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Suzdal

Image of Suzdal

 

 

Location: 200 km (124 mi) Northeast of Moscow  Map

 

10 largest cities of Russia
Moscow
St. Petersburg
Novosibirsk
Yekaterinburg
Nizhny Novgorod
Kazan
Chelyabinsk
Omsk
Samara
Rostov-on-Don

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 Description of Suzdal

Suzdal is located 200 km (124 mi) Northeast of Moscow in Russia. It is one of the oldest and best preserved medieval towns of Medieval Russia. It is part of the Golden Ring of Moscow, historically significant site around Russia's capital. The name of the city is derived from an old Russian word for "construct" or "make from clay". The original city walls surround an original medieval settlement known as Kremlin. It was constructed around 1024, but today little remains from the medieval fortifications. Only ditches and ramparts survive from the original structure.

 

History
The town was founded in the 10th century and was subordinate to Rostov Veliky. Later in 1125 Grand Prince Yury Dolgoruky made Suzdal the capital of the Rostov-Suzdal principality. His son Andrey Bogolyubsky subsequently built new capital Vladimir, and principality began to be known as Vladimir-Suzdal. Suzdal's political influence started to fade away. Although it was for a short time the centre of Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod Principality in the fourteenth century. It finally was annexed by Moscow in 1392.

Stone construction in Suzdal was started at the beginning of the thirteenth century before the Mongol invasion. A single Church was built — the Nativity Cathedral of Suzdal Kremlin. Once the Tatar-Mongol invasion ended and the political situation stabilized, stone construction started again in sixteenth century. It was just slightly inferior to the construction held in Moscow, it continued to prosper until the end of the eighteenth century. At this time Suzdal was an important trading city, located in the heart of a rich agricultural region. Since the nineteenth century Suzdal stopped developing due to the Trans-Siberian Railway bypassed it and due to the absence of factories in town. Which made possible for town's appearance to remain unchanged.

During the time of the Soviet Union, nearly all of Suzdal's economy was planned around its tourist potential. As a result, very few modern buildings were constructed in Suzdal (by law there are no structures more than 2 stories high except cathedrals). Also, a number of wooden structures from other parts of Russia were transported here, and the whole city was converted into an 'open-air museum'.

Tourist high season is summer and mid-winter, with numbers of visitors peaking at weekends and holidays. During off season the city is quiet even on weekends without losing much of its charm.

 

 

Travel Destinations in Suzdal

Suzdal Museum of Wooden Architecture

Suzdal is a small town with a population of ten thousand people, predominantly wooden buildings and a huge number of stone churches and monasteries. No matter how hard you push to see everything in one single day, it will be extremely difficult. The following sights are the must on any trip to Suzdal:

Majority of Suzdal's churches and monasteries are of the 17-18 centuries. With only one building being of the pre-Mongol period, though seriously remodeled, — Cathedral of the Nativity in the Kremlin.
Additionally, be sure to check Kideksha village featuring real pre-Mongolian Church, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
The most interesting architectural sights — the main cathedrals and towers of St. Euthymius Monastery and Pokrovsky Monastery. Also holy gates of the Rizopolozhensky Monastery.
The most unusual churches - churches with concave tents which can't be found anywhere else except of Suzdal. There are a few of them located outside of town's center.
Museum of wooden architecture — possibly, the best in Central Russia
Bells listening. For this go to the Monastery of Saint Euthymius.
However, there is another way to see Suzdal: just walk around slowly, try to get away from the crowds, get to the churches on the outskirts. This walk can turn into a totally unforgettable experience.

Suzdal Kremlin
The oldest preserved part of the city is Suzdal Kremlin. It is protected on three its sides by river Kamenka, and on the last one - by erected in eleventh century earthen rampart, which still can clearly be seen near Assumption, summer St. Nicholas and winter Nativity churches.

 

Cathedral of the Nativity
1 Cathedral of the Nativity Theotokos (Рождественский собор). 1222 year. It was rebuilt several times during its long history. Inside of the cathedral one can find preserved painting of 13-17 centuries, 13th century Golden Gate. Cathedral's necropolis contains buries of the members of princely and boyar families of 12-17 centuries. Belfry was built in 1635 opposite the cathedral. 100 rub.

2 Archbishop's chambers (Архиерейские палаты). 15-18 centuries. Consists of three buildings – the "old Archbishop's chambers" (15 century), the refectory "Church of the Annunciation" (16 century) and "bell tower" (1635) – connected by a system of passages and galleries. At the end of the 17th century a huge cross chamber was built, which now hosts a museum. Museum exhibits a model of ancient city of Suzdal and also features interior, recreated by the descriptions of the 18 century.

3 Wooden Church of St. Nicholas (Деревянная Никольская церковь). 1766 year. This church was built in Glotovo in 1766 and was moved to Suzdal in 1960 to be part of a museum of wooden architecture. The church is elevated off the ground about a story high from when it was moved across the country. This church is made out of all wood and represents the close relationship between wood and stone architecture and how precise the Russians were while building this back in 1766.

4 Church of the Assumption (Успенская церковь), Kremlyovskaya str.. 17 century. Built in Naryshkin Baroque style. Current appearance has acquired as a result of reconstruction after a fire in 1719. Used to have a belfry and a fence with a small gate, destroyed in 1920s.

5 Church of St. Nicholas (Никольская церковь). 1729-1739 years. One of the first churches built in the city after the great fire of 1719 and one of the five churches in Suzdal with a bell tower in the form of a concave tent, the so-called "Suzdal tune".

6 Church of the Сhrist Nativity (Церковь Рождества Христова). 1775 year. A small winter church of the 18 centuryб located next door to the summer St. Nicholas one. If there won't be a cupola, one could confuse it with a regular residential house.

Monastery of St. Euthymius
7 Saviour Monastery of St. Euthymius (Spaso-Evfimiev Monastery), Ul. Lenina, ~135. 09:00-18:00. The Spaso-Evfimiev Monastery is one of the largest and best preserved monasteries in Suzdal. It is very large and houses more than 10 separate museums, including a museum commemorating the GULAG and Russian historical museums. It is just as impressive (perhaps more) than the Moscow Kremlin. One can spend an entire day touring the museums and churches. It is strongly recommended to purchases a single ticket for all of the constituent museums as the guards strongly enforce admission tickets. 350 RUB for an all-inclusive ticket.

8 Savior Cathedral (Transfiguration Cathedral, Спасо-Преображенский собор). - 1594

9 Annunciation Gatechurch (Благовещенская надвратная церковь)

Suzdal Museum

Ul Kremlyovskaya

Tel. 809231 20444

Open: Wed- Mon

 

Museum of Arts of Crafts

Ul Lenina

Tel. 809231 20444

Open: Tue- Sun

 

Hotels in Suzdal

Goryachie Klyuchi (Горячие ключи); Ul. Korovniki 14; tel. (49231) 240-00, 221-81

Lichoninskiy Dom (Лихонинский дом); Ul. Slobodskaya 34; tel. (49231) 219-01

Palati (Палаты); Ul. Lenina 43- 45; tel. (49231) 233- 50, 233-63

Podvor'e (Подворье); Ul. Lenina 43-45; tel. (49231) 233-63

Pokrovskaya (Покровская); Ul Pokrovskaya; tel. (49231) 218-37, 208-09

Puschkarskaya Sloboda (Пушкарская слобода); Ul. Lenina 43-45; tel. (49231) 233-50, 233-63

Rizopolozhenskaya (Ризоположенская); Kommunal'niy Gorodok 9; tel. (49231) 243-14

Sokol (Сокол); Torgovaya ploschad' 2A; tel. (49231) 209-87, 200-88

Strominka- 2 (Стромынка-2); Ul. Strominka 2; tel. (49231) 251-55, 235-69

Suzdal (Суздаль); Ul. Korovniki; tel. (49231) 205-46, 218-37, 209-08

 

Restaurants

Goryachie klyuchi (Горячие ключи); Ul. Korovniki 15; tel. (49231) 240-00

Fostiniy dvor (Гостиный двор); Ul. Lenina 63A; tel. (49231) 211-90

Na Pinaiche (На Пинаихе); Ul. Lenina 43; tel. (49231) 229-88

Puschkar' (Пушкарь); Ul. Lenina 43; tel. (49231) 233-67

Russkaya trapeza (Русская трапеза); Ul. Tolstogo 5; tel. (49231) 234-80

Sokol (Сокол); Torgovoya Ploschad' 2A; tel. (49231) 233-23

Traktir (Трактир); Ul Vasil'evskaya 34B; tel. (49231) 211-91

Trapeznaya (Трапезная); Ul. Kremlevskaya 20; tel. (49231) 217-63

Yley (Улей); Ul. Lenina 43' tel. (49231) 233-67

Bal'zaminow dvorik (Бальзаминов дворик); Ul Lenina 75; tel. (49231) 250-90

Emelya (Емеля); Ul. Lenina 63A; tel. (49231) 201-00

Landisch (Ландыш); Ul Neteka 1; tel. (49231) 209-88

LimpoMpo (ЛимпоМпо); Ul. Krasnoarmeyskaya 25A; tel. (49231) 212-13

Charchevnya (Харчевня); Ul. Lenina 73; tel. (49231) 207-22

Zaryad'e (Зарядье); Ul Lenina 43; tel. (49231) 243-19

 

 

 

 

Trading quarter

16 St. John the Baptist Church, ulitsa Lenina, 53. This church was built in 1720, at the same time that the St. Nicholas church was built, although the difference between the types of architecture of the two churches is quite remarkable. Whereas the St. Nicholas Church is all wooden, the St. John Church is made out of white plastered walls with wooden supports.

 

Aleksandrovskiy Convent (Александровский монастырь)
17 St. Alexander Convent (Holy Gate of Alexander's monastery, Святые ворота Александровского монастыря), Ulitsa Gasteva (ул. Гастева), ~21. This church was built in 1240 by an unknown architect. It is said that the princesses of Suzdal, Mariya and Agrippina, were buried here in the 14th century. Parts: Church of the Ascension of Jesus.
18 Holy Gate (Святые ворота), Ulitsa Gasteva (South Wall of the Convent). 1695
19 Convent of Intercession (Intercession of the Theotokos convent), Pokrovskaya ulitsa. The convent was founded in 1364. In its center stands the cathedral of the Intercession; it was an add-on built in 1518 financed by Moscow knaz (king) Basil The Third. The interior of the cathedral has no paintings or stained glass, it is simply plain white stone walls all around. The church was and still is one of the richest convents in Russia. The convent is the home of many nuns and is also the burial vault for twenty nuns of noble birth. Connected to the white stoned wall cathedral is an art museum which can be toured. There are many paintings but none in the cathedral itself. This building is filled with arches and art created in the 16th and 17th century.

 

Convent of the Intercession
20 Cathedral of the Intercession, Pokrovskaya ulitsa, 50.
21 Saints Peter and Paul church, Pokrovskaya ulitsa,48.
22 St. Nicholas church, Pokrovskaya ulitsa, 46.
23 Rizopolozhensky Monastery (Ризоположенский монастырь), Ulitsa Lenina (ул. Ленина), ~79. The Rizpolozhensky nunnery was founded in 1207. It was the first monastery in the town.
24 Cathedral of Rizopolozhensky ( Ризоположенский собор).
25 Monastery Belltower (Преподобенская колокольня). 1813-1819
26 Remains of Sretenskoi Refectory Church ( Остатки Сретенской трапезной церкви). 1882
27 Holy Gate (Святые ворота), Ulitsa Kropskoi. 1688
28 Church of Feast of the Cross (Holy Cross Church, Храм Воздвижения Креста Господня), 3-ya Internatsionalnala ulitsa, ~62 (- Next to the Church of Saints Cosmas and Damian). Found in 1696.
29 Church of Saints Cosmas and Damian, ulitsa Korovniki,~39.
30 Friday Church (Пятницкая церковь), Kremlyovskaya ulitsa, 1.
31 Church of Nativity of St. John the Baptist (Церковь Рождества Иоанна Предтечи, Предтеченская церковь), ulitsa Shmidta,~5. Founded in 1739
32 Church of St. Lazarus of Bethany resurrection (Лазаревская церковь), Staraya ulitsa.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

Get in
There are no trains to Suzdal, so aside from organized bus tours, the only way to reach the city is by bus or car.

By train
The closest train station is in Vladimir. All trains running from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod stops there. Travel time by high-speed train from Moscow to Vladimir — 1 h 40 min, by slow — 3-3.5 h.

Vladimir's bus station is 50 meters away from the train station (across the parking lot).

By bus
Buses from Vladimir depart every 20-30 min, 6:30 — 21:40, but take your time to find a bus station that brings you back, as it might not be obvious from where to start the journey back. Besides, there are buses from Ivanovo, Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Moscow (once daily from Moscow's Shelkovskaya bus station and couple more from Moscow's Kursky Train Station, travel time 4 h).

Infrequent (2-3 times a day) suburban buses go from Suzdal to Kovrov and Gavrilov Posad. No direct connections to Yuryev-Polsky.

1 Suzdal Bus station, 44 Vasilyevskaya str., ☎ +7 49231 20147, fax: +7 49231 21845. 04:30-20:00. It's located 1 km east of the center, which is a 20 minute walk along Vasilievsky street or a short taxi ride. But, if you are coming by bus from Vladimir, do not get off there. You can stay seated and pay an extra 14 RUB to go to the center with the same bus. Bus station itself is rather primitive, with minimal snack and toilet facilities available.

By car
Along A-113 road from Vladimir (40 km) or Ivanovo (80 km). If coming from Moscow (220 km), follow Vladimir's Northern old bypass, then turn left.

Get around
Local buses operates on a four routes. However, you most likely won't need them, as the town is quite small.

Taxis can be found in abundance in front of the shopping arcade. They can be useful for a trip to Kideksha.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

You will not find any McDonalds restaurants or any trace of Western chain shops or hotels here.

1 Trapeznaya restaurant (Located in a room of the refectory of Suzdal's Kremlin). , this restaurant features a traditional Russian menu of bliny (pancakes) with caviar, priced much lower than in Moscow. Try their marinated forest mushrooms - they are beautiful and tasty, whether eaten plain or alongside a serving of cold vodka.
Korchma (in the city center). this is a nice restaurant, featuring high-quality, traditional Russian food. The local cranberry and groundberry vodka-based liquer -- Susdalskaya Nastoika -- is worth a try.
2 Bistro Samovarnaya (Закусочная «Самоварная»), Ul. Lenina (ул. Ленина), 84. 9-22.
3 Cafe Blinnaya (Кафе «Блинная»), (Спасо-Евфимиев монастырь).
4 Cafe Landysh (Кафе «Ландыш»), Ul. Neteka (ул. Нетека), 1. 24/7.
5 Cafe Privratnitskaya (Кафе «привратницкая»), (Спасо-Евфимиев монастырь).
6 Dining room of the city administration (Столовая городской администрации), Krasnaya ploschad (Красная пл.) 1 (At back door of the building). M-F 9-16. Dinner RUB120 (2012).

Drink
The beverage of choice in Russia is vodka, by far. Suzdal, however, is famous for another drink, medovukha, a Russian type of cider made from honey. Tourists should be wary of purchasing this drink on the streets, though, for counterfeits are common. Ask your guide where you can buy real medovukha.

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Suzdal has a wide variety of offerings. There are many small hotels with 5-20 rooms. Advance booking is crucial for those who intend to visit during the New Year holiday season, Independence Day, and during the summer high season.

Budget
1 Vasilyevsky Monastery (Гостиница в Васильевском монастыре.), Vasilyevsky Street (From the monastery to the town centre is a very pleasant 10 minute walk. The main road leading from the Suzdal bus station to the town centre), ☎ +7 49 231 21800. For those interested in a monastic type of stay. The rooms are comfortable, warm, and clean, but are fairly bare-bones, as guests live alongside resident monks. No telephone, TV, or shared kitchen is provided. Two shared bathrooms are available. It is best to exit at Suzdal Bus Station and walk to the monastery. Pay for the room inside the church. dorm RUR400, room RUR900 (2013).
2 Godzillas Suzdal, Ul. Naberezhnaya (ул. Набережная) 32, ☎ +7 49 231 25146, e-mail: suzdal@godzillashostel.com. From 700 RUB.
3 Guesthouse Na Tsvetochnoy (Гостевой дом «На Цветочной»,), Ul. Tsvetochnaya (ул. Цветочная), 5а (go to the Pokrovskiy Monastery and after the crossing of Stromynka and Pokrovskaya streets, move down the street to the house Stromynka number 26 (on the right side of the street) and the shop "Auto Parts" (on the left side of the street), turn left into the lane, the second gate on the right.), ☎ +7 903 779-9260, +7 905 619-6255, e-mail: suzdal-house@mail.ru. Check-out: 12:00. free WI-FI sgl/dbl working days-weekends RUB1000-1500/1500-2000, in 'Autumn' all rooms extra RUB500, all incl. breakfast.

Mid-range
4 Hotel Pushkarskaya Sloboda (ГК «Пушкарская Слобода»), ul. Lenina (улица Ленина), 41, ☎ +7 49 231 23303, fax: +7 4931 23363, e-mail: info@slobodahotel.ru. Prices start at RUR 2,500 for a double or twin room.
5 Tourist hotel (туристического комплекса "Суздаль"), Korovniki (ул. Коровники), 45, ☎ +49231 20908. is the largest hotel, with a 3-star rating. It is ideal for backpackers, and features "cottages" with attached garages. Camping. Spa. Restaurant. hotel rooms: "Standard" RUR3000, "Studio" RUR3500, "Lux" RUR3900, "Luxury modern" RUR5000, "Family" RUR3900; - 'Town Houses'?: triple RUR3900, apt's RUR7600, HUNTING Lodge dbl RUR4200, Camp ? (2014.apr.).

Splurge
Goryachie klyuchi (Bashenki), ul. Korovniki 14, ☎ +7 49 231 28000, +7 922 420277, fax: +7 09231 24101. A complex of hotels with big wooden rooms and a sauna, situated in a very quiet locale. From here, it takes 20 minutes to walk to the town center, and nearly 40 minutes to walk to the Kremlin. Dbl. 300USD.
6 Sokol hotel, ulitsa Lenina, 50А,( Торговая площадь). A large hotel currently under renovation after a fire. 67 rooms in two buildings. From €110.

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

July 16 - Cucumber Day. A funny holiday, based on the fact that Suzdal's cucumbers have a reputation as the best cucumbers in central Russia. This holiday is celebrated with a folk music festival.

Walk on Kamenka River. In winter months, when the river is frozen, do walk the length of the river. This is the lifeline of the city and you will see sleighs being pulled and men ice-fishing in the river. It is a beautiful way to see the city.

Carriage/Sleigh Ride. A carriage or sleigh ride through Suzdal is a memorable (though expensive) experience. The young men offering the rides may be found everywhere, and they start their negotiations with very steep prices (RUR 3,000 / .5 hr). You should be able to negotiate down to RUR 500 or thereabouts, depending on the season. Also, shorter rides can be negotiated.

Buy
Market
1 Merchant Yard (Gostiny Dvor, Торговые ряды), ulitsa Lenina, 63а (Center). Locals selling vegetables to each other and souvenirs to tourists.

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

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