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Description of Mirny
Mirny is a city (since 1966) in the Arkhangelsk
region of the Russian Federation - Russia. It is the location of the
Plesetsk cosmodrome. Mirny forms the municipality (urban district) "Mirny"
with the status of a closed administrative-territorial unit (CATU)
Prior to the construction of the Angara
facility (hereinafter the landfill, cosmodrome), the village of
Plestsy was located on the southern tip of the modern city with a
post office on the Petrovsky highway from Arkhangelsk to
Petersburg. The first historical mention of the village of
Plestsy dates from 1760, and it is connected with the construction
of a chapel in honor of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God. In the
years 1919-1920, during the Civil War, the village of Onega County
was the site of fierce battles between the Reds (communists) and Whites
(anti communists) with the help of the Allied forces of the Entente.
northern tip of the modern Mirny was located the settlement “Rosin
plant”, in which from 1927 to 1958 there was a Rosin turpentine
plant. The settlement was found by 1960.
The new settlement
originated in 1957, as a military camp connecting intercontinental
ballistic missiles. Subsequently, on the basis of the
compound, a polygon was first created, and later, the Plesetsk
The town of Mirny and the urban
district “Mirny” are equated to the districts of the Far North.
The average annual air temperature is 1.8 ° C
humidity - 73.8%
Average wind speed - 3.1 m / s