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Izborsk Castle

Izborsk Castle

 

 

 

Location: Pechorsky District, Pskov Oblast    Map

Found: 1303

 

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Description of Izborsk Castle

Izborsk Castle is located in Pechorsky District, Pskov Oblast in North- West Russia.  Situated on the North- Western border of Kiev's Rus (Medieval Russia) Izborsk Castle was an important outpost against Western and Northern invaders from Scandinavia. Russian chronicles mention Izborsk in 862 as a seat of Truvor, brother of Viking Rurik, the first prince to rule Russian Slav tribes. In 1233 Livonian Brothers of the Sword managed to take Izborsk during Northern Crusades against Orthodox Christians and pagans of the North. Izborsk fortress was moved in 1303 to a current location. During 14th and 15th centuries the new fort survived eight sieges and didn't fell to the enemy forces, thus giving Izborsk a nickname of an "iron city".

 

During siege of Pskov in 1581 Polish forces captured the citadel, but a year later it was returned to the Russian side. Over next several centuries the castle lost its military importance. It was abandoned and fell in disrepair. Some parts of the Izborsk Castle are now reconstructed, but much of the fortress is still in its original condition.

 

Open: around the clock. 20 rubles (2013). It is one of the oldest fortresses of the North-West of Russia. The fortress that reached us was built in the XIV century on a limestone hill of gray untreated stone - all the same limestone. The outlines of the fortress are not the result of a well-thought-out project, but were determined by the natural outlines of the natural elevation. The length of the walls of the fortress is 850 meters with 7 towers. It is necessary to climb the Lukovka tower (daily, 10.00–19.00, 40 rubles) - the oldest tower of the fortress - and enjoy the beautiful landscapes of the Izborsk-Malsky valley. In the basement of Lukovka there is a small exposition of historical weapons.

 

On the territory of the fortress stands Nikolsky Cathedral (XIV century; rebuilt, but retained elements of Pskov architecture) and a couple of small, unremarkable buildings. From the fortress begins the trail leading along the lake to the north, and then branching out: one path leads down to the Slovenian springs, and the other goes up to the settlement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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