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Description of Lake Ladoga
Lake Ladoga is located in the North-West of
Russia. Its northern part is located in Karelia, and the southern -
in the Leningrad region.
Lake Ladoga is the largest in
Europe. The lake area is over 18 thousand square meters. km, and
depth reaches 200 m. The greatest length of the lake from north to
south - 219 km. Many small and medium-sized rivers flow into the
lake, among which the largest are the Svir, Olonka, Syas and
Volkhov. Only the Neva flows out of the lake, the source of which is
located near the town of Shlisselburg. There are about 600 islands
on Ladoga, mainly in the northern part, of which the Valaam
archipelago is most famous.
Lake Ladoga often stormy. For the
passage of river vessels, that are not adapted to the harsh lake
conditions, along the southern shore of the lake, the Novaya Ladoga
Canal was dug that is 169 km long.
The southern shores of
Ladoga are low-lying and marshy, while the northern shores are rocky
and steep. Ladoga granite and other rocks of building stone, used in
particular in the construction of St. Petersburg, are mined there.