Morshansk, Russia


Morshansk is a city (since 1779) in the north of the Tambov region of Russia. The administrative center of the Morshansk district, which is not included, being an administrative-territorial unit of the city of regional significance, forming the municipal formation of the same name, the city of Morshansk.

Located on both banks of the Tsna River when crossing it by the railway, 90 km north of Tambov. The eponymous railway station of the Kuibyshev railway on the Ryazhsk - Penza line. Population - 37 955 people. (2020).



The time of the emergence of the settlement on the site of the city is not precisely established. The village of Morsha existed in the 16th century. On September 16, 1779, by the personal decree of Catherine II, Morsha - the center of the grain trade on the Tsna - was transformed into the city of Morshansk, which became a district town. The nobleman Kirill Parshin became the governor of Morshansk, by decree of Catherine II.

Market ties expanded and strengthened. Tsna served as the most important trade route. She was navigable from Morshansk. From the Morshansk wharves, cargoes were sent on barges along the Moksha, Oka, Volga rivers and further along the river systems to Petersburg, Rybinsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow, and Murom.

During the year, up to 14 million poods of various goods were exported from Morshansk: bread, flour, bacon, leather, cattle, hemp, makhorka. At the same time, stone, salt, and various manufactured products came to Morshansk to be transported by horse-drawn transport to the southern districts of the province. Over a hundred different vessels were built annually to service the Tsna waterway near Morshansk. A whole army of hired workers was employed in their construction and transportation of goods.

In 1875 there was a fire in Morshansk. As it is written in historical essays: “Many people threw the most valuable property into Tsnu and tried to escape with it in the river, others were forced to abandon everything and flee across the river in the forest. It was said that even the river was on fire - it was different things floating on it: chests, clothes. Even in the water, everything continued to burn, giving the impression that water was burning. There was no way to liquidate a fire of such force. Strong winds contributed to the spread of the fire. In nearby villages, they saw the wind blowing over them burnt jackdaws, rags, and papers. It was also seen how the burning rafters and brands were carried across the river and in the field. "


In the 19th century, the city's commercial importance fell due to the construction of railways. The cloth and tobacco (makhorka) industry began to develop there.

An interesting event in Russian construction is associated with the history of the city: in 1811-1812. here, for the first time in Russia, a wooden church was moved by 42 yards by a self-taught serf mechanic Dmitry Petrov.

On December 1, 1922, the great football and hockey player Vsevolod Mikhailovich Bobrov was born in the city of Morshansk.

On March 7, 1941, Morshansk received the status of a city of regional subordination.

During the Great Patriotic War, Morshansk was a rear city, one of the main centers of tobacco and tobacco production, the products of which were supplied to the Red Army.

In 1990, the city of Morshansk received the status of a historical city.