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Description of Bryansk

Bryansk is a city in the Russian Federation, the administrative center of the Bryansk region; city of regional importance, that forms the municipality of the city of Bryansk with the status of the urban district. Located on the western edge of the Central Russian Upland, on both banks of the Desna River, at the confluence of the Bolva and Snezheti. Population - 405,723 people. (2018). On March 25, 2010 by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev, Bryansk was awarded the honorary title “City of Military Glory”.




Travel Destinations in Bryansk

Administratively, the city is divided into four districts:
Sovetsky - Soviet
Until 1956, Bezhitsky district was an independent city of Bezhitsy. It partially preserved buildings of the beginning of the XX century in the Art Nouveau style.


Gagarin Boulevard - a pedestrian street in the historic center of the city. It goes from the Embankment Square in the direction of the modern center of the city (Lenin Square, the Dynamo Stadium, Tolstoy Park), rising up along its entire length.

Buildings and constructions
City building Bezhitsy, st. Institutskaya, Ulyanova.
Mansion of the merchant Avraamov.

Temple architecture
1 St. Pokrovsky Cathedral, Pokrovskaya Gora, 2. Built in 1698 on the site of an older wooden church, mentioned in documents since 1603.
2 Spaso-Grobovskaya Church, Lenin Avenue, 98. Psevdorusskaya church with elements of modern, built in 1904.
3 Vvedenskaya church. The only surviving monument of the Peter and Paul Monastery, founded, according to legend, as early as the second half of the 13th century by Bryansk Prince Oleg Romanovich, buried here around 1289 (the grave was not preserved). Built in 1702-1705, made in the traditions of Moscow architecture of the seventeenth century. In 1930 it was partially disassembled, and in the late 1980s it was restored.

4 Mound of Immortality, Nightingale Central Recreation Park. Monument to the fallen in the fight against the Nazi invaders, which became one of the symbols of the city of Bryansk. It is an earthen mound in the form of a pentahedral hill with a height of 12 meters, which is crowned by an 18-meter five-pointed star.
5 Monument to the liberators of Bryansk, pl. Partizan. Established in 1966, later became one of the unofficial symbols of the city.



Other Destinations

Circus. Circus for 1945 places.

Park Museum them. A.K. Tolstoy. In the park under the open sky there are several dozen wooden sculptures, including a wooden fountain.
Bryansk Museum of Regional Studies, Partizan Square, 6.
Bryansk Literary Museum.
Museum of the Tkachev brothers.
Memorial Museum D. N. Medvedev.

Bryansk Regional Drama Theater named after A. Tolstoy, ul. Fokina, d. 26. ☎ +7 (4832) 74-39-38. The oldest theater of the Bryansk region, founded in 1926.
Bryansk regional theater of the young spectator, st. Gorky, 20. ☎ +7 (4832) 74-23-49.
Bryansk Regional Puppet Theater.
City Children's and Youth Theater "Adults and Children."
Children's Music Theater "Orpheus".
Cinema "Salute".
Cinema "Victory"-"Pobeda".
Cinema "Panorama" (SEC BOOM City).
Cinema «Cinema Club» (Timoskovyh shopping center).
Cinema "Paradise Park" (SEC "Mill").
Cinema "Luxor" (SEC "Aero Park").

Concert halls
Concert Hall of the Regional Philharmonic "Friendship".
Concert Hall of the Palace of Culture BMZ.



History of Bryansk

The first written mention of Bryansk was in 1146, in the Hypatian Codex, as Debryansk (appears variously as Дъбряньск, Дьбряньск, and in other spellings). Its name is derived from "дъбръ", a Slavic word for "ditch", "lowland", or "dense woodland"; the area was known for its dense woods, of which very little remains today. Local authorities and archaeologists, however, believe that the town had existed as early as 985 as a fortified settlement on the right bank of the Desna River.

Bryansk remained poorly attested until the Mongol invasion of Rus'. It was the northernmost of the Severian cities in the possession of the Chernigov Rurikids. After Mikhail of Chernigov was murdered by the Mongols and his capital was destroyed, his son moved his seat to Bryansk. In 1310, when the Mongols sacked the town again, it belonged to the Principality of Smolensk.

Algirdas of Lithuania acquired Bryansk through inheritance in 1356 and gave it to his son, Dmitry the Elder. Until the end of the century, the town was contested between Jogaila, Vytautas, Švitrigaila, and Yury of Smolensk.

The Grand Duchy of Moscow conquered Bryansk following the Battle of Vedrosha in 1503. The town was turned into a fortress which played a major role during the Time of Troubles. During the Time of Troubles, it was occupied by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1610 and remained at Polish hands as part of Smolensk Voivodeship until the Truce of Deulino in 1634. Peter the Great incorporated Bryansk into Kiev Governorate, but Catherine the Great deemed it wise to transfer the town to Oryol Governorate in 1779. She also promulgated the town's coat of arms.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the economy of Bryansk, which had become a regional trading center, was based on the Svenskaya fair, the largest in European Russia. The fair was held annually under the auspices of the Svensky Monastery. After cannon and ammunition started to be manufactured there for the Imperial Russian Navy in 1783, Bryansk evolved from a regional market town into an important industrial center for metallurgy and textiles. The city's population exceeded 30,000 by 1917. In 1812 The Grande Army fought the Russians in Bryansk and in Orel.






To Bryansk by plane
Direct flights to St. Petersburg (3 flights per week) and Simferopol (1 flight per week and only in summer).

1 Bryansk Airport (IATA: BZK), p. October, st. Aviators, 1. ☎ +7 (4832) 64-44-20.

Getting there: Located 10 km southwest of the city. You can get there by bus No. 132B, but only 6 flights a day.

To Bryansk by train
From Moscow, from the Kievsky railway station, on the direct train “Ivan Paristy”, or on trains that transit Bryansk, to settlements in Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria. The journey takes about 6 hours.

2 Bryansk-Orlovsky (Bryansk I). The main passenger railway station of the city. Through the station there are trains in the direction of cities: St. Petersburg, Kaluga, Moscow, Kiev and also Brest, Gomel.

3 Bryansk-Lgovsky (Bryansk II). You can get there by buses No. 13, 103 and fixed-route taxis, heading towards Kovshovka.

To Bryansk by bus
There are bus connections to Belgorod (1 flight daily, 10 hours), Gomel (2 flights, 6 hours), Kaluga (3 flights, 5 hours 30 minutes), Kursk (3 flights, 5 hours 30 minutes), Moscow (6 flights, 7-8 hours ), Novozybkov (about 10 flights, 4 hours), Orel (about 10 flights, 3 hours), Tula (1 flight, 8 hours 20 minutes).

4 Bus Station, st. Peresvet, 1A. ☎ +7 (4832) 41-43-20, +7 (4832) 41-96-04, +7 (4832) 41-72-23.

5 Bus station in Bežice, st. Ulyanova, 56A. ☎ +7 (4832) 51-42-20.
To Bryansk by car
From Moscow on the federal highway M3 "Ukraine".


Hotels, motels and where to sleep



Restaurant, taverns and where to eat



Cultural (and not so cultural) events



Interesting information and useful tips