Hotels, motels and where to sleep
Restaurant, taverns and where to eat
Cultural (and not so cultural) events
Interesting information and useful tips
Description of Oryol
Oryol is a city (since 1566) in Russia, the
administrative center of the Oryol Region and the Oryol Region,
which is not included in itself. As a city of regional importance,
forms the municipality of the urban district of the city of Oryol.
Located 368 km south-west of Moscow, on the Central Russian Upland
in the European part of Russia, on both banks of the Oka River and
its tributary Orlik. Oryol and Oryol region are part of the Central
Federal District, as well as the Central Economic Region. It is a
city of military glory (honorary title awarded April 27, 2007). The
population of the city - 315 308 people. (2018).
Travel Destinations in Oryol
Museum of Regional Studies
Museum of Military
Museum of Fine Arts
House of Ivan Turgenev
House of Nikolai Leskov
Bogoyavlensky Cathedral, among the churches it is the oldest
building in the city, founded in 1640.
Central Park (ЦПКиО)
History of Oryol
While there are no historical records, archaeological evidence
shows that a fortress settlement existed between the Oka and Orlik
Rivers as early as the 12th century, when the land was a part of the
Principality of Chernigov. The name of the fortress is unknown; it
may not have been called Oryol at the time. In the 13th century the
fortress became a part of the Zvenigorod district of the Karachev
Principality. In the early 15th century, the territory was conquered
by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The city was soon abandoned by its
population, after being sacked either by Lithuanians or the Golden
Horde. The territory became a part of the Tsardom of Russia in the
Ivan the Terrible decreed that a new fortress
be built on the spot in 1566, for the purpose of defending the
southern borders of the country. The fortress was built very
speedily, work starting in the summer of 1566 and ending in the
spring of 1567. The location chosen was less than ideal
strategically, as the fortress was located on a seasonally flooded
low ground easily targeted from the neighboring high ground. False
Dmitry I and his army passed through Oryol in 1605; Ivan Bolotnikov
in 1606; False Dmitry II camped in Oryol for the winter of
1607–1608. Polish intervention sacked it in 1611 and 1615; the
population fled after the second sacking and moved to Mtsensk.
Orlovsky Uyezd nonetheless continued to exist on paper.
was rebuilt in 1636. The question of moving the fortress to the more
advantageous high ground was in the air up until the 1670s, but the
move was never made. The fortress was deemed unnecessary and taken
apart in the early 18th century.
In the mid-18th century
Oryol became one of the major centers of grain production, with the
Oka River being the major trade route until the 1860s when it was
replaced by a railroad.
Oryol was granted town status in
1702. In 1708, Oryol was included as a part of Kiev Governorate; in
1719, Oryol Province was created within Kiev Governorate. The
Province was transferred to the newly created Belgorod Governorate
in 1727. On March 11 (February 28 old style), 1778 Oryol
Vice-Royalty was created from parts of Voronezh and Belgorod
Governorates. In 1779, the city was almost entirely rebuilt based on
a new plan; and the Oryol River was renamed Orlik (lit: "little
After the October Revolution of 1917, the city was
in Bolshevik hands, except for a brief period between October 13 and
October 20, 1919, when it was controlled by Anton Denikin's White
Oryol was once again moved between different oblasts in
the 1920s and 1930s (at first as Oryol Governorate until 1928, then
Central Black Earth Region between 1928 and 1934, finally in Kursk
Oblast), finally becoming the administrative center of its own Oryol
Oblast on September 27, 1937.
The Oryol Prison was a notable
place of incarceration for political prisoners and war prisoners of
the Second World War. Christian Rakovsky, Maria Spiridonova, Olga
Kameneva and 160 other prominent political prisoners were shot on
September 11, 1941 on Joseph Stalin's orders in the Medvedev Forest
massacre outside Oryol.
During World War II, Oryol was
occupied by the Wehrmacht on October 3, 1941, and liberated on
August 5, 1943, after the Battle of Kursk. The city was almost
Oryol is located 368 km to the South from Moscow, on
the way to Ukraine and Crimea. It is just a 5-hour drive from
Moscow, the road is a 4-lane highway until Tula, often bumpy though,
and then 2-3 lanes of a moderate quality. Alternatively, you can
take an express commuter train from Kursky railway station in
Moscow. It starts at 6PM and arrives at Oryol at 10:40PM There is
also an overnight 'sleeping' train starting at 11PM and arriving
before 6AM Generally, there are a LOT of trains passing Oryol from
Moscow on their way to Ukraine. The fare is US$10-20-40 depending on
the carriage class.
Firmenny sleeper train Turgenev № 603/604
rides between Oryol and Moscow daily.
central part of the city is pleasant and walkable. To travel around,
locals choose between public buses, trolley-buses, trams and
numerous minibus-taxies. Fares vary from a fixed US$0.33 (buses,
trolley-buses and trams) to US$0.50 (minibus-taxies); however, you
may prefer to move around by a private taxi (US$3-7 for trips within
the city). The interesting means of transportation is a river tram,
a boat shuttling on the river for tourist purposes but may be used
for other ones. It goes from the Central Park to Luzhki aka
Luzhkovsky Bridge at 10-00, 12-00, 14-00, 16-00, 18-00, 20-00 if
there is no less than 10 passengers abroad.
Salut (Салют), 36 Lenina St (from the railway
station by trolleybus #3 to the stop Glav pochtamt), ☎ +7 4862
43-50-40, fax: +7(4862) 43-57-26, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The
hotel is located in the city center and has a range of various
rooms. There is a restaurant, a cafe, fitness-center, solarium and
billiard. Tou can also take an excurion at the tour bureau. Wi-Fi.
single room from at 2000RUB.
Rus (Русь), 37 Maksima Gorkogo St,
☎ +7 4862 47-55-50, fax: +7(4862) 55-05-24. On the corner of the
central square. Restaurant.Wi-Fi. 4 categories of single rooms:
Hotel Grinn (Гринн), 4 Kromskoe
shosse. Restaurant, bar, night club, bowling, fitness center,
currency exchange, pool, internet-cafe. 2800RUB-16000RUB for single