Ermak Travel Guide

 

Bryansky Forest Nature Reserve

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Description of Bryansky Forest Nature Reserve

Bryansky Forest Nature Reserve (biosphere reserve of the Nerusso-Desnyanskoe Polesye) is a reserve located in the Suzem and Trubchevsky districts of the Bryansk region of Russia. Bryansky Forest Nature Reserve is a part of the physiographic region of the Nerusso-Desnyansky Polesye, located in the basin of the middle reaches of the Desna River (left tributary of the Dnieper River). The relief of the reserve is flat. The minimum height above sea level is 134.5 m (the water line is in the Nerussa River), the maximum is 189.4 m.

The climate is subcontinental. The average annual temperature for the period 1991-2005 amounted to +6.4 ° C, which is 1 ° C above the average annual long-term temperature of the region (+5.4 ° C). The average temperature of the coldest month for the same period was - 5.4 ° C, which is 3 ° C higher than the long-term values ​​(−8.4 ° C.). The average summer temperature was +17.9 ° C, which is 0.3 ° C lower than the multiyear values ​​of the previous period. The average amount of precipitation is 550 mm, which is 105 mm below the multiyear average (average long-term values ​​of the previous period).

 

 

 

Zoogeographically, the Bryansky Forest Nature Reserve is located in the southwestern part of the central Russian region of the mixed forest region of the boreal forest subregion of the Palaearctic region. The peculiarity of the animal population of these places is the passage of the southern borders of the modern distribution of some boreal forest species. Among them: wood-grouse, blue-footed owl, white hare, lynx, brown bear, wild boar, etc. In October 2011, 7 bison were brought to the reserve. In total, it is planned to bring about 20 animals.

The Bryansky Forest Nature Reserve is the only place in Europe where all 10 species of European woodpeckers meet: great, medium, small motley woodpeckers, Syrian, white-backed, gray-haired, green, three-toed woodpeckers, woodpecker and vertisheika. In botanical and geographical terms, the reserve is located at the junction of two sub-provinces (Polesye and Central Russian) of the Eastern European province of deciduous forests near the southern border of the subtaiga region. The peculiarity of the vegetation cover of these places is the wide distribution of pine and pine-oak forests on poor sandy soils, in which the spruce plays a significant role. Zonal deciduous and spruce-deciduous forests are rare.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips