Kamennomostsky (Khadzhokh), Russia

Kamennomostsky (Adyg. Hjajek'o) is a settlement (until 2011 - an urban-type settlement) in the Maikop region of the Republic of Adygea of Russia. The city is the administrative center of the Kamennomostsky rural settlement.



It is located on both banks of the Belaya River, 26 km south of the regional center of the village of Tulsky. The Khadzhokh terminal station on the North Caucasian Railway from Belorechensk.



The village of Kamennomostsky is located in the Maikop region of Adygeya and is the administrative center of the Kamennomostsky rural settlement.

Millions of years ago, this area was the bottom of the Tethys Ocean. Today, on the banks of the Belaya River, in the Polkovnitskaya Balka and the gorges of the Aminovka, Meshoko and Rufabgo rivers, archaeologists from time to time find the remains of ancient flora and fauna, as well as fossilized imprints of huge shells - corals, sea urchins, ammonites and other underwater inhabitants. It is for this reason that the village has the glory of a paleontological museum in the open space.

Representatives of the human race appeared in these places far before our era. Caves and grottoes served as dwellings for ancient people, which were reliably protected from the encroachments of wild animals and representatives of other tribes. Archaeologists have found paleontological sites located on the Aziz-Tau and Una-Koz ridges, as well as in the Meshoko gorge, on the territory of the current Kamennomostsky.

The purpose of the megalithic structures of the Bronze Age, the so-called dolmens, whose age is much older than the famous pyramids in Egypt, has not yet been clarified. About 200 of them were discovered not far from Hajog. It is worth noting that they interested archaeologists in the 19th century. To date, one dolmen has been chosen for visiting tourists, the age of which is determined as the II millennium BC.

In addition, archaeological expeditions work on the territory of ancient sanctuaries, burial mounds, settlements and fortresses of the Meotians.

Near Kamennomostsky, scientists discovered fortifications from the times of the war in the Caucasus, the remains of settlements dating back to the Middle Ages, and ancient villages. Among the Circassians, this settlement had the name Khadzhokh, which comes from the word "hadj" - "pilgrimage". It turns out that it contains a hint that people who managed to make the Hajj to Mecca lived in this village.

During the war in the Caucasus, four thousand soldiers, commanded by Muhamed Amin, took part in the defense of Khadzhokh. In honor of this courageous man, the Aminovka River is named, which carries its waters in the area of \u200b\u200bthe Aminovka Gorge.
After the end of the war in the Caucasus, Cossacks settled in these places, who equipped a fortification here and founded a village, which later became Kamennomostskaya. Although until now, from the lips of local old-timers, one can hear the ancient name Khadzhokh, which is the name of the railway station located in the village.
1864 is recognized as the official year of foundation of the village of Kamennomostskaya. At the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries, a settlement belonging to the village of Dakhovskaya was located here.

It is believed that the name of the village originated from the arched stone bridge across the Belaya River. In 1913, the settlement finally became the village of Kamennomostskaya. Five years later, its Council and Chairman appeared here.
During the Great Patriotic War, the village was occupied by German troops, and the Gornaya tourist base was turned into a concentration camp. Now there is a monument to the prisoners who died and were tortured in fascist captivity.
Under the Soviet Union, logging and limestone mining began in these places. In addition, agriculture flourished, in particular the cultivation of fruits and vegetables, and tourism activities were actively developed. The first camp sites and hotels opened near Kamennomostsky before the war. It is worth noting that the picturesque nature of these places attracted Soviet and Russian filmmakers here. More than one feature film has been filmed here.

At the moment, about eight thousand people live in Kamennomostsky, many of whom are actively working in the field of tourism.



Museum "Parking of the ancient man"
The museum is located in a stone grotto, in which archaeological excavations were previously carried out. The exhibition halls are occupied by cave corridors equipped with lighting. The atmosphere of antiquity reigns here. The main exhibition is a recreated site of the southern Meot tribe.

In a huge cave, you can see wax figures depicting ancient people. Some of them support the fire in the fire, others bandage the wounds received in the hunt. Women feed their babies and prepare for the night, laying down on a bed of brushwood. Animal bones and wall paintings add the finishing touch to the composition.

In the next room there is an exhibition of ammonites - fossilized mollusks, whose age exceeds 350 million years. These prehistoric creatures inhabited the Tethys Ocean in abundance, and now their remains are found in the caves of the Caucasus.

At the end of the excursion program, tourists are invited to visit a local souvenir shop, where they can buy stone products in the ancient manner and even fossils. Also on the territory of the museum there is a bar and a stylized cafe.

Khadzhokh gorge (Kamennomostsky canyon)
Coordinates on the map: 44.287548, 40.174415.
The famous gorge has two names. The first (Khadzhokh gorge) keeps the memory of the times when the village was called Aul Khadzhokh. The second (Kamennomostsky Canyon) is connected with its modern name.

The gorge was formed in ancient times as a result of the dissolution of limestone rock by river waters. The turbulent flow of the Belaya River cut its way through many millennia, thanks to which the landscape of Adygea adorned a magnificent canyon.

Today, an excursion route is equipped on the territory of the gorge. Metal bridges, handrailed stairs and safe walking trails stretch past steep cliffs, rocky walls and a foamy stream of the river.

Downstream is a small zoo. A brown bear with a bear cub, wolves and other inhabitants of the forests of Adygea live in a spacious enclosure.

In 1979, the canyon received the status of a natural monument of regional significance. Currently, it is one of the most popular attractions in Kamennomostsky.

Archaeological Park "Khadzhokhsky (Kozhzhokhsky) dolmens"
Coordinates: 44.315745, 40.189205.
On the territory of Kamennomostsky there are several unique archaeological sites - dolmens. These are ancient stone structures dating back to the 3rd century BC. Dolmens do not have names, but carry a serial number:
At the time of the discovery of dolmens, their number reached four, but over time, one of the structures turned out to be destroyed under the foundation, since it was the most ancient. This was the lost Khadzhokh-2.

Most of the dolmens survived only half. Somewhere there is no wall, somewhere the roof. In its ideal form, only Khadzhokh-1, also known as the "Khadzhokh dolmen", has reached our time. It retained all four walls, a flat roof and a round opening on the façade, typical of buildings of this type. The only damage was a hole in the side wall. Through it it is easy to get inside the ancient dolmen.

The attraction is located in a small natural park. An information stand is installed near each Hadzhokh, with the help of which you can get acquainted with the history of the discovery of dolmens and various theories about their purpose.

Museums of Kamennomostsky and historical monuments
The ancient history of Adygea comes to life in the museums of the Kamennomostsky settlement and nearby villages. Visiting them, tourists get the opportunity to see with their own eyes the traces of bygone centuries and touch the ancient artifacts. The monuments erected in memory of the tragic events of the past also deserve the attention of tourists.

Ammonite Museum
Coordinates: 44.315409, 40.192423.
The small museum has a rich collection of archaeological and geological artifacts. The bulk of the exhibits are the fossilized remains of ammonites. Here are spiral shells, some of which are huge, the size of a soccer ball, others are miniature, no larger than a five-ruble coin.

Most often, ammonites are found in stones and cut out in a kind of circular frames. Sometimes the shells are strong enough and can be taken out of the stone. The museum also displays the remains of nautiluses, trilobites and other inhabitants of the prehistoric Tethys ocean. In addition, there are mock-ups depicting mollusks in their “live” form in the showcases.

The second exposition is devoted to minerals and stones of the Adyghe mountains. Among them are marble, granite, mica and a large number of ornamental stones such as aventurine, hawk's eye, quartz and onyx. A visit to the museum is worth even for those who do not understand archeology and geology. The exposition is very bright, colorful and memorable.

Рock garden
The rock garden is an open-air geological museum. It is located on the way to the Hadzhokh dolmens. The garden was formed during the archaeological campaign. Some of the round stones have rough grooves - ancient mollusks were cut out of them.

One of the most interesting objects of the garden is the Big Ammonite - a large boulder in the center of which you can recognize the spiral shell of a prehistoric creature. This exhibit was too large to transport to the museum, and the fossil contained in it was too firmly merged with the rock, so that it was impossible to extract it. Therefore, the Great Ammonite was left here.

Another noteworthy exhibit is a large rounded stone. Presumably it was a sacrificial altar, or a millstone for grinding grain. A visit to the rock garden is free, excursions are not conducted here.

Museum of local lore in Belovodie
Address: st. Karl Marx, 61.
The tourist complex "Belovodie" was created by a connoisseur of zoology and archeology, an enthusiastic collector Vladimir Kerimov. A small area is decorated in a very original way. All buildings have their own unique look, imitating a medieval fortress, a magic hut, an ancient hunting house or a cave. Everywhere here you can see totems carved in stone, “ancient” gates, skulls of wild animals, wooden and stone sculptures.

The museum exhibits the most unexpected items: miniature household items made of metal, the remains of animals that no longer exist in the world (for example, the teeth of a megalodon and the skull of a saber-toothed tiger), ammonites covered with mother-of-pearl, copies and originals of Stone Age tools, as well as a whole stand of cameras from vintage to newfangled. In addition to the museum, the complex has a stylized restaurant, a souvenir shop, a flower garden and an artificial pond in which swans swim.

mass grave
Address: Mira street.
Not far from the Dmitrievskaya Church, a monument was erected in honor of the soldiers and volunteers who died during the liberation of the village from the fascist invaders. The memorial is a stone slab, cut into two.

Granite boards with engraved names of three hundred people are installed on both parts: partisans, Red Army soldiers and civilians shot by the Nazis.

A V-shaped stele rises in the fault between two plates. Its branches are connected by a crossbar, on which three lamps in the form of cartridges are placed. At night they are lit, replacing the Eternal Flame.


Architectural sights of the village

The architecture of Kamennomostsky and its environs is very diverse. The appearance of the city is made up of religious buildings, ancient stone buildings, as well as unique bridges.

Church of Demetrius of Thessalonica
Address: st. Lenina, 5A.
Dmitrievskaya Church was built in the old Russian style. A log cabin in the shape of a quadrangle crowns an octagon with a hipped roof. Window frames, canopies and porch are decorated with lace carvings.

The church was erected in 2004 on the land where at the end of the 19th century there was a dilapidated prayer house, destroyed during the years of occupation. During the Great Patriotic War, many parishioners, as well as clergymen of St. Andrew's Church, died at the front or were executed. In memory of them, a memorial was erected on the territory of the temple.

Old quarry ovens (Meot Fortress)
Coordinates: 44.283693, 40.178274.
The ovens were built at the beginning of the 20th century. Old stone and brick chimneys, blackened by coal and smoke, have survived to this day in good condition. For a long time, the ovens were abandoned, but then the idea came up to transform them into a tourist attraction.

The jagged pipes resembled the towers of a medieval castle in appearance and shape - this was the impetus for turning the furnaces into an ancient fortress. The facades were decorated with arches, heavy gates and dormer windows. During the construction, hewn stones were used, aged by firing.

On the territory of the "fortress" there are several attractions:
a small petting zoo with peacocks, chickens and rabbits;
hat and Circassian coat for a photo shoot;
foam stone imitating a heavy boulder, also for a photo.
Suspension bridge across the Belaya River

Coordinates: 44.298795, 40.175801.
The mountain river Belaya divides the village into two parts, which are connected by a pedestrian suspension bridge. The boardwalk stretches from coast to coast. It is held over the course by a structure of steel cables. The place is very picturesque. The banks of the Belaya River abound with deciduous groves, shrubs and open glades warmed by the sun.

The nature of the surroundings of Kamennomostsky
Adygea is famous for its picturesque corners of nature. The guests of Kamennomostsky are lucky, because this village is located in the place where the most impressive masterpieces of Mother Nature are concentrated, and from here they are within easy reach.

Mishoko Gorge
Coordinates: 44.277369, 40.196193.
Mishoko Gorge got its name in honor of the river, the course of which drew this picturesque canyon. In ancient times, Mishoko served as a source of food for the settlers. Here they caught fish, collected edible algae, hunted birds and bears.

Today, the place has become an integral part of various tourist routes. Travelers come here to admire the most beautiful rocks and cliffs, wander through the river valleys and try themselves as a rafter on the rapids of the Mishoko River.

valley of the ammonites
Coordinates: 44.360629, 40.194749.
Fans of antiquities should never miss the chance to visit the Valley of the Ammonites, a unique monument of nature and archeology, which is located on the coast of the Belaya River.

The banks of the Belaya are dotted with rounded stones, in the center of which there are relief outlines of ammonite shells. Millions of years ago, the valley of the Belaya River was the bottom of the Tethys Ocean. And it was inhabited in abundance by ammonite cephalopods, whose remains now attract connoisseurs of archeology.

The valley can be called an open-air museum. Unique fossils are everywhere here: in stones, in large boulders that have broken away from steep cliffs, in rocky walls. A visit to the valley is free, but this territory is protected by the state, and any act of vandalism or an attempt to take a fossil with you is punishable by a serious fine.

Aminovka river
Coordinates: 44.289040, 40.134562.
The small river Aminovka originates in the cave Dukhan, located on the ridge, which marks the border between Adygea and the Krasnodar Territory.

The river flows to the south, turns east and merges with the Belaya in the territory of Kamennomostsky. It got its name in honor of Naib Muhammad-Amin, a military leader whose residence was in the village of Hadzhokh (now Kamennomostsky) during the Caucasian War.

The landscapes of Aminovka are green valleys, sparse forests and granite canyons. Rafting in rowing boats is organized along its waters, fishermen like to set up tents and make fires on the banks.

Waterfall Big Khadzhokh
Coordinates: 44.291700, 40.203370.
The waterfall is located in the eastern part of Kamennomostsky on the Bolshoi Khadzhokh River, after which it got its name. This is a secluded place, hidden from view by thickets of beech forest.

The height of the waterfall reaches nine meters. With a powerful stream, it falls into a stone bowl at the foot of a rocky slope. During the flood period, the flow of the river intensifies and becomes dangerous. Once it washed away the tourist trail. However, for most of the year, Big Hajokh is quiet and calm. In fact, this is not even a river, but just a large stream with a single waterfall.

Big Khadzhokh is a favorite bathing place. Children's sanatoriums and health camps are based not far from the waterfall. Boys and girls come running here to swim in the river and jump into a stone bowl from a rocky ledge. During the camps it is always noisy, fun and crowded.

Lake Red
Coordinates: 44.283092, 40.180588.
Lake Red was formed in an abandoned gypsum quarry. Underground springs filled the recesses carved by man and formed a masterpiece of nature. Contrary to its name, the lake is not red, but turquoise, but at sunset, the sun gives it a pinkish tint.

The lake is quite small. The springs that fill it are icy, but the sun warms the water enough to make it suitable for bathing. Tourists have chosen a small sandy beach here.

Red Lake has several features:
Underground springs bring with them grains of minerals and healing clay, which is why water contributes to the rapid healing of bruises and scratches.
Vacationers on the shore of the lake get a special "mountain" tan.
There are good fishing spots on the lake. The fish here are not large in size, but are found in fairly large numbers.
Rufabgo Creek Waterfalls
The Rufabgo waterfalls are one of the most famous and visited sights of Adygea. The natural complex consists of several waterfalls, to which hiking trails are laid. Here tourists will find many beautiful corners of nature and unique exotics.

Waterfall "Heart of Rufabgo"
Coordinates: 44.265820, 40.176742.
The waterfall has been called the "Heart of Rufabgo" because of the shape of the rock from which it falls in a violent stream. There are two ways to visit the waterfall. The first is to climb up the path, meandering along a gentle slope. From here, a beautiful view opens not only on the "Heart of Rufabgo", but also on the panorama of the rocky gorge.

The second way is to approach from below along the river bank. Following along the current, tourists will also be able to see an interesting geological object - a rocky ridge consisting of an uneven layering of rock. The layers belong to different prehistoric eras. This is the geological history of our earth in a section.

Waterfall "Maiden Spit"
Coordinates: 44.263554, 40.172460.
Maiden's Spit is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the gorge. In a smooth, shiny stream, it falls from the rocky threshold, like a linen braid from the shoulder of a young girl. The crystal jets of the waterfall break on the rocky platform, spilling over it like a small lake.

Waves of water roll to the slope, where ribbed steps rise from the rock. As it descends, the stream foams and flows into the river. "Maiden Spit" has another advantage - it is the highest waterfall in the gorge. Its height exceeds 20 meters.

Waterfall "Shum/ Noise"
Coordinates: 44.268677, 40.184223.
The name of the waterfall speaks for itself - the buzz of its waters can be heard from afar. “Shum” falls into the river in a wide stream branched into foamy streams. During the flood, the waterfall becomes even larger, more powerful and louder.

To see it, tourists should cross the metal bridge and go down to the rocky bank. From there you can climb a low clay slope and get close to the waterfall.

Waterfall "Cascade"
Coordinates: 44.267358, 40.180015.
Waterfall "Cascade" is modest. It is quite low, and its stream does not boil with mighty jets. It descends in smooth cascades from a ribbed threshold.

This is the only waterfall that can be bypassed up and down. The tourist trail is laid on top of the stream, but if desired, tourists will be able to climb the waterfall itself along a stepped slope.

In winter, the waterfall is especially beautiful. Deep snow wraps the slope, and ice-bound cascades sparkle in the sun with frosty patterns.

ecological trail
Coordinates: 44.269252, 40.185954.
Rufabgo waterfalls are located in a corner of virgin nature, and hiking trails run through the most beautiful wild forests. Thickets of trees and shrubs are intertwined with curved branches, mighty roots appear on the surface of the soil.

Tourist groups usually follow metal bridges, but if you wish, you can walk along the path that crawls through seemingly impassable places.

Tourists will have to go through small streams, ravines with lush vegetation and slopes dotted with large boulders. It's impossible to get lost. Here, all roads lead to waterfalls, reaching which you can return to the civilized path.


How to get to Kamennomostsky?

The only road leading from Maykop to the Lago-Naki plateau passes through the village of Kamennomostsky, it is impossible to miss it. The distance from Maykop is 30 km. From Krasnodar - 180 km.

The optimal route from Krasnodar: Krasnodar - Adygeysk - Belorechensk - Maikop - Kamennomostsky.

You can easily get to Kamennomostsky by public transport.

From Belorechensk to the Khadzhokh station, located right in the village, there is an electric train.

Regular buses run from the Maikop bus station to Kamennomostsky.



Wood harvesting.
Tourist services. Tourist route No. 30 begins 40 km from the village of Kamennomostsky.
Limestone quarry.