Kenozersky National Park is situated in Kargopolsky and Plesetsky
Districts of Arkhangelsk Oblast in North Russia. This national park
gained its status on December 28th, 1991, and in 2004 it became
UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. Unlike other protected reserves Kenozersky
Park also protects the history and culture of the Russian North.
Kenozersky National Park contains over 100 historical sites
that include 3 Russian Orthodox monasteries, churches, 2 watermills,
pagan religious complexes, houses and other residential buildings
that are protected by federal laws. One of the most important travel
destinations in Kenozersky National Park is that located in village
Porzhenskoe. This small village contains church of Saint George that
date to the 18th century and Pochorskiy Church from 18th- 19th
centuries located in the village Filipovskaya.
The best time
to visit the Kenozersky National Park is in the summer months. While
in summers local temperatures reach 34C in winter it might go down
as low as -47C. Kenozersky National Park has a network of
well-marked hiking trails. Additionally, it offers a wide range of
activities, ethnographic programs, and tours to various destinations
in the preservation area.
Much of Kenozersky National Park
is covered by rivers, lakes and endless virgin taiga (coniferous
forest). Additionally, parts of the protected biosphere are covered
by swamps. Unless you know what are you doing it is not advisable to
travel in these areas, especially if you don't know the safe road
and you are by yourself. You might sink very quickly and it might be
quiet unexpected. Locals on the other hands somehow manage to
venture deep inside these dangerous swamps to collect many species
of berries that they also sell to the tourists.
Tourism The park contains natural as well as
cultural monuments, and is also oriented at ecotourism. A number of
trails have been opened in the park.
There are several wooden
architecture monuments. One of them is Porzhensky Pogost in the
western part of the park, which is the ensemble of St. George church
with the bell-tower (both from the 18th century) surrounded by the
wooden wall with gates and towers (1789). The villages adjacent to
Porzhensky Pogost have been deserted, and there is no road heading
to it, so that the Pogost is only accessible via a pedestrian trail.
There are two roads into the park. In the southern part, south
of Lake Lyokshmozero, there is an unpaved road connecting Kargopol
and Pudozh. Another road in the northern part of the park branches
off from the Onezhsky Trakt, connecting Kargopol via Plesetsk to
Yemetsk. This road runs to the village on Pershlakhta on Lake
Kenozero and then connects to the other villages on and around Lake