Maykop (Adyg. Miyukuape - the valley of apple
trees) is a city in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Adygea.
The administrative center of the urban district is the city of
Maykop, established in the territory of the
administrative-territorial unit of the Maikop Republican urban
The first mention of the Adyghey toponym Maikop
(Miyukuape), the Maikop heights, the Maikop gorge in Russian
documents of the times of the Caucasian war dates back to 1810. In
January-February 1810, a detachment under the command of the General
of Infantry S. A. Bulgakov made an expedition to the lands of
Temirgoevs, Abadzekhs, Egeruhaevts, Mahoshevtsev in the valleys of
the rivers Laba, Shihugasche (Belaya) and Kurdzhips.
History of Maykop
The early Bronze Age Maykop culture has been named after the city
after the discovery of a royal burial site there in 1897.
Russian military fort was built at Maykop in 1857.
oil deposits were discovered in the vicinity of Maykop.
1936, Maykop and the surrounding region was merged with Adyghe
Autonomous Oblast, and became the administrative centre of the
autonomy. Maykop was occupied by the Wehrmacht on August 9, 1942
without a fight as a result of Brandenburger commando operation. In
January 1943, it was liberated by the Transcaucasian Front of the
Since 1991, Maykop has been the capital of the
Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.