Ermak Travel Guide

 

Belgorod

Belgorod

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Belgorod

Belgorod (historic. Belgorod Russian) is a city in the south of the middle belt of the European part of Russia, the administrative center of the Belgorod region. City is located on the southern outskirts of the Central Russian Upland, on the banks of the Belgorod Reservoir, on the rivers Vezelki and Seversky Donets, 700 km south of Moscow, 40 km from the border with Ukraine. Forms the municipality of urban district of the city of Belgorod. The population of 391,554 people (2018). Around the city formed Belgorod agglomeration with a population of more than 0.5 million people. Russia's first city to receive the title of "City of Military Glory."

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Belgorod

Belgorod was badly damaged during the war, and a few dozen buildings remained in the city before the revolution. These are literally detached buildings - they do not form any ensembles and are interspersed with Soviet architecture, sometimes ugly. Nevertheless, among them there are very interesting. In addition, in the suburbs on the outskirts of the city, a single-story stone building was unusual for a resident of central Russia, and surrealistic landscapes can be found between the settlements and the center when the first row along the street is low-rise, and behind it are built multi-story brick or panel houses.

Melovaya Gora - Chalk Mountain, st. Studencheskaya. The place of the ancient wooden fortress of 1596, as well as the white-stone fortress Belaya Vezha of the times of the Khazars and Alans. There is nothing left from the fortress, but a view of the city from a bird's-eye view opens up.

House of merchant Selivanova. The only surviving sample of a residential house in Belgorod is a manor of an urban classicism era. Built in 1782. Now it houses the Literary Museum and the Energy Museum.

 

 

Churches and monasteries

Savior Transfiguration Cathedral, Transfiguration, 63. The cathedral was built in 1805-1813 in the style of classicism, five-dome and with a huge portico. A bell tower, also classicism, is attached to the cathedral.
Marfo-Mariinsky Monastery. On the territory there are two cathedrals: Uspensky-Nikolaevsky Cathedral, built in 1701, Peter I donated money for its construction; and the Church of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos, built in 1791 in the style of early classicism, in 1837 and 1865, the side chapels were added to it.
Smolensk Cathedral, Grazhdansky Ave 50A. 1727-1763

 

 

Museums

Local History Museum, st. Popov, 2a. ☎ +7 (4722) 32 16 76. 10:00 - 19:00. The exposition presents archaeological monuments of Scythian and Saltovo-Mayak culture, materials about the emergence of Belgorod and its role in Russian history, about the most important past events on the territory of the region and outstanding natives of Belgorod Region.
Art Museum, st. Victory, 77th. ☎ +7 (4722) 58-96-67. 10.00 - 19.00, a break 14.00 - 15.00, except Tuesday. 70 rub. The original Art Nouveau building was built in 2005. Soviet art of the 20th century is mainly represented. In addition to the paintings, sculptures, objects of decorative and applied arts (including the collection of dolls of the Belgorod Region), and iconography are on display.
Museum-diorama “Battle of Kursk. Belgorod direction ", st. Popova, 2. ☎ +7 (4722) 32-96-89. Tue - Sun 10:00 - 18:00, break 13:00 - 14:00. 65 rubles, a tour of at least 10 people - 36 rubles / person, audio guide 106 rubles. The main thing that is worth visiting the museum is a diorama depicting a tank battle at Prokhorovka on July 12, 1943, the victory in which became a turning point in the Battle of Kursk. The diorama in Belgorod is the largest diorama in Russia: length - 67, height - 15 m. Created by artists N. Bout, G. Sevostyanov, V. Shcherbakov. The museum building is made in the form of an arc on a high base. At the entrance to the museum, an IS-3 tank, an ISU-152 self-propelled gun, three mortars and a gun were installed.
Museum of Folk Culture, st. Michurin, 43. bsmnc@mail.ru ☎ 26-74-17. 10:00 - 18:00, Thu 10:00 - 20:00, Mon - day off. entrance ticket 16 rubles and an additional 16 rubles for each exhibition.
Museum of the Interior. The cultural center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the Belgorod region.
Literary Museum, st. Transfiguration, 38. ☎ 27-64-23. Mon-Sat 09: 00-18: 00. Located in the local architectural monument of the XVIII century house of the merchant Selivanov. Exhibits include items belonging to local writers: bibliographer, writer, publicist I.V. Vladislavleva; aviator and cinematographer ND Anoschenko, as well as Soviet writers VS Bukhanova, M.M. Obukhova, V.S. Zhukovsky, N.G. Ovcharova, N.S. Krasnova. On the second floor there is a museum of the history of energy in the Belgorod region - the departmental museum "Belgorodenergo".
Museum of Communications. Opened in 2003.
Ethnographic Museum of the Institute of Culture.

 

 

Monuments

Monument to Prince Vladimir the Great. According to one of the versions, the prince founded Belgorod, although there is no documentary evidence of this. The height of the monument is 22.5 meters, which makes it the largest monument of Belgorod and the world's largest monument to Prince Vladimir.
Monument to Pavel Kirillovich Grechikhin (incorruptible traffic cop). Element Wikidan Monument is an inspector of the traffic police Pavel Kirillovich Grechikhin, standing with a raised rod next to a motorcycle. It is installed at the place where the traffic police post was previously located.
Army General Apanasenko I.R. Discovered in 1949. Authors: sculptor N.V. Tomsky, architect L.G. Golubovsky. It is a monument of monumental art of federal significance.
Monument-stele "City of Military Glory", Cathedral Square. It was installed in 2013 on the place where a monument to Lenin had been erected before. The text of the decree on conferring the honorary title "City of Military Glory" to the city is posted on the stela.
Monument to Mikhail Shchepkin. Dedicated to the Russian actor, the founder of realism in the Russian scenic art, Mikhail Semenovich Shchepkin, a native of Belgorod.
Monument to St. Joseph.
Monument to Y. Trubetskoy. Former first Belgorod governor.
Monument dog handlers F. S. Khikhlushka.
Friendship tree
Sundial (near the Central Market on the 50th anniversary of the Belgorod region).
First teacher
Janitor
Photographer (Family)
Remembrance (Grandma)
Chelnoki. Private citizens who travelled in the late 80's and early 90's to foreign lands to buy merchandise and delivered it to new Russia
Gymnast
Volleyball players
Dreams Come True
Local historian
Stonecutter

 

 

History of Belgorod

The name Belgorod (Белгород) in Russian literally means "White city", compounding the sememes "белый" (bely, "white, light") and "город" (gorod, "town, city"). The city thus acquired its name because the region was rich in limestone. Etymologically, the name corresponds to other Slavic city-names of identical meaning: Belgrade, Belogradchik, Białogard, Biograd, Bilhorod, Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi etc.

Records first mention the settlement in 1237, when the Mongol-led army of Batu Khan ravaged it. It is unclear whether this Belgorod stood on the same site as the current city. In 1596 Tsar Feodor Ioannovich of Russia ordered its re-establishment as one of numerous forts set up to defend Muscovy's Southern borders from the Crimean Tatars. In the 17th century Belgorod suffered repeatedly from Tatar incursions, against which Russia built (from 1633 to 1740) an earthen wall, with twelve forts, extending upwards of 200 miles (320 kilometers) from the Vorskla in the west to the Don in the east, and called the Belgorod line. In 1666 the Moscow Patriarchate established an archiepiscopal see in the town.

After the Russian border moved south following successful wars against the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the second half of the 17th century, the fortress fell into disrepair; the town became part of the Kursk Governorate.

Tsar Peter the Great visited Belgorod on the eve of the Battle of Poltava (1709). A dragoon regiment had its base in the town until 1917.

Ioasaph of Belgorod, an 18th-century bishop of Belgorod and Oboyanska, became widely venerated as a miracle worker and was glorified as a saint of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1911.

20th century
Soviet power was established in the city on 26 October (November 8), 1917. On 10 April 1918, troops of the Imperial German Army occupied Belgorod. After the conclusion of the Brest-Litovsk peace treaty of 9 February 1918 the demarcation line passed to the north of the city. Belgorod became part of the newly proclaimed Ukrainian People's Republic (April to December 1918) headed by Hetman Pavlo Skoropadskyi.

On 20 December 1918, after the overthrow of German-backed Skoropadskyi, the Soviet Red Army regained control over the city, which became part of the RSFSR. From 24 December 1918 to 7 January 1919, the Provisional Workers' and Peasants' Government of Ukraine, then led by General Georgy Pyatakov, was based in Belgorod. The city served as the temporary capital of the Ukrainian People's Republic. From 23 June to 7 December 1919 the Volunteer Army occupied the town as part of White-controlled South Russia.

From September 1925 the territorial 163rd Infantry Regiment of the 55th Infantry Division of Kursk was stationed in Belgorod. In September 1939 it was deployed to the 185th Infantry Division.

On 2 March 1935, the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union decided to allocate the city of Belgorod, Kursk region, into an independent administrative unit directly subordinate to the Kursk Regional Executive Committee.

The German Wehrmacht occupied Belgorod from 25 October 1941 to 9 February 1943. The Germans re-captured it on 18 March 1943 in the final move of the Third Battle of Kharkov. On 12 July 1943, during the Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in world history took place near Prokhorovka, and Red Army definitively retook the city on 5/6 August 1943. The Belgorod Diorama is one of the World War II monuments commemorating the event.

In 1954 Belgorod became the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. From this time the rapid development of the city as a regional center began.

Belgorod is an administrative, industrial and cultural center of Belgorod Oblast, established in 1954. The major educational centers of the city are Belgorod State University, the Belgorod Technological University, the Belgorod Agrarian University, and the Financial Academy.

Belgorod Drama Theater is named after the famous 19th-century actor, Mikhail Shchepkin, who was born in this region.

On 22 April 2013, a mass shooting occurred at approximately 2:20 PM Moscow time on a street in Belgorod. The shooter, identified as 31-year-old Sergey (Sergei) Pomazun (Russian: Сергей Помазун), opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle on several people at a gun store and on a sidewalk, killing all six people whom he hit: three people at the store and three passers-by, including two teenage girls. Pomazun was later apprehended after an extensive day-long manhunt; during his arrest, he wounded a policeman with a knife. He was sentenced to life in prison on 23 August 2013.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

To Belgorod by plane
Regular flights from Moscow and St. Petersburg. In the summer, flights from Sochi and Simferopol are added.

1 Belgorod International Airport (IATA: EGO), prosp. Bogdan Khmelnitsky, 166. ☎ +7 (4722) 235777. Open around the clock. The new airport building was built in 2012. Inside on each floor there is a small cafe “Aerocafe” with hot drinks and sandwiches. Coming out of the airport building and passing 100 meters towards the city, the Kukuruznik cafe works in the building of the airport hotel, where you can already have a full meal, visitors, it seems, are praising. Whether the hotel itself is unknown. 500 meters away - the Rio shopping center is located with the only cafe - hipster burger "Artel".

Getting there: The airport is located on the northern outskirts of the city, 6 km from the center. You can get there by trolleybus number 1, 4, 8, bus number 7, 15, 17, 25 or minibuses. A taxi to the city center costs 150-200 rubles (2018).

To Belgorod by train
From Moscow on the fast train "Day Express" can be reached in 7 hours, regular trains go 9-11 hours. On the way, pass Tula, Orel, Kursk.

Trains run from the following locations: Nezhegol, Gotnya, Kursk, Naumovka.

From Ukraine by rail one can only take long-distance trains from Krivoy Rog and Dnepropetrovsk passing through Kharkov (2-3 trains a day late in the evening); electric trains do not go.

2 Railway station, st. Vokzalnaya, 1. ☎ 8 (800) 775-00-00. It consists of two buildings: in the first one there is a luggage room, a waiting room, a snack bar, souvenir shops, food stalls, and in the second building there are suburban ticket offices.
Getting there: At least 10 bus numbers and several trolleybuses depart from the station square.

To Belgorod by bus
You can get from Moscow by bus, but it’s rather exhausting to sit for 7–8 hours. It is mainly used by those who go to Moscow for shopping at clothing markets.

You can also take a bus from Orel, Kursk (3.5 hours), Voronezh (4 hours), Stary Oskol, Saratov, Kharkov.

3 Bus Station, B. Khmelnitsky Ave., 160. ☎ +7 (4722) 34–19–86. The old building of Soviet construction. There are several shops, small cafes, ATMs.

To Belgorod by car
From Moscow on the M2 (700 km). From Kharkov along the same route (80 km) through the Goptovka-Nekhoteyevka border point. Crossing the border usually takes from 40 minutes to 1.5 hours. During the season, time increases by 2-3 times.

 

Transport around Belgorod

Urban transport in Belgorod is represented by buses and trolleybuses, but if you just walk around the center, seeing the sights, you most likely will not need them: about twenty minutes on foot from the station to the far edge of the center. The cost of payment is 15 rubles (2018), the entrance to the rear doors, exit through the front with payment to the driver.

Online taxi order is available from Yandex.Taxi and City Taxi (+7 (4722) 710-710). In addition, they can be ordered by phone. +7 (4722) 510-510 and inexpensive taxi 555-555.

Urban transport routes can be found at https://wikiroutes.info/belgorod

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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