Pechora, Russia



Description of Pechora

Pechora (Komi Pechora) is a city in the Komi Republic of the Russian Federation. The administrative center of the municipal district "Pechora", forms the urban settlement "Pechora", the Energy Capital of the Republic of Komi. It is located in the northeastern part of the republic, 588 km north-east of Syktyvkar, on the right bank of the Pechora River, at the place of its intersection by the Northern Railway.



Monument to V. A. Rusanov
Monument to Maxim Gorky
Monument to S.M. Kirov
Monument to Labor Glory of Geologists
Monument Helicopter MI-8
Monument Steam locomotive series "LV"


Physical and geographical characteristics

Geographical position

It is located in the northeastern part of the republic, 588 km northeast of Syktyvkar, on the right bank of the Pechora River, at its intersection with the Northern Railway.

The geographical coordinates of the city are 65 ° 07 's. sh. and 57°07' E. e. Absolute surface marks vary from 42 to 64 m. It is located within the Pechora lowland. The underlying surface of the territory is formed by a watershed plateau and a terraced valley of the Pechora River. The relief has all the morphological features of riverine areas (flat, slightly hilly).

In physical and geographical terms, the territory of the city belongs to the Pechora plain middle taiga natural-territorial complex. Oil and gas deposits, as well as stone materials (brick and refractory clay, building stone, sand and sand and gravel material) have been discovered in the city area.

Peaty-gley podzols, alluvial bog and meadow-bog soils are found in the vicinity of the city. The vegetation is represented by meadow and marsh flora, floodplain, as well as birch, birch-spruce and spruce forests.

Pechora is located in the subzone of the Middle North, the region of the Far North, where the regional coefficient is 1.3. The sum of points of "northernness" is 148. In terms of the severity of natural conditions for the living of the alien population, the Pechora region belongs to the territory of the second discomfort zone ("Extreme North"), which is characterized by extremely uncomfortable conditions.



The city of Pechora, like the entire Komi Republic, is located in the time zone designated by the international standard as the Moscow Time Zone (MSK). The offset from UTC is +3:00.



The climate is temperate continental with long, moderately severe winters and short, cool summers with few hot days. The average annual air temperature is −1.9 °C. The average monthly air temperature in January is −18.4 °C, in July +16.1 °C. Climate continentality coefficient 53%. The average date of snow cover formation is October 26, destruction is May 10. The duration of the period with stable snow cover reaches 192 days, frost-free - 70 days, active vegetation - 73 days. The sum of biologically active temperatures above +10 °C is about 1100 °C. The average annual rainfall is about 580 mm. Cyclonic weather prevails in winter, and anticyclonic weather in summer. The period of white nights at the Pechora latitude lasts for 79 days from May 12 to July 30.

The average annual wind speed is 3.2 m/s
Average annual air humidity - 77%



In 1903, the famous explorer of the Russian North, V. A. Rusanov, undertook a major expedition along the Pechora River, sailing past the picturesque steep banks, where the city of Pechora arose almost 40 years later. In the summer of 1940, in connection with the construction of the North Pechora Railway (1937-1942), a construction team, consisting mainly of Gulag prisoners, began work in the area of \u200b\u200bthe current depot and railway station of the Pechora railway station. The first temporary dwellings (dugouts and barracks) began to be called the settlement of the Pechora railway station. In the same summer of 1940, the Kanin Nos pier was built on the Pechora River, N. A. Bogatyrev was appointed its first head. At the end of 1942, the North Pechora Mainline was put into permanent operation. In the summer of 1943, the Germans landed troops in the Pechora region with the aim of blowing up a bridge across the river, but members of the sabotage group, which consisted of Soviet prisoners of war, voluntarily surrendered to the NKVD. On January 18, 1949, the expanded settlements of the Pechora railway station and the Kanin Nos pier were merged and received the status of a city. This day is considered the official date of the founding of Pechora. The administrative center of the Kozhvinsky district was moved from Kozhva to Pechora.

Pechora became one of the main transport hubs of the republic: air and air routes were added to the water and railway routes - in 1956 the Pechora airfield was built. In connection with the construction of a radar station of the Daryal type of a missile attack warning system (SPRN) near the city, in January 1974, the construction of the Pechora State District Power Plant began. The construction received All-Union status, the first power unit was put into operation on February 5, 1979. Thus, Pechora has become the "energy capital" of the Komi ASSR - now about one third of the total electricity of the Komi Republic is generated at the Pechora State District Power Plant.

Several large enterprises closed in the 1990s. Residents began to actively move to the southern territories of Russia. The population of the city in 1991 was 66.5 thousand inhabitants, and as of 2011, 48.9 thousand people live in the city.

At present, the city-forming enterprises of Pechora are working more or less stably, and the rate of population decline is slowing down. The city began to develop slowly. In 2010, a master plan for the development of Pechora until 2030 was adopted.


Symbolism of the city

The coat of arms of the city was designed by the artist V. S. Khudyaev. The coat of arms was approved on September 15, 1983. The shield of the coat of arms is vertically divided into two halves - light blue and red, repeating the colors of the state flags of the RSFSR and the Komi ASSR. Between the light blue and red halves of the shield is a stylized image of a green spruce. Spruce frames a blue wing, which symbolizes that Pechora is a city of transport workers, a broken red arrow is a symbol of power engineers. At the bottom of the coat of arms is the date "1949" - the year the city was founded. The coat of arms is crowned with a golden Komi national ornament. The blue stripe symbolizes the great northern river - the Pechora, from which the name of the city comes. The inscription "Pechora" is made in imitation of the ancient Permian writing (Abur, Anbur), which was created by the missionary Stefan of Perm in the 2nd half of the 14th century. Since 2012, the city has a new coat of arms.

Many consider the song "Fires of Pechora" to be the unofficial anthem of the city.



How to get there

By plane
Regular flights connect Pechora only with Syktyvkar, the capital of the Komi Republic.

By train
Trains run through the Pechora railway station to Vorkuta and Labytnang from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod and other Russian cities.

By car
There is no year-round road communication with the central regions of the country. The construction of the Ukhta-Pechora-Usinsk-Naryan-Mar highway is underway. Currently, you can leave the city either by driving around the unfinished section along the dirt road Kadzherom - Rybnitsa - Zelenoborsk - Malaya Pera, or by using the Pechora - Vuktyl car ferry.



Currently, there are 6 bus routes within the city.