Ermak Travel Guide

 

Novaya Zemlya

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Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

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Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Novaya Zemlya

Novaya Zemlya is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean between the Barents and Kara Seas, is included in the Arkhangelsk region of Russia as its administrative district Novaya Zemlya and, within the framework of local government, in the status of the urban district Novaya Zemlya.

 

 

 

The archipelago consists of two large islands, the Northern and the Southern, separated by a narrow strait (2-3 km) of Matochkin Shar and many relatively small islands, the largest of which is Mezhdusharsky. The northeastern tip of the North Island - Cape Vlissing - is the easternmost point of Europe.

The archipelago stretches from southwest to northeast for 925 km. The northernmost point of Novaya Zemlya is the eastern island of the Greater Oran Islands, the southernmost is Pynin Island of the Petukhovsky Archipelago, the western is a nameless cape on the Gusinaia Peninsula of the South Island, the eastern one is the Cape Vlissing Island of North. The area of ​​all islands is more than 83 thousand km²; the width of the North Island is up to 123 km, the South is up to 143 km.

In the south, the Strait of Gates (50 km wide) is separated from Vaigach Island.

The climate is arctic, severe. Winter is long and cold, with strong winds (the speed of the katabatic (runoff) winds reaches 40-50 m / s) and blizzards, and therefore it is sometimes called New Land in the literature “The Land of the Winds”. Frosts reach −40 ° C. The average temperature of the warmest month - August - from 2.5 ° C in the north to 6.5 ° C in the south. In winter, the difference reaches 4.6 °. The difference in temperature conditions between the coasts of the Barents and Kara seas exceeds 5 °. Such temperature asymmetry is due to the difference in the ice regime of the indicated seas. In the archipelago itself are many small lakes; under the rays of the sun, the water temperature in southern areas can reach 18 ° C.

About half of the area of ​​the North Island is occupied by glaciers. On a territory of about 20,000 km², there is a continuous ice cover extending nearly 400 km in length and up to 70–75 km in width. The ice thickness is over 300 m. In some places, the ice descends into the fjords or breaks into the open sea, forming ice barriers and giving rise to icebergs. The total area of ​​the Novaya Zemlya glaciation is 29,767 km², of which about 92% are glacier cover and 7.9% are mountain glaciers. On the South Island - areas of the Arctic tundra.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips