Pskov Oblast, Russia

The Pskov region is located in the north-west of Russia and is one of those regions where the Russian tradition has undergone a significant foreign influence, while maintaining its absolute originality and uniqueness. In the Pskov region, graceful white-stone churches side by side with gray fortresses made of rough limestone, stone crosses stand in the fields, and houses, like the Baltic states, are made of boulders. There is little industry here, many rivers and lakes, and one of the iconic places of Pushkin studies is also located in the Pskov region.

Despite the proximity to Latvia, Estonia and Belarus, in socio-economic terms, the Pskov region is the most underdeveloped among all regions of Russia, and the most backward region of Central Russia. There is practically no industry here, and agriculture is poorly developed.

In the north, the region borders on the Leningrad region, in the northeast - on Novgorod, in the east - on Tver, in the southeast - on Smolensk, in the south - on Belarus, in the west - on Latvia, in the northwest - on Estonia. The Pskov region is divided into 24 districts, but there are only 14 cities here, and not all of them are of interest to the traveler.



Pskov - the administrative center of the region, the capital of one of the oldest Russian state formations - the Pskov Republic
Gdov - a small town, in pre-Peter times, an important military and commercial center on the western border of Russian lands
Izborsk Castle

Porkhov - a town 1.5 hours drive east of Pskov. A small and rather ruined, but even more attractive medieval fortress, standing on the banks of the quiet Shelon River, has been preserved here. Inside the fortress there is a cozy garden and there is a lonely medieval church, and another, moreover, an even older church is located on the river bank itself opposite the old settlement. East of the city, an unfinished memorial on the site of the German concentration camp Dulag-100.
Velikiye Luki - the second largest city in the region, once the center of the Velikie Luki region, the territory of which is now part of the Pskov region
Pushkinskie Gory


Other destinations

Polistovsky Nature Reserve

Sebezhsky National Park


The main thing in the Pskov region is medieval monuments: there are no such number of them anywhere else in Russia. In the northwest, fortresses completely atypical for Rus' were built, and three of them have survived in the Pskov region: Izborsk, Porkhov and Pskov itself with several rows of fortifications covering a good half of the modern city. The peculiarity of the Pskov fortresses is that they are built of rough gray stone, and therefore rather clumsy, resembling a simplified version of the German castles of the northern Baltic. At the same time, they look more comfortable and somehow more intimate than castles, not to mention the strict and ceremonial Russian Kremlins.

If there are only three fortresses in the Pskov region, then there are several dozen medieval churches, almost all in Pskov and its immediate environs. Nevertheless, in terms of the number of pre-Mongolian monuments, Pskov will not be able to compete with either Novgorod or the Vladimir-Suzdal lands. From the XII-XIII centuries. only two churches survived: the very Novgorodian in spirit Church of John the Baptist (1243) and the Transfiguration Cathedral of the Mirozhsky Monastery (end of the 12th century), where, however, there are the best-preserved frescoes of that period. But the monuments of the XIV-XVI centuries. dozens in Pskov and its environs. During this period, a special Pskov architectural style was formed (see Pskov), which in many respects has something in common with Novgorod, but does not repeat it. Pskov churches are more intimate, fancifully asymmetrical and often decorated with small belfries. In addition to Pskov itself, similar structures have been preserved in many surrounding cities and villages, although there were more often restructurings that deprived these temples of their original appearance. Of the surroundings of Pskov, the most interesting is the village of Vybuty, where, according to legend, Princess Olga was born, and several centuries later, a classic Pskov church was erected on the very bank of the Velikaya River: for Pskov architecture, this is the same as the Church of the Intercession on the Nerl for Vladimir. Speaking of medieval Pskov architecture, one cannot fail to mention the Nativity Church in Porkhov. This utterly archaic building is a one-of-a-kind attempt to build Russian churches, borrowing the European style.

By the end of the 16th century, the Pskov style reached its peak and began to get lost in the new trends coming from Moscow. The Pskov-Pechora Monastery, the famous Orthodox monastery, is no longer Pskovian in spirit, which, however, does not reduce the interest in it on the part of numerous pilgrims. From the XVI-XVII centuries. in Pskov, more than a dozen stone chambers have been preserved: there are not so many of them, again, anywhere outside of Moscow and Gorokhovets. Rough, massive, but at the same time not at all ordinary chambers became the last rise of Pskov architecture, which fell into deep decline by the 18th century after the border of Russia moved to the west, and Pskov lost its former significance.

Of course, in the Pskov region there are several county towns with historical buildings from the time of the Russian Empire - Ostrov, Opochka, Nevel, but if you really go there, then not for pre-revolutionary mansions, but for special artifacts, which are especially numerous in Ostrov: the majestic chain bridges of the middle of the XIX century or a well-preserved post station. Beautiful estates in the Pskov region were also almost never built, since it is far from St. Petersburg and at the same time the Baltic states are not yet there. But what is interesting about the Pskov region is the strange interweaving of national cultures. Several western regions in the interwar period belonged to independent Latvia and Estonia, which left a visible mark on urban architecture. The most interesting are Pechory, where there are more Estonian buildings than Russian ones. The Latvian influence is noticeable in Pytalovo, but this is a smaller and very difficult city in terms of transport. In Ostrov there is a former Lutheran church, and in Opochka the church was completely built of wood - a completely unique case. The city of Sebezh, located in the south of the Pskov region, was neither part of Estonia nor Latvia, but until the 18th century it belonged to Lithuania and the Commonwealth: here are the oldest churches in Russia, and the general layout of the city is very unusual for Russia.

However, the main attraction of the Pskov region is not at all architectural, but historical and cultural. In the village of Mikhailovsky there was a family estate of A.S. Pushkin, turned into a museum-reserve. This is a rather strange place, not devoid of pathos and, at the same time, comfort. Neither the manor buildings nor the interior from the time of Pushkin, of course, have been preserved, but the reserve recreates the atmosphere well, wooden houses, beautiful landscape parks, and the nature itself in the vicinity of the Pushkin Mountains is wonderful: hills, rivers, lakes, forests and copses - here it's nice to come for a walk completely independent of Pushkin's heritage. Another beautiful place is the Izborsko-Malskaya valley, in particular, the Truvorovo settlement near Izborsk: one of those places where the Russian land came from. The beautiful lake district begins near Sebezh, on the border with Belarus, but the eastern shores of the Pskov and Peipsi lakes are very swampy, declared a border zone and, contrary to expectations, will not be the best place for outdoor recreation: the Estonian coast is much more interesting and has more developed infrastructure.


Getting here

How to get there
By plane
The only operating airport is located in Pskov. There are flights to Moscow and St. Petersburg, but this is the most typical small aircraft that can be covered at any moment. The nearest major airports are the same Moscow and St. Petersburg. In principle, Riga and Tallinn are also suitable, although you have to cross the border, and you may need a visa.

By train
Long-distance trains Moscow-Pskov run 1-2 times a day. Trains run from Moscow to Velikie Luki with the same regularity. From St. Petersburg, trains of the Belarusian and Ukrainian directions pass by rail to Vitebsk through the Novosokolniki and Dno junction stations, however, these places are deaf, of little interest to the traveler, and getting out of there to more inhabited regions is a separate difficult task.

There is no direct railway from Novgorod to the Pskov region. You can take a bus to Luga or Staraya Russa and transfer to the Pskov train there, but this is long and inconvenient.

From Belarus (Polotsk, Vitebsk) the same St. Petersburg trains are at your service. There is no suburban communication with the Baltic States. In Estonia, you can take a suburban train to the very border, and then cross the border on foot, once in Pechory. From the side of Latvia there is a long-distance train Riga-Moscow (via Sebezh, Velikie Luki). Suburban diesels from Riga go to the town of Zilupe, which is 5 km from the Russian border, but then you have to catch a ride, since there is no public transport in these parts.

By bus
There are buses from St. Petersburg to Pskov and many cities in the region, passing buses to Smolensk, Vitebsk, Polotsk are also suitable for you. On the Moscow side, long-distance bus service is less developed, although there is a daily Moscow-Pskov bus (via Velikie Luki) and occasional service to other cities in the Pskov region. However, all these buses obviously lose in terms of comfort to the Pskov night train.

From Novgorod, buses run 2-3 times a day to Pskov and another one to Porkhov.

Traveling to the Baltic States by bus is easier and usually cheaper than by train. Two daily buses run from Pskov to Estonia, and there is also a commuter service across the border. You can leave Pskov for Riga a couple of times a day. In the Pskov-Pechora region there is also a suburban connection with Latvia, but crossing the border in the south of the region, near Sebezh, is akin to a gamble: there is only one bus to Rezekne, and it runs twice a week. All routes are operated by large international (Ecolines) or local Baltic companies. At bus stations, information about these routes is minimal, they may not be available in the official timetable, and tickets are not always sold.

By car
The M20 highway from St. Petersburg passes through Pskov itself and many cities in the Pskov region, where it branches into several different roads:
А212/Е77 to Riga
A116 to Daugavpils and Vilnius
A117 to Polotsk via Sebezh
M20 itself further to Vitebsk

Also in the south of the Pskov region is the route M9 Moscow-Riga. Its pavement quality traditionally has a bad reputation and is often referred to as a tank track, but in 2013-2014 it was almost brought back to normal.



By train
For movement within the Pskov region, railways are practically useless. As of February 2015, suburban communication remained only on the Pskov-Porkhov-Dno and Pskov-Luga sections. Long-distance trains are expensive for short distances and run at completely inopportune times. There is a relatively large flow of trains on the Dno-Novosokolniki line, but, by and large, there is nothing to do there.

By bus
Almost all intra-regional routes are served by Pskovavtotrans LLC. On the site, the current schedule and information on availability, you can buy a ticket with a 10% surcharge. Cash registers are connected to the same system that is visible on the website. You can buy a ticket in advance from any stop, but a couple of hours before the bus departs from the final destination, the sale stops, and then the ticket can only be bought "on arrival", which creates a traditional crush at the box office.

Pskovavtotrans routes can be operated by both large buses and minibuses. In any case, if you see at least some semblance of a ticket office at the bus stop, you need to take a ticket there: drivers do not sell tickets. The system is archaic to the extreme. Its cornerstone is the female controllers who check the tickets of all passengers without exception at every major stop. Drivers usually refuse to stop on demand.

There are few private routes in the Pskov region. Perhaps the only independent organization is LLC "Niva" in Pechory, they also serve several suburban routes to Estonia.

The population of the Pskov region is small, so there are few buses. The most frequent communication is on the Pskov-Pechora and Pskov-Ostrov sections, but the roads diverge beyond the Island, so buses run to Opochka and Pushkinskiye Gory at intervals of 2 hours, if not less often. In the south of the region, the situation is quite bad. Although Velikiye Luki is a relatively large city, it is very difficult to leave from there anywhere other than Pskov and Nevel.


Where to eat

The cuisine in the Pskov region is traditionally Russian. All more or less tourist-oriented establishments strive to create a Russian flavor, but they do it without much zeal. If Pskov, Izborsk, Pechory and Pushkinskiye Gory are quite visited by tourists, then only the most enthusiastic travelers go somewhere to Sebezh or Opochka, so there you will find a typical public catering of an average regional center: cafe-canteens during the day and cafe-drinks with deafeningly loud music in the evening. Pskov itself is not a rich city, but there are fast food, decent coffee shops, cozy cafes, and even restaurants located right in the city wall or fortress tower, which makes it similar to Western Europe. If you need comfort, it is advisable to stay in Pskov and make one-day trips around the area.

The most characteristic element of Pskov public catering is fried pies, which seem to be in every cafeteria or cafe of the lower price category. Also in use are traditional pastries such as cutlets and sausages in the dough, there are nostalgic cakes generously decorated with butter cream. Supermarkets and shops sell excellent buns - bagels, "Moscow" buns 3 times larger than usual, and others.

With the exception of pastries and confectionery, as well as sausages and meat products in company stores, it is quite difficult to find local products. The Uspensky (Svyatogorsky) Monastery in Pushkinskiye Gory launched the production of herbal teas, berry juices, jams and sbitnya under the Stolbushensky brand. They are sold in only two places - in the monastery itself and in a special store on the territory of the Pskov Kremlin.


Physical and geographical characteristics


The Pskov region is in the third time zone (UTC+3). The time used is designated by the international standard as Moscow time (MSK). Since October 26, 2014, the offset from UTC is 3 hours. It should be noted that the 30th meridian of east longitude, whose time is used in the UTC + 2 time zone, crosses the Pskov region in its eastern part near the cities of Nevel and Dno.



There are more than 3,000 lakes in the Pskov region, including the fifth largest in Europe - Lake Peipsi (3558 km²).

Main rivers: Velikaya (430 km); Lovat (530 km, including 250 km in the region); Plyussa (280 km, including 247 km in the region); Issa, left tributary of the Great, (174 km); Shelon (248 km, including 171 km in the region); Cheryokha, the right tributary of the Great, (145 km); Zhelcha (107 km); Pskov, the right tributary of the Great, (102 km).

Almost ten percent of the territory of the Pskov region is occupied by swamps.



Minerals of the Pskov region are represented by raw materials of sedimentary origin: limestone, gypsum, dolomites, building and glass sand, clays, raw materials for the production of mineral dyes, as well as sapropel, therapeutic mud, peat, underground fresh and mineral waters. Of the above deposits, as of 01/01/2020, 58 deposits are being developed, including: glass sands - 1, sand and gravel material - 19; sand - 8; sand and gravel material and sand - 11; refractory clays - 1, low-melting clays - 2; peat -9; sapropel - 1, carbonate raw materials - 6. Among them, sand and sand-gravel mixtures used in the construction and maintenance of roads, industrial and civil engineering are in the greatest demand. In 2019, 38 fields were developed, the total volume of sand and LGM production amounted to 2473.6 thousand m3. The volume of production for other types of minerals in 2019: - carbonate raw materials - 713.1 thousand m3, including limestone (building stone, crushed stone, limestone flour) - 507.7 thousand m3; — natural facing stone — 2.4 thousand m3; — limestone for firing to produce building lime — 203.0 thousand m3; - peat - 90.7 thousand tons; — molding sands — 45.2 thousand tons; - refractory clays - 70 thousand tons; — sapropel — 0.255 thousand m3.


Flora and fauna

Forests occupy about 30% of the region's area. Coniferous, mixed and deciduous forests are widespread. Pine forests are the most common. Less often, mainly in the north, there are gloomy spruce forests. In addition, mixed deciduous forests are widespread; oak forests also grow in the Novosokolnichesky district.

In the Pskov region, there are 156 species of higher plants listed in the Red Book.

Wolves, bears, lynxes, foxes, hares, minks, wild boars, elks, martens, raccoon dogs, squirrels and others are found in the forests of the region. Among the birds, it is worth highlighting the white-tailed eagle, black stork, kingfisher, tundra swan. The region has a rather high population of lynx, which has almost disappeared in the rest of the territory of the Russian Federation.

39 species of fish and cyclostomes live in the reservoirs of the Pskov region. Of these, 3 species of brook trout, European grayling and common sculpin need special protection measures and are listed in the Red Book of the Pskov region. The main mass species of fish are: pike perch, bream, pike, burbot, perch, roach, ruff, silver bream, rudd, ide, asp, bleak, crucian carp. In the Pskov region, a delicious smelt fish is mined.



It was formed on August 23, 1944 by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, on October 2, 1957, most of the abolished Velikoluksky region became part of it.

Previously, on the territory on which the Pskov region is located, there were a number of administrative-territorial entities.

Since the first half of the 14th century, the Pskov land has been an independent state entity with its own political institutions: veche, elected posadniks, and invited princes. In the second half of the 15th century, Pskov recognized the suzerainty of the Moscow principality. In 1510, the Pskov land became part of the Muscovite state[14].

Until 1721, the Pskov Territory was an outpost in the north-west of the Russian state. The Pskovians defended their lands from the Livonian Order, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Commonwealth, and Sweden. They not only successfully defended their land, but also traded with their neighbors. The trading partners of Pskov were the cities of the Hanseatic League, Sweden, the Commonwealth.

Counties were the lowest administrative, judicial and fiscal administrative unit. Velikoluksky, Gdovsky, Nevelsky, Novorzhevsky, Opochetsky, Porkhovsky, Sebezhsky, Ostrovsky, Pskov uyezds are known on the territory on which the Pskov region is now located, for example, Pskov uyezd in 1510-1708 was part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, then until 1710 on the basis of the Decree of Peter I as part of the Ingermanland province, then until 1719 as part of the St. Petersburg province, into which the Ingermanland province was renamed.

The provinces created in Russia were vast in their territory, the provincial offices could not cope with the management, and in 1719 an intermediate administrative-territorial unit was introduced between the county and the province - the province. The Pskov province was formed in 1719 as part of the St. Petersburg province, and then from 1727 was part of the newly formed Novgorod province.

The Pskov province was created in 1772 by the Decree of Catherine II, and until 1776 it was part of 5 provinces: Velikie Luki (the center of Velikiye Luki), Dvina (Dinaburg), Polotsk (Polotsk), Vitebsk (Vitebsk) ), Pskov (Pskov) with the provincial center in the city of Opochka, then until 1777 by the Decree of Catherine II as part of 2 provinces: Velikolukskaya and Pskov. The provincial center was then transferred to the city of Pskov. After that, in 1777, the Pskov governorship was formed as part of 10 counties: Pskov county, Ostrovsky county, Opochetsky county, Novorzhevsky county, Velikoluksky county, Toropetsky county, Kholmsky county, Porkhov county, Luga county, Gdovsky county. In 1781, the emblem of the Pskov governorship and the city of Pskov was approved. Then the Pskov province, in 1796, by the Decree of Paul I, was approved again, initially as part of 6 counties: Velikoluksky, Opochetsky, Ostrovsky, Porkhov, Pskov and Toropetsky counties. In 1802, the previously abolished Novorzhevsky and Kholmsky districts were restored to the province. On March 24, 1924, by decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, Velizh (with a center in the city of Velizh and including modern Usvyaty), Nevelsky (with a center in the city of Nevel), Sebezh (with a center in the city of Sebezh) counties of the Vitebsk province of the Byelorussian SSR became part of the Pskov province . By this time, the province included 11 counties.

After the abolition of the provinces, on a territory significantly larger than the current region, there existed for three years, from August 1927 to August 1930, the Pskov and Velikoluksky districts as part of the Leningrad region. The second of them was transferred to the Western Region (with the center in Smolensk) in 1929. In 1930, the districts were abolished, and their districts remained part of the Leningrad and Western regions. In 1935, the territory of the former Velikoluksky District was transferred to the newly formed Kalinin Region (with its center in Kalinin, now Tver).

In 1935, as part of the Leningrad Region, the Pskov District was created again, but already as a border district (abolished in 1940), as part of the Kalinin Region, the Velikoluksky Border District (abolished in 1938).

After the abolition of the Velikoluksky district in 1938, part of the districts included in it were transferred to the Opochetsky district, the other part was transferred to the direct subordination of the Kalinin region.

In 1941-1944, the territory of the modern Pskov region was occupied by German troops. During the Nazi occupation, by decree of Adolf Hitler, all the occupied regions were divided into zones of administrative and economic management: Reichskommissariats, general districts, regions and districts, districts (districts). Pskov was assigned to the so-called "Northern military region". The border of the territory passed along the line Pskov-Dno-Staraya Russa.

In August 1944, the liberation of the Pskov region from German troops was completed. On August 22-23, 1944, separate Velikolukskaya and Pskov regions were formed. The reason that served to make such a decision was "the creation of organizational prerequisites for the speedy restoration of the national economy." Thus, continuity was restored in the centuries-old history of administrative centers. The Pskov region with the center in Pskov included: Gdovsky, Dedovichsky, Dnovsky, Karamyshevsky, Lyadsky, Novoselsky, Ostorovsky, Palkinsky, Plyussky, Pozherevitsky, Polnovsky, Porkhovsky, Pskov, Seredkinsky, Slavkovsky, Soshikhinsky, Strugo-Krasnensky districts of the Leningrad region ; Ashevsky, Novorzhevsky, Pushkinogorsky districts of the Kalinin region. In 1944, the Belsky, Ilyinsky and Usvyatsky districts were transferred to the Velikoluksky region from the Smolensk region.

Taking into account the requests of the population of the Pechora, Slobodskaya, Tolkovskaya volosts of the Estonian and Latvian SSRs and the petitions of the Presidiums of the Supreme Soviets of these republics to include them in the RSFSR, they were included in the Pskov region. On the territory of these volosts, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of January 16, 1945, Kachanovsky, Pechorsky and Pytalovsky districts were formed.

On June 16, 1954, the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR was issued on the consolidation of village councils in the Pskov and Velikie Luki regions. This created the prerequisites for the formation of larger administrative entities at the level of the district and region. In order to eliminate administrative fragmentation, given the economic commonality of the territories of the Pskov and Velikie Luki regions, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of October 2, 1957, the Velikiye Luki region was abolished. Its western part (19 districts) were included in the Pskov region, 9 - in the Kalinin region.

On July 29, 1958, the Ploskoshsky District was transferred from the Pskov Region to the Kalinin Region, and the Kholmsky District was transferred to the Novgorod Region. Thus, the modern borders of the Pskov region were designed.

February 16, 1967 Pskov region was awarded the Order of Lenin. The order was awarded to the Pskov region for the courage shown by the Pskovites in the partisan movement against the Nazi invaders during the Great Patriotic War, and the successes achieved in the restoration and development of the national economy.



The population of the region according to Rosstat is 587,518 people. (2023). The population density is 10.61 people/km2 (2023). Urban population - 72.03% (2022).

During the last three quarters of the 20th century, the region has experienced and continues to experience intense depopulation associated with the outflow of young people and, as a result, aging and natural population decline. If, according to the 1926 census, 1678 thousand people lived within the current borders of the region, then by 1990 the population had decreased to 844 thousand, and by the beginning of 2008 - to 705 thousand. where the mass exodus of the population continues. In the 1990s, the Pskov region was unofficially called the "capital of Russian depopulation", its demographic indicators (first of all, the sex and age structure of the population with a large proportion of older ages) were used in educational literature to illustrate the relevant processes.



According to the Charter of the Pskov region, state power in the region is exercised on the basis of the separation of powers into legislative and executive. The state authorities of the Pskov region are located in Pskov.

Legislative power is exercised by the Pskov Regional Assembly of Deputies. The first convocation began work on April 8, 1994. Since 2002, he has been elected by the inhabitants of the region according to a mixed system - the region was one of the first to apply such a model. Since 2007, it has consisted of 44 deputies (22 + 22): one half is elected on party lists (proportional system), the second - in single-member districts (majority system). To obtain the right to participate in the distribution of mandates to the Assembly under the proportional system, parties must overcome the 5% threshold.

The current 6th convocation was elected on September 18, 2016. The seats in the Assembly were distributed as follows: United Russia won 33 seats (in all 22 single-mandate districts and 11 on party lists), the Communist Party of the Russian Federation - 5 seats (all 5 on party lists), LDPR - 3 seats (all 3 on party lists) , "Fair Russia" - 2 places (all 2 on party lists) and "Yabloko" - one place (on party lists). Alexander Kotov, who headed the Assembly of the fifth convocation, was again elected Chairman.

The powers of the convocation will last five years - until September 2021.

As of 08/01/2020, the seats in the Assembly are distributed as follows: 31st place - United Russia (in 20 single-mandate constituencies and 11 on party lists), the Communist Party of the Russian Federation - 5 seats (all 5 on party lists), LDPR - 3 seats (all 3 on party lists), "Fair Russia" - 2 seats (all 2 on party lists) and "Yabloko" - 2 seats (1 single-member district and 1 on party lists), one deputy - outside the faction (single-member district). The chairman of the regional Assembly of Deputies is Alexander Kotov, who headed the Assembly of the fifth convocation.

executive branch
Executive power is exercised by the governor of the Pskov region, the administration of the Pskov region headed by him, and other executive authorities. The governor is the highest official of the region, elected by the residents of the region for a term of five years. The same person cannot be governor for more than two terms in a row.

Andrey Turchak was the governor from 2009 to 2017.

On October 12, 2017, by decree of the President of the Russian Federation, Mikhail Vedernikov, who previously held the position of Deputy Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Northwestern Federal District, was appointed acting Governor of the Pskov Region.

On September 9, 2018, Mikhail Vedernikov was elected governor of the Pskov region (he was nominated for election by the Pskov regional branch of the United Russia party based on the results of a preliminary intra-party vote), won the 1st round, gaining 70.68% of the vote, and took office on September 17, 2018.

Judicial branch
Judicial power is exercised by federal courts and magistrates of the Pskov region.


Official symbols of the Pskov region

Coat of arms of the Pskov region
Approved by the Law of the Pskov Region No. 1915-OZ of December 28, 2018 "On the Coat of Arms of the Pskov Region"[30].

It is based on the historical coats of arms of the Pskov land for the period from the 17th to the 19th centuries. (in an azure field a golden leopard; above it is a right hand emerging from silver clouds).

The motto “PULL FOR THE FATHERLAND” is based on the phrase of the holy noble prince Dovmont, said by him in 1266 during the collection of the militia against the Lithuanian prince Gerden and recorded in the Chronicle: “... my brethren ... pull for the house of the Holy Trinity and for the holy churches, for your fatherland” .

Flag of the Pskov region
Approved by the Law of the Pskov Region No. 1916-OZ of December 28, 2018 "On the Flag of the Pskov Region". It is a rectangular blue cloth with a ratio of width to length of 2:3, bearing the image of a hand, a cloud and a leopard from the coat of arms of the Pskov region.

Anthem of the Pskov region
Approved by the Law of the Pskov Region No. 2002-OZ of November 11, 2019 (as amended on December 9, 2019) “On the Anthem of the Pskov Region”. The basis of the music of the Anthem of the Pskov Region is the text specified in the appendix to the Law (the author of the text is T. S. Ryzhova). The author of the music is B. V. Fedotov.



GRP of the Pskov region for 2017 - 151.6 billion rubles
GRP per capita for 2017 - 237.1 thousand rubles

Key sectors of the economy in the structure of GRP for 2017:
manufacturing industries - 17.3%
wholesale and retail trade; repair of vehicles and motorcycles - 16.0%
agriculture, forestry, hunting, fishing and fish farming - 11.1%
transportation and storage - 9.8%
construction - 6.6%
The GRP of the Pskov region for 2018 is 164.2 billion rubles.

GRP per capita for 2018 is 259.4 thousand rubles.

Key sectors of the economy in the structure of GRP for 2018:
manufacturing industries - 17.0%;
agriculture, forestry, hunting, fishing and fish farming - 11.9%;
wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles - 15.7%;
transportation and storage - 9.1%;
state administration and ensuring military security; social security - 9.9%



The industry of the Pskov region is a diversified complex with 164 large and medium enterprises, the average number of employees in industry in 2019 is 47 thousand people (about 24.6% of the average number of employees in the regional economy)

Special Economic Zones
On the territory of the Pskov district of the Pskov region in 2012, a special economic zone of the industrial production type "Moglino" (SEZ IPT "Moglino") was created, the main task of which is the creation of new high-tech industries. Residents of the IP SEZ "Moglino" are provided with a number of tax benefits and customs preferences, as well as guaranteed access to a developed engineering, transport and business infrastructure. Residents of the IP SEZ "Moglino" are also provided with benefits for corporate property tax, transport tax, land tax and corporate income tax. At the beginning of July 2020, 15 companies are residents of the Moglino IP SEZ. Two enterprises carry out production - a plant for the production of paints and varnishes LLC "Nor-Maali" and a plant for the production of sublimated products of PJSC "Sibirsky Gostinets". Most of the residents carry out design work and will soon begin construction of factories that will produce cable and wire products, solid wood building panels, PET and BOPET, industrial gases, carbon monocrystals, exhaust systems for cars, polymer-bitumen binder, development and implementation of innovative software products.



As of the end of 2020, 4 power plants with a total capacity of 445.74 MW were in operation in the Pskov Region, including two hydroelectric power plants and two thermal power plants. In 2020, they produced 166 million kWh of electricity. A feature of the region's energy sector is the sharp dominance of one station, Pskovskaya GRES, which provides about 90% of electricity generation.



The rural population as of January 1, 2021 is 180 thousand people, about 29% of the population of the Pskov region.

Thanks to the positive dynamics of agricultural development, and the effective development of priority areas over the past three years (2017-2019), the Pskov region has become a leader in the growth of agricultural production among the regions of the North-Western Federal District and, on average, in Russia, ranks first place in the North-Western Federal District in terms of the growth of livestock and poultry for slaughter in live weight, second place in rapeseed production and third place in milk production.

The index of agricultural production in 2020 is 108.9% (in Russia 101.5%.), livestock 110%, crop production 102.6%.


Animal husbandry

For the Pskov region, the development of dairy farming is of “vital and strategic importance”, as the number of cattle has been declining in the region over the past five years. Therefore, local producers are forced to buy raw materials in other regions. The authorities of the Pskov region, through an individual development program in the field of agriculture in 2022, will double the volume of purchases of dairy cattle, up to 3 thousand heads, which will increase milk production and replace the number of livestock carrying leukemia virus among farmers. Farmers will receive compensation of 100,000 rubles per head of livestock. Assistance to farmers in the region in the purchase of cows will allow the Pskov region to increase milk production up to 320 thousand tons per year.

For comparison: as of January 1, 2011, the number of cattle in the farms of all agricultural producers was 107.9 thousand heads, of which 55.3 thousand cows, 86.3 thousand pigs, 40.5 thousand sheep and goats .heads As of January 1, 2022, the number of cattle in the farms of all agricultural producers is 60.5 thousand heads (-7.9% compared to 01.01.2021), of which 30.2 thousand cows (-8.5%), pigs - 1125.1 thousand (-22.1%), sheep and goats - 29.4 thousand heads (-9%). Milk yield per cow in agricultural organizations in 2021 amounted to 7265 kilograms against 6295 kilograms in January-December 2020.

In 2021, farms of all categories of the Pskov region produced: livestock and poultry for slaughter (in live weight) - 359 thousand tons (3.6% less than in the previous year), milk - 205 thousand tons (0. 8% more than in the previous year), eggs - 84 million pieces (2.5% less than in the previous year). The increase in milk production was provided by agricultural organizations, the share of this category of farms in production amounted to 81%.

In 2020, farms of all categories of the region produced: meat (in live weight) - 373 thousand tons (+13.8%), milk - 202 thousand tons (+1.8%), eggs - 86 million pieces (-1, 1 %). The share of agricultural organizations in the production of meat is 99%, milk - 80%, eggs - 38%. Over the past 4 years, the Pskov region in terms of the production of pig meat per capita has been ranked second in Russia.

The main producers of meat in the region are pig-breeding complexes (292.0 thousand tons) and poultry farms (24.6 thousand tons). This is due to the ongoing increase in pork production capacities at the Velikoluksky agro-industrial holding.

Crop production
The Pskov region is the leader in Russia in terms of fiber flax yield per fiber with an indicator of 13.2 c/ha, and is in the TOP-5 regions of Russia in terms of rapeseed yield of 26.2 c/ha, the average yield in Russia is 17.7 c/ha.

Pskovagroinvest will open a rapeseed processing plant in the Pskov region in 2022. Cultivation of rapeseed allows solving the problem with the commissioning of unused lands, of which there are 240 thousand hectares. They will be reduced by 20% annually. Farmers will receive rapeseed mass for fattening livestock, and Pskov rapeseed oil will appear on store shelves.

In 2021, the following were harvested: grain - 147 thousand tons, potatoes - 122 thousand tons, vegetables (open and protected ground) - 30 thousand tons. The main producers of grain are still agricultural organizations. Their share in grain production was 96%. The production of potatoes and vegetables is traditionally concentrated mainly in households, which have grown 63% of the total potato harvest and 64% of open field vegetables.

In 2021, 150 thousand tons of grain were threshed, with a yield of more than 32 centners per hectare, rapeseed - more than 26 thousand tons with a yield of about 20 centners per hectare.

In crop production, the farms of the Pskov region specialize in growing grains and leguminous crops for fodder purposes, rapeseed, potatoes, and vegetables. In 2019, in farms of all categories, grain production amounted to 142.6 thousand tons of grain in weight after processing (302.1% by 2018), 136.7 thousand tons of potatoes were harvested (111.6% by 2018) . The gross harvest of vegetables amounted to 33.9 thousand tons (107.1% compared to 2018). Rapeseed 19.1 thousand tons (114.4% by 2018). In 2020, 165.6 thousand tons of grain were harvested (+9.6% compared to 2019) 151 thousand tons after processing), 118.4 thousand tons of potatoes were harvested (+1.6% compared to 2019), thousand tons (+0.8% to 2019) 35 thousand tons) of open and protected ground vegetables. The sown area in 2020 amounted to 43 thousand hectares. The main share of grain (95.8%) is grown in agricultural organizations; potatoes (63.4%) and vegetables (57.8%) - in households. The yield was: 39.5 c/ha of grain, rapeseed 26.2 c/ha, 154.8 c/ha of potatoes, 166.5 c/ha of open ground vegetables.

In the Pskov region there are 1315.9 thousand hectares of agricultural land, of which 655.1 thousand hectares are arable land. The volume of agricultural production in farms of all categories in 2019 amounted to 42.4 billion rubles.



The Pskov region is the most important transport hub of the Northwestern District. It occupies a favorable geographical position and borders: in the north - with the Leningrad region, in the northwest - with Estonia, in the west - with Latvia, in the southwest and south - with the Republic of Belarus, in the southeast - with the Smolensk region , in the east - with the Tver region, in the northeast - with the Novgorod region. The Pskov region is the only region in Russia that borders on three states at once (among the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Altai also has this position). The region is located at the intersection of major transport routes, close to major sales markets and distribution centers: Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Car roads
The territory of the Pskov region is crossed by the main public roads of federal significance:

M20 "Pskov" (Zaplyusye, Pskov, Ostrov, Opochka, Pustoshka and Nevel)
M9 "Baltic" (Kunya, Velikiye Luki, Novosokolniki, Idritsa and Sebezh)
P-56 Veliky Novgorod-Soltsy-Porkhov-Pskov, crosses large settlements - Porkhov, Pskov;
A-212 Pskov-Izborsk - the border with the Republic of Estonia, crosses large settlements - Pskov, Izborsk.
A - 122 "A-114 - Ustyuzhna - Krestsy - Yazhelbitsy - Velikiye Luki - Nevel", crosses large settlements - Loknya, Velikiye Luki, Nevel.
The total length of the road network of the Pskov region is 23.4 thousand km, including roads of federal, regional and local significance. The length of highways with a capital type of coverage is 6.8 thousand km, with transitional and unpaved types of coverage - 16.6 thousand km.

Among the highways of the Pskov region, 4 roads of regional importance are paid according to the decision of the regional administration:
Border with the Republic of Estonia - Pechory - Stary Izborsk, 23.2 km long;
Island - Vyshgorodok - to the border with the Republic of Latvia, 62.3 km long;
Section of the motor road Opochka - Dubrovka - to the border with the Republic of Belarus, 82.1 km long;
Section of the highway Olsha - Velizh - Usvyaty - Nevel, 58.7 km long

Bus transportation
Pskov bus is a bus system in the city of Pskov. It is represented by a network of buses of small, large and extra large capacity. For non-state enterprises - by buses of small and especially small capacity. The average age of buses is 14 years. Transportation in Pskov is carried out by 4 carriers: GPPO Pskovpassazhiravtotrans, LLC Alyur Avto, LLC Avteks and IP Silacheva V.V. The city route network consists of 23 routes. All transportation is carried out by buses of small, medium, large and extra large capacity. Buses connect all districts of the city: Zavelichye, Zapskovye, Crosses, Lyubyatovo, Ovsishche, Korytovo and Lopatino. From April 11, 2019, a pilot project of an automated fare control system (ASCOP) is being implemented in the city of Pskov. Contactless bank cards MasterCard PayPass™, VISA PayWave™, MIR Pay are used as payment for public transport. The second step in the introduction of contactless payment will be the introduction of transport cards. There will be four types of transport cards: a single transport card; regional beneficiary card; student card and student card.

Border infrastructure
On the territory of the Pskov region there are 6 automobile checkpoints with the countries of the European Union: 2 checkpoints on the border with Estonia and 4 checkpoints on the border with Latvia. They are included in the scope of activity of the Pskov customs.

The operational length of public railways is 1091 km.

The density of public railway tracks is 19.7 km of tracks per 1000 km² of the territory of the Pskov region.

All railway lines are not electrified (on diesel traction) and mostly single-track. The lack of electrified tracks is one of the limitations for the development of railway transport in the Pskov region.

The railway network consists of 112 railway stations, of which:
4 nodes: Pskov, Velikiye Luki, Dno, Novosokolniki;
3 border stations: Pechory-Pskov with Estonia, Sebezh with Belarus, Pytalovo with Latvia.

Main lines:
St. Petersburg - Pskov, Lastochka train, daily.
Moscow - Pskov, daily.
Pskov - Novgorod - Petrozavodsk, with stops at the stations: Svir, Lodeynoye Pole, Volkhovstroy-2, Irsa, Chudovo-Moskovskoye, Spasskaya Polist, Podberezye, Luga, Plyussa, Struga Krasnye.
St. Petersburg - Dno - Vitebsk (via Bezhanitsy, Loknya, Novosokolniki and Nevel)
Moscow - Rzhev - Velikiye Luki - Riga (via Kunya, Novosokolniki, Pustoshka, Idritsa and Sebezh)

In 2021, it is planned to build a high passenger platform No. 1 at the station. Pskov. Narrow gauge railways in the region:
See also: Operating narrow gauge railways in Russia

Water communication
There are 503 km of inland waterways. Of these, the shipping routes of Lake Peipus-Pskov - 403 km. The tributaries of the lake are also navigable: Velikaya for 34 kilometers, Zhelcha for 31 km, Chernaya for 18 km and small sections along other tributaries.

There is no regular cargo and passenger navigation on the inland waterways of the region.

In the Pskov region, regular passenger transportation is carried out on the territory of two districts: Pskov and Pechora.

Transportation of goods and passengers on the territory of the Pechora region is carried out by using the passenger boat "Obozerye" (project No. KS-102-02), as well as by using motorized small boats by local residents.

On the territory of the Pskov region, water transportation is carried out by the boat "Talabsk" along the route "village Tolbitsa - island them. Zalita - island them. Belova" and vice versa.

The international port "Storozhinets" is located on the territory of the region. There is no water communication with the Republic of Estonia.

The timetable of the boat "Obozerye".

Timetable of the boat "Talabsk".

Air communication
The central object of the transport infrastructure of the Pskov region in air traffic is the international airport of the city of Pskov named after Princess Olga for medium-haul passenger and cargo aircraft with a gross weight of up to 250 tons. The civil area of the airport serves 13 large or medium and 20 small aircraft. The Velikiye Luki airport is not operating.

Pskov - Moscow, 4 times a week;
Pskov - Sochi, 2 times a week;
Pskov - Kaliningrad, 2 times a week;
Pskov - Anapa, 2 times a week.

The carrier on the routes Pskov - Moscow and Pskov - Sochi is Azimuth Airlines JSC, on the directions Pskov - Kaliningrad and Pskov - Anapa - JSC AK RusLine.

Pipeline transport
Near the settlements of Dno, Porkhov and Izborsk, the main gas pipeline Valdai - Riga passes.

The level of gasification of the Pskov region as of 01/01/2020 is 53.41%. Of the 26 municipalities, 15 are gasified, including the cities of Pskov and Velikiye Luki.

power lines
Main transmission lines,
330 kV overhead line Pskovskaya GRES - Starorusskaya GRES (there is a connection with Kirishskaya GRES through 3 330 kV substations of the energy system of the Novgorod region),
VL 330 kV Pskovskaya GRES - Novosokolniki,
VL 330 kV Polotsk - Novosokolniki (L 345),
VL 330 kV Pskovskaya GRES - Velikoretskaya,
VL 330 kV Velikoretskaya - Rezekne (L 309),
VL 330 kV Velikoretskaya - Pskov,
VL 330 kV Kingiseppskaya - Pskov,
VL 330 kV Pskov - Tartu (L-358),
VL 330 kV Pskov - Luzhskaya,
VL 330 kV Novosokolniki - Talashkino.



Patriotic education
Military Patriotic Center "Patriot": the subject of the center is training and education in the interests of the individual, family, society and the state, the creation of favorable conditions for the versatile development of the individual. The Center is working to improve the patriotic education of children, adolescents, youth through educational and leisure activities, in cooperation with educational institutions and military units, veteran organizations, military-patriotic unions and societies. On the basis of the Center, the regional branch of the VVPOD "Yunarmiya" operates, which has more than 3,800 people. Members of the Yunarmiya actively participate in military-patriotic events at various levels: the All-Russian campaign "St. , in the annual meeting of representatives of Russia-Belarus-Latvia on the Mound of Friendship. In addition to public organizations, in the Pskov region, on the basis of the Stalin Line memorial complex, a major military-patriotic festival is annually held dedicated to the heroic defense of Pskov in July 1941 and the liberation in July 1944.

Also in the region, the civil-patriotic youth project "Fortieth Forest - the memory of partisan glory" is annually implemented, which brings together more than two hundred schoolchildren and students of the Pskov region. The purpose of the forum "Fortieth Forest-Memory of Partisan Glory" is the civil and patriotic education of the younger generation, the formation of an active life position, responsibility for the fate of the native land, country, the creation of conditions for successful socialization and civic self-realization of youth.

In the educational organizations of the region there are 133 local history museums, of which: 110 - in secondary schools, 8 - in institutions of additional education, 9 - in institutions of vocational education, 6 - in boarding schools. The work of museums is coordinated by the Councils of Museums created on their basis, which include students, teachers, parents, veterans, representatives of public organizations. On the basis of museums, search groups are working to collect materials that correspond to the profile of the museum. Work is constantly being carried out to create, update and replenish expositions dedicated to military events, war and labor veterans, and the history of the small Motherland.


Recreation and recovery

In 175 health camps (of which: 16 country camps, 2 health camps opened on the basis of regional sanatoriums, 2 tent camps, 151 day camps, 4 labor and recreation camps), more than 25 thousand schoolchildren rest annually.

Training of specialists and workers
In December 2016, the Pskov region joined the Young Professionals movement (WorldSkills Russia). Regional stages of the Young Professionals Championship (WorldSkills Russia) are held annually on the basis of professional educational institutions of the Pskov region. The winners of the regional stages participate in the Qualifiers for participation in the Finals of the National Championship "Young Professionals (WorldSkills Russia)" and in the Finals of the National Championship "Young Professionals (WorldSkills Russia)".

In the Finals of the National Championship "Young Professionals (WorldSkills Russia)" in 2018 in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the team of the Pskov Region took 2nd place in the Rescue Works-Juniors competency.

In the Pskov region, regional stages of the Abilympics championship are held annually. The winners participate in the Abilympics National Championship of Professional Excellence among the Disabled and Persons with Disabilities in Moscow. The regional center for the development of the Abilympics movement operates in the region on the basis of the Pskov College of Professional Technologies and Service.

In December 2018, the winners of the regional stage of the Pskov region took part in the IV Abilympics National Championship in Moscow, where the student of the Pskov Region Pskov Polytechnic College is a student. Ksenia Chevskaya was among the winners of the 4th Abilympics National Professional Excellence Championship among the disabled and people with disabilities in the Floristry competency.

In December 2019, the winners of the regional stage of the Pskov region took part in the V Abilympics National Championship in Moscow, where they won 2 first places in the competencies: Pottery, Dry construction and plastering.

As part of the implementation of the state program of the Russian Federation "Accessible Environment" for 2011-2020, 2 basic professional educational organizations were created and are operating to support the regional system of inclusive vocational education for people with disabilities and people with disabilities: GBPOU PO "Pskov College of Professional Technologies and Service ” and GBPOU PO Velikoluksky Polytechnic College.

In 2019, 3 institutions of the region passed a competitive selection for grants under the federal project "Young Professionals" (increasing the competitiveness of professional education): GBPOU PO "Opochetsk Industrial Pedagogical College" (lot social sphere), GBPOU PO "Pskov Polytechnic College" ( construction lot), GBPOU PO Velikoluksky Medical College (social sphere lot).

In December 2019, 15 workshops were opened: teaching in elementary grades, preschool education, medical and social care, teaching technology, social work; furniture production, joinery, carpentry, landscaping, restoration of wood products; medical and social care, general medicine, nursing, midwifery, pharmaceuticals".


Ensuring the right to education of children and youth in need of special state protection

More than 400 children of the "risk group", children with disabilities and children with disabilities from 0 to 3 years old receive early assistance (comprehensive examination, consultations, correctional and developmental classes, massage, swimming pool visits).

Preschool education is received by 2085 children with disabilities and children with disabilities, primary general, basic general and secondary general education - 5999 students with disabilities, children with disabilities and disabled people.

251 students with disabilities (187) and disability (64) study in professional educational organizations of the region.

In 18% of general educational organizations of the region, a universal barrier-free environment has been created for children with disabilities to receive a quality education.

Since 2009, distance learning has been organized in the region for disabled children who are unable to attend general educational organizations due to health reasons, work in this direction is being carried out by the state budgetary educational institution of the Pskov region "Center for Curative Pedagogics and Differentiated Education" on the basis of which the Center for Distance Education of Children- disabled people. In 2019-2020 academic year 113 children with disabilities received general and additional education using distance learning technologies.

Since 2016, the International Festival "Other Art" has been held in the region with the support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.

Within the framework of the festival, children and young people with disabilities present the results of education through various types of creativity: stage productions, music, visual arts.

In 2017, in the structure of the Pskov State University, on the basis of the Center for Curative Pedagogics and Differentiated Education, the Federal Resource Center for the Development of a System of Comprehensive Support for Children with Intellectual Disabilities, with Severe Multiple Developmental Disabilities, was established.

In the Pskov region, there are 2 regional resource centers based on the Center for Curative Pedagogics and Differentiated Education for organizing comprehensive support for children with autism spectrum disorders and families raising them and on the basis of the Opochetsk Special (Correctional) Boarding School for Children - orphans and children left without parental care with disabilities" and SBEI "Porkhov special (correctional) boarding school" - to support the educational process in municipal educational institutions for children with disabilities.