Guzeripl, Russia

Guzeripl (Adyg. Guzerypl) is a village in the Maikop region of the Republic of Adygea of ​​Russia. It is part of the Dakhovsky rural settlement. The city is located in a mountain-forest area on the left bank of the Belaya River, 76 km from Maykop and 46 km from the Khadzhokh railway station. It is the last settlement in the Belaya River valley in front of the uninhabited territories of the Caucasian Reserve. It is connected with Maikop by an automobile asphalt road that passes through the village of Khamyshki, the village of Dakhovskaya, the village of Kamennomostsky. Has a daily bus service with him.

It is located on the border of the Caucasian Biosphere Reserve. It runs along the left bank of the Belaya River. Near the village, on the right bank of the river, there is the reserve cordon of the same name, in which the office of the Northern district forestry is located and the huntsmen live.

On the territory of the village, the Zholobnaya River and the Molchepa River flow into the Belaya River. From the village, from the mouth of the Zholobnaya River, the asphalt road Guzeripl - Lagonaki, built in the 2000s, begins, leading to the recreation center "Partizanskaya Polyana", and further under the Lago-Naki plateau. The road ends at a dead end in the Yavorovaya Polyana area, from which the tourist trail begins, leading to the Fisht shelter in the Caucasian reserve.



The settlement was founded in 1924 as a cordon of the Caucasian Reserve. In 1936, he received the status of a village and entered the Khamyshinsky rural district. For a long time it functioned as a village of woodcutters. The harvested timber was floated along the Belaya River to the village of Kamennomostsky. In the pre-war period, deforestation was done by prisoners in two camps. There was a camp for general regime prisoners near the Zholobnaya River. The high-security camp was located on the right bank of the Belaya River in the Zaphenka glade, where the repressed Cossacks from the Don were kept. With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the camps were closed. In the meadow, in the residential buildings of the zone, the cordon of the Caucasian Reserve Suvorovsky is located. In 1961, through the gorge of the Belaya River, a gravel road was built between Guzeripl and the village of Khamyshki. During active logging near the village on the right bank of the Zholobnaya River, a narrow-gauge railway was operating for the transportation of timber.

Beginning in 1940, the village began to be used in tourism; the Guzeripl camp, a branch of the Khadzhokh Tourist House, was built. In 1949, the famous tourist route No. 30 "Across the Western Caucasus" was launched, which went through the glades of Partizanskaya and Yavorovaya to the Armenian shelter, then through the Guzeripl and Armenian passes to the Fisht shelter, and then through the Belorechensky and Cherkessky passes to Babuk-Aul. The tourist camp was renamed the “Caucasus” tourist center. In the period from 1991 to 2009 in Guzeripl on the Belaya River, the water tourism competition "Interralli Belaya" was held.


Currently, it continues to develop as a tourist center. It houses a large number of hotels and guest houses.

In 1987, at the cordon of the Caucasian Reserve, a public organization "Social and Ecological Union" (SES) was created, during the 1990s and early 2000s, it was the largest public environmental organization in the CIS.

Until the end of 2012, the settlement was located in the inter-settlement area and was directly subordinate to the administration of the Maikop district, then it was included in the Dakhovsky rural settlement.