Arkhangelsk, Russia




Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat


Description of Arkhangelsk

Arkhangelsk is a large city in the north-west of Russia, located at the mouth of the Northern Dvina, 40 km from its confluence with the White Sea, the administrative center of the Arkhangelsk region.

Arkhangelsk is a northern port of Russia on the banks of the Northern Dvina. The settlements founded in the 12th century by Novgorodians in 1584, by decree of Ivan the Terrible, were formed into a city around the Mikhailo-Arkhangelsk Monastery located on Cape Pur-Navolok. In the middle of the next century, the monastery burned down and was revived in a new place, south of the actively built city. During the years of Soviet power, it was demolished, now this place is built up with residential buildings. The history of the emergence of Arkhangelsk is reflected in its coat of arms, which depicts the Archangel Michael, traditionally striking the devil with a sword (the coats of arms of the same subject have Brussels and Byala Podlaska). In Soviet times, the drawing of the coat of arms was replaced with something of a nautical and logging theme, however, by the 400th anniversary of Arkhangelsk, it was returned to the city, although the composition was somewhat modernized. It is interesting that the name of the city, despite its “ideological alienation”, did not change in Soviet times, while neighboring Severodvinsk, which was formed around another monastery, Nikolo-Korelsky, managed to visit both Sudostroy and Molotovsky before getting its current name.

The population of Arkhangelsk was originally made up of Pomors, who lived by fishing, to which trade was soon added. Being the only port in Russia, Arkhangelsk developed rapidly and grew rich. At first, Peter I paid special attention to the city. However, soon after Russia's access to the Baltic Sea and the founding of St. Petersburg, the significance of Arkhangelsk as a port weakened. Only in the 19th century the port was revived as the country's timber export center; moreover, it was from Arkhangelsk that expeditions were sent to explore the Arctic. After the formation in 1916 of another northern port - Murmansk, Arkhangelsk finally lost its importance as an important port, this function returned to it only for a few war years.

During the Civil War, Arkhangelsk was captured by the Entente troops, which is still evidenced by memorials and mass graves. During the Great Patriotic War, Arkhangelsk and Murmansk were one of the main ports that received cargo from the Allied countries under Lend-Lease.

At present, Arkhangelsk is a large industrial center, mainly wood processing (more than 25 sawmills). There are several universities in the city - both their own and branches of higher educational institutions in Moscow and St. Petersburg. In addition, Arkhangelsk quite rightly bears the title of the cultural capital of the Russian North: there are several theaters and museums, a philharmonic society, exhibition halls, and various exhibitions and festivals are regularly held. The music scene is highly developed, and some rock bands in Arkhangelsk are known far beyond its borders.

In general, Arkhangelsk gives, on the one hand, the impression of a really developed and cultural city, it is picturesque and there is something to see and do in it, but on the other hand, this impression can be greatly spoiled by the terrible situation with public transport, as well as unkemptness and devastation , which is not very noticeable in the center, but in other areas comes to the fore.


Travel Destinations in Arkhangelsk


Arkhangelsk is located on the banks and islands of the Northern Dvina. There are several bridges across the river and its branches. The historical core - the current central districts of the city - was formed from Cape Pur-Navolok as a reference point; the cape is located on the right bank of the river, near the place where a large branch called Kuznechikha departs from it. The streets here run either parallel to the Northern Dvina embankment in a smooth semicircle, or depart from the embankment deep into the mainland.
Now Arkhangelsk is divided into several city districts:

Lomonosovsky and Oktyabrsky districts are the central districts of the city, the first of which is located to the south, and the second to the north
Okrug Varavino-Faktoria - areas on the right bank in the southeastern part of the city, colloquially the districts of Varavino and Factoria
Isakogorsky district - Isakogorka, a district in the south of the city, on the left bank of the Dvina
Maimaksan district - Maimaksa, an area in the northwest beyond Solombala
Okrug Mayskaya Gorka - an area in the southeast, between Lomonosovsky and Varavino
Solombala District - the historical district of Solombala on the left bank of the Northern Dvina
Northern District - an area on the left bank north of Solombala
Tsiglomensky district - Tsiglomen, a district in the west, behind Kegostrov


Most of the sights of Arkhangelsk are concentrated on or near four city highways: these are Troitsky Prospekt, the Northern Dvina Embankment, Lomonosov Prospekt and Chumbarov-Luchinsky Prospekt. There is something remarkable in Solombala. There are quite a lot of various monuments in Arkhangelsk, as well as several dozens of ancient buildings. Each building is carefully provided with a large brass plaque with a brief description of the architectural monument, so you won't pass by. However, there is no connected excursion route for these attractions.


Trinity Avenue

The central avenue of Arkhangelsk, the center of public and business life of the city. On the avenue there is a stele "Zero Mile", "Obelisk of the North", installed in 1930 in honor of the formation of the Northern Territory (Arkhangelsk region) and a monument to the revolutionary Pavlin Vinogradov, in whose honor the avenue was renamed in Soviet times. And, of course, a monument to Lenin on Lenin Square, past which the avenue passes.

1  Obelisk of the North , Troitsky Prospekt (near house 49). On the five-sided pedestal there is a sculptural group "Pomor with a Reindeer" 6 meters high and a four-sided obelisk. Five bas-reliefs on the walls of the pedestal reflect the branches of the national economy of the North. In the center of the composition is a sickle and a hammer. Also a magnificent classic, but this time Soviet. Something similar can be seen at almost every old Moscow or St. Petersburg metro station.
2   Captured British tank (English Mark V tank, 1919) , Troitsky Prospekt (at the intersection with Karl Marx Street). It was erected in 1940 as a monument - a symbol of the victory of the Red Army over the interventionists during the Civil War, has the unofficial name "Monument to Churchill". A very popular monument in Arkhangelsk, an old hangout place. However, due to its popularity and venerable age, it lost its presentation and from 2006 to 2010 was under restoration. On June 17, 2011, it was returned to its original place and covered from sin with a glass case, which somewhat upsets the natives and tourists, since it is now impossible to climb the tank.


Embankment of the Northern Dvina

The longest and most beautiful embankment, built up with buildings of all styles and purposes - churches, residential buildings, museums, factories, hotels, educational institutions, shops, etc .; the time range is from the middle of the 17th to the beginning of the 21st century. On the embankment there are the schooner "West", the Victory monument, the stele "City of Military Glory", monuments to the Solovki cabin boys, participants in the northern convoys, Peter and Fevronia, victims of the intervention. Beautiful views of the Northern Dvina are greatly spoiled by the lack of normal approaches to the water: almost everywhere between the pedestrian sidewalk along the embankment and the river itself there is a littered and completely untidy beach.

3  Monument to Peter I , the embankment of the Northern Dvina (Petrovsky Park). This is one of the five monuments cast on the model of the sculptor Mark Antokolsky and installed in different cities of Russia (there are also such monuments in St. rubles.
4 Monument to M. V. Lomonosov, the embankment of the Northern Dvina (near the main building of the Northern (Arctic) Federal University). The first monument to Lomonosov in Russia (and not the only one in Arkhangelsk, there are two more, but more modest). Made in 1829 by the famous sculptor Ivan Martos in a magnificent classical style: the monument consists of two figures - Lomonosov standing in a flowing Roman toga and a naked winged genius giving him a lyre, dropping to his left knee. Now this composition looks somewhat comical, but in historical terms, of course, it is of interest.
5  Gostinyy dvor/ Seating yard (Гостиный двор) , the embankment of the Northern Dvina. Remains of the gostiny yards of Arkhangelsk. At the moment, a fragment of a wall with a built-in stock exchange building and one tower has been preserved, which have been well restored. They are under the jurisdiction of the local history museum.
6 Cape Pur-Navolok. The place of foundation of the city in the bend of the Dvina.
7  Monument to the Savior Seal, the embankment of the Northern Dvina. A very sad and touching tribute. Few people know that during the war the inhabitants of Arkhangelsk suffered from hunger in much the same way as the inhabitants of the besieged Leningrad. To avoid starvation, the inhabitants began to hunt seals. The meat, fat and skins of seals saved thousands of people from hunger and cold not only in Arkhangelsk and nearby areas, but also in Leningrad, since more than a thousand tons of food and medical fat from seal fat were sent there from Arkhangelsk to eliminate the consequences of the blockade. In addition, seal oil was used to lubricate the guns on the ships of the Northern Fleet. The idea of such a monument arose immediately after the war, but for unknown reasons it was built much later - in 2010. They say that at the opening of the monument along the Northern Dvina, seals sailed to the embankment, which are usually not seen within the city.
8  Monument to the Solovetsky Cadets, the embankment of the Northern Dvina (at the beginning of Karl Marx Street). The monument was erected in 1993 in memory of the cabin boys who studied at the Solovetsky youth school, which existed in 1942-1945 on the Solovetsky Islands. Boys were officially recruited to the school at the age of 15-16, but, according to stories, there were many younger cadets who attributed years to themselves in order to get there. Over the three years of its existence, the school has released more than four thousand cadets, a quarter of whom died during the war years.
9  Mansion of A. Surkov , Popova Street, 1 (crossing from the embankment of the Northern Dvina). The carved wooden mansion was built in 1851 and belonged to Albert Surkov, a prominent Arkhangelsk industrialist. Now the building houses a children's art school. Nearby you can see the ugly, but still picturesque building complex of Surkov's brewery.
10 Compound of the Solovetsky Monastery, embankment of the Northern Dvina, 77/1. A complex of stone buildings of the 19th century with a church, located in the historical center of the city.
11 St. Nicholas Church, Teatralny Lane, 3. One of the few churches in Arkhangelsk that survived during the years of Soviet power. It features unusual architecture and bright painting of the facade.
12 Assumption Borovskaya Church, Loginova Street, 1 (at the intersection with the Northern Dvina embankment). An elegant church of the middle of the 18th century, historically interesting also because at the beginning of the 20th century its high bell tower tilted like the Leaning Tower of Pisa, but then it was still straightened. In the 1930s it was razed to the ground. In the 2000s, it was restored on the original foundation from historical photographs. Very effectively reflected in the Northern Dvina.
13  Monument to Admiral N. G. Kuznetsov, the embankment of the Northern Dvina.
14 Holy Trinity Church, Komsomolskaya street, 1 (at the intersection with the Northern Dvina embankment). One of the ancient temples of the city (mid-18th century). Restoring.
15 Cathedral of the Archangel Michael, 51 Northern Dvina embankment. The grandiose (in terms of size) brick cathedral with white marble cladding was built in 2008-2019 on the banks of the Northern Dvina. It owes its dedication to the ancient Archangel Michael Monastery, located on the banks of the same river, although in different places: before the fire of 1636, it stood on Cape Pur-Navolok, and after it the monastery was rebuilt upstream from the current location of the cathedral . The monastery buildings of the 17th century were demolished in the 1930s.


Prospect Chumbarova-Luchinsky

Pedestrian street in the city center. There are monuments to Kozma Prutkov, storytellers Boris Shergin and Semyon Pisakhov, Pisakhov's literary character Sena Malina (riding burbot), residents of military Arkhangelsk and Russian wives waiting for their husbands from fishing. The street was created mainly as a tourist attraction, for which two dozen remodeled wooden houses in the Pomeranian style were built along it; while the originals, which were taken as a sample (and quite accurately reproduced), stand in the neighboring streets and, for the most part, quietly rot. However, there are also real old buildings on the avenue: these are, for example, the Antonov's estate in the Art Nouveau style (houses 18 and 20), the stone building of P.A. Dmitrievsky (house 24), rather badly mutilated by advertising, but still a beautiful house of A.S. Chudinov (house 30, moved here from the embankment of the Northern Dvina) and the beautiful carved "Marfin House" (house 38, moved from Troitsky Prospekt). Near Chudinov's house there is a small travel agency building, where you can get hold of booklets, souvenirs, etc. for free or for money. There are also quite a few cafes and shops on the avenue.

Monument to S.G. Pisakhov, Chumbarov-Luchinsky Avenue.
Monument to the Arkhangelsk peasant Senya Malina, Chumbarov-Luchinsky Avenue. Monument to one of the heroes of Pisakhov's fairy tales.



Building of design organizations (1983). The tallest (24 floors) building in the city, colloquially referred to as "Pencil" or "High-rise".
St. Ilyinsky Cathedral, Ilyinskaya street, 10. Cemetery church, built in 1809. The church has been restored, but the old Ilyinsky cemetery, where many famous people are buried, has not yet reached the hands.
Sculpture of Archangel Michael, Ilinskaya street.
Lutheran Church of St. Catherine, Karl Marx Street, 3. Currently, it houses the chamber hall of the Pomeranian Philharmonic
Genuine tank of the Second World War IS-3.
Wooden Anglican Church (1853), Georgy Sedov embankment, 14.

Arkhangelsk courtyard of the Solovetsky monastery (Архангельское подворье Соловецкого монастыря)
Museum of S.G. Pisakhova (Музей С.Г. Писахова)
Old mansion (Старинный особняк)
Cathedral of Elijah the Prophet (Кафедральный собор Илии Пророка)
Lutheran Church of St. Catherine (Лютеранская церковь св. Екатерины)
All Saints Church (Церковь Всех Святых)
Regional Drama Theater (Областной драматический театр)
State Regional Youth Theater (Государственный областной молодежный театр)
Puppet Theatre (Театр кукол)


What to do

Santa Claus village in Solombala, Nikolsky pr., 15/2, 19, 21 52. Winter children's entertainment complex.



Drama Theater named after M.V. Lomonosov   E   , Petrovsky Park, 1. ✉ ☎ +7 (818) 220-84-34 (ticket office).
Pomeranian Philharmonic   , pl. Lenina, 1.
Arkhangelsk Youth Theater V.P. Panova, st. Loginova, 9 (at the intersection with Troitsky Prospekt). ✉ ☎ +7 (818) 265-21-43. 400₽. Located in a very beautiful carved wooden mansion N.O. Sharvin.



Museum of local lore (Краеведческий музей)  , pl. Lenina, 2. In addition to the two lower floors in the building on Lenin Square, the museum occupies the building of the Russian Gostiny Dvor, where the main part of the expositions and exhibitions is located.
Museum of Fine Arts (Музей изобразительного искусства), pl. Lenina, 2. ☎ +7 (818) 265-36-16. 10:00–18:00 (ticket office closes 45 minutes earlier), except Tue. 200₽.
Museum of Artistic Development of the Arctic (Музей художественного освоения Арктики), Pomorskaya st., 3. ☎ +7 (818) 220-56-47. 10:00–18:00 (ticket office closes 45 minutes earlier), except Tue. 150₽. Alexander Alekseevich Borisov is a world-famous painter, a student of Shishkin and Kuindzhi, he was the first polar artist who created monumental images of the Far North. The artist's works are exhibited, there is also the Nenets Decorative and Applied Art hall, video installations, old maps, and so on.
Museum of the artist and storyteller S.G. Pisakhova, Pomorskaya st., 10. Since 2011, it has been closed for reconstruction, they promise to open it again someday. Pisakhov's paintings, personal items, photographs, letters were exhibited.
Manor house of E.K. Plotnikova, emb. Northern Dvina, 72 (Pomorskaya street, 1). ☎ +7 (818) 220-07-86. 10:00–18:00 (ticket office closes 45 minutes earlier), except Tue. 150₽. City manor of the beginning of the 19th century. In the main building, where ancient interiors have been restored, there is a branch of the art museum. Exhibits classical and contemporary art. Exhibitions are being held.
An old mansion on the Embankment, emb. Northern Dvina, 79. ☎ +7 (818) 220-73-63. 10:00–18:00 (ticket office closes 45 minutes earlier), except Tue. 100₽. One of the buildings of a large old shopping complex, after restoration it is used as a branch of an art museum. Exposition: "Portrait in an old interior".
Northern Maritime Museum (Северный морской музей) , emb. Northern Dvina, 80. ☎ +7 (818) 220-55-16. 10:00–18:00, 11:00–19:00 (Sat, Sun), closed Mon,. 120₽. The only state maritime museum of a scientific and technical profile in Russia. It is located in the building of the former sea station.
Estate of M.T. Kunitsynoy, 17. ✉ Chumbarova-Luchinsky ave. 150₽. Branch of the Museum of Wooden Architecture "Small Korely". A kind of museum of local peasant life, located in a restored wooden manor. The complex includes the ethnocultural center "Craft Yard".
Aviation Museum of the North, Talazhsky aviation town, 8. ✉ ☎ +7 (818) 263-15-64. 10:00–17:00, except Sun. 150₽.

Museum of Wooden Architecture 'Malye Korely' (Музей деревянного зодчества 'Малые Корелы')



The most comfortable time to see Arkhangelsk is summer. During May, June, and July the sun seems to spend 24/7 in the sky. This is actually not so: Arkhangelsk is 300 km south of the Arctic Circle, so it doesn't have polar days or polar nights. But prepare to be awakened by sun peering through you window at 2 AM in summer. The other side of this is 2-4 hours of light per day in winter.

Spring is late (snowfalls in May are quite usual), summer is relatively warm (+20-25C), first snow comes in October or November, winters are harsh (-20-30C, windy). From November to May, the Northern Dvina and White Sea are covered with ice, and ship navigation is possible with icebreakers only.



In the first decades of its existence, the city was called the New City, New Kholmogory, New Kholmogory City. These names were connected with the fact that the role of the main port on the Northern Dvina passed from the village of Kholmogory to the city being created. The inhabitants of the created city themselves called it after the monastery - "Arkhangelsk City", and since 1613 this name was adopted as an official one (hence the ethno-moronimum "Arkhangelsk people" that has survived to this day). Over time, the name of the city was fixed in use in the form of Arkhangelsk.


History of Arkhangelsk

Early history

The Archangel Michael Monastery on Cape Pur-Navolok was first mentioned in chronicles in 1419, when it was devastated by the Norwegians (Murmans).

In 1553, the Englishman Richard Chancellor sailed along the White Sea to the village of Nyonoksa on the Summer Coast, and then to the Nikolo-Korelsky Monastery on Yagry Island (now the territory of the city of Severodvinsk). Since that time, trade with the British and Dutch at the mouth of the Northern Dvina began to develop rapidly. In connection with the threat of an attack by Sweden on March 4 (14), 1583, Ivan the Terrible signed a decree ordering the construction of a fortress on Cape Pur-Navolok.

It was founded by decree of Ivan the Terrible as a settlement of the Mikhailo-Arkhangelsk Monastery. In 1584, which is considered the year of the foundation of the city, the governors “in one year ... set the city around the Arkhangelsk monastery” and a prison. The resulting settlement was named Novokholmogory. Opposite the fortress, on the Dvina coast, a ship pier was built.

Since the end of the 80s of the 16th century, the settlement of Novokholmogory became the center of Russian foreign trade, bringing in up to 61% of the state treasury income. On March 26 (April 5), 1596, the new city on the Dvina was first named the Arkhangelsk City after the monastery located in it, and on August 1 (11), 1613, this name was approved in connection with the official decision on the administrative independence of the city of Arkhangelsk from Kholmogor.


As part of the Russian kingdom

The growth of trade was accompanied by the development of the city. Dense wooden buildings were the cause of many fires, in one of which, in 1637, the Mikhailo-Arkhangelsky Monastery, which gave the city its name, burned down.

The vigorous activity of the international trading port in the second half of the 17th century contributed to a change in the traditional structure of that medieval Russian city, which it was during the first century of its existence. Its center was the port, which also had its own flotilla. The former center, a wooden prison, lost some of its administrative functions, as the command hut was transferred from it to the “stone city”. By the end of the 17th century and in the next century, Arkhangelsk grew along the Dvina.

With the outbreak of the Northern War, the White Sea became for Russia the only safe trade route to Western Europe. In this regard, the production activity of the Solombala shipyard has increased. To protect the city, port and shipyard, the construction of the Novodvinsk fortress began in early 1701. In the very first year of its existence, the fortress justified its purpose, repelling the attack of the Swedish detachment of ships. In the future, the fortifications of Arkhangelsk from the sea were updated and strengthened with the deterioration of relations with Sweden, especially on a large scale in 1790, 1800-1801.

In 1708, among the 8 provinces of the Russian Empire, the Arkhangelsk province was formed, the city became the center of the province. The first governor was the Dvina governor P. A. Golitsyn.

Beginning in 1713, Tsar Peter I began by his decrees to hamper trade through Arkhangelsk, actually sacrificing his interests in favor of the new Baltic port of St. Petersburg. Here he allowed to import only such a quantity of goods that was necessary "to feed the population." In 1718, Peter I issued a decree prohibiting the export of bread and the import of most foreign goods through Arkhangelsk.


As part of the Russian Empire

During the reign of Catherine II, restrictions on foreign trade through the northern gates of Russia were lifted, but the city was no longer able to regain the status of the main port of the country.

During the Napoleonic Wars and in connection with the continental blockade of Great Britain in 1807-1813, Arkhangelsk experienced a new economic upsurge, as it was the only port in Russia where British goods could arrive. The city continued to be one of the major shipbuilding centers.

At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, Arkhangelsk turned into the largest timber industry and timber export center of the country.

The city also served as an important base for the development of the Arctic and the establishment of navigation along the Northern Sea Route. More than two hundred polar research expeditions departed from the berths of the port, including V. Ya. Chichagova, F. P. Litke, V. A. Rusanova, P. K. Pakhtusov, G. Ya. Sedov.

In 1915, an icebreaking bureau was opened under the management of the Arkhangelsk Commercial Port, which included 13 icebreakers and icebreaking ships, which laid the foundation for an icebreaking flotilla. During the winter navigation, these ships provided escort for ships from the throat of the White Sea to Arkhangelsk. During the First World War, a huge flow of military cargo to Russia from the allied powers of the Entente went through the port of Arkhangelsk.

With the founding of the port of Murmansk in 1916 on the coast of the ice-free Kola Bay, where fish processing and ship repair enterprises were moved over time, the city lost its unique significance as the main northern port.


As part of the Soviet state

During the Civil War, it became the mainstay of the formation of the Northern White Army under the command of General Miller and the center of foreign intervention. At that time, Arkhangelsk was the capital of the Northern Region. Taken in 1920 by units of the Red Army.

By the Decree of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee “On the Formation of Administrative-Territorial Associations of Territorial and Regional Significance on the Territory of the RSFSR” of January 14, 1929, from October 1, 1929, the Northern Territory was formed with the center in the city of Arkhangelsk.

Despite the ideology of the Soviet state and the religious connotations of the city's name, they did not change it. Nevertheless, the Soviet period was marked by the destruction and demolition of many monuments of ancient architecture. More than a dozen churches were destroyed, including the oldest buildings in the city: the Archangel Monastery with a cathedral of 1685-1689, the Nativity Church of 1696-1712, the Resurrection Church of 1699-1715, the Trinity Cathedral of 1709-1743, the Assumption Church of 1744 and the Naval Cathedral of the Transfiguration on the island of Solombala.

During the war years, Arkhangelsk with Murmansk and Molotovsk was one of the main ports that received cargo from allied countries under Lend-Lease. Materials totaling 11.3 billion for the USSR ($138.31 billion in 2008 prices) were sent to recipients. The military winter of 1941-1942 turned out to be severe, navigation began hard. The preparation and arrangement of berths in Arkhangelsk and Molotovsk went in a hurry. In December, assistant commanders of the US Navy arrived to organize permanent US missions to the receiving areas. Their work was led by Assistant Attache Philip Worchell. By the winter of 1942-1943, the situation in the northern directions had deteriorated sharply. The enemy sought to cut the Kirov railway, the land connection with Murmansk would then be interrupted. At the direction of the Soviet government and People's Commissar of the Navy Nikolai Kuznetsov, Arkhangelsk and Molotovsk became the main recipients of Lend-Lease cargo.

In an effort to disrupt the supply of military cargo to the USSR, German aviation from 1941 to 1944 carried out reconnaissance and bomber raids by single aircraft and small groups on Arkhangelsk (the first single aircraft appeared over the city on June 30, 1941). In August-September 1942, German aviation undertook several massive air raids on Arkhangelsk, during which over 40 various industrial facilities and buildings were destroyed (including rope and knitting factories, a railway station), the Krasnaya Kuznitsa shipbuilding plant was badly damaged, and 215 residential buildings (the Germans dropped incendiary bombs on the blocks of wooden buildings and even poured out a combustible mixture). According to official Soviet data, 148 people were killed in the city from bombing and fires, 126 people were injured and shell-shocked. But the most important object - the Arkhangelsk seaport - received only minor damage and continued to work.

Living conditions in the city during wartime were difficult: due to the reorientation of almost all industrial production of the USSR to the needs of the front and a sharp reduction in the fishing fleet, there was a shortage even in vital food products. In the first military winter, the number of people with scurvy, pellagra, rickets increased sharply, and after them the mortality rate. 28 thousand people died of starvation in the city. Starting in 1942, industrial-scale harvesting of alternative products was organized - seal fat and meat, seabird meat, seaweed, forest and marsh berries, etc., which reduced the severity of the food problem in the city.

In 1956, the Kuznechevsky Bridge was opened, connecting the center of Arkhangelsk with Solombala. After 8 years, the Severodvinsky Bridge was opened, connecting the center of Arkhangelsk with the left-bank part of the city.

In 1984, Arkhangelsk was awarded the Order of Lenin.


Post-soviet period

In the 1990s, the city experienced a severe economic crisis. The population of the city decreased by 70 thousand people. In the 2000s, the first pedestrian street appeared in Arkhangelsk - Chumbarov-Luchinsky Avenue. In 2004, the Arkhangelsk tram ceased to exist, and after another 4 years, the Arkhangelsk trolleybus. In March 2004, a drunk locksmith blew up a residential building on Soviet Cosmonauts Avenue, 58 people died.

In 2009, the Drama Theater named after M. M.V. Lomonosov, the repair of the old building and the construction of a new building of the puppet theater were carried out. In 2010-2012, the main educational institutions of higher education in the Arkhangelsk region were merged, according to the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 7, 2010, into the Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov. In 2012, in Arkhangelsk, sawmill No. 2, LDK named after Lenin (Sawmill No. 3) were closed; in 2013 - Solombala Pulp and Paper Mill.



By plane
Arkhangelsk is served by two airports:
Talagi Airport (IATA:ARH)  (bus number 12 from the Sea and River Station). ☎ +7 (8182) 631 600. The international airport is located 11 km northeast of the center of Arkhangelsk. It serves domestic flights from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Murmansk, Sochi, Naryan-Mar and other cities. International destinations are represented by charter flights. Previously, Arkhangelsk was connected by air with Tromso via Murmansk, but the resumption of this flight is currently not planned. The main carrier is Nordavia Airlines, Aeroflot and Rossiya also fly.
Vaskovo airport. The airport is located 13 km from the center of Arkhangelsk. It serves mainly local transportation within the Arkhangelsk region.

By train
Railway station Arkhangelsk-Gorod (square of the 60th anniversary of October). It is located in the eastern part of the city at the end of Voskresenskaya street. The central part of Arkhangelsk can be quickly reached by bus or taxi.

From Moscow from the Yaroslavsky railway station you can get:
daily branded train No. 016 Moscow-Arkhangelsk, runs daily, travel time 20 hours
running every other day by branded train No. 118 "Pomorye" Moscow-Arkhangelsk, travel time 22 hours
running every other day by train No. 116 Moscow-Severodvinsk, which follows through the Isakogorka station, from which a local electric train and an intracity bus docked with the train go to the Arkhangelsk-gorod station, travel time is 22 hours.
From St. Petersburg from the Ladozhsky railway station, you can take the train number 10 St. Petersburg-Arkhangelsk, the journey time is about 23 hours. The train does not run every day, the schedule depends on the season.

By car
From Moscow on the highway M8 E115 "Kholmogory" through Yaroslavl, Vologda, Velsk, Bereznik. The distance from the Moscow Ring Road is about 1250 km. From St. Petersburg it is also better to go through Vologda. The distance is about 1150 km. You can try to go through Karelia, this route looks shorter on the map and it is quite picturesque, while more than half of the route falls on the excellent P21 E105 Kola highway. However, further it will be necessary to use local roads, which, judging by the reviews, are very bad, and infrastructure (cafes, motels, gas stations) can not be found everywhere there.

By bus
Bus station, pr. Dzerzhinsky, 2. Mainly intra-regional bus routes are served, located near the railway station.

On the ship
From the river station to the emb. Northern Dvina during the navigation season there is a regular service along the Dvina. From the pier in Solombala to the emb. Georgy Sedov, during the navigation season, regular communication is carried out with the islands and villages located on the Dvina (Khabarka, Vyselki, Pustosh, Krasnoe, etc.).

Cruise on a paddle steamer. Paddle steamer “N.V. Gogol" was built in 1911 and carries out regular cruises to Solvychegodsk and Veliky Ustyug. Usually these flights are organized by the Arkhangelsk company "Pomor-Tour".


Get around

Previously, trolleybus and tram routes existed in the city. The tram tracks were dismantled and sold for scrap with the participation of the then mayor of Arkhangelsk, Oleg Nilov. It was promised to replace the tram routes with trolleybuses, but at the moment there is no tram or trolleybus service in the city.

The main public transport in the city are buses and fixed-route taxis. Bus service is mainly provided by private companies, there are few public buses. Most of the private buses are monstrous PAZ-32s with a capacity of fifty people. During rush hours on popular routes, much more people are packed there.

There are several taxi services. The car is served within a few minutes (during peak hours there may be delays). Prices are fixed depending on the route: within the central regions - 90 rubles. (2017), to outlying areas - 20-30 rubles more expensive. At the same time, if you are traveling from the center, for example, to the Meridian Hotel, which is formally located in Solombala, but in fact you just need to move from the Northern Dvina embankment / Gagarin Street across the Kunechikha River bridge, you will be charged as a full trip to outskirts of the city.



Traditional souvenirs: roes and “birds of happiness”, various magnets with beautiful views of the city, painted boxes, tuesas, Kargopol toys and other traditional Arkhangelsk souvenirs can be bought at Rospechat kiosks, large bookstores, as well as in the store of the Belomorskie Uzory enterprise on Shubina street. A good choice (with pretty divine prices) is available even in souvenir kiosks at the railway station. During the festivities during the celebration of the City Day, the Day of the Navy, souvenirs, paintings and handicrafts can be bought on Chumbarova-Luchinsky Avenue. Souvenir shops are there, of course, too.

A kind of Arkhangelsk souvenir that you can bring to friends (or use on your own) is a bottle of Pomor Balsam. In terms of its properties and qualities, it is similar to the “Riga Balsam”, but is made using local specialties. Sold in the same place as any other alcohol.

Fairs are held: Margaritinskaya (in September), New Year's (December), "Women's World" (March), Arkhangelsk (June, before the City Day), Honey Exhibition and others, where the products of Arkhangelsk enterprises are sold and the products of the regions of the region are widely represented (in including souvenirs, clothes, food), as well as from other cities.

Numerous shopping centers have been built and are still being built in Arkhangelsk in recent years.


Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Belomorskaya Hotel, Timme Street, 3. ☎ +7 (8182) 66-16-00.
Hotel "Meridian", Sovetskaya street, 5. ☎ +7 (8182) 29-74-74, +7 (8182) 22-33-17.

Average cost
Hotel "Dvina", Troitsky prospect, 52. ☎ +7 (8182) 28-88-88.
Hotel "Capital of Pomorie", Northern Dvina embankment, 88. ☎ +7 (8182) 42-35-75. Single "Standard" from 3100 rubles, double "Standard" from 3700 rubles. Located in the very center of the city.

"Business Center-Hotel 4 *", st. Popova, 8. ☎ +7 (8182) 21-01-30.
Pur-Navolok Hotel, Northern Dvina Embankment, 88 bldg. 1. ☎ +7 (8182) 21-72-00. Double room from 5600 rubles.


Night life

1  "M33"  , Moskovsky pr., 33. ☎ +7 (818) 228-77-77. 11:00–05:00. The largest entertainment complex in the city, the only one in its class. 2 dance floors, bowling, billiards, slot machines, rollerdrome, several bars and a restaurant. Good air conditioners. There is a children's room. The locals call the complex both “em-thirty-three” and “em-ze-ze” according to their mood.
2  Club "Wheel"   , st. Gaidar, 4 building. 1. ✉ ☎ +7 (818) 247-14-79, fax: +7 (818) 220-97-99. 17:00–24:00 (may be open after midnight, depending on the event). The oldest music club in Arkhangelsk. It specializes in rock concerts of various styles, which take place several times a week. Local and out-of-town (sometimes foreign) groups perform at a decent level. There are also theme parties. Pre-booking tables is practiced. The kitchen is simple, but the food is delicious, the prices are democratic, the waiters are friendly. Funny interior: in accordance with the name, the walls are densely hung with license plates from different cities and countries. An important detail: since the place is small, the music is very loud here, so if you just want to chat with someone over dinner, you are not here. But listening to good and different rock, dancing and at the same time something to eat and drink is worth it here.


Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

1  Pizzeria "Presto", st. Vyucheyskogo, 16. ☎ +7 (818) 240-04-00. 10:00–23:00.
2 "Big jackpot", Voskresenskaya st., 7 bldg. 2 (TC "Ocean", 1st floor). ☎ + +7 (818) 265-32-18, +7 (818) 221-18-87. 09:00–21:00. Self-service cafeteria in the heart of the city. During lunch hours it is often crowded.
3  Dining room "Kalitka", Troitsky pr., 10 (in the building of the shopping center "Gallery", 0 floor). 10:00–21:00.
4 Canteen "Zero Mile", Troitsky pr., 45 (in the building of the Main Post Office, entrance from Troitsky avenue). ☎ +7 (818) 220-81-28. 10:00–20:00, 11:00–20:00 (Sat, Sun).
5  Tea house "Silk"  , Chumbarova-Luchinsky Ave., 49 (corner of Karl Liebknecht Street). ☎ +7 (818) 247-49-56, +7 (818) 247-49-46, +7 (818) 269-61-00 12:00–00:00 (Mon-Thurs, Sun), 12: 00–03:00 (Fri, Sat). Cafe, sushi bar. Pizza, sushi, rolls, soups, salads, hot dishes. There is a children's and vegetarian menu.

Average cost
"Blin House". Network institution, a complete list is in the VKontakte group. The schedule is slightly different for everyone, on average they work from 10 am to 10 pm. The signature dish is pancakes with various fillings, but the choice of other dishes is quite large. They cook delicious, there is a business lunch, Wi-Fi.
6  Trinity Avenue, 81.
7 Troitsky prospect, 94.
8 Troitsky prospect, 37.
9 Chumbarov-Luchinsky Avenue, 7.
10 "Brothers Grill", Troitsky pr., 104 (TC "Polyarny"). ☎ +7 (818) 265-38-35. 12:00–00:00 (Mon-Thurs, Sun), 12:00–03:00 (Fri, Sat). Cafe-bar specializing in meat dishes.

11 Restaurant "Cabinet", Voskresenskaya st., 17. ☎ +7 (818) 265-50-51, +7 (911) 598-55-35. 12:00–01:00. Restaurant at the brewery "BrauMeister".
12 "Terrace", Pomorskaya st., 54. ☎ +7 (818) 265-11-11, +7 (909) 556-11-11. 12:00–00:00 (Mon-Thurs, Sun), 12:00–02:00 (Fri, Sat). Fusion cafe with a cozy atmosphere. Concerts, culinary (and not only) master classes and theme evenings are often held.



The long-distance telephone code of Arkhangelsk is 8182. There are several payphones in the city center, a telephone call point at the intersection of Lomonosov Avenue and Voskresenskaya Street.

Vysotka has a free Wi-Fi access point, you can get through from about Lenin Square, where there are comfortable benches, but only if your laptop or PDA has a very good antenna. In Vysotka itself, on the ground floor, there is a microscopic cafe, usually they go there for Wi-Fi. There is also a free Wi-Fi access point in the Ocean shopping center, on the 1st floor of which there is a cafe-dining room Big Kush (Voskresenskaya street, 9), where you can sit with a laptop.

The main post office is located at the intersection of Troitsky Prospekt and Voskresenskaya Street, the entrance is a little further from the intersection along Voskresenskaya towards the Northern Dvina embankment.

Cellular operators of the GSM standard: Megafon, MTS, Beeline, Tele2.


Precautionary measures

In the central regions it is quite safe both during the day and at night, it is enough to observe only elementary security measures, only it is not safe to be in the evening (at night) in the area of ​​the Central Market, around which there are still wooden houses in poor condition, in the yards of which dubious personalities often rub. Areas like Solombala, and especially Varavino-Faktoria and Maimaksa, have a reputation for being unsafe. Never and under no circumstances should one seek adventure on the left bank of the Northern Dvina; but there, in general, there is nothing particularly interesting and exciting, just something in between sleeping areas and a ghetto.



1 Malye Korely, Malye Karely village (Travel by buses 104u from Terekhin Square or 104t from the railway station. Buses of both routes can also be boarded at the Sea-River Station. The bus schedule is on the museum website.). ☎ +7 (8182) 65-25-35. From June 1 to September 30: Mon–Sun 10:00–19:00; from October 1 to May 31: 10:00–17:00, you can be on the territory 1 hour after the specified opening hours, exhibitions and interiors are open until 16:30. weekdays - 200 rubles, weekends - 250 rubles. (2019). The open-air museum of wooden architecture is located 25 km from the city. It is divided into four sectors depending on the place where the monuments of wooden architecture were brought from. Each sector is designed in the form of a small settlement. In total, the museum has more than a hundred different buildings - churches, chapels, bell towers, peasant estates, mills and barns of the 16th - early 20th centuries. The territory is quite large, so if you want to see everything, plan to spend at least a few hours in Malye Korela. On weekends and holidays, folklore holidays, folk festivals, horseback riding are organized.
2 Nicholas Church, Lyavlya village (Novinki). The wooden church is the only thing left of the Assumption Lyavlensky Monastery of the 14th century. The church was cut down in 1587 and is the oldest surviving hipped church of the octagon type "from the seam" (from the ground). The nearby stone Assumption Church was built in 1804 on the site of a wooden church of the same name. From the churches standing on a hill, a good view of the Northern Dvina opens up.
3  Severodvinsk. a satellite town of Arkhangelsk on the White Sea coast, the center of Russia's nuclear shipbuilding industry.
4 Kholmogory.
5 Novodvinsk fortress. on about. Linsky Priluk at the mouth of the Dvina
The Solovetsky Islands is an archipelago in the White Sea, which is popular among tourists, despite its geographical remoteness.
Holy Trinity Anthony-Siya Monastery (village Siya)
John the Theologian Sura Monastery (village Sura)
Zaostrovye (Rikasovo) - a wooden and stone churchyard of the 17th-18th centuries. About 2 km along the Arkhangelsk-Severodvinsk highway, then follow the sign "Zaostrovie"



Flag of Arkhangelsk
At the moment, Arkhangelsk does not have an official flag.

Coat of arms of Arkhangelsk
The coat of arms of Arkhangelsk was approved in 1780. His description read:
In the golden field of the shield, a flying Archangel is seen, who is armed with a flaming sword and shield and strikes the defeated devil.

The historical coat of arms of the city, which was not used in Soviet times, was restored on October 10, 1989 by the decision of the 11th session of the Arkhangelsk City Council.

Anthem of Arkhangelsk
The anthem of Arkhangelsk - the song "We love you, Arkhangelsk" was adopted by the deputies of the Arkhangelsk City Council on March 13, 2006. The anthem was written by Moscow poet Simon Osiashvili and composer Alexander Levshin.


Honorary titles and awards

The order of Lenin
May 10, 1984 Arkhangelsk was awarded the Order of Lenin.

The decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR noted that the city was awarded this award “for a great contribution to the development of the navy, the development of the northern regions of the country, the merits of the city’s workers in the Great Patriotic War, success in economic and cultural construction and in connection with the 400th anniversary of the grounds."

City of Military Glory
On December 5, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree conferring the honorary title City of Military Glory on the city of Arkhangelsk. The Mayor of Arkhangelsk Viktor Nikolayevich Pavlenko, the chairman of the Club of Cavaliers of the Order of Glory of the Arkhangelsk Region Serafim Stepanovich Nesmelov and a member of the military-patriotic association of secondary school No. 55 Ilya Dmitrievich Vashuta accepted the diploma.

On August 31, 2011, a stele was erected on the embankment of the Northern Dvina in memory of the award of the title.

On May 4, 1985, the Arkhangelsk Commercial Sea Port was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, I degree, for "merits in providing for the Soviet Army and Navy during the war years."


Physical and geographical characteristics

Geographical position

The city is located at the mouth of the Northern Dvina, 30-35 kilometers from its confluence with the White Sea. Arkhangelsk is located on a flat area. Height above sea level: 7 meters. The territory of the urban district of Arkhangelsk is 29,442 hectares (294.42 km²). City embankments stretched along the river branches for 35 km.



The climate of the city is temperate maritime with long moderately cold winters and short cool summers. It is formed under the influence of the northern seas and the transfer of air masses from the Atlantic in conditions of a small amount of solar radiation. Average January temperature: -12.8 °C, July: +16.3 °C. During the year, 607 mm of precipitation falls. Average annual temperature: +1.3 °C.

Arkhangelsk is characterized by frequent weather changes, high air humidity and a large number of days with precipitation. With the invasion of cold air from Siberia, frosts down to -30 ° C are possible in winter, at the same time there are sometimes thaws. In summer, when a hot air mass invades from the side of the steppes of Kazakhstan, heat up to + 30 ... 35 ° C is possible, at the same time, frosts are possible at night in summer.

The maximum temperature in Arkhangelsk +34.4 °C was recorded on July 13, 1972. The minimum temperature of -45.2 ° C was recorded on January 8, 1885.



Arkhangelsk is located in the MSK time zone (Moscow time). The offset of the applicable time from UTC is +3:00. In accordance with the applied time and geographic longitude, the average solar noon in Arkhangelsk occurs at 12:18.