Ermak Travel Guide

 

Ostrov

Ostrov

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Ostrov

Ostrov (literally "island" in Russian) is located in the Pskov region on the banks of the Great River. The center of the city is located, as you might guess, on the island, which is connected to the shores of chain bridges built in the middle of the XIX century - the oldest surviving in Russia. There is also a traditional Pskov church, as well as fragments of quite decent, although in a pitiful state of urban development.

Ostrov stands on the Great River. This is the rare case in Russia, when in the middle of the river (between the Great One and its channel Slobozhiha) an island was found suitable for building a fortress. The first chronicle mention refers to the year 1341, and it seems that before the absorption of the Pskov lands by Moscow, there was a completely independent city here that had its own posadnik and veche. The fortress in and on the island is built in the XIV-XVI centuries. However, no trace of it has been preserved except for muffled fragments of stonework and a remarkable temple made in the best traditions of Pskov architecture.

Even after the unsuccessful Livonian War, the Ostrov remained part of Russia. At the beginning of the 18th century, the border shifted to the west, and the Island from the border fortress became just a district town, but did not lose its significance: there was a main ferry across the Great on the road that went from Petersburg to Poland and Lithuania. Later the Petersburg-Warsaw railway, one of the first in the Russian Empire, was built along the same route. However, before the construction of the railway in Ostrov, chain bridges appeared. According to legend, Nicholas I more than once complained about the disgusting condition of the ferry and ordered to build stationary bridges in the Ostrov, which was done in 1853, and the emperor who arrived at the opening was satisfied with the bridges. The inhabitants of the Ostrov are pleased with them so far, since it is easy, convenient and beautiful to cross the river over such bridges. Moreover, the second such attraction is not found anywhere else in Russia.

Not only the bridges, but also some of the pre-revolutionary buildings — the estate of Neklyudov or the neo-gothic real school — are monuments far from the county level, showing that at the beginning of the 20th century the Island was a large and significant city, head and shoulders superior to some Porkhov, not to mention Opochka or Pechorah. The decline began with the destruction of the Great Patriotic War, and the border position of the city in the recent period does not give him any advantages: traffic on the former St. Petersburg-Warsaw road is now minimal. The food industry is working in Ostrov, electric motor production is warming up, military camps are preserved. In Soviet times, missile units, air defense, and aircraft were deployed at the Ostrov. Many of them still exist as separate neighborhoods (Island-2, Island-3), located outside the city.

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Ostrov

Orientation
The central square (Klava Nazarova, in the past of the Victims of the Revolution) is located near the Velikaya River in the place where the chain bridge is moved across the island to the island and from there the next bridge is on the opposite, left bank. On the right bank of the street passes October 25, where the highest concentration of historic buildings. Perpendicular to the river is Karl Marx Street, leading to the postal station and bus station, and another interesting street - Liberation - is actually outside the center (up and to the left from the square), but also deserves attention, since there are a Lutheran church and several other historic buildings .

The left bank of the Great is mainly occupied with private buildings. However, this is where the manor Neklyudova is located - one of the most beautiful island buildings.

 

1 Chain Bridges. Connect the central square with the island and the left bank of the Great. The length of each of the bridges is 94 m. This is a masterpiece of engineering of the mid-19th century — the period when large structures were just starting to be made of cast iron, and many technical solutions were new. The bridges were opened in 1853 (the emperor himself came to the opening), and in those times they were one of the largest chain bridges in the Russian Empire. From one of them you can see a fragment of masonry lying in the river - the last thing left of the island fortress (a piece of the wall from which the Germans tried to build a dam during the war).
2 Church of St. Nicholas (on the island). The classical Pskov church built in 1542. Initially, it had a square building with a single dome, but after only 10-15 years, a symmetrical chapel with the same roof slope and one more dome added to it, giving the church its modern “nested doll” look. The bell tower dates from the 19th century. The altar of the church faces north, but no one really knows why. According to one version, this emphasizes the subordination of the Island to Pskov. However, it is more likely that in the 16th century a tiny island was cramped for a fortress, so they built where there was a place, despite the canons. The best view of the church opens from the opposite bank, from the central square. Inside, like many churches of Pskov, cramped and not so interesting.
3 Trinity Cathedral, pl. Klava Nazarova. A good monument at the junction of Baroque and Classicism (1786), whose value is not so much in the architecture of the building as in its remarkable location: the cathedral is located in the perspective of several streets (October 25 and Karl Marx), and therefore visible from many points of the city and even from the left bank of the Great, while the church of St. Nicholas is completely hidden by trees. Pay attention also to the details of the design, cast-iron porch and luxurious carved doors.
4 Monument to Klava Nazarova, pl. Klava Nazarova. Organizer and leader of the underground Komsomol organization of the city of Ostrov. Helped the partisans, rescued prisoners of war, almost 1.5 years successfully hiding from the Germans. Hung on the central square December 12, 1942, the monument was erected on May 19, 1963.

5 Church of the Women of Mironosits, st. Osvobozhdeniya-Liberation (city cemetery). Ordinary cemetery church (1819).
6 Kirkha St. John, st. Osvobozhdeniya-Liberation, 19. Built in 1905 for the local Lutheran community. The national composition of this community is unknown, but the considerable size of the building and its impeccable Romanesque style indicate its importance. After the revolution, the church, like the Orthodox churches, was nationalized and belonged to various organizations, as a result of which it lost its central tower and other design details. The building was not handed over to believers due to their absence (the district investigative committee is located inside), but even the remaining part is impressive. The former Polish church (Liberation Street, 14) on the opposite side of the street, 100 meters in the direction of the station, is in much worse condition: there are only walls close to collapse, but the scale of the building is also impressive.
7 Post Yamskaya station, st. Karl Marx, 9 (on the way to the bus station). One of the surviving postal stations, built in 1840 according to a standard design for the St. Petersburg – Kiev road: a one-story house with large, rounded up windows. A curious memorial plaque dedicated to Pushkin and reporting that the Island "was the last city on the poet's tragic path in 1837."
8 Manor Neklyudova-Valuev, st. Schkolnaya, 30 (left bank of the Great, from the chain bridges along the coast to the right). The construction of this manor island is due to the influential noble family of the Valuyevs. Only the main house, built in 1764, survived - possibly with the participation of Rastrelli. This version is not confirmed by anything, but it is absolutely impossible to believe that such a building appeared without the participation of metropolitan architects. Perestroika XIX-XX centuries. made most of the house quite ordinary, but the surviving side facade strikes no less than chain bridges: there are few such perfect examples of classicism in Russia.
9 Simansky Spaso-Kazan Convent, st. Malaya Pionerskaya (left bank of the Great, from the chain bridges to the left). The monastery has a rather unusual history. It originated on the site of the Simansky estate (where its name comes from) - a noble family from which Patriarch Alexy I descended. ) in 1896 bequeathed to create a monastery on the estate, which was done. Despite the connection of the monastery with the patriarch officially recognized by the Soviet authorities, after the war the monastery lay in ruins, but now it has been fully restored and looks especially beautiful on a clear day when viewed from Victory Park. The Church of the Savior can be considered conditionally preserved, the wooden church of John of Kronstadt was built from scratch. In the monastery is the museum of Alexy I, which, however, never lived here.

 

City building is not very well preserved, but still preserved. The most interesting is the street on October 25 between the chain bridges and the road bridge across the Great. Here you will see the building of a real school (31 October street, 31) 10 - a three-storey neo-gothic mansion of almost metropolitan type, colorful stone barns 11 on the bank of the river (one of them was altered into the Ostrov-Park Hotel, but it is clearly visible from the river , what this building was in the past life), as well as an artifact of the Soviet era - a monument to Pavlik Morozov 12 in front of the correctional school (ul. 25 Octobrya, 51), which in itself is symbolic. In other parts of the city, pre-revolutionary houses are preserved in single copies, their full list is here.

Monument to Lenin, Victory Park. Lenin holds his hand so that quite often put empty bottles on it

 

 

 


 

Transportation

How to get there
By train
Passenger traffic ceased in 2015, after which the old train station finally turned into a monument of architecture.

1 Element Wikidannaya Railway Station, st. Liberation, 84. The building of the station (1860) has survived since the construction of the Petersburg-Warsaw railway. Located 3 km from the city center, can be reached on foot, although the road there is boring and unpleasant. There are city buses number 1, 2, 5.

 

By bus
The island is the first major stop of buses traveling from Pskov in a southerly direction: there are both intra-regional routes (Opochka, Velikie Luki, Nevel, Sebezh) and passing buses from St. Petersburg. Departures to Pskov every 30-60 minutes, travel time is 1 hour. The journey from the Pushkin Mountains takes just over an hour, so it’s easy to explore the island on the way to the Pushkin reserve.

In Izborsk, Pechora or Porkhov - only with a transfer in Pskov.

Direct communication with Latvia - buses on Rezekne (2 times a week), Vilnius-Kaunas via Rezekne (2 times a week) and Novgorod — Riga (also 2 times a week) via Gulbene, Balvi.

2 Bus station, st. Suburban, 7. ☎ +7 (81152) 3-27-58. Open: 24 hour. Located on the northern border of the city, 2 km from the center. After making this journey on foot, you will see the old post station, but you can also neglect it, after passing a couple of stops by city buses No. 4, 5. The building of the bus station is new and clean, there are indoor plants and many metal chairs inside. There is a cafe (8:00 - 20:00) with a couple of tables, salads, as well as a rich assortment of pastries and pastries. Tea from plastic cups, brewed coffee is missing.

 

By car
The island stands at the fork in the M20 and the A116 road leaving for Latvia. From Pskov 50 km, from Opochka 77 km, from the Pushkin Mountains 58 km. From Porkhov 90 km mostly unpaved road of average quality. If you are coming from Latvia, then Ostrov will be the first Russian city on your way (Pytalovo is located away from the road), 115 km from Rezekne.

Transport
Four city bus routes that are needed mainly to travel from the bus station or the railway station to the center and back. Interval of movement: from an hour and above.

Taxi: +7 (81152) 3-13-13, +7 (81152) 3-99-00

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips