Vaigach is an island on the border of the Barents
and Kara seas, administratively belongs to the Nenets Autonomous
District of the Arkhangelsk Region of Russia. The island is
separated from the continent by a narrow strait Yugorsky Shar and
from Novaya Zemlya the Strait of
Kara Gate. Area - 3.4 thousand km ². The surface is flat, with two
parallel ridges, with a maximum height of up to 157 m (Mount
Bolvanskaya). It is composed of shale, sandstone and limestone.
Tundra vegetation. Vaigach Island is covered by numerous lakes and
Vaigach island has the settlement of Varnek (as of
January 2012 there are 23 houses, 106 people), several Nenets
shrines have been preserved, a wooden cross-shaped idol of a
cruciform shape in the western part of the island, a stone-age site
(Voronova River, Yangoto Lake, Silyangoporny and others). The
territory of the island is part of the reserve Vaigach.