Maykop, Russia


Description of Maykop

Maykop (Adyg. Miyukuape - the valley of apple trees) is a city in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Adygea. The administrative center of the urban district is the city of Maykop, established in the territory of the administrative-territorial unit of the Maikop Republican urban district.


The first mention of the Adyghey toponym Maikop (Miyukuape), the Maikop heights, the Maikop gorge in Russian documents of the times of the Caucasian war dates back to 1810. In January-February 1810, a detachment under the command of the General of Infantry S. A. Bulgakov made an expedition to the lands of Temirgoevs, Abadzekhs, Egeruhaevts, Mahoshevtsev in the valleys of the rivers Laba, Shihugasche (Belaya) and Kurdzhips.



Natural Park of the Republic of Adygea "Big Thach"
Swimming pool in the City Park of Culture and Leisure

Republican Special Library for the Blind. Opened November 17, 1997

North Caucasian branch of the State Museum of Oriental Art. Founded by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation in October 1985. The neglected building of the former House of the Armenian Merchant Assembly, an architectural monument of the early 20th century, was transferred to the branch, where the first exhibition was opened in the restored part in December 1995. In 2010, with the commissioning of a new building, the branch got the opportunity to fully implement the accepted scientific concept of development. The exposition of the branch presents both the origins of various types of folk crafts and modern works of folk craftsmen from all regions of the North Caucasus. In June 2019, the museum presented for viewing one of the largest Scythian cauldrons, discovered by the Caucasian archaeological expedition of the State Museum of Oriental Art in the village of Ulyap in 1982, but was in Moscow for 37 years and returned to its homeland - Adygea, to replenish the museum's exposition.
National Museum of the Republic of Adygea. Created in 1926 in Krasnodar as the "Adyghe Historical and Ethnographic Museum", then became known as the "Adyghe Regional Museum of Local Lore". Having moved to the city of Maykop in 1938, he took over the Maikop Regional Museum of Nature, established in 1909. In 1993, by a decree of the Government of the Republic of Adygea, the Adygea Regional Museum of Local Lore was transformed into the National Museum of the Republic of Adygea, the unique collection of which includes about 270 thousand items: sculpture, graphics, fine arts of the 19th-21st centuries, arts and crafts and art of the Oriental countries, natural sciences, historical -household and ethnographic collections, memorial complexes, items made of precious metals and stones.
Art Gallery of the Republic of Adygea. It was opened on November 1, 1980 as the "Exhibition Hall of the Department of Culture of the Adygea Blispolkom", renamed the Art Gallery of the Republic of Adygea on the basis of a decree of the Government of the Republic of Adygea dated September 24, 1992. Its funds include about 1,500 items of storage, where, in addition to painting and graphics, arts and crafts are represented. Particularly valuable is the collection entitled "Graphics of Adygea". The uniqueness of the fund of contemporary fine arts, the acquisition of which is the leading direction, lies in the fact that it is formed almost entirely through purchases.

Monument "Unity and Consent". It is a bright landmark of Maikop. Opened in the city center in July 2013. The monument is a similarity of the Adyghe traditional hearth, which is a symbol of family comfort, hospitality, abundance and peacefulness. The author of the project is A. Bersirov, Honored Artist of the Republic. The monument is decorated with all sorts of national ornaments, images of the heroes of legends and legends, as well as ritual scenes.


How to get here

By plane
The nearest airport is Pashkovsky in Krasnodar, the distance to the airport is just over 100 km, the travel time by taxi or car, depending on traffic jams at the entrance to the airport, is from 1.5 to 2 hours. The cost of a taxi can vary from 2 to 4.5 thousand rubles.

The local airport is not designed to receive large aircraft.


Around city

Trolleybus, bus, fixed-route taxi. The cost is 15 rubles, payment to the conductor. The main thoroughfare is Proletarskaya street, on the periphery the routes begin to branch out.


History of Maykop

In 1870-71. the fortified headquarters of Maykop became a county town - the center of the Maykop county of the Kuban region, in 1871 the military administration was abolished in it, and in 1878 a city status was introduced. In 1873, the coat of arms department in St. Petersburg created a draft emblem of Maykop, which did not receive official approval from the State Council and the emperor.

In 1871, a two-class mountain school was transferred to Maikop, in 1878 the Maikop city three-class school was opened, and on June 1, 1900, the Alekseevsky real (6-class) men's school. In 1895, the Maykop City Public Library was opened. In 1900, the Pushkin People's House was built. In September 1909, an oil field was discovered near the city.

In 1910, the construction of a city telephone exchange was completed; on December 12, 1910, the first train arrived in Maykop from Belorechensk. In 1911, the construction of the city water supply was completed.

After the October Revolution, Soviet power was established in the city. On September 7, 1918, the city was occupied by the White Kuban Cossacks under the command of General Pokrovsky. In just two weeks, according to various sources, from 800 to 7,000 people were shot or hanged by whites.

On March 22, 1920, units of the 1st Cavalry Army were ousted from Maykop.

On July 27, 1922, the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee issued a decree on the formation of the Circassian (Adyghe) Autonomous Region, with the location of the authorities in the city of Krasnodar (it was not part of the region). In 1936 Maykop became the center of the Adygei Autonomous Region.

In 1938, Maikop oil was pumped through the Grozny-Tuapse oil pipeline to the Tuapse port and oil refinery.

During the Great Patriotic War, the city was occupied by the troops of Nazi Germany from August 9, 1942 to January 29, 1943. On October 24, 1942, the Soviet sabotage Maikop landing force was thrown into the airfield, which successfully completed the main goal of the operation and was subsequently able to go to the partisans. Of the 37 paratroopers, 21 survived.

In 1990, the Adygea Regional Council of People's Deputies decided to transform the Adygea Autonomous Region into the Republic of Adygea. On July 3, 1991, this decision was approved by the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR.

Until 2010, Maykop had the status of a historical settlement, but by order of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation dated July 29, 2010 No. 418/339, the city was deprived of this status.

On February 3, 2014, the Olympic torch relay took place, along the route from the hippodrome to the republican stadium in the city park.



The city is located on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban).

Maikop is located in the time zone MSK (Moscow time). The offset of the applicable time from UTC is +3:00. According to the applicable time and geographic longitude, the average solar noon in Maikop occurs at 12:20.

The city is located in an area with a humid temperate climate, winter temperatures can drop to -5...-10 °C. Summer is the longest season in Maykop and lasts 5 months. Summer precipitation is mostly short-lived, characterized by showers with thunderstorms, sometimes accompanied by hail. The Maykop summer is characterized by long periods without rain, accompanied by droughts and dry winds. 720-770 mm of precipitation falls annually. The average annual indicators are:
air temperature - +11.3 ° C;
relative air humidity - 72%.


Honorary citizens of Maykop

List as of May 27, 2022:
Bzhemukhov Boris Mukhtarovich
Bykov Andrey Yurievich
Gizatullin, Khamazan Gataullovich (05/10/1921 - 11/19/2007) - Hero of the Soviet Union, veteran of the Great Patriotic War
Goncharova Valentina Vasilievna (10/10/1938 - 05/23/2014) - Veteran of Labor
Guryev, Mikhail Nikolaevich (11/21/1924 - 11/26/2004) - Hero of the Soviet Union
Dzharimov, Aslan Alievich (born 11/07/1939) - President of Adygea (1992-2002)
Yekhutl Baizet Sagidovich (05/03/1935 - 03/14/2012) - Honored Worker of the Food Industry of the RSFSR
Zhukov Valentin Denisovich (04/18/1924 - 11/02/2020) - Public figure, veteran of the Second World War, participant in the defense of the Caucasus, the assault and capture of Berlin (diploma No. 38 of 09/07/2019)
Zygalenko Boris Ivanovich
Kerashev, Tembot Magometovich (08/16/1902 - 02/08/1988) - Writer
Koblev, Yakub Kamboletovich (12/27/1939 - 03/03/2012) - An outstanding athlete, judo and sambo coach. Founder of the Maykop Judo Sports School of the Olympic Reserve, President of the Judo Federation of the Southern Federal District, founder and rector (until 03.03.2012) of the only ASU Institute of Physical Education and Judo in the world, Honored Coach of the USSR and Russia. Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education
Kozlov Stefan Yakovlevich (12/29/1906-02/28/1991) - Participant of the Second World War, commander of the partisan detachment No. 1 "People's Avengers"
Kossovich Petr Fedotovich (09/15/1910 -05/05/2002) - Participant of the Second World War, author of books on the history of Adygea, excellent student of education
Kushu Nafiset Zacherievna (03/30/1943-01/04/2021) - Honored Builder of the Republic of Armenia, Honorary Architect of Russia, Labor Veteran, Member of the Russian Academy of Arts, Laureate of the Municipal Prize named after the brothers Vasily Fedorovich and Alexei Fedorovich Solovyov
Markov Alexander Vasilievich
Matyushchenko Alexey Fedorovich (08/18/1941 - 06/03/2008)
Mashbash, Iskhak Shumafovich (born May 28, 1930) - People's Writer of Adygea (1993), Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, laureate of the USSR State Prize (1991), Russia, Adygea, International Prize. M.A. Sholokhov in the field of literature and art, Hero of Labor
Nikolaeva Nadezhda Mikhailovna (born 10/21/1938) - Honored Doctor of the RSFSR, People's Doctor of the Republic of Armenia
Ostapenko Nikolai Ivanovich (13.12.1924–04.01.2007) - Participant of the Great Patriotic War, Hero of Socialist Labor, candidate of technical sciences, honorary academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences
Samogova, Goshnau Ayubovna (01/31/1928 - 1995) - People's Artist of the RSFSR, singer, composer
Sinyugin Petr Vasilyevich (06/22/1924 - 05/28/2015) - Participant of the Great Patriotic War
Smolin, Vladimir Petrovich (07/14/1928 - 07/24/2004) - Honored Doctor of the RSFSR, People's Doctor of the USSR
Smolnyakov Alexander Petrovich (born 10/12/1951)
Sovmen, Khazret Mejidovich (born May 1, 1937) - President of the Republic of Armenia (2002-2007)
Shakumidova Nuriet Salimovna (born 08/20/1921) - Honored Artist of the RSFSR, People's Artist of the Republic of Adygea
Tlyustangelova Janshir Hadjumarovna
Tlyusten, Yusuf Ibragimovich (04/25/1913 - 1998) - Honored Worker of Culture of the RSFSR, People's Writer of the Republic of Adygea, member of the Union of Writers of the USSR
Tkhabisimov, Umar Khatsitsovich (08/16/1919 - 08/21/1998) - Composer, Honored Artist of the RSFSR, participant in the Second World War
Tkhagapsov, Mejid Makhmudovich (05/31/1929 - 02/21/2017) - Rear Admiral, laureate of the Municipal Prize named after. brothers A.F. and V.F. Soloviev
Tkhakushinov, Aslan Kitovich (born July 12, 1947) - State Advisor to the Republic of Adygea, President of the Moscow State Technical University, Academician of the Russian Academy of Education
Khadzhebiyokov, Ruslan Gissovich (born March 23, 1948) - Honorary Worker of the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation, Candidate of Political Sciences, full member of the Russian Municipal Academy, the Russian Academy of Security, Defense and Law Enforcement Problems
Kharkovetsky Petr Ivanovich (born 06/22/1928) - Veteran of Labor, Honored Builder of the RSFSR
Khramov Valentin Alexandrovich (born December 8, 1937) - Honored Worker of the Forestry Industry of the Russian Federation, Holder of the Golden Badge of Honor of the National Foundation "Public Recognition", Academician of the International Academy of Real Economy
Khutyz Aslanbiy Ismailovich (born 07/06/1940) - Honorary Builder of Russia
Tsey Aslanbiy Kaysimovich (born December 22, 1951) - Honored Worker of the Food Industry of the Russian Federation, Honored Worker of the Industry of the Republic of Armenia
Chernichenko, Mikhail Nikolaevich (born 11/13/1944)
Shaposhnikov Gleb Panteleymonovich (03/02/1921 - 11/17/2010) - Participant of the Great Patriotic War
Shibinsky Ivan Vasilyevich (1920 - 2004) - Veteran of the Great Patriotic War, Honored Teacher of the RSFSR