Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia

The Arkhangelsk region is located in the northwest of Russia. The Arkhangelsk region is one of the regions of the Russian North, a harsh taiga region with deep historical traditions of Pomors. The vast territory of the region is larger in area than France. Impenetrable taiga, penetrated by rivers with swamps in the west of the region, to the north turns into forest-tundra on the coasts of the seas of the Arctic Ocean basin.

Despite the relative proximity to Central Russia, it has an undeveloped transport infrastructure and relative inaccessibility for tourists. Nevertheless, the region attracts travelers with true untouched nature, wooden architecture and some historical sites of world importance.



The region with a huge territory is divided into 19 districts. It is advisable for a tourist to evaluate the region from a historical and geographical point of view. An important point in determining the regions is transport accessibility.

Arkhangelsk Pomorie
Arkhangelsk, Severodvinsk, Primorsky district, part of Kholmogorsky district (in particular, Kholmogory themselves), Onega district, north of Plesetsky district (to Obozerskaya station)

Dvina land and Vazhsky region
Most of the Kholmogorsky district, Vinogradovsky, Verkhnetoemsky, Krasnoborsky, Shenkursky, Velsky and Ustyansky districts

Southern part of the Plesetsk region, Kargopol, Nyandoma and Konosh regions

Land Vychegodskaya
Kotlassky, Vilegodsky and Lensky districts

Pinezhye and Mezen
Pinezhsky, Mezensky and Leshukonsky districts



Arkhangelsk is the administrative center of the region, a port city at the mouth of the Northern Dvina.
Kargopol is one of the largest cities in Russia in the 16th-17th centuries, and now a small original city on the Onega River. It is famous for its remarkable temple architecture and folk crafts, including the famous Kargopol clay toy. In the vicinity of the city, there are many churchyards and small villages with unique wooden churches, inside which you can see the painted sky more often than anywhere else in the country.
Solvychegodsk  - a city founded by the Stroganovs, known as Sol Vychegodskaya and became their capital for a long time. Currently, it is a quiet balneological resort town with interesting architectural and temple buildings.
Shenkursk is a city with a population of only 6 thousand inhabitants
Onega is a small port city on the river, notable for the nearby island of Kiy.
Mezen is a city in the north-east of the region on the river of the same name, 45 km from the coast of the Mezen Bay of the White Sea.
Severodvinsk is a city in which the shipbuilding industry of the north of Russia is concentrated, and the triple churchyard of Nenoksa is also located.
Kotlas is an industrial city at the confluence of the Vychegda with the Northern Dvina.
Koryazhma is an industrial city on Vychegda, where the Nikolo-Koryazhemsky Monastery has been preserved.

Belushya Guba
Golubinsky Proval
Kurtyaevo tract


Other destinations

Deposit them. MV Lomonosov is the largest primary diamond deposit in the European part of the Russian Federation. It is located near the village of Pomorye, Primorsky District, Arkhangelsk Region, and is named after Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov.
Kenozersky National Park is a national park in the Arkhangelsk region. The territory of the park is a natural, historical and cultural complex located in the southwestern part of the Arkhangelsk region at the junction of the Plesetsk and Kargopol districts. There are only a few territories left in the world where the cultural and natural heritage would be preserved in the most complete and multifaceted way. One of these territories is the Kenozero National Park, one of the islands of the original Russian way of life, culture, traditions, which has preserved the richness and purity of its inner world and turned to the origins.
Solovetsky Monastery. The main attraction and spiritual center of the islands is the Solovetsky Monastery. The Spaso-Preobrazhensky Solovetsky Monastery is a male monastery of the Russian Orthodox Church, located on the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea. It arose in the 1429-1430s, rebuilt in stone by the labors of St. Philip (Kolychev), in pre-Petrine times, was among the largest landowners of the state. The Solovetsky Monastery was closed by the Soviet authorities in 1920, and the Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp was located in its buildings. In 1990 the monastery was officially revived. In 1992, the complex of monuments of the Solovetsky Museum-Reserve was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Plesetsk Cosmodrome. It is located about 300 kilometers south of Arkhangelsk. It is a complex scientific and technical complex that performs various tasks both in the interests of the Russian Armed Forces and for peaceful space purposes. The leader in the number of space launches among the Earth's spaceports.
Novaya Zemlya is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean between the Barents and Kara seas; part of the Arkhangelsk region of Russia in the rank of the municipality "Novaya Zemlya". On September 17, 1954, a Soviet nuclear test site was opened on Novaya Zemlya with a center in Belushya Guba. In August 1963, the USSR and the United States signed a treaty banning nuclear tests in three environments: the atmosphere, space and under water. Restrictions on the power of the charges were also adopted. In the 1990s, in connection with the end of the Cold War, tests abruptly came to naught, and at present they are only engaged in research in the field of nuclear weapons systems (the Matochkin Shar facility).
Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M. V. Lomonosov is a federal state autonomous educational institution of higher professional education, as a tool for implementing the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and Ensuring National Security. The mission of the university is to create an innovative scientific and personnel base for the intellectual new modern development of the Russian North and the Arctic.


Aleksandro-Oschevensky Monastery

Church of the Epiphany
Churches of Archangel Michael and the Presentation of the Lord in Shelokhovskaya
Cyril-Chelmogorsky monastery

Gorachy Kamen/ Hot stone
Historical and Memorial Museum of M.V. Lomonosov
Holy Trinity Anthony Siysky Monastery

Kenozersky National Park

Kiy Island and the Cross Monastery

Krasnogorsk Bogoroditsky Orthodox Monastery
Lyadinsky temple ensemble
Makaryevskaya Hergozerskaya hermitage

Novodvinskaya Fortress
Nyonok temple ensemble

Porzhensky pogost/ churchyard

Getting here

Transport development of the territory is low. Motor vehicles account for about half of the total volume of transported goods and 95% of all transported passengers.

The total length of railways of federal and regional importance, passing through the territory of the Arkhangelsk region, is 1760 kilometers, all of them belong to the Northern Railway. The main railway line of the region is the Arkhangelsk-Moscow route. Its part from Moscow to the Obozerskaya station is electrified, and diesel traction is used in the section from Obozerskaya to Arkhangelsk.

There are also:
section "Konosha - Kotlas - Mezhozh" of the federal railway "Moscow - Yaroslavl - Vologda - Kotlas - Mikun - Ukhta - Vorkuta - Labytnangi".
section "Kotlas - Kirov" of the regional railway "Ukhta - Syktyvkar - Kotlas - Kirov" and "Arkhangelsk - Kotlas - Kirov".
section "Obozerskaya - Belomorsk", providing a connection between Arkhangelsk and Murmansk.
line "Arkhangelsk - Karpogory"

The Karpogory railway station of the Arkhangelsk branch of the Northern Railway is the terminus of the Arkhangelsk-Karpogory railway line. In the future, the railway line from Karpogory station will be extended to Vendinga (Komi Republic) as part of the planned Belkomur railroad of the Russian Federation. Belkomur is the shortest route connecting the industrial regions of Siberia with the seaport in Arkhangelsk. It will help relieve the existing railroads - Gorky, Sverdlovsk, Severnaya and Oktyabrskaya. A fully electrified railway line will be created, parallel to the Trans-Siberian Railway and passing to the north of the current main transport routes of the country. The planned length of the highway is 1252 km, of which 712 km are new construction, the rest are already existing sections.

In addition to broad-gauge long-haul railways, a number of narrow-gauge local railways operate in the region, which are used for timber export and passenger traffic. The Arkhangelsk region was once one of the most saturated regions of the USSR with narrow-gauge railways. Nyubskaya, Udimskaya, Avnyugskaya, Kudemskaya, Loiginskaya, Ivakshanskaya, Kulikovskaya, Lipakovskaya, Konetsgorskaya, Zelennikovskaya and some other narrow-gauge railways are currently operating.

Car roads
The length of paved roads is 6889.1 kilometers[57]. The main motorway of the region is the federal highway M8 Kholmogory (Moscow-Yaroslavl-Vologda-Arkhangelsk).

The second most important highway should be the new federal highway A-215 "Lodeynoye Pole - Vytegra - Prokshino - Plesetsk - Brin-Navolok" [58]. “The motor road provides access to the Plesetsk cosmodrome from public roads of federal significance M8 Kholmogory Moscow - Yaroslavl - Vologda - Arkhangelsk, P21 "Kola" St. Petersburg - Petrozavodsk - Murmansk - Pechenga - border with the Kingdom of Norway, A119 Vologda - Medvezhyegorsk - the P21 Kola highway, and also connects the administrative centers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation - the cities of St. Petersburg and Arkhangelsk, ”the explanatory note to the bill of the Ministry of Transport says. It is assumed that after the reconstruction and construction of certain sections of the road, the straight line from Arkhangelsk to St. Petersburg will be reduced by 350 km, and the total length of the new highway will be about 655 km.

Regional highways
R1 "Brin-Navolok - Kargopol - Vytegra - Prokshino". Highway of regional importance, connecting the central regions of the Arkhangelsk region with the northwestern part of the Vologda region.
R2 "M8 (Dolmatovo) - Nyandoma - Kargopol". The motor road starts at the intersection with the Kholmogory motorway (M8) near the village of Ekimovo, Puisky rural settlement in the Velsk district (near Dolmatov). Then the road passes through Nyandoma and ends in the Kargopol area.
P157 "Uren - Veliky Ustyug - Kotlas". The highway passes through four regions (Nizhny Novgorod, Kostroma, Vologda and Arkhangelsk) with access to the Kholmogory highway (M8).

Sea and river transportation
The total length of the navigable river routes of the region is 3800 kilometers, rafting routes are more than 9000 kilometers.

The main water transport system is the Northern Dvina River with its main tributaries (Malaya Northern Dvina and Vychegda).

Sea and river ports: Arkhangelsk, Onega, Mezen, Kotlas (river port).

There is currently no regular long-distance passenger traffic along the Northern Dvina and other rivers of the region; Only crossings of local importance work (in Arkhangelsk and in other settlements).

Air travel and airports
The Talagi International Airport (Arkhangelsk) named after Fyodor Abramov (IATA code - ARH, ICAO code - ULAA) and the airport in Naryan-Mar, the airport in Kotlas operate in the region.

Airports with a short strip operate on the Solovetsky Islands, in Leshukonsky, Mezen, Onega. Arkhangelsk also has an airport for local airlines Vaskovo.


Gas pipelines

The main gas pipeline Tyumen region - Ukhta (Komi Republic) - Gryazovets (Vologda region) runs through the south-east of the region.

The Nyuksenitsa (Vologda Oblast) – Arkhangelsk gas pipeline supplies gas to the Arkhangelsk Oblast from fields in the Tyumen Oblast and Ukhta (Komi Republic).



The Arkhangelsk region is one of the last Russian regions where passenger traffic on narrow gauge railways has been preserved:

Kudemskaya UZD: st. Vodogon (in Severodvinsk) - st. White Lake
Lipakovskaya UZD: st. Onega (in the village of Lipakovo) - st. Sesa
Konetsgorskaya UZD: st. Rochegda - Art. Pystroma
Bus service is episodic. On the main routes (micro)buses run 1-2 times a day, they may not run from regional centers to villages every day. Most long-distance routes are served by the carrier "Malavto"; the site has timetables and even online ticket sales.



Paleolithic sites have been found in the Pechora River basin in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Single finds of Paleolithic tools are found in the middle reaches of the Northern Dvina in the area of the villages of Stupino and Ichkovo. The Mesolithic in the Arkhangelsk region is represented by the Yavronga-1 site on the Yavronga River, which dates back to the 9th-7th millennium BC., sites on the Ustya and Kokshenga rivers, finds in the Bolshezemelskaya tundra and in the Northern Dvina basin, as well as the Veretye culture in the southwest of the region. The Neolithic period is mainly represented by the Pechoro-Dvina culture. In the south-west of the region at that time, the Kargopol culture was represented, as well as settlements such as Modlon.

Until the 10th century, the lands in Zavolochye were mainly inhabited by Finno-Ugric tribes. Then the development of these lands by Russian settlers began. Wooden cylinder-locks (seals) found in Novgorod with inscriptions point to places where tribute was collected in Zavolochye at the end of the 10th-12th centuries, now located on the territory of the Arkhangelsk region: Tikhmanga, Vaga, Emtsa, Pinega. The Statutory Charter of Prince Svyatoslav Olgovich (1137) states that the settlements and graveyards on the White Sea (Pogost-on-Sea), along the Vaga River (Vag Mouth), the settlement of Yemtse Mouth at confluence of the Yemtsy River with the Northern Dvina. Veliky Novgorod exacted tribute and maintained trade relations both with the Finno-Ugric population of the Pomeranian land and with the more distant Finno-Ugric population of the eastern regions. The Slavic population of the Pomeranian and Podvinsk lands increased greatly after the Mongol-Tatar invasion of Russian lands, in connection with the mass spontaneous migration of the population to the north of Rus'. At the beginning of the XIV century, Russian chronicles call the Dvina land the central part of Zavolochye, which belonged to the Novgorod Republic.

In the XV century, during the reign of the Moscow prince Ivan III Vasilyevich, the Novgorod lands were annexed to Moscow. By 1462, the Vazhskaya land was already Moscow. In 1471, after the battle on the Shilenga River, many possessions on the Northern Dvina were transferred to Moscow. In 1492, a caravan with grain was delivered from Kholmogory to European countries (to Denmark) for sale in European markets. Since this caravan also delivered the embassy of the Tsar of the Moscow State Ivan III Vasilyevich to Denmark, records of this campaign were preserved in the annals and became the first documentary evidence of the appearance in Russia of its own merchant fleet. In 1553, the only surviving ship of Hugh Willoughby's expedition (its goal was to open the northern route to China and India) "Eduard Bonaventure", commanded by Richard Chancellor and Clement Adams, rounded the Kola Peninsula and entered the White Sea, anchoring off the Summer Coast of the Dvina Bay , opposite Nenoksa. It was here that the British established that this area was not India, but Muscovy. From here, the British went to the island of Yagry and the Nikolo-Korelsky Monastery. After establishing contacts with local residents and the Nikolo-Korelsky Monastery, R. Chancellor went to Kholmogory, the then capital of the Dvina land and Pomorie, to the governor. And from there, after freezing, he goes on a sleigh to Moscow, for an audience with the Tsar of the Moscow State, Ivan the Terrible. After the meeting of Captain Richard Chancellor with Tsar Ivan the Terrible, diplomatic relations were established for the first time in the history of both states. The Moscow Company was founded in London, an English trading company with a monopoly on trade with the Muscovite state, on the basis of a right granted to it by Tsar Ivan the Terrible. The great importance of these northern regions for the Muscovite state led to the fact that in 1584 at the mouth of the Northern Dvina, on Cape Pur-Navolok, a new city of Novo-Kholmogory was built.

Novo-Kholmogory (Arkhangelsk) by the end of the 17th century became the main port city of the Russian state. It accounted for approximately 60-80% of the foreign trade turnover of the state; bread, hemp, timber, resin, furs and other goods were exported from here. The importance of the Arkhangelsk region reached its maximum during the reign of Tsar Peter I, who organized naval shipbuilding here. In 1693, Peter arrived in Arkhangelsk, where he founded the first state shipyard in Russia on Solombala Island and built two ships. However, as a result of the founding of St. Petersburg and the redirection of trade with Europe to the Baltic Sea, the trade turnover and importance of Arkhangelsk, as well as the entire Pomorye, began to decrease. At the beginning of the 18th century, the current territory of the region became part of the vast Arkhangelsk province, and then until 1784 into the Vologda governorship, from which the Arkhangelsk governorship was separated, which was transformed in 1796 into the Arkhangelsk province. For a long time, only the logging and sawmilling industry, which was mainly for export, developed in the region, as well as fishing and hunting.

In 1918-1920, during the years of the Civil War, in the north of the European part of Russia, under the control of the Entente troops and the White Army, the Northern Region was formed, the administrative center of which was Arkhangelsk. On January 14, 1929, the Arkhangelsk, Vologda and Severo-Dvinsk provinces were abolished and their territories formed the Northern Territory. On July 15, 1929, the Nenets National Okrug (now the Nenets Autonomous Okrug) was formed in the Northern Territory. On December 5, 1936, the Northern Territory, after the separation of the Komi ASSR, was transformed into the Northern Region. On September 23, 1937, by a decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR, the Northern Region was divided into Arkhangelsk and Vologda Regions. On January 15, 1938, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR approved the creation of these regions. Six months later, the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR confirmed this decision.


Physical and geographical characteristics

Geographical position

The region is located in the north of the East European Plain. It is washed by the White, Barents, and Kara seas. The Arkhangelsk region is located close to the Arctic seas and far from the warm North Atlantic Current (an offshoot of the Gulf Stream).

It borders in the west with Karelia, in the north with the Murmansk region (the border passes through the White Sea), in the south with the Vologda and Kirov regions, in the northeast (Nenets Autonomous Okrug) with the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, in the east and northeast with The Republic of Komi, in the east with the Krasnoyarsk Territory (the border passes through the Kara Sea).

Most of the territory of the Arkhangelsk region is the regions of the Far North: these are the archipelagos of Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya, the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the islands of the White Sea (Solovki archipelago), Leshukonsky, Mezensky, Pinezhsky districts, the urban district of Severodvinsk. The rest of the region is the territory equivalent to the regions of the Far North.

On the territory of the region on Rudolf Island, which is part of the Franz Josef Land archipelago, there is the northernmost point of Russia, Europe and Eurasia - Cape Fligeli, and on Severny Island in the Novaya Zemlya archipelago - the easternmost point of Europe - Cape Flissingsky.

The length from north to south is 600 km, from east to west - from 700 (main territory) to 1650 km (including the Nenets Autonomous Okrug).



The territory of the region is a vast plain with a slight slope towards the White and Barents Seas, where the flatness is broken in places by terminal moraine hills, formed as a result of the activity of an ancient glacier.

In the north-west of the region, moraine heaps have been preserved with many closed depressions occupied by lakes, with hills merging into whole chains (Summer Mountains of the Onega Peninsula and others). In the south, the Konosha and Nyandoma uplands stand out up to 250 m high.

In the east, the region includes the Northern and Middle Timan, low mountains from a series of parallel ridges with plateau-like peaks up to 400-450 m high. In the west, along the Onega Bay, the Windy Belt ridge stretches with heights of 200-350 meters.

On the flat watershed plateaus in the west of the region, where Paleozoic limestones and marls come closest to the surface, karst phenomena are widespread. The lowlands are usually filled with strata of marine, lacustrine-glacial and alluvial sediments.

Erosion is very strong (up to 660 kg of soil per hectare is washed away annually in the Northern Dvina basin), sea or lake surf, karst processes that turn large areas near Kuloi and Pinega into inconveniences, the formation of swamps, accumulating ice activity on lakes and rivers.



The climate of the region is temperate continental, in the northwest - maritime, in the northeast - subarctic. Characterized by cool summers and long cold winters, frequent changes in air masses coming from the Arctic and middle latitudes. The weather is extremely unstable. The Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya archipelagos, which are part of the region, have an arctic climate.

Winter is cold, with persistent frosts. The average January temperature ranges from -12 °C in the southwest to -18 °C in the northeast. Summer is short and cool. Average July temperatures range from 16–17.6 °C in the south of the region to 8–10 °C in the north. The growing season is from 50-60 days in the north to 150-155 days in the south of the region. Precipitation falls from 400 to 600 millimeters per year. There are frequent fogs on the coast of the White Sea (up to 60 days a year). Permafrost is widespread in the north-east of the region.

Geographical attractions of the region
On the territory of the region on Rudolf Island, which is part of the Franz Josef Land archipelago, there is the northernmost point of Russia, Europe and Eurasia - Cape Fligeli, and on Severny Island in the Novaya Zemlya archipelago - the easternmost point of Europe, Cape Flissingsky.


Minerals and natural resources

Mineral resources in the territory of the region are mainly of sedimentary origin.

100 km north of Arkhangelsk, on the territory of the Primorsky and Mezensky districts, there are the largest diamond deposits in Europe (the M.V. Lomonosov deposit, the V. Grib deposit).

In the Nenets Autonomous Okrug there are significant oil and gas deposits (Prirazlomnoye deposit), they are especially significant in the northern part of the region, in the Bolshezemelskaya tundra (Khylchuyuskoye, Inzyreyskoye, Varandeyskoye, etc.), there are deposits of coal, huge reserves of peat.

Bauxite deposits have been explored and are being exploited (Iksinskoye in the Plesetsk region).

The most significant are deposits of gypsum (the largest in Russia, the Zvozskoye deposit), limestone, and anhydrides.

There are numerous salt springs in the Onega River valley, on the Onega Peninsula and in a number of other places. In the south of the region, in Solvychegodsk, Koryazhma, Shangalakh, there are large layers of rock salt up to 16 m thick.

Deposits of manganese and polymetallic ores have been explored on Novaya Zemlya.

Deposits of building materials, refractories, coloring clays are known.


Inland waters

The region has a dense network of rivers and lakes. Almost all rivers (except the Ileksa and several neighboring ones) belong to the Arctic Ocean basin. In the extreme western part of the region there is a continental divide between the basins of the Arctic and Atlantic oceans. The largest rivers are the Northern Dvina (with tributaries of the Vychegda, Pinega and Vaga), Onega, Mezen and Pechora. There are about 2.5 thousand lakes on the territory of the region, especially in the Onega basin and in the extreme northeast. The largest lakes are Lacha, Kenozero and Kozhozero.

In the waters of the White Sea, adjacent to the shores of the Arkhangelsk region, the collection of algae is developed, of which there are 194 species in these waters, including kelp, a very ancient group of plants anfeltia, zoster, etc.

Commercial and recreational fishing is widely practiced in the sea, river and lake waters of the region. Valuable species of fish are widespread, such as salmon and pink salmon (fish of the salmon family), sterlet (sturgeon family), a number of species of the cod families (cod, navaga), herring (White Sea herring), flounders (halibut, flounder), perch (pike perch, perch ), pike, rudd, sabrefish, etc.


Archipelagos and islands

The Arkhangelsk region is the leader in terms of the number and total area of islands among the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The Arkhangelsk region includes several large archipelagos (Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land, the Solovetsky Islands), as well as many large and small single islands in the White, Barents, Pechora and Kara Seas.

Franz Josef Land
Key Island
New Earth
Solovetsky Islands


Animal and plant world

The Arkhangelsk region is mostly included in the taiga and tundra zones, with the exception of the Northern Island of Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land and Victoria Island, which are part of the Arctic desert zone. The northeastern part of the region belongs to the tundra zone, to the moss-lichen and shrub subzones on tundra-gley and tundra-marsh soils. To the south, the forest-tundra zone is represented by a combination of tundra areas and woodlands on weakly podzolic soils. About 53% of the territory of the region is occupied by taiga forests, sometimes swampy. The forest fund is 285 thousand km², occupied by forests is 21.8 million hectares.

The most common forest species is Siberian spruce, followed by Scotch pine. Siberian fir forms an insignificant admixture to spruce forests in the southeastern part of the region, and Sukachev larch (other names are Russian larch, Arkhangelsk larch) (a subspecies of Siberian larch) is distributed mainly as a small admixture to pine and spruce mainly in the eastern and central parts , less often - in the western. Warty birch, downy birch and aspen are regularly found, often forming secondary forests. Gray alder is somewhat less common, black alder is even rarer. In the southern part of the region (middle taiga subzone), almost up to 64 ° N. sh. in areas with fertile soils, mainly in the undergrowth, less often in the second and first tiers of the forest stand, individual trees and small groups, sometimes small-leaved linden, smooth elm, rough elm, and occasionally Norway maple grow in the southwest. An interesting natural landmark is a single locality of the English oak in the floodplain of the Northern Dvina River at the latitude of the city of Shenkursk (62° 06' N), i.e. more than 2° north of the distribution of this tree species on the watersheds[14]. On the possible presence of isolated localities of common ash and common hazel in the southern regions of the Arkhangelsk region (outside their main areas, the northern borders of which are in the Vologda region), it is desirable to conduct clarifying geobotanical studies.

In the forests and tundras of the Arkhangelsk region, mushrooms are common, including white mushrooms. White fungus is one of the species that penetrates the farthest into the Arctic zone, only some boletus go north of it.

Lingonberries and cranberries in the Arkhangelsk region grow abundantly in dry and damp coniferous forests and deciduous forests, shrubs, and sometimes in peat bogs. Of the other berries, blueberries, blueberries, crowberries, raspberries, cloudberries are widespread.

Of the birds in the Arkhangelsk region, there are black grouse, capercaillie, hazel grouse, woodpecker, titmouse, bullfinch, pika, white and tundra partridges, as well as the white-tailed eagle, osprey, golden eagle, gray owl, gray crane listed in the Red Book.

Of the Arctic mammals, the polar bear, walrus, ringed seal, harp seal, reindeer, bearded seal are common. Of the animals of the taiga, the elk, deer, brown bear, lynx, wolverine, wolf, fox, squirrel, marten, mink, beaver, muskrat, chipmunk, and hare are characteristic.

Nature reserves, sanctuaries and national parks
There are a number of protected natural areas on the territory of the region:
Pinezhsky Reserve,
Kenozero National Park,
national park "Russian Arctic",
National Park "Onega Pomorie"
33 reserves,
partially located Vodlozersky National Park.


Science, education and culture

On the territory of the Arkhangelsk region there are:
515 clubs;
465 public (public) libraries of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, of which 364 are in rural areas; their total fund totals 120 million items;
26 museums (two of them, the Solovetsky Museum-Reserve and the Small Korely Museum of Wooden Architecture, are under the jurisdiction of the Russian Ministry of Culture, see also the List of Museums of the Arkhangelsk Region);
5 theatres, Pomor State Philharmonic Society, State Academic Northern Russian Folk Choir, Arkhangelsk State Chamber Orchestra.

In 2010-2012, the main universities of the Arkhangelsk region were merged, according to the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 7, 2010, into the Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov.

As of 2015, four local universities and several branches of universities, including those from the capital, were operating in the region.

Educational activities in the region are carried out by a number of institutions of secondary vocational education.

There are 50 institutions of additional education for children (music, art schools and art schools), the Arkhangelsk Regional Center for Advanced Training of Cultural Specialists, the Research and Production Center for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments, 2 parks of culture and recreation.

The largest in the region is the NArFU Scientific Library. Lomonosov. It has a universal collection of documents in various media, which currently has about 2.4 million copies. In addition, the Arkhangelsk Regional Scientific Library named after A.I. N. A. Dobrolyubov (2.3 million volumes) and the Arkhangelsk Regional Children's Library. A. P. Gaidar.



The main industrial centers of the Arkhangelsk region: Severodvinsk, Novodvinsk, Kotlas, Koryazhma, Nyandoma, Velsk.

The largest enterprises in the region in terms of revenue for 2015 were LLC Bashneft-Polyus, JSC Arkhangelsk Pulp and Paper Mill, the Titan group of companies, JSC Arkhangelskgeoldobycha and JSC NNK-Pechoraneft.



As of the beginning of 2021, 10 thermal power plants with a total capacity of 1,605 MW were operating in the Arkhangelsk Region, as well as more than 40 diesel power plants located in the zone of decentralized power supply with a total capacity of more than 40 MW. In 2020, they produced 6.3 billion kWh of electricity.

Nuclear Shipbuilding Center of Russia
On the territory of the region, in the city of Severodvinsk, there is the Center for Nuclear Shipbuilding of Russia.


Cosmodrome Plesetsk

On the territory of the region, near the town of Mirny, there is the Plesetsk cosmodrome.

Fishing, forestry, woodworking and pulp and paper industry
The Arkhangelsk region has a developed fishing (Arkhangelsk trawl fleet), forestry, woodworking (ULK Group of Companies, Lesozavod 25) and pulp and paper industry (Kotlas Pulp and Paper Plant, Kotlas Chemical Plant, Arkhangelsk Pulp and Paper Mill), there is machine building (PO Sevmash ”, Zvezdochka CS, Kotlas Electromechanical Plant, Solombala Machine-Building Plant), which fulfills a defense order, as well as serving the fish and woodworking industries.


Natural resource potential of the region

The region has significant untapped reserves of natural resources: forests (the operational reserve of which is estimated at 1.58 billion m³, occupying an area of about 230 thousand km²), oil, gas, bauxite, titanium ores, gold, copper-nickel and lead-manganese ores, polymetals, manganese, basalt.

The only diamond-bearing province in Europe has been discovered in the Arkhangelsk region. 20% of Russian diamond reserves are concentrated here. There is their industrial development at the field. M. V. Lomonosov (in terms of approved reserves, the field ranks third in the world).

Bauxite deposits have been explored and are being exploited (Iksinskoye in the Plesetsk region), oil and gas deposits in the Bolshezemelskaya tundra (Varandeyskoye, etc.)

In addition, access to the sea opens up opportunities for the use of biological resources and the development of the shelf.

Main disadvantages: inaccessibility and harsh climatic conditions.



The leading branch of animal husbandry is dairy and beef cattle breeding. It was in the Arkhangelsk region that the highly productive Kholmogory breed of cattle was bred and most common. Pigs, sheep, goats, poultry and (in the north of the region) reindeer are also bred in the region. Fur farming is widespread.

The area of agricultural land is about 584 thousand hectares. Arable land makes up 46% of the land used in agriculture. The region is located in the zone of risky agriculture. The main crops are potatoes and vegetables. Crop production is focused on meeting the needs of the region, the main agricultural areas are located in the south of the region.



The alternative fixed-line operator "PeterStar" entered the structure of "MegaFon";
OJSC North-West Telecom (telephone, long-distance communication and broadband access) entered the North-West macro-region of Rostelecom;
CJSC Comstar-Regions (television cable networks and broadband access) became part of the MTS group of companies;
Arkhangelsk Television Company LLC (television cable networks and broadband access);
SCS Sovintel LLC (telephone, long-distance, cellular and broadband communications) became part of the Beeline group of companies.



Regional Assembly of Deputies
On September 8, 2013, regular elections of deputies to the legislative Arkhangelsk Regional Assembly of Deputies were held in the region. Election results by party:

United Russia - 40.66%,
Communist Party - 12.89%,
LDPR - 12.24%.
Fair Russia - 10.50%,
Party "Motherland" - 6.18%.

The Regional Assembly of Deputies of the sixth convocation began work on September 25, 2013.

Viktor Feodosevich Novozhilov was elected Chairman of the Arkhangelsk Regional Assembly of Deputies, elected in a single constituency from the Arkhangelsk regional branch of the All-Russian political party "United Russia" (regional part "Single-member constituency No. 10").

Party factions formed:
the United Russia faction included 45 deputies, the faction was headed by Vitaly Fortygin,
the Communist Party faction included 6 deputies, Alexander Novikov was elected its leader,
the LDPR faction included 4 deputies, it is led by Olga Ositsyna,
the Just Russia faction included 3 deputies, headed by Tatyana Sedunova,
The Motherland faction included 2 deputies, Vladimir Petrov became its leader.

Members of the Federation Council from the region
Viktor Nikolaevich Pavlenko, representative of the executive body of the state power of the Arkhangelsk region. Date of confirmation of authority: September 25, 2015. End of term: September 2020.
Lyudmila Pavlovna Kononova, representative of the legislative (representative) body of state power of the Arkhangelsk region. Date of confirmation of authority: September 25, 2013. End of term: September 2018.

Deputies of the State Duma from the region
The deputies of the State Duma of Russia, as representatives of the Arkhangelsk region and members of the parties of Russia, in the present convocation are:

Spiridonov, Alexander Yurievich (United Russia party);
Vtorigina, Elena Andreevna (United Russia faction);
Epifanova, Olga Nikolaevna (Fair Russia Party);
Palkin, Andrey Vasilievich (United Russia party).


Native Heroes

Heroes of the Soviet Union
Alpaidze, Galaktion Eliseevich (1916-2006) - lieutenant general, head of the Plesetsk cosmodrome from 1962 to 1975, Hero of the Soviet Union.
Kuznetsov, Nikolai Gerasimovich (1904-1974) - Soviet naval figure, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy of the Red Army and Naval Minister of the USSR, Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Soviet Union.
Shabalin, Alexander Osipovich (1914-1982) - Rear Admiral, twice Hero of the Soviet Union.
Galushin Prokopy Ivanovich (1925-1945) - reconnaissance foot reconnaissance officer of the 332nd Guards Rifle Regiment, Hero of the Soviet Union.

Heroes of Socialist Labor
Egorov, Evgeny Pavlovich (1908-1982) - an outstanding shipbuilding engineer and scientist in the field of nuclear submarine shipbuilding of the USSR, organizer and major leader of industry, doctor of technical sciences, professor, Hero of Socialist Labor, from 1952 to 1972 director of plant No. 402 in Molotovsk (now Severodvinsk), who built the first nuclear submarine in the USSR, Honorary Citizen of Severodvinsk.
Prosyankin, Grigory Lazarevich (1920-1998) - shipbuilding engineer, head of the largest enterprises in the shipbuilding industry of the USSR, from 1957 to 1972. - Director of the Zvyozdochka plant, from 1972 to 1986. Director of the Production Association "Sevmashpredpriyatie", Hero of Socialist Labor, laureate of the State Prize of the USSR, Honorary Citizen of Severodvinsk.
Savchenko, Ivan Mikhailovich (1919-1984) - shipbuilding engineer, in 1962-1974. - Chief Engineer of the Production Association "Sevmashpredpriyatie", Hero of Socialist Labor, Laureate of the Lenin Prize, Honorary Citizen of Severodvinsk.

Heroes of Russia
Pashaev, David Guseinovich (1940-2010) - President of the State Russian Center for Nuclear Shipbuilding (GRTSAS), General Director of the Sevmashpredpriyatie Production Association from 1988 to 2004, Hero of Russia.