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Garden of Fugitives
Location: Regio I
Fugitives became the last resting place for a group of Pompeii
residents. DNA analysis indicated that it was a family group that were
covered by the last wave of Vesuvius eruptions. Apparently they couldn't
leave the city since some of the members were incapable of moving too
fast. They stayed in Pompeii and received their horrible fate.
No one even thought that Mount Vesuvius is an
active stratovolcano. The last time it erupted was 1800 years
before. Then he incidentally destroyed several cities and villages
of the Bronze Age. Since then, people have forgotten about the
destruction and settled the territory again.
all the inhabitants of Pompeii could avoid death and flee the city.
After all, the city was not destroyed at an instance. The eruption
lasted for several hours from 24 to 25 August and in two days
covered the city of Pompeii and nearby
geological sediments 6 meters or 20 feet deep. However, their
religious notions played a cruel joke on the inhabitants of Pompeii.
The fact is that the holiday of Vulkanal (dedicated to the god
Vulcan) was celebrated in the Roman Empire on August 23 that is, one
day before the eruption. The inhabitants of Pompeii did not know
that Mount Vesuvius is an active volcano. When they saw a column of
smoke over the mountain, many took it as a good sign. God Vulcan
settled near Pompeii.
For a long time, citizens did not try
to escape from the city. Some even decided to visit baths and other
places. Only when buildings began to collapse under the weight of
the sediment it became clear that it was time to run. A group of
people in the Garden of the Fugitives waited until the last minute
to try to escape from Pompeii. Unfortunately, their current
situation does not correspond to how and where they were found. Only
the description of the Garden of Fugitives remained, where you can
clearly see the sequence of people in this sad procession.
Garden of Fugitives was the last refuge for a group of inhabitants
of Pompeii. Several families was found here, killed on August 25,
79. At Nutser Gateway, archaeologists found a whole group of people
13 people of different ages. Apparently they were covered by the
sixth and last wave of the eruption of Vesuvius, which reached
Pompeii at 8 am on August 25, 79 years old. A DNA analysis of the
surviving bones of the fugitives showed that they are roughly
divided into three groups. Two of them were obviously peasants.
Their teeth quality and the presence of certain minerals spoke of a
simple diet. Another body belonged to a wealthy merchant. His bones
were obviously better in quality, and he had a fair amount of coins
Obviously, they could not leave the city, as some
family members were not able to move too fast. When they
nevertheless left their dwelling, they moved south-east to the
Nutser Gate. There they remained in a small garden, where they met
their terrible fate.
The moment of death of the fugitives essentially stopped their lives
in one second, when they were covered by a pyroclastic flow. A group
of thirteen fugitives decided to flee, first in this family group
there was a servant carrying a bag hurriedly filled with provisions
on his shoulder. Archaeologists have found him where he fell, near
the wall of the Garden. Then, hand in hand, two peasant boys, about
four and five years old, walked behind him. Finally, the parents of
the children followed, the peasant supported his weakened wife. For
the family of the peasant was another young peasant couple with
their daughter. Unfortunately, her body is very poorly preserved. We
have only the vague outlines of a girl. It is clear that she was
very small and very thin. At the end of the procession there was a
merchant's family — two young boys in their teens, followed by their
mother and a younger sister. The last figure in this procession was
the merchant himself. He did not lie like the rest of the group, but
was still sitting upright, his right arm pressed against small hill,
and his back was arched to rise. Apparently the man was of amazing
fortitude if until the last minute he was not broken under such