Ermak Travel Guide

 

Onega

Onega

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Onega

Onega is a city (since 1780) in the Arkhangelsk region of Russia. It is the administrative center of the Onega district. Onega is located in the north-west of the European part of Russia in the Arkhangelsk region at the mouth of the Onega river, 7 km from the Onega Bay of the White Sea, opposite the mouth of the Pongi river.

Most of the city is located on the right bank of the Onega River (which has a width of 800–1100 m here), the smaller part is on the left bank (the villages of Ponga and Legashevskaya Zapan). The city stretches for 7 km along the river, except for the left settlements, it icludes the villages Lesozavod (OLDK), Shalga, Gornyi, Dalniy. The part of the city with predominantly private buildings to the east (upstream) of the modern center is called the Verchovie (Upper River); it has a rectangular layout preserved from pre-revolutionary times, consisting mainly of three avenues parallel to the river and streets crossing them. It is the upper reaches of the historical Onega (together with the present central part, as well as the now inactive left-bank timber mill in the mouth of the Pongi) that most other parts of the city arose or became part of it after 1917.

Kiy Island, located in the White Sea opposite the mouth of the Onega River, is also included in the city.

 

 

 

 

History of Onega

The Pomor village of Ust-Onega (Усть-Оне́га) was first mentioned in Novgorodian documents in the 14th century. It was chartered on August 19, 1780, after Pyotr Shuvalov had sold his rights to fell timber to English industrialists who built several sawmills there. Since 1784, Onega was the administrative center of Onezhsky Uyezd.

 

 


 

Transportation

Onega is a minor port on a bay on the White Sea, which routinely freezes in winter. The town is also served by the Arkhangelsk–Murmansk rail line, which branches off in Obozerskaya railway station from the railroad between Moscow and Arkhangelsk and runs west to Onega and Belomorsk where it joins the railroad between Petrozavodsk and Murmansk. The railroad was built during World War II to secure the transport of goods from the harbor of Murmansk to central Russia.

Onega is connected to Severodvinsk by a road. There are no all-seasonal roads on the left bank of the Onega River.

The Onega is navigable downstream from the selo of Porog; there is regular passenger navigation. There is also limited passenger service on the Onega Bay.

The Onega is served by the Onega Airport which has weekly passenger flights to Arkhangelsk and to the selo of Purnema on the Onega Peninsula. Close to the town, there is also an uncompleted military air base, Onega Andozero.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips