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Description of Kholmogory
Kholmogory (Russian : Холмогоры ) is a historical
village and the administrative center of the Kholmogory raion of the
Archangel Oblast, in Russia. It is located on the left bank of the
Northern Dvina, on the M8 motorway, 75 km southeast of Arcángel and
90 km north of the Monastery of San Troitski Antonievo-Siski. The
name is derived from the Finnish Kalmomäki, which means "hill of
corpses" (cemetery ). According to the census Russian of 2002, its
population was 4,592 inhabitants.
Kholmogory area was first
inhabited by the Finn - Ugrians Savolotshij Thsuuds (savolokis ),
also called Yems or Karelians in the ancient chronicles of Novgorod.
The first Slavic population in the region were the pomors of Vologda
after 1220. Already in the fourteenth century, the village (whose
name happened to be pronounced Kholmogory) was an important center
of trade for the Republic of Novgorod in northern Russia. Its
commercial importance even grew in 1554 when the Muscovy Company
converted Kholmogory into its center for fur operations. The Swedes
besieged the wooden fort during the Tumultuous Period (1613), but
they had to withdraw (although later the Russians announced this,
there is no record in the Swedish military sources). During the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it was a place of exile,
including ex-agent Ana Leopóldovna and her children.
the cathedral of Kholmogory was consecrated, with six pillars, the
largest in the region. It was destroyed by the Soviets in the 1930s.
Despite this, many old sawmills and mills in the area are still
preserved. Lomonosov, one of the surrounding villages is the
birthplace of the great Russian geographer and writer Mikhail
Lomonosov and the sculptor Fedot Shubin. As a local artistic
tradition we should highlight the engraving of mammoth tusks and
walruses. The bone engraving factory Lomonosov preserves the
medieval tradition of this folk art.