuth)

Historical Museum (Bayreuth)

Jean-Paul Museum (Bayreuth)

New Castle (Neues Schloss) (Bayreuth)

Archaeological Museum (Bayreuth)

Eremitage or The Old Palace (Bayreuth)

Museum of Art (Bayreuth)

Stadtkirche (Bayreuth)

Franz- Liszt- Museum (Bayreuth)

 

Getting there

By plane
The nearest airport with German and international connections is Nuremberg Airport (IATA code: NUE, arrival via the A9 motorway south; distance around 90 km).

Bayreuth airfield, Flugplatzstrasse 1, 95463 Bindlach. Tel .: +49 9208-657944, Fax: +49 9208 - 657945, E-Mail: info@fair-air.de.  it is only flown to by business and hobby pilots

By train
Bayreuth Central Station From Nuremberg the regional express runs every hour via Hersbruck and Pegnitz to Bayreuth. Driving time is approx. 1 hour. Every 2 hours there are direct connections with regional express trains to Würzburg and via Kronach to Saalfeld, if you want to go to Saxony, you have to change in Hof to the RE to Dresden. A regional train runs between Bayreuth and Weiden, another runs the sack route to Weidenberg.

Local public transport in the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region is operated by the Greater Nuremberg Transport Association (VGN). It is possible to use different means of transport with one ticket, such as bus, train, S-Bahn or U-Bahn. The tickets can be purchased online or via an app.

The EgroNet ticket of the Euregio Egrensis is valid in the districts of Greiz and Saale-Orla in Thuringia, in Hof, Kulmbach, Bayreuth, Neustadt an der Waldnaab, Weiden, Tirschenreuth and Wunsiedel in Upper Franconia, in Saxony in the Vogtland, Zwickau and the Western Ore Mountains and in Czech Republic in the Karlovy Vary region. The day pass for the second class costs 22 € (200 Kč in the Czech Republic) (plus 2 € in Germany if you buy at the counter) for the first person. For the 2nd to 5th person the additional charge is 7 € (100 Kč). On the day of validity, you can take as many journeys as you like with the participating transport companies until 3:00 a.m. the following day. In addition, you are allowed to take 3 children between 6 and 14 years and any number under 6 years with you. One bike per person is also free. The surnames and first names of all travelers must be entered in block letters on the ticket, identification must be carried. Last change: Jan. 2020 edit info

By bus
Various bus companies go to Bayreuth, see also long-distance buses in Germany. The 3 bus station is located on Goethestrasse, so confusingly, neither in the immediate vicinity of the main station nor at the ZOH. Coming from the train station, head out of town towards the Festspielhaus on Bahnhofstrasse / Bürgerreuther Strasse and turn left into Goethestrasse after the main post office.

In the street
Bayreuth is on the A9 motorway, which runs from Munich via Nuremberg to Berlin. There are only two exits, Bayreuth-Nord (industrial area and the fastest way to the festival hall) and Bayreuth-Süd (exit for the university). The Bayreuth / Kulmbach motorway triangle with the A70 motorway from Bamberg-Schweinfurt-Würzburg is just 10 km north of Bayreuth.

For calmer spirits, three federal highways lead through Bayreuth: the federal road B2 from Hof ​​towards Nuremberg, the federal road B22 from Würzburg towards Cham and the federal road B85 from Weimar via Kronach towards Passau.

The traditional Castle Road leads through Bayreuth on its way from Mannheim to Prague. The city is just before the end of the Bamberg - Czech border stage.

By bicycle
Several long-distance cycle routes connect the district with other regions. The best known is the Main-Radweg, whose southern source river, the Rotmain-Radweg, goes through Bayreuth, the Pegnitz-Radweg, which partly shares the route with the Rotmain-Radweg, but continues to the south. The Bayreuth-Chemnitz cycle path is also gaining in importance. And finally the so-called D-Netz should be mentioned - here Bayreuth is located directly on the D-Netz route 11 - Baltic Sea-Upper Bavaria, which leads from Rostock to Salzburg and is in turn part of the EuroVelo route 4, the 4000 km long west -East connection from Roscoff on the Atlantic coast to Kiev in the Ukraine.

 

Around the city

The only public means of transport is the city bus. The network is sufficiently well developed and runs regularly during the day, usually every 20 minutes. Individual lines or route sections can also have a longer cycle. More information is available online from the Bayreuth transport company. All buses go via the central bus stop ZOH (ZOH, Kanalstrasse / corner of Hohenzollernring), where you can reach all other lines.

The entire district of Bayreuth is connected to the transport association for the greater Nuremberg area, VGN. This means that public transport connections in and around Bayreuth will improve significantly over the next few years.

Otherwise, all of the major sights in the city center are within easy walking distance.

For drivers, there are a large number of parking garages and parking spaces near the city center (e.g. Münzgasse), which differ greatly in price and are sometimes very expensive (e.g. Badstrasse). During the Bayreuth Festival (from the end of July to the end of August) there are few construction sites in road traffic, but they increase or decrease significantly before and after the festival.

For cyclists there is a well-developed network of cycle paths to all of the major sights.

If you need a car, you will find it at the largest rental companies:
Sixt, Bernecker Str. 65, near the Bayreuth-Nord motorway exit.
Avis, Markgrafenallee 6, at the district office.
Budget, Markgrafenallee 6, at the District Office. Only via online booking.
Europcar, Albrecht-Dürer-Str. 3. Near the SVB indoor swimming pool.

Call taxi from Bayreuth Hbf or Luitpoldplatz, to many places in the district, in the evening (usually 9 p.m., 10.30 p.m. and midnight) from Sunday to Friday, registration no later than 45 minutes before the departure time on Tel. +49 (0) 921 / 64422 (taxi and rental car Worschech), indicate the boarding station and number of people, 2.50 euros per person

Every Saturday evening the leisure bus drives to the popular discos and dance halls in the Bayreuth district.

Cycling in the city center of Bayreuth is reasonably possible - there is even a bike path map, albeit a bit outdated (edition 10/2010).