Ermak Travel Guide

 

Belushya Guba

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Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Belushya Guba

Belushya Guba is a urban-type settlement of the Arkhangelsk region of the Russian Federation, the main permanent settlement of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago. The administrative center of the urban district and district Novaya Zemlya. Northeast is the village of Rogachevo. Located in the border area. The settlement is located in the southwestern part of the South Island of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago on the peninsula of Gusinaya Zemlya, on the shore of the Belushya Guba bay.

 

The whole Novaya Zemlya archipelago, including Belushya Guba, is an area of military restricted access (formally, as part of border security zone), and a special permit is needed to visit the archipelago. It is basically a Russian version of Area 51. About 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) northeast of Belushya Guba is the settlement of Rogachevo, the second largest in the archipelago, along with the Rogachevo airbase.

 

 

 

History of Belushya Guba

Upon visiting Novaya Zemlya in 1894, Arkhangelsk Governor Aleksandr Engelgardt [ru] decided to create a new encampment. In 1896, an expedition conducted a survey of the west coast of Novaya Zemlya. The following year Belushya Guba was founded.

During World War II, Belushya Guba was a focus of both German and Soviet attention. German U-boats used Belushya Bay as a resting area in 1941. The German military contemplated establishing a weather station or other land-based facilities nearby, but increasing Soviet military presence in the area prevented that. On July 27, 1942, German submarine U-601 shelled Malye Karmakuly near Belushia Bay, damaging seaplanes, living huts, and storage huts. U-601 torpedoed and sank Soviet merchant ship Krestianin, carrying coal, as it neared Belushya Guba. On August 19, German submarine U-209 tried to enter Belushya Guba, but was detected and attacked by a motorboat and two Soviet minesweepers. U-209 departed when Soviet coast guard ship and icebreaker SKR-18 (formerly Fedor Litke) approached from Belushuya Guba. Belushya Guba was used as an anchorage by Russian convoys between the Barents Sea and Archangelsk. A Soviet naval base was established in Belushya Guba in 1944.

The settlement started to flourish in 1954, when Novaya Zemlya became established as a nuclear test site. In 1956, the whole indigenous population of Novaya Zemlya, mostly Nenets, were resettled from the islands.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

There are two regular flights weekly from Arkhangelsk to Rogachevo Airport, located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north-east of the settlement (in the time-tables, Rogachyovo is designated as Amderma-2, though the settlement of Amderma is not even located on Novaya Zemlya). There is no regular passenger navigation.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips